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Highways Act 1980

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This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

329Further provision as to interpretation

(1)In this Act, except where the context otherwise requires—

  • " Act of 1946 " means the Acquisition of Land (Authorisation Procedure) Act 1946;

  • " Act of 1965 " means the Compulsory Purchase Act 1965 ;

  • " adjoining " includes abutting on, and " adjoins " is to be construed accordingly;

  • " advance payments code " has the meaning provided by section 203(1) above;

  • " agriculture" includes horticulture, fruit growing, seed growing, dairy farming, the breeding and keeping of livestock (including any creature kept for the production of food, wool, skins or fur, or for the purpose of its use in the farming of land), the use of land as grazing land, meadow land, osier land, market gardens and nursery grounds, and the use of land for woodlands where that use is ancillary to the farming of land for other agricultural purposes, and " agricultural" is to be construed accordingly;

  • " apparatus" includes any structure constructed for the lodging therein of apparatus;

  • " approach ", in relation to a bridge or tunnel, means the highway giving access thereto, that is to say, the surface of that highway together with any embankment, retaining wall or other work or substance supporting or protecting the surface ;

  • " bridge " does not include a culvert, but, save as aforesaid, means a bridge or viaduct which is part of a highway, and includes the abutments and any other part of a bridge but not the highway carried thereby;

  • " bridleway " means a highway over which the public have the following, but no other, rights of way, that is to say, a right of way on foot and a right of way on horseback or leading a horse, with or without a right to drive animals of any description along the highway ;

  • "by-pass" has the meaning provided by section 82(6) above;

  • "canal undertakers" means persons authorised by any enactment to carry on a canal undertaking;

  • "carriageway" means a way constituting or comprised in a highway, being a way (other than a cycle track) over which the public have a right of way for the passage of vehicles;

  • "cattle-grid" has the meaning provided by section 82(6) above;

  • " City " means the City of London;

  • " classified road " means a highway or proposed highway which is a classified road in accordance with section 12 above;

  • " Common Council" means the Common Council of the City of London;

  • "contravention" in relation to a condition, restriction or requirement, includes failure to comply with that condition, restriction or requirement, and "contravene" is to be construed accordingly;

  • "council" means a county council, the Greater London Council or a local authority;

  • " cycle track " means a way constituting or comprised in a highway, being a way over which the public have the following, but no other, rights of way, that is to say, a right of way on pedal cycles with or without a right of way on foot;

  • "dock undertakers" means persons authorised by any enactment to carry on a dock undertaking;

  • " drainage authority " means a water authority or an internal drainage board;

  • " electricity undertakers" means persons authorised by any enactment to carry on an undertaking for the supply of electricity;

  • " enactment" includes an enactment in a local or private Act of Parliament and a provision of an order, scheme, regulations or other instrument made under or confirmed by a public general, local or private Act of Parliament;

  • "financial year" means a year ending on 31st March;

  • " footpath " means a highway over which the public have a right of way on foot only, not being a footway;

  • "footway" means a way comprised in a highway which also comprises a carriageway, being a way over which the public have a right of way on foot only ; functions " includes powers and duties;

  • " gas undertakers " means persons authorised by any enactment to carry on an undertaking for the supply of gas;

  • "harbour undertakers" means persons authorised by any enactment to carry on a harbour undertaking; highway land acquisition powers " has the meaning provided by section 250(1) above ;

  • "highway maintainable at the public expense" means a highway which by virtue of section 36 above or of any other enactment (whether contained in this Act or not) is a highway which for the purposes of this Act is a highway maintainable at the public expense;

  • " horse " includes pony, ass and mule, and " horseback " is to be construed accordingly;

  • " hours of darkness" means the time between half an hour after sunset and half an hour before sunrise;

  • " improvement" means the doing of any act under powers conferred by Part V of this Act and includes the erection, maintenance, alteration and removal of traffic signs, and the freeing of a highway or road-ferry from tolls;

  • " inland navigation undertakers " means persons authorised by any enactment to carry on an inland navigation undertaking;

  • " land " includes land covered by water and any interest or right in, over or under land ;

  • "lease" includes an underlease and an agreement for a lease or underlease, but does not include an option to take a lease or mortgage, and " lessee " is to be construed accordingly;

  • " lighting authority " means a council or other body authorised to provide lighting under section 161 of the Public Health Act 1875 or under section 3 of the Parish Councils Act 1957 or any corresponding local enactment ;

  • " local authority " means the council of a district or London borough or the Common Council;

  • " local highway authority " means a highway authority other than the Minister; " local planning authority " has the same meaning as in the Town and Country Planning Act 1971; "lorry area" means an area provided under section 115 above;

  • "made-up carriageway" means a carriageway, or a part thereof, which has been metalled or in any other way provided with a surface suitable for the passage of vehicles;

  • "maintenance" includes repair, and "maintain" and " maintainable " are to be construed accordingly;

  • " maintenance compound " means an area of land (with or without buildings) used or to be used in connection with the maintenance of highways, or a particular highway ;

  • " metropolitan road " means a highway, or a proposed highway, which is a metropolitan road in accordance with section 15 above;

  • " the Minister ", subject to subsection (5) below, means as respects England, the Minister of Transport and as respects Wales, the Secretary of State ; and in section 258 of, and paragraphs 7, 8(1) and (3), 14, 15(1) and (3), 18(2), 19 and 21 of Schedule 1 to, this Act, references to the Minister and the Secretary of State acting jointly are to be construed, as respects Wales, as references to the Secretary of State acting alone ;

  • "navigation authority" means persons authorised by any enactment to work, maintain, conserve, improve or control any canal or other inland navigation, navigable river, estuary, harbour or dock;

