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Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979

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Acquisition and guardianship of land in the vicinity of an ancient monument, etc.E+W+S

15 Acquisition and guardianship of land in the vicinity of an ancient monument.E+W+S

(1)References in sections 10 to 12 of this Act to an ancient monument shall include references to any land adjoining or in the vicinity of an ancient monument which appears to the Secretary of State [F1or the Commission] or a local authority to be reasonably required for any of the following purposes, that is to say—

(a)the maintenance of the monument or its amenities;

(b)providing or facilitating access to the monument;

(c)the exercise of proper control or management with respect to the monument;

(d)the storage of equipment or materials for the purpose mentioned in paragraph (a) above; and

(e)the provision of facilities and services for the public for or in connection with affording public access to the monument;

(and one of those purposes shall accordingly be sufficient to support the compulsory acquisition of any such land under section 10(1) of this Act, instead of the purpose there mentioned).

[F2Land may be acquired, or taken into guardianship, by the Commission by virtue of this section only if the land is situated in England.]

(2)Land may be acquired or taken into guardianship by virtue of this section for any of the purposes relating to an ancient monument mentioned in subsection (1) above either at the same time as the monument or subsequently.

(3)The Secretary of State [F3and the Commission] and any local authority shall have full control and management of any land which is under their guardianship by virtue of this Act after being taken into guardianship by virtue of this section for a purpose relating to any ancient monument, and[F4without prejudice to that generality] shall have power to do all such things as may be necessary—

(a)for the exercise by them of proper control and management with respect to the land; and

(b)for the use of the land for any of the purposes relating to the monument mentioned in subsection (1) above.

[F5(3A)The power of full control and management of land under guardianship conferred by subsection (3) above includes power—

(a)to control the holding of events on associated land;

(b)to control and manage such events;

(c)to require payment of a charge in respect of the holding of such events;

(d)to exclude, restrict or otherwise control public access to associated land in connection with such events.]

(4)The Secretary of State [F3and the Commission] and any local authority may at any reasonable time enter any land which is under their guardianship by virtue of this Act for the purpose of exercising their power under subsection (3) above (and may authorise any other person to do so, and to exercise that power, on their behalf).

[F6(4A)Subsections (3), (3A) and (4) are subject to any provision to the contrary in the guardianship deed.]

(5)Section 14(1) and (2) of this Act shall apply in relation to any land taken into guardianship by virtue of this section for any purpose relating to an ancient monument as they apply in relation to a monument, but, apart from any termination of guardianship by virtue of that section, any such land shall also cease to be under guardianship if the monument in question ceases to be under guardianship otherwise than by virtue of being acquired by its guardians or ceases to exist.

(6)References below in this Act, in relation to any monument of which the Secretary of State [F7or the Commission] or a local authority are the owners or guardians by virtue of this Act, to land associated with that monument (or to associated land) are references to any land acquired or taken into guardianship by virtue of this section for a purpose relating to that monument, or appropriated for any such purpose under a power conferred by any other enactment.

[F8(7)In subsection (3A) above—

(a)events” includes functions and any other organised activities;

(b)references to the holding of events, in relation to organised activities, are to be construed as references to the carrying out of such activities.]

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Ss. 12-17 functions made exercisable concurrently (E.W.) (with effect in accordance with art. 25(1) of the amending S.I.) by The Cotswolds Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (Establishment of Conservation Board) Order 2004 (S.I. 2004/1777), arts. 1, 25(2)(xxvi) (with art. 35)

C2Ss. 12-17 functions made exercisable concurrently (E.W.) (with effect in accordance with art. 25(1) of the amending S.I.) by The Chilterns Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (Establishment of Conservation Board) Order 2004 (S.I. 2004/1778), arts. 2, 25(1), 25(1), 25(2)(xxvi) (with art. 35)

16 Acquisition of easements and other similar rights over land in the vicinity of an ancient monument.E+W+S

(1)The Secretary of State may acquire, by agreement or compulsorily, over land adjoining or in the vicinity of any monument which is under his ownership by virtue of this Act, any easement which appears to him to be necessary—

(a)for any of the purposes relating to that monument mentioned in section 15(1) of this Act; or

(b)for the use of any land associated with that monument for any of those purposes.

[F9Where the land in question is situated in England, the Secretary of State shall consult with the Commission before entering into the agreement or making the compulsory purchase order (as the case may be).]

