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Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974

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[F1ScheduleE+W+S Section 6(4): service disciplinary convictions

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Amendments (Textual)

1Any conviction for an offence mentioned in this Schedule is a conviction referred to in section 6(6)(bb) of this Act (convictions to be disregarded for the purposes of extending a period of rehabilitation following subsequent conviction).E+W+S

Provisions of the Army Act 1955 and the Air Force Act 1955E+W+S

2Any offence under any of the provisions of the M1Army Act 1955 or the M2Air Force Act 1955 listed in the first column of the following table:—E+W+S

ProvisionSubject-matter
Section 29Offences by or in relation to sentries, persons on watch etc.
Section 29AFailure to attend for duty, neglect of duty etc.
Section 33Insubordinate behaviour.
Section 34Disobedience to lawful commands.
Section 34AFailure to provide a sample for drug testing.
Section 35Obstruction of provost officers.
Section 36Disobedience to standing orders.
Section 38Absence without leave.
Section 39Failure to report or apprehend deserters or absentees.
Section 42Malingering.
Section 43Drunkenness.
Section 43AFighting, threatening words etc.
Section 44Damage to, and loss of, public or service property etc.
Section 44ADamage to, and loss of, Her Majesty’s aircraft or aircraft material.
Section 44BInterference etc. with equipment, messages or signals.
Section 45Misapplication and waste of public or service property.
Section 46Offences relating to issues and decorations.
Section 47Billeting offences.
Section 48Offences in relation to requisitioning of vehicles.
Section 50Inaccurate certification.
Section 51Low flying.
Section 52Annoyance by flying.
Section 54Permitting escape, and unlawful release of prisoners.
Section 55Resistance to arrest.
Section 56Escape from confinement.
Section 57Offences in relation to courts-martial.
Section 61Making of false statements on enlistment.
Section 62Making of false documents.
Section 63Offences against civilian population.
Section 69Conduct to prejudice of military discipline or air-force discipline.
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Marginal Citations

3Any offence under section 68 (attempt to commit military offence) or 68A (aiding and abetting etc., and inciting, military offence) of the M3Army Act 1955 in relation to an offence under any of the provisions of that Act listed in paragraph 2.E+W+S

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Marginal Citations

4Any offence under section 68 (attempt to commit air-force offence) or 68A (aiding and abetting etc., and inciting, air-force offence) of the M4Air Force Act 1955 in relation to an offence under any of the provisions of that Act listed in paragraph 2.E+W+S

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Marginal Citations

Provisions of the Naval Discipline Act 1957E+W+S

5Any offence under any of the provisions of the M5Naval Discipline Act 1957 listed in the first column of the following table:—E+W+S

ProvisionSubject-matter
Section 6Offences by or in relation to sentries, persons on watch etc.
Section 7Failure to attend for duty, neglect of duty etc.
Section 11Insubordinate behaviour.
Section 12Disobedience to lawful commands.
Section 12AFailure to provide a sample for drug testing.
Section 13Fighting, threatening words etc.
Section 14Obstruction of provost officers.
Section 14ADisobedience to standing orders.
Section 17Absence without leave etc.
Section 18Failure to report deserters and absentees.
Section 21Low flying.
Section 22Annoyance by flying.
Section 25Inaccurate certification.
Section 27Malingering.
Section 28Drunkenness.
Section 29Damage to, and loss of, public or service property etc.
Section 29ADamage to, and loss of, Her Majesty’s aircraft or aircraft material.
Section 29BInterference etc. with equipment, messages or signals.
Section 30Misapplication and waste of public or service property.
Section 31Offences relating to issues and decorations.
Section 32Billeting offences.
Section 33Offences in relation to the requisitioning of vehicles etc.
Section 33APermitting escape, and unlawful release of prisoners.
Section 33BResistance to arrest.
Section 33CEscape from confinement.
Section 34AFalse statements on entry.
Section 35Falsification of documents.
Section 35AOffences against civilian population.
Section 38Offences in relation to courts-martial.
Section 39Conduct to the prejudice of naval discipline.
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Marginal Citations

