Schedule 2Life Policies, Life Annuities and Capital Redemption Policies

Part IQualifying Policies—Certification

1(1)A policy of life insurance issued in respect of an insurance made on or after such day as the Treasury may by order made by statutory instrument appoint (in this Schedule referred to as "the appointed day ") or varied on or after the appointed day shall not be a qualifying policy within the meaning of Schedule 1 unless—

(a)it is certified as such by the Board ; or

(b)it conforms with a form which, at the time the policy is issued or varied, is either—

(i)a standard form certified by the Board as a standard form of qualifying policy ; or

(ii)a form varying from a standard form so certified in no other respect than by making such additions thereto as are, at the time the policy is issued, certified by the Board as compatible with a qualifying policy when made to that standard form and satisfy any conditions subject to which they are so certified ;

and any certificate issued in pursuance of paragraph (a) above shall be conclusive evidence that the policy is a qualifying policy within the meaning of that Schedule.

(2)In issuing a certificate in pursuance of sub-paragraph (1) above the Board may disregard any provision of the policy, standard form or addition which appears to them insignificant.

(3)Where the Board refuse to certify a policy as being a qualifying policy within the meaning of Schedule 1, the person to whom it is issued may appeal to the General Commissioners or, if he so elects, to the Special Commissioners.

(4)The preceding provisions of this paragraph do not apply in relation to such a policy as is mentioned in paragraph 3 of Schedule 1 (friendly societies policies).

2(1)In paragraph 11(1) of Schedule 1—

(a)for the words " which is in its opinion" there shall be substituted the words

which is certified by the Board as being,

(b)after the words " Part I of this Schedule " there shall be added the words

or which conforms with such a form as is mentioned in paragraph 1(1)(6) of Schedule 2 to the Finance Act 1975 and is in the opinion of the body issuing it a qualifying policy.

(c)after the words "allocated to the policy" there shall be inserted the words

the reference number of the relevant Inland Revenue certificate (if any)".

(2)In paragraph 11(2) of Schedule 1 for the words " and is in the opinion of the body by whom it was issued a qualifying policy after the variation " there shall be substituted the words

and, after the variation, it either is certified by the Board as a qualifying policy or conforms with such a form as is referred to in sub-paragraph (1) above and is in the opinion of the body by whom it was issued a qualifying policy.

(3)In paragraph 11(3) of Schedule 1 for "£26" there shall be substituted

£52.

Part IIAmendment of Qualifying Conditions

3(1)The following provisions of this paragraph shall have effect for determining for the purposes of Schedule 1 and this Schedule whether a policy has been varied or whether a policy which confers on the person to whom it is issued an option to have another policy substituted for it or to have any of its terms changed is a qualifying policy.

(2)If the policy is one issued in respect of an insurance made before the appointed day—

(a)any such option shall, until it is exercised, be disregarded in determining whether the policy is a qualifying policy ; and

(b)any change in the terms of the policy which is made in pursuance of such an option shall be deemed to be a variation of the policy.

(3)If the policy is one issued in respect of an insurance made on or after the appointed day, the policy shall not be a qualifying policy unless it satisfies the conditions applicable to it under Schedule 1 before any such option is exercised and—

(a)each policy that might be substituted for it in pursuance of such an option would satisfy those conditions under the rules of paragraph 9 of that Schedule ; and

(b)the policy would continue to satisfy those conditions under the rules of that paragraph as applied by paragraph 10 of that Schedule if each or any of the changes capable of being made in pursuance of such an option had been made and were treated as a variation ;

and it shall not be treated as being varied by reason only of any change made in pursuance of such an option.

4(1)In relation to any policy issued in respect of an insurance made on or after the appointed day paragraphs 1 and 2 of Schedule 1 shall have effect subject to the following provisions of this paragraph.

(2)In paragraph for the words " sub-paragraphs (2) to (4)" there shall be substituted the words

sub-paragraphs (2) to (4A).

