Search Legislation

Adoption (Scotland) Act 1978

What Version

 Help about what version

Advanced Features

 Help about advanced features

Status:

Point in time view as at 21/12/2018.

Changes to legislation:

Adoption (Scotland) Act 1978 is up to date with all changes known to be in force on or before 16 February 2019. There are changes that may be brought into force at a future date. Changes that have been made appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Help about Changes to Legislation

Close

Changes to Legislation

Changes and effects yet to be applied by the editorial team are only applicable when viewing the latest version or prospective version of legislation. They are therefore not accessible when viewing legislation as at a specific point in time. To view the ‘Changes to Legislation’ information for this provision return to the latest version view using the options provided in the ‘What Version’ box above.

S

Adoption (Scotland) Act 1978

1978 CHAPTER 28

An Act to consolidate the enactments relating to adoption in Scotland with amendments to give effect to recommendations of the Scottish Law Commission.

[20th July 1978]

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C2Act modified (1.11.1994) by S.I. 1994/2804, art. 2, Sch. 1

Commencement Information

I1Act not in force at Royal Assent; wholly in force at 1.2.1985

F1Part IS The Adoption Service

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

The Adoption ServiceS

1 Establishment of Adoption Service.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2 Local authorities’ social work.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Adoption societiesS

3 Approval of adoption societies.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 Withdrawal of approval.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

5 Procedure on refusal to approve, or withdrawal of approval from, adoption societies.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Welfare of childrenS

6 Duty to promote welfare of child.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

6A Duty to consider alternatives to adoption.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7 Religious upbringing of adopted child.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

SupplementalS

8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S

9 Regulation of adoption agencies.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S

11 Restriction on arranging adoptions and placing of children.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F1Part IIS Adoption Orders

The making of adoption ordersS

12 Adoption orders.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

13 Child to live with adopters before order made. S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

14 Adoption by married couple.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

15 Adoption by one person.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

16 Parental agreement.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

17 Convention adoption orders.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Freeing for adoptionS

18 Freeing child for adoption. S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

19 Progress reports to former parent.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

20 Revocation of s. 18 order.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

21 Variation of section 18 order so as to substitute one adoption agency for another.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

SupplementalS

22 Notification to local authority of adoption application. S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

22A Children subject to supervision requirements.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

23 Reports where child placed by agency. S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

24 Restrictions on making adoption orders.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

25 Interim orders. S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

25A Timetable for resolving question as to whether agreement to adoption order etc. should be dispensed with.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

26. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S

F1Part IIIS Care and Protection of Children Awaiting Adoption

Restrictions on removal of childrenS

27 Restrictions on removal where adoption agreed or application made under s. 18.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

28 Restrictions on removal where applicant has provided home for 5 years.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

29 Return of child taken away in breach of s. 27 or 28.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

29A Contravention of sections 30 to 36 of Adoption and Children Act 2002S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

30 Return of children placed for adoption by adoption agencies.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

31 Application of s. 30 where child not placed for adoption.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Protected childrenS

32. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S

33. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S

34. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S

35. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S

36. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S

37. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .S

Part IVS Status of Adopted Children

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C4Part IV (meaning of "adopted ") applied (5.4.1993) by Child Support Act 1991 (SIF 20, c. 48), s. 26(3) (with s. 9(2)); S.I. 1992/2644, art.2

C5Pt. IV applied (28.9.2009) by Adoption and Children (Scotland) Act 2007 (asp 4), ss. 39(3), 121(2); S.S.I. 2009/267, arts. 1(2), 2 (with arts. 3-21) (as amended (7.5.2012) by S.S.I. 2012/99, art. 2)

38 Meaning of “adoption order”: in Part IV.S

(1)In this Part “adoption order” means—

(a)an adoption order within the meaning of section 65(1);

(b)an adoption order under the M1Children Act 1975, the M2Adoption Act 1958, the M3Adoption Act 1950 or any enactment repealed by the Adoption Act 1950;

(c)an order effecting an adoption made in England, Wales, Northern Ireland, the Isle of Man or any of the Channel Islands;

[F2(cc)a Convention adoption;]

(d)an “overseas adoption”: within the meaning of section 65(2); or

(e)any other adoption recognised by the law of Scotland;

and cognate expressions shall be construed accordingly.