  • " owner ", in relation to any premises, means a person, other than a mortgagee not in possession, who, whether in his own right or as trustee or agent for any other person, is entitled to receive the rack rent of the premises or, where the premises are not let at a rack rent, would be so entitled if the premises were so let;

  • " petty sessions area " has the same meaning as in the Magistrates' Courts Act 1980;

  • " pier undertakers " means persons authorised by any enactment to carry on a pier undertaking;

  • " premises " includes land and buildings; " private street works code " has the meaning provided by section 203(1) above;

  • " proposed highway " means land on which, in accordance with plans made by a highway authority, that authority are for the time being constructing or intending to construct a highway shown in the plans;

  • " public general enactment" means an enactment in an Act treated as a public general Act under the system of division of Acts adopted in the regnal year 38 George 3, other than an Act for confirming a provisional order;

  • "public path creation agreement" means an agreement under section 25 above; " public path creation order " means an order under section 26 above;

  • " public path diversion order " means an order under section 119 above;

  • " public path extinguishment order " means an order under section 118 above;

  • " public utility undertakers " means persons authorised by any enactment to carry on any of the following undertakings, that is to say, an undertaking for the supply of electricity, gas, water or hydraulic power;

  • "rack rent", in relation to any premises, means a rent which is not less than two-thirds of the rent at which the premises might reasonably be expected to let from year to year, free from all usual tenant's rates and taxes and tithe rentcharge (if any), and deducting therefrom the probable average annual cost of the repairs, insurance and other expenses (if any) necessary to maintain the same in a state to command such rent;

  • " railway " includes a light railway;

  • " railway undertakers" means persons authorised by any enactment to carry on a railway undertaking;

  • "reconstruction", in relation to a bridge, includes the construction of a new bridge and approaches thereto in substitution for the existing bridge and the approaches thereto;

  • "road-ferry " means a ferry connecting the termination of a highway which is, or is to become, a highway maintainable at the public expense with the termination of another highway which is, or is to become, such a highway;

  • " service area " means an area of land adjoining, or in the vicinity of, a special road, being an area in which there are, or are to be, provided service stations or other buildings or facilities to be used in connection with the use of the special road ;

  • " sewerage authority" means a water authority in their capacity as an authority exercising functions under or by virtue of section 14 of the Water Act 1973 ;

  • " special enactment" means any enactment other than a public general enactment;

  • " special road " means a highway, or a proposed highway, which is a special road in accordance with section 16 above;

  • " special road authority" has the meaning provided by section 16(4) above;

  • " statutory undertakers" means persons authorised by any enactment to carry on any of the following undertakings:—

    (a)

    a railway, tramway, road transport, water transport, canal, inland navigation, dock, harbour, pier or lighthouse undertaking, or

    (b)

    an undertaking for the supply of electricity, gas, water or hydraulic power, and "statutory undertaking" is to be construed accordingly;

  • "street" includes any highway and any road, lane, footpath, square, court, alley or passage, whether a thoroughfare or not, and includes any part of a street;

  • " swing bridge " includes any opening bridge operated by mechanical means;

  • " traffic " includes pedestrians and animals;

  • " traffic sign " has the same meaning as in section 54 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1967;

  • " tramway undertakers " means persons authorised by any enactment to carry on a tramway undertaking;

  • "transport undertakers" means persons authorised by any enactment to carry on any of the following undertakings, that is to say, a railway, canal, inland navigation, dock, harbour or pier undertaking, and "transport undertaking" is to be construed accordingly;

  • " trunk road " means a highway, or a proposed highway, which is a trunk road by virtue of section 10(1) or section 19 above or by virtue of an order or direction under section 10 above or under any other enactment;

  • "trunk road picnic area" has the meaning provided by section 112(1) above;

  • "water undertakers" means persons authorised by any enactment to carry on an undertaking for the supply of water.

(2)A highway at the side of a river, canal or other inland navigation is not excluded from the definition in subsection (1) above of either " bridleway " or " footpath ", by reason only that the public have a right to use the highway for purposes of navigation, if the highway would fall within that definition if the public had no such right thereover.

(3)In a case where two or more parishes are grouped under a common parish council, references in this Act to a parish are to be construed as references to those parishes.

(4)Any reference in this Act to property of railway undertakers, canal undertakers, inland navigation undertakers, dock undertakers, harbour undertakers or pier undertakers is, where the undertakers are a body to which this subsection applies, to be taken as a reference to property of that body held or used by them wholly or mainly for the purposes of so much of their undertaking as consists of the carrying on of a railway undertaking or, as the case may be, of a canal undertaking, an inland navigation undertaking, a dock undertaking, a harbour undertaking or a pier undertaking. This subsection applies to the following bodies, namely, the British Railways Board, the British Transport Docks Board,

the British Waterways Board, the London Transport Executive, the National Freight Corporation (as far as included in this subsection by paragraph 15(b) of Schedule 23 to this Act) or any wholly-owned subsidiary (within the meaning of the Transport Act 1968) or joint subsidiary (within the meaning of section 51(5) of that Act) of any of those bodies.

(5)In relation to that part of the road constructed by the Minister of Transport along the line described in Schedule 1 to the North of Almondsbury—South of Haysgate Trunk Road Order 1947 and referred to in that Order as " the new road " which lies to the east of the most easterly point before reaching the River Wye at which eastbound traffic of Classes I and II (as specified in Schedule 4 to this Act) can leave that road by another special road, the functions of the Minister under this Act shall be exercisable by the Minister of Transport and not by the Secretary of State.

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