(3)In paragraph 1 the following shall be inserted after sub-paragraph (4) :—

(4A)Except where—

(a)the capital sum referred to in sub-paragraph (1) above is payable only in the circumstances mentioned in sub-paragraph (3) or (4) above, and

(b)the policy does not provide for any payment on the surrender in whole or in part of the rights conferred by it, and

(c)the specified term mentioned in sub-paragraph (3) or, as the case may be, (4) above ends at or before the time when the person whose life is insured attains the age of seventy-five years,

the capital sum, so far as payable on death, must not be less than 75 per cent, of the total premiums that would be payable if the death occurred at the age of seventy-five years, the age being, if the sum is payable on the death of the first to die of two persons, that of the older of them, if on the death of the survivor of them, that of the younger of them, and, in any other case, that of the person on whose death it is payable; and if the policy does not secure a capital sum in the event of death occurring before the age of sixteen or some lower age, it must not provide for the payment in that event of an amount exceeding the total premiums previously paid under it.

(4)In determining, for the purposes of sub-paragraph (3) above, whether a capital sum is less than 75 per cent, of the total premiums, any amount included in the premiums by reason of their being payable otherwise than annually shall be disregarded, and if the policy is issued in the course of an industrial assurance business as defined in section 1(2) of the Industrial Assurance Act 1923 or of the Industrial Assurance Act (Northern Ireland) 1924, 10 per cent, of the premiums payable under the policy shall be treated as so included.

(5)In paragraph 1(5) for the words " carries a guaranteed surrender value " there shall be substituted the words

provides for a payment on the surrender in whole or in part of the rights conferred by the policy.

(6)In paragraph 1(7) after the words " by reason of that event" there shall be inserted the words

but where what is so payable is either an amount consisting of one sum or an amount made up of two or more sums, the 75 per cent, mentioned in sub-paragraph (4A) above shall be compared with the smaller or smallest amount so payable.

(7)In paragraph 2(1)(d)(i) for the words " three-quarters" there shall be substituted the words

75 per cent.

and after the words " otherwise than annually " there shall be inserted the words

except that if, at the beginning of that term, the age of the person concerned exceeds fifty-five years, the capital sum so guaranteed may, for each year of the excess, be less by 2 per cent, of that total than 75 per cent, thereof, the person concerned being, if the capital sum is payable on the death of the first to die of two persons, the older of them, if on the death of the survivor of them, the younger of them and, in any other case, the person on whose death it is payable.

(8)In paragraph 2(1)(e) after the words "except by surrender" there shall be inserted the words

in whole or in part of the rights conferred by the policy.

5Where the new policy referred to in paragraph 9 of Schedule 1 is one issued on or after the appointed day then, in determining under sub-paragraph (2) of that paragraph whether that policy would or would not (apart from that paragraph) be a qualifying policy there shall be left out of account so much of the first premium payable thereunder as is accounted for by the value of the old policy.

Part IIIRelief under Section 19 or 20

6(1)In section 21—

(a)subsection (2) shall be omitted ;

(b)in subsection (3) for the words " those mentioned in subsection (2) above" there shall be substituted the words

capital sums on death;

(c)in subsection (4) for the words "subsections (2) and (3)" (in both places) there shall be substituted the words

subsection. (3); and

(d)in subsection (5) the words "or of 7 per cent" shall be omitted.

(2)This paragraph has effect for the year 1976-77 and subsequent years of assessment

7(1)Where a policy issued in the course of an industrial assurance business, as defined in section 1(2) of the Industrial Assurance Act 1923 or of the Industrial Assurance Act (Northern Ireland) 1924, is not a qualifying policy by virtue of paragraph 1 or 2 of Schedule 1 but is a policy with respect to which the conditions in paragraphs (b) and (c) of sub-paragraph (1) of paragraph 4 of Schedule 1 are satisfied, it shall be a qualifying policy whether or not the conditions of paragraphs (a) and (d)(iii) of that sub-paragraph are satisfied with respect to it; but where they are not satisfied relief under section 19 in respect of premiums paid under the policy shall be given only on such amount (if any) as would have been the amount of the premiums had those conditions been satisfied.

(2)This paragraph has effect in relation to any policy issued in respect of an insurance made after the appointed day.