6Any offence under section 40 (attempt to commit naval offence) or 41 (aiding and abetting etc., and inciting, naval offence) of the M6Naval Discipline Act 1957 in relation to an offence under any of the provisions of that Act listed in paragraph 5.E+W+S

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[F2Provisions of the Armed Forces Act 2006E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

F2Sch. para. 7 and cross-heading inserted (28.3.2009 for certain purposes and 31.10.2009 otherwise) by Armed Forces Act 2006 (c. 52), ss. 378, 383, Sch. 16 para. 66; S.I. 2009/812, art. 3; S.I. 2009/1167, art. 4

7Any service offence within the meaning of the Armed Forces Act 2006 except one punishable in the case of an offender aged 18 or over with imprisonment for more than two years.E+W+S

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

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Amendments (Textual)

[F5Schedule 1]E+W+S Section 6(4): service disciplinary convictions

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Amendments (Textual)

[F11Any conviction for an offence mentioned in this Schedule is a conviction referred to in section 6(6)(bb) of this Act (convictions to be disregarded for the purposes of extending a period of rehabilitation following subsequent conviction).E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

Provisions of the Army Act 1955 and the Air Force Act 1955E+W+S

2Any offence under any of the provisions of the M1Army Act 1955 or the M2Air Force Act 1955 listed in the first column of the following table:—E+W+S

ProvisionSubject-matter
Section 29Offences by or in relation to sentries, persons on watch etc.
Section 29AFailure to attend for duty, neglect of duty etc.
Section 33Insubordinate behaviour.
Section 34Disobedience to lawful commands.
Section 34AFailure to provide a sample for drug testing.
Section 35Obstruction of provost officers.
Section 36Disobedience to standing orders.
Section 38Absence without leave.
Section 39Failure to report or apprehend deserters or absentees.
Section 42Malingering.
Section 43Drunkenness.
Section 43AFighting, threatening words etc.
Section 44Damage to, and loss of, public or service property etc.
Section 44ADamage to, and loss of, Her Majesty’s aircraft or aircraft material.
Section 44BInterference etc. with equipment, messages or signals.
Section 45Misapplication and waste of public or service property.
Section 46Offences relating to issues and decorations.
Section 47Billeting offences.
Section 48Offences in relation to requisitioning of vehicles.
Section 50Inaccurate certification.
Section 51Low flying.
Section 52Annoyance by flying.
Section 54Permitting escape, and unlawful release of prisoners.
Section 55Resistance to arrest.
Section 56Escape from confinement.
Section 57Offences in relation to courts-martial.
Section 61Making of false statements on enlistment.
Section 62Making of false documents.
Section 63Offences against civilian population.
Section 69Conduct to prejudice of military discipline or air-force discipline.
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Marginal Citations

3Any offence under section 68 (attempt to commit military offence) or 68A (aiding and abetting etc., and inciting, military offence) of the M3Army Act 1955 in relation to an offence under any of the provisions of that Act listed in paragraph 2.E+W+S

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Marginal Citations

4Any offence under section 68 (attempt to commit air-force offence) or 68A (aiding and abetting etc., and inciting, air-force offence) of the M4Air Force Act 1955 in relation to an offence under any of the provisions of that Act listed in paragraph 2.E+W+S

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Marginal Citations

Provisions of the Naval Discipline Act 1957E+W+S

5Any offence under any of the provisions of the M5Naval Discipline Act 1957 listed in the first column of the following table:—E+W+S

