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Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1975

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174 Insanity in bar of trial or as the ground of acquittal.S

[F1(1)Where the court is satisfied, on the written or oral evidence of two medical practitioners, that a person charged on indictment with the commission of an offence is insane so that his trial cannot proceed or, if it has commenced, cannot continue, the court shall, subject to subsection (1A) below—

(a)make a finding to that effect and state the reasons for that finding;

(b)discharge the trial diet and order that a diet (in this Act referred to as an “an examination of facts”) be held under section 174ZA of this Act; and

(c)remand the person in custody or on bail or, where the court is satisfied—

(i)on the written or oral evidence of two medical practitioners, that he is suffering from mental disorder of a nature or degree which warrants his admission to hospital under Part V of the Mental Health (Scotland) Act 1984; and

(ii)that a hospital is available for his admission and suitable for his detention,

make an order (in this section referred to as a “temporary hospital order”) committing him to that hospital until the conclusion of the examination of facts.

(1A)Subsection (1) above is without prejudice to the power of the court, on an application by the prosecutor, to desert the diet pro loco et tempore.

(1B)The court may, before making a finding under subsection (1) above as to the insanity of a person, adjourn the case in order that investigation of his mental condition may be carried out.

(1C)The court which made a temporary hospital order may, at any time while the order is in force, review the order on the ground that there has been a change of circumstances since the order was made and, on such review—

(a)where the court considers that such an order is no longer required in relation to a person, it shall revoke the order and may remand him in custody or on bail;

(b)in any other case, the court may—

(i)confirm or vary the order; or

(ii)revoke the order and make such other order, under subsection (1)(c) above or any other provision of this Part of this Act, as the court considers appropriate.]

(2)Where in the case of any person charged [F2on indictment with the commission of the offence]evidence is brought before the court that that person was insane at the time of doing the act or making the omission constituting the offence with which he is charged and the person is acquitted, the court shall direct the jury to find whether the person was insane at such time as aforesaid, and [F3, if so,]to declare whether the person was acquitted by them on account of his insanity at that time.

F4(3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F4(4). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(5)Where it appears to a court that it is not practicable or appropriate for the accused to be brought before it for the purpose of determining whether he is insane so that his trial cannot proceed, then, if no objection to such a course is taken by or on behalf of the accused, the court may order that the case be proceeded with in his absence.

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Amendments (Textual)

F1S. 174(1)(1A)-(1C) substituted (31.3.1996 subject to transitional provisions and savings in the commencing S.I.) for s. 174(1) by 1995 c. 20, s. 47(1); S.I. 1996/517, arts. 3(2), 4-6, Sch. 2

F2Words in s. 174(2) substituted (31.3.1996 subject to transitional provisions and savings in the commencing S.I.) by 1995 c. 20, s. 117(1), Sch. 6 Pt. I para. 65(a)(i); S.I. 1996/517, arts. 3(2), 4-6, Sch. 2

F3Words in s. 174(2) inserted (31.3.1996 subject to transitional provisions and savings in the commencing S.I.) by 1995 c. 20, s. 117(1), Sch. 6 Pt. I para. 65(a)(ii); S.I. 1996/517, arts. 3(2), 4-6, Sch. 2

F4S. 174(3)(4) repealed (31.3.1996 subject to transitional provisions and savings in the commencing S.I.) by 1995 c. 20, s. 117, Sch. 6 Pt. I para. 65(b), Sch. 7 Pt. I; S.I. 1996/517, arts. 3(2), 4-6, Sch. 2

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