Part IVCharges in connection with Policies of Life Insurance, Contracts for Life Annuities and Capital Redemption Policies

8This Part of this Schedule shall have effect in relation to any event happening in any year (as defined in paragraph 9(9) below) which falls wholly after the passing of this Act, but without prejudice to the operation in relation to earlier events of paragraphs 10(1), 12(2), 16 and 17 below.

9(1)In section 394(1)(a)—

(a)in sub-paragraph (iii) the words " or in part" and in sub-paragraph (iv) the words " or of any share therein " shall be omitted ; and

(b)after sub-paragraph (iv) there shall be added—

(v)an excess of the reckonable aggregate value mentioned in sub-paragraph (6) of paragraph 9 of Schedule 2 to the Finance Act 1975 over the allowable aggregate amount mentioned in sub-paragraph (7) of that paragraph, being an excess occurring at the end of any year (as defined in sub-paragraph (9) of that paragraph), except, if it ends with another chargeable event, the final year; and "

(2)In section 394(1)(b)(ii) after the word " assignment " there shall be added the words

or such an excess as is mentioned in paragraph (a)(v) aboveand after the word " effected " there shall be inserted the words " or occurs.

(3)In section 396(1) the words " or in part", where they first occur, and the words " or of any share therein " shall be omitted and after the words

of those rights

there shall be inserted the words

or an excess of the reckonable aggregate value mentioned in sub-paragraph (6) of paragraph 9 of Schedule 2 to the Finance Act 1975 over the allowable aggregate amount mentioned in sub-paragraph (7) of that paragraph, being an excess occurring at the end of any year (as defined in sub-paragraph (9) of that paragraph), except, if it ends with another chargeable event, the final year.

(4)In section 398(1)—

(a)the words "or in part" and the words "or of any share therein " shall be omitted ; and

(b)at the end of paragraph (iii) there shall be inserted "and

(iv)an excess of the reckonable aggregate value mentioned in sub-paragraph (6) of paragraph 9 of Schedule 2 to the Finance Act 1975 over the allowable aggregate amount mentioned in sub-paragraph (7) of that paragraph, being an excess occurring at the end of any year (as defined in sub-paragraph (9) of that paragraph), except, if it ends with another chargeable event, the final year ",

(5)For the purposes of sections 394, 396 and 398 as amended by the preceding sub-paragraphs there shall be calculated as at the end of each year, but subject to sub-paragraph (8) below.—

(a)the value, as at the time of surrender or assignment, of any part of or share in the rights conferred by the policy or contract which has been assigned or surrendered up to the end of the year ; and

(b)the appropriate portion of any payment made up to the end of the year by way of premium or as a lump sum consideration;

and the appropriate portion of any payment shall be one-twentieth for the year in which it is made, increased by a further one-twentieth for each of the subsequent nineteen years, but subject to sub-paragraph (8) below.

(6)The reckonable aggregate value referred to in those sections shall be—

(a)the sum of the values calculated under sub-paragraph (5) above; less

(b)the sum of the values so calculated for a previous year and brought into account on the previous happening of a chargeable event.

(7)The allowable aggregate amount referred to in those sections shall be—

(a)the aggregate of the appropriate portions calculated under sub-paragraph (5) above ; less

(b)the aggregate of the appropriate portions so calculated for a previous year and brought into account on the previous happening of a chargeable event.

(8)In making the calculations required by sub-paragraph (5) above there shall be excluded—

(a)from the value mentioned in paragraph (a) thereof, the value of any part of or share in the rights conferred by the policy or contract which has been assigned or surrendered before the commencement of the first year which falls wholly after the passing of this Act; and

(b)from the appropriate portion mentioned in paragraph (b) thereof, the one-twentieth mentioned therein for any year before that first year.

(9)In this paragraph "year" means the twelve months beginning with the making of the insurance or contract and any subsequent period of twelve months ; except that—

(a)death, the maturity of the policy or the surrender of the whole of the rights conferred by the policy or contract shall be treated as ending the final year; and

(b)if the final year would by virtue of paragraph (a) above begin and end in the same year of assessment, the final year and the year preceding it shall together be one year.