ProvisionSubject-matter
Section 6Offences by or in relation to sentries, persons on watch etc.
Section 7Failure to attend for duty, neglect of duty etc.
Section 11Insubordinate behaviour.
Section 12Disobedience to lawful commands.
Section 12AFailure to provide a sample for drug testing.
Section 13Fighting, threatening words etc.
Section 14Obstruction of provost officers.
Section 14ADisobedience to standing orders.
Section 17Absence without leave etc.
Section 18Failure to report deserters and absentees.
Section 21Low flying.
Section 22Annoyance by flying.
Section 25Inaccurate certification.
Section 27Malingering.
Section 28Drunkenness.
Section 29Damage to, and loss of, public or service property etc.
Section 29ADamage to, and loss of, Her Majesty’s aircraft or aircraft material.
Section 29BInterference etc. with equipment, messages or signals.
Section 30Misapplication and waste of public or service property.
Section 31Offences relating to issues and decorations.
Section 32Billeting offences.
Section 33Offences in relation to the requisitioning of vehicles etc.
Section 33APermitting escape, and unlawful release of prisoners.
Section 33BResistance to arrest.
Section 33CEscape from confinement.
Section 34AFalse statements on entry.
Section 35Falsification of documents.
Section 35AOffences against civilian population.
Section 38Offences in relation to courts-martial.
Section 39Conduct to the prejudice of naval discipline.
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Marginal Citations

6Any offence under section 40 (attempt to commit naval offence) or 41 (aiding and abetting etc., and inciting, naval offence) of the M6Naval Discipline Act 1957 in relation to an offence under any of the provisions of that Act listed in paragraph 5.E+W+S

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Marginal Citations

[F2Provisions of the Armed Forces Act 2006E+W+S

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Amendments (Textual)

F2Sch. para. 7 and cross-heading inserted (28.3.2009 for certain purposes and 31.10.2009 otherwise) by Armed Forces Act 2006 (c. 52), ss. 378, 383, Sch. 16 para. 66; S.I. 2009/812, art. 3; S.I. 2009/1167, art. 4

7Any service offence within the meaning of the Armed Forces Act 2006 except one punishable in the case of an offender aged 18 or over with imprisonment for more than two years.]]E+W+S

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

[F3SCHEDULE 2E+W+SProtection for spent cautions

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Amendments (Textual)

PreliminaryE+W+S

1(1)For the purposes of this Schedule a caution shall be regarded as a spent caution—E+W+S

(a)in the case of a conditional caution (as defined in section 8A(2)(a)), at the end of the relevant period for the caution;

(b)in any other case, at the time the caution is given.

(2)In sub-paragraph (1)(a) “the relevant period for the caution” means (subject to sub-paragraph (3)) the period of three months from the date on which the conditional caution was given.

(3)If the person concerned is subsequently prosecuted and convicted of the offence in respect of which a conditional caution was given—

(a)the relevant period for the caution shall end at the same time as the rehabilitation period for the offence; and

(b)if the conviction occurs after the end of the period mentioned in sub-paragraph (1)(a), the caution shall be treated for the purposes of this Schedule as not having become spent in relation to any period before the end of the rehabilitation period for the offence.

2(1)In this Schedule “ancillary circumstances”, in relation to a caution, means any circumstances of the following—E+W+S

(a)the offence which was the subject of the caution or the conduct constituting that offence;

(b)any process preliminary to the caution (including consideration by any person of how to deal with that offence and the procedure for giving the caution);

(c)any proceedings for that offence which take place before the caution is given (including anything which happens after that time for the purpose of bringing the proceedings to an end);

(d)any judicial review proceedings relating to the caution;

(e)in the case of a warning under section 65 of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 (c. 37), anything done in pursuance of or undergone in compliance with a requirement to participate in a rehabilitation programme under section 66(2) of that Act;

(f)in the case of a conditional caution, any conditions attached to the caution or anything done in pursuance of or undergone in compliance with those conditions.

(2)Where the caution relates to two or more offences, references in sub-paragraph (1) to the offence which was the subject of the caution include a reference to each of the offences concerned.

(3)In this Schedule “proceedings before a judicial authority” has the same meaning as in section 4.