[F10(1A)The Commission may by agreement acquire over land adjoining or in the vicinity of any monument which is under their ownership by virtue of this Act, any such easement as the Secretary of State may acquire by virtue of subsection (1) above.]

(2)A local authority may by agreement acquire over land adjoining or in the vicinity of any monument which is under their ownership by virtue of this Act any such easement as the Secretary of State may acquire by virtue of subsection (1) above.

(3)The power of acquiring an easement under subsection (1) [F11or (1A)] or (2) above shall include power to acquire any such easement by the grant of a new right.

(4)The Secretary of State [F12or the Commission] or any local authority may acquire, for the benefit of any monument or land under his or their guardianship by virtue of this Act, a right of any description which he or they would be authorised to acquire under any of the preceding provisions of this section if the monument or land was under his or their ownership by virtue of this Act, and those provisions shall apply accordingly in any such case.

(5)Any right to which subsection (4) above applies—

(a)shall be treated for the purposes of its acquisition under this section and in all other respects as if it were a legal easement; and

(b)may be enforced by the guardians for the time being of the monument or land for whose benefit it was acquired as if they were the absolute owner in possession of that monument or land.

(6)Any right to which subsection (4) above applies which is acquired by agreement under this section for a purpose relating to any monument under guardianship, or for the use of any land associated with any such monument for any purpose relating to that monument—

(a)subject to any provision to the contrary in the agreement under which it was acquired, may be revoked by the grantor; and

(b)may be revoked by any successor in title of the grantor as respects any of the land over which it is exercisable in which he has an interest;

if the monument ceases to be under guardianship otherwise than by virtue of being acquired by its guardians or ceases to exist.

(7)References above in this section to an easement or (as the case may be) to a legal easement shall be construed in relation to land in Scotland as references to a servitude.

(8)Any right to which subsection (4) above applies—

(a)shall be a local land charge, if it relates to land in England and Wales; and

(b)may be recorded in the Register of Sasines, if it relates to land in Scotland.

(9)The M1[F13Acquisition of Land Act 1981] shall apply to any compulsory acquisition by the Secretary of State under this section of any easement over land in England and Wales . . . F14

(10)The M2Acquisition of Land (Authorisation Procedure) (Scotland) Act 1947 shall apply to any compulsory acquisition by the Secretary of State under this section of any servitude over land in Scotland as it applies to a compulsory acquisition by another Minister or by the Secretary of State under section 58 of the M3National Health Service (Scotland) Act 1972 in a case falling within section 1(1) of the said Act of 1947.

(11)The provisions of Part I of the M4Compulsory Purchase Act 1965 (so far as applicable) other than sections 4 to 8, section 10 and section 31, shall apply in relation to any acquisition by agreement under this section of any easement over land in England and Wales.

(12)For the purposes of any acquisition by agreement under this section of any servitude over land in Scotland—

(a)the Lands Clauses Acts (with the exception of the provisions excluded by subsection (13) below) and sections 6 and 70 to 78 of the M5Railways Clauses Consolidation (Scotland) Act 1845 (as originally enacted and not as amended by section 15 of the M6Mines (Working Facilities and Support) Act 1923) shall be incorporated with this section; and

(b)in construing those Acts for the purposes of this section, this section shall be deemed to be the special Act and the Secretary of State or the local authority acquiring the servitude shall be deemed to be the promoter of the undertaking or company (as the case may require).

(13)The provisions of the Lands Clauses Acts excluded from being incorporated with this section are—

(a)those which relate to the acquisition of land otherwise than by agreement;

(b)those which relate to access to the special Act; and

(c)sections 120 to 125 of the M7Lands Clauses Consolidation (Scotland) Act 1845.

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Ss. 12-17 functions made exercisable concurrently (E.W.) (with effect in accordance with art. 25(1) of the amending S.I.) by The Cotswolds Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (Establishment of Conservation Board) Order 2004 (S.I. 2004/1777), arts. 1, 25(2)(xxvi) (with art. 35)

C2Ss. 12-17 functions made exercisable concurrently (E.W.) (with effect in accordance with art. 25(1) of the amending S.I.) by The Chilterns Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (Establishment of Conservation Board) Order 2004 (S.I. 2004/1778), arts. 2, 25(1), 25(1), 25(2)(xxvi) (with art. 35)

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