10(1)At the end of section 394(4) there shall be added the words

and are not at the time of the event held by the original beneficial owner.

(2)In section 394(5) the words from " and references " to the end and, in section 395(4), the words from "and any sum paid" to " under the policy " shall be omitted.

(3)Sub-paragraph (1) above applies in relation to any event happening on or after 10th December 1974.

11(1)In section 395(1)—

(a)in paragraph (a) for the words from " over" to the end there shall be substituted the words " over the sum of the following—

(i)the total amount previously paid under the policy by way of premiums ; and

(ii)the total amount treated as a gain by virtue of paragraph (d) below on the previous happening of chargeable events ".

(b)in paragraph (b) the words "or in part" shall be omitted and for the words from the first

overto the end there shall be substituted the words " over the sum of the following—

(i)the total amount previously paid under the policy by way of premiums ; and

(ii)the total amount treated as a gain by virtue of paragraph (d) below on the previous happening of chargeable events ";

(c)for paragraph (c) there shall be substituted the following—

(c)if the event is an assignment, the excess (if any) of the amount or value of the consideration, plus the amount or value of any relevant capital payments or of any previously assigned share in the rights conferred by the policy, over the sum of the following—

(i)the total amount previously paid under the policy by way of premiums ; and

(ii)the total amount treated as a gain by virtue of paragraph (d) below on the previous happening of chargeable events;

(d)after paragraph (c) there shall be added the following paragraph—

(d)if the event is the occurrence of such an excess as is mentioned in section 394(l)(v) above, the amount of the excess.

(2)After section 395(3) there shall be inserted the following subsection—

(3A)Where there is an assignment, otherwise than for money or money's worth, of all the rights conferred by the policy the calculations required to be made by paragraph 9 of Schedule 2 to the Finance Act 1975 shall be made, in the first instance, without regard to any surrender or assignment of part of or a share in those rights which takes place after the assignment, and any gain treated as arising under subsection (1)(d) above on the calculation so made shall be treated as arising to the assignor.

12(1)At the end of section 396(1) there shall be added the words

and where the terms of the contract provide for the payment of a capital sum on death and the contract was made on or after 10th December 1974, the death shall be treated for the purposes of this section and section 397 below as a surrender in whole of the rights conferred by the contract.

(2)At the end of section 396(2) there shall be added the words

and are not at the time of the event held by the original beneficial owner.

(3)Sub-paragraph (2) above applies in relation to any event happening on or after 10th December 1974.

13(1)In section 397(1)—

(a)in paragraph (a) the words " or in part" shall be omitted, after the words

payable by reason of the event

there shall be inserted the words

plus the amount or value of any relevant capital payments,

and after the word " over " there shall be inserted the words

the sum of the followingand for sub-paragraph (ii) and the word " or " preceding it there shall be substituted " and

(ii)the total amount treated as a gain by virtue of paragraph (c) below on the previous happening of chargeable events " ;

(b)for paragraph (b) there shall be substituted the following—

(b)if the event is an assignment, the excess (if any) of the amount or value of the consideration, plus the amount or value of any relevant capital payments or of any previously assigned share in the rights conferred by the contract, over the sum of the following—

(i)the amount specified in subsection (l)(a)(i) above ; and

(ii)any amount treated as a gain by virtue of paragraph (c) below on the previous happenings of chargeable events;

(c)after paragraph (b) there shall be added the following paragraph—

(c)if the event is the occurrence of such an excess as is mentioned in section 396(1) above, the amount of the excess.

(2)At the end of section 397(2) there shall be added the words 'and subsection (3A) of that section shall apply for the purposes of this section with the substitution of references to the contract for references to the policy'.

(3)At the end of section 397 there shall be added the following subsection—

(3)In this section "relevant capital payments" means, in relation to any contract, any sum or other benefit of a capital nature paid or conferred under the contract before the happening of the chargeable event.

14In section 398(1) at the end of sub-paragraph (i), there shall be added the words

except where the sums payable on maturity are annual payments chargeable to tax under Schedule D.

