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Finance Act 1975

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This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

20Transfers and chargeable transfers

(1)The following provisions of this section shall have effect, subject to the other provisions of this Part of this Act, for determining for the purposes of capital transfer tax what is a chargeable transfer and what value is transferred by a chargeable transfer.

(2)Subject to subsections (3) and (4) below, a transfer of value is any disposition made by a person (" the transferor") as a result of which the value of his estate immediately after the disposition is less than it would be but for the disposition; and the amount by which it is less is the value transferred by the transfer.

(3)For the purposes of subsection (2) above no account shall be taken of the value of excluded property which ceases to form part of a person's estate as a result of a disposition.

(4)A disposition is not a transfer of value if it is shown that it was not intended, and was not made in a transaction intended, to confer any gratuitous benefit on any person and either—

(a)that it was made in a transaction at arm's length between persons not connected with each other, or

(b)that it was such as might be expected to be made in a transaction at arm's length between persons not connected with each other;

but this subsection does not apply to a disposition by which a reversionary interest is acquired in the circumstances mentioned in section 23(3) of this Act and does not apply to a sale of shares or debentures not quoted on a recognised stock exchange unless it is shown that the sale was at a price freely negotiated at the time of the sale or at a price such as might be expected to have been freely negotiated at the time of the sale. In this subsection " transaction " includes a series of transactions and any associated operations.

(5)A chargeable transfer is any transfer of value made by an individual after 26th March 1974 other than an exempt transfer.

(6)A transfer of value made by an individual after that date and exempt only to a limited extent—

(a)is, if all the value transferred by it is within the limit, an exempt transfer ; and

(b)is, if that value is partly within and partly outside the limit, a chargeable transfer of so much of that value as is outside the limit as well as an exempt transfer of so much of that value as is within the limit.

(7)For the purposes of this section, where the value of a person's estate is diminished and that of another person's estate is increased by the first-mentioned person's omission to exercise a right he shall be treated as having made a disposition at the time, or the latest time, when he could have exercised the right, unless it is shown that the omission was not deliberate.

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