(2)The definition of adoption order includes, where the context admits, an adoption order which took effect before the commencement of the M4Children Act 1975.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

Marginal Citations

39 Status conferred by adoption.S

[F3(1)A child who is the subject of an adoption order shall be treated in law—

(a)where the adopters are a married couple, as if—

(i)he had been born as aF4... child of the marriage (whether or not he was in fact born after the marriage was constituted); and

(ii)[F5subject to subsection (2A)] he were not the child of any person other than the adopters;

(b)where the adoption order is made by virtue of section 15(1)(aa) as if—

(i)he had been born as a F4... child of the marriage between the adopter and the natural parent to whom the adopter is married (whether or not he was in fact born after the marriage was constituted); and

(ii)[F5subject to subsection (2A)] he were not the child of any person other than the adopter and that natural parent; and

(c)in any other case, as if—

(i)he had been born as a F4... child of the adopter; and

(ii)[F5subject to subsection (2A)] he were not the child of any person other than the adopter.]

(2)Where [F6a] child has been adopted by one of his natural parents as sole adoptive parent and the adopter thereafter marries the other natural parent, subsection (1) shall not affect any enactment or rule of law whereby, by virtue of the marriage, the child is rendered the F7... child of both natural parents.

[F8(2A)Where, in the case of a child adopted under a Convention adoption, the Court of Session is satisfied, on an application under this subsection—

(a)that under the law of the country in which the adoption was effected the adoption is not a full adoption;

(b)that the consents referred to in Article 4(c) and (d) of the Convention have not been given for a full adoption, or that the United Kingdom is not the receiving State (within the meaning of Article 2 of the Convention); and

(c)that it would be more favourable to the child for a direction to be given under this subsection,

the Court may direct that sub-paragraph (ii) of, as the case may be, paragraph (a), (b) or (c) of subsection (1) shall not apply, or shall not apply to such extent as may be specified in the direction: and in this subsection “full adoption” means an adoption by virtue of which the child falls to be treated in law as if he were not the child of any person other than the adopters or adopter.]

(3)This section has effect—

(a)in the case of an adoption before 1st January 1976, from that date, and

(b)in the case of any other adoption, from the date of the adoption.

(4)Subject to the provisions of this Part, this section—

(a)applies for the construction of enactments or instruments passed or made before or after the commencement of this Act so far as the context admits; and

(b)does not affect things done or events occurring before the adoption or, where the adoption took place before 1st January 1976, before that date.

(5)This section has effect subject to the provisions of section 44.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F3S. 39(1) substituted (1.4.1997) by 1995 c. 36, s. 97(3) (with s. 103(1)); S.I. 1996/3201, art. 3(7) (as amended by S.I. 1997/744, arts. 2, 3)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

40. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F9S

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

41 Miscellaneous enactments.S

(1)Section 39 does not apply in determining the forbidden degrees of consanguinity and affinity in respect of the law relating to marriage [F10, to the eligibility of persons to register as civil partners of each other] or in respect of the crime of incest, except that, on the making of an adoption order, the adopter and the child shall be deemed, for all time coming, to be within the said forbidden degrees in respect of the law relating to marriage [F11, to such eligibility and to incest].

(2)F12. . . section 39 does not apply for the purposes of any provision of—

(a)[F13the British Nationality Act 1981],

(b)the M5Immigration Act 1971,

(c)any instrument having effect under an enactment within paragraph (a) or (b), or

(d)any other law for the time being in force which determines [F14British citizenship, British Dependent Territories citizenship [F15, the status of a British National (Overseas)] or British Overseas citizenship.]