15For the purposes of sections 394 to 402 and of this Schedule the falling due of a sum payable in pursuance of a right conferred by a policy or contract to participate in profits shall be treated as the surrender of rights conferred by the policy or contract

16(1)Where—

(a)under section 399, a gain arising in connection with a policy or contract would be treated as forming part of an individual's total income ; and

(b)the policy was issued in respect of an insurance made after 26th March 1974 or the contract was made after that date and;

(c)any sum is at any time after the making of the insurance or contract lent to or at the direction of that individual by or by arrangement with the body issuing the policy or, as the case may be, the body with which the contract was made;

then, subject to sub-paragraph (3) below, the same results shall follow under sections 7 to 9 of this Act, this Schedule and sections 394 to 402, as if at the time the sum was lent there had been a surrender of part of the rights conferred by the policy or contract and the sum had been paid as consideration for the surrender (and if the policy is one falling within subsection (2) of section 394, those results shall follow under section 8 of this Act, whether or not a gain would be treated as arising on the surrender).

(2)If the whole or any part of the sum is repaid the repayment shall be treated, for the purpose of computing any gain arising on the happening, at the end of the final year, of a chargeable event, as a payment of a premium or lump sum consideration.

(3)The preceding provisions of this paragraph do not apply in relation to a policy if—

(a)it is a qualifying policy within the meaning of Schedule 1 ; and

(b)either interest at a commercial rate is payable on the sum lent or the sum is lent to a full-time employee of the body issuing the policy for the purpose of assisting him in the purchase or improvement of a dwelling used or to be used as his only or main residence.

(4)In this paragraph "final year" has the same meaning as in paragraph 9 above.

17Where, under section 397, a gain is to be treated as arising in connection with a contract for a life annuity made after 26th March 1974—

(a)section 399 shall have effect, in relation to the gain, as if subsection (4) were omitted ; and

(b)the gain shall be chargeable to tax under Case VI of Schedule D; but

(c)any relief under section 400 shall be computed as if this paragraph had not been enacted.

18Where a chargeable event on the happening of which an amount is included in an individual's total income by virtue of Section 399(1)(a) follows the happening of another chargeable event in relation to the same policy or contract, and each of the events is such an excess as is mentioned in section 394(1)(a)(v), 396(1) or 398(1)(iv), subsection (3) of section 400 (top slicing relief) shall have effect in relation to that amount as if the number of complete years referred to in it were the number of complete years elapsing between that other event (or, if more than one, the last of diem) and the first-mentioned event.

19(1)Where such an excess as is mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b) of section 395(1) or paragraph (a) of section 397(1) would be treated as a gain arising in connection with a policy or contract and would form part of an individual's total income for the year of assessment in which the final year ends, a corresponding deficiency occurring at the end of the final year shall be allowable as a deduction from his total income for that year of assessment, so far as it does not exceed the total amount treated as a gain by virtue of section 395(1)(d) or 397(1)(c) on the previous happenings of chargeable events.

(2)In this paragraph " final year " has the same meaning as in paragraph 9 above.

20(1)Section 402 shall have effect subject to the following provisions of this paragraph.

(2)Where the chargeable event is an assignment of all the rights conferred by the policy or contract the certificate shall also specify any such excess as is mentioned in section 394(1)(a)(v), 396(1) or 398(l)(iv) which has occurred since the relevant date, the date on which it occurred and the value of the part of or share in the rights which have been surrendered or assigned since the relevant date.

(3)Where the chargeable event is the occurrence of such an excess as is mentioned in section 394(1)(a)(v), 396(1) or 398(1)(iv), section 402 shall apply with the omission of subsection (2)(b) and the certificate shall also specify the value of the part of or share in the rights surrendered or assigned in any year since the relevant date and the amounts paid by way of premiums in any year since the relevant date.

(4)In this paragraph "year" has the meaning assigned to it by paragraph 9(9) above and " the relevant date ", in relation to any certificate, means the date of the chargeable event in respect of which the last certificate under section 402 was delivered or, if none was delivered, the commencement of the policy or contract.