(3)–(5)F16. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F15Words inserted by S.I. 1986/948, art. 8, Sch.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Marginal Citations

42 Pensions.S

Section 39(1) does not affect entitlement to a pension which is payable to or for the benefit of a child and is in payment at the time of his adoption.

43 Insurance.S

Where a child is adopted whose natural parent has effected an insurance with a friendly society or a collecting society or an industrial insurance company for the payment on the death of the child of money for funeral expenses, the rights and liabilities under the policy shall by virtue of the adoption be transferred to the adoptive parents who shall for the purposes of the enactments relating to such societies and companies be treated as the person who took out the policy.

44 Effect of s. 39 on succession and inter vivos deed.S

Section 39 (status conferred by adoption) does not affect the existing law relating to adopted persons in respect of—

(a)the succession to a deceased person (whether testate or intestate), and

(b)the disposal of property by virtue of any inter vivos deed.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

F1Part VS Registration and Revocation of Adoption Orders and Convention Adoptions

45 Adopted Children Register.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

46 Revocation of adoptions on legitimation.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

47 Annulment etc. of overseas adoptions.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

48 Provisions supplementary to ss. 46(2) and 47.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F1Part VIS Miscellaneous and Supplemental

49 Adoption of children abroad. S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

50 Restriction on removal of children for adoption outside Great Britain.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

50A Restriction on bringing children into the United Kingdom for adoptionS

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

51 Prohibition on certain payments.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

51A Adoption allowances schemes.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

51B Transitional provisions as respects adoption allowances.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

52 Restriction on advertisements. S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

53 Effect of determination and orders made in England and Wales and overseas in adoption proceedings.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

53A Effect of certain orders made in England and WalesS

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

53B Effect of placing for adoption etc. under Adoption and Children Act 2002S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

53C Further consequences of placement and placement ordersS

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

54 Evidence of adoption in England, Wales and Northern Ireland.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

55 Evidence of agreement and consent. S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

56 Courts.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

57 Proceedings to be in private.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

58 Curators ad litem and reporting officers. S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

59 Rules of procedure.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

60 Orders, rules and regulations.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

61 Offences by bodies corporate.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

62 Service of notices etc.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

63 Nationality.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

64 Internal law of a country.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

65 Interpretation.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

66 Transitional provisions, amendments and repeals.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

67 Short title, commencement and extent.S

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

SCHEDULES

Section 45.

F1SCHEDULE 1S Registration of Adoptions

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Section 66.

F1SCHEDULE 2S Transitional Provisions and Savings

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Section 66.

F1SCHEDULE 3S Consequential Amendments

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Section 66.

F1 SCHEDULE 4S REPEALS

Back to top

Options/Help

Print Options

Close

Legislation is available in different versions:

Latest Available (revised):The latest available updated version of the legislation incorporating changes made by subsequent legislation and applied by our editorial team. Changes we have not yet applied to the text, can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area.

Original (As Enacted or Made):The original version of the legislation as it stood when it was enacted or made. No changes have been applied to the text.

Point in Time: This becomes available after navigating to view revised legislation as it stood at a certain point in time via Advanced Features > Show Timeline of Changes or via a point in time advanced search.

Close

See additional information alongside the content

Geographical Extent: Indicates the geographical area that this provision applies to. For further information see ‘Frequently Asked Questions’.

Show Timeline of Changes: See how this legislation has or could change over time. Turning this feature on will show extra navigation options to go to these specific points in time. Return to the latest available version by using the controls above in the What Version box.

Close

Opening Options

Different options to open legislation in order to view more content on screen at once

Close

More Resources

Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • correction slips
  • links to related legislation and further information resources
Close

More Resources

Use this menu to access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • correction slips

Click 'View More' or select 'More Resources' tab for additional information including:

  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • links to related legislation and further information resources