Protection relating to spent cautions and ancillary circumstancesE+W+S

3(1)A person who is given a caution for an offence shall, from the time the caution is spent, be treated for all purposes in law as a person who has not committed, been charged with or prosecuted for, or been given a caution for the offence; and notwithstanding the provisions of any other enactment or rule of law to the contrary—E+W+S

(a)no evidence shall be admissible in any proceedings before a judicial authority exercising its jurisdiction or functions in England and Wales to prove that any such person has committed, been charged with or prosecuted for, or been given a caution for the offence; and

(b)a person shall not, in any such proceedings, be asked and, if asked, shall not be required to answer, any question relating to his past which cannot be answered without acknowledging or referring to a spent caution or any ancillary circumstances.

(2)Nothing in sub-paragraph (1) applies in relation to any proceedings for the offence which are not part of the ancillary circumstances relating to the caution.

(3)Where a question seeking information with respect to a person's previous cautions, offences, conduct or circumstances is put to him or to any other person otherwise than in proceedings before a judicial authority—

(a)the question shall be treated as not relating to spent cautions or to any ancillary circumstances, and the answer may be framed accordingly; and

(b)the person questioned shall not be subjected to any liability or otherwise prejudiced in law by reason of any failure to acknowledge or disclose a spent caution or any ancillary circumstances in his answer to the question.

(4)Any obligation imposed on any person by any rule of law or by the provisions of any agreement or arrangement to disclose any matters to any other person shall not extend to requiring him to disclose a spent caution or any ancillary circumstances (whether the caution is his own or another's).

(5)A caution which has become spent or any ancillary circumstances, or any failure to disclose such a caution or any such circumstances, shall not be a proper ground for dismissing or excluding a person from any office, profession, occupation or employment, or for prejudicing him in any way in any occupation or employment.

(6)This paragraph has effect subject to paragraphs 4 to 6.

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C3Sch. 2 para. 3(3) excluded (E.W.) (12.10.2009) by SI 1975/1023 art. 6(1)(5) (as inserted by The Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974 (Exceptions) (Amendment) (England and Wales) Order 2009 (S.I. 2009/1818, art. 6

C5Sch. 2 para. 3(3) excluded (E.W.) (12.10.2009) by SI 1975/1023 art. 6(3)(4) (as inserted by The Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974 (Exceptions) (Amendment) (England and Wales) Order 2009 (S.I. 2009/1818, art. 6

4The Secretary of State may by order—E+W+S

(a)make provision for excluding or modifying the application of either or both of paragraphs (a) or (b) of paragraph 3(3) in relation to questions put in such circumstances as may be specified in the order;

(b)provide for exceptions from the provisions of sub-paragraphs (4) and (5) of paragraph 3, in such cases or classes of case, and in relation to cautions of such a description, as may be specified in the order.

5Nothing in paragraph 3 affects—E+W+S

(a)the operation of the caution in question; or

(b)the operation of any enactment by virtue of which, in consequence of any caution, a person is subject to any disqualification, disability, prohibition or other restriction or effect, the period of which extends beyond the rehabilitation period applicable to the caution.

6(1)Section 7(2), (3) and (4) apply for the purposes of this Schedule as follows.E+W+S

(2)Subsection (2) (apart from paragraphs (b) and (d)) applies to the determination of any issue, and the admission or requirement of any evidence, relating to a person's previous cautions or to ancillary circumstances as it applies to matters relating to a person's previous convictions and circumstances ancillary thereto.

(3)Subsection (3) applies to evidence of a person's previous cautions and ancillary circumstances as it applies to evidence of a person's convictions and the circumstances ancillary thereto; and for this purpose subsection (3) shall have effect as if—

(a)any reference to subsection (2) or (4) of section 7 were a reference to that subsection as applied by this paragraph; and

(b)the words “or proceedings to which section 8 below applies” were omitted.

(4)Subsection (4) applies for the purpose of excluding the application of paragraph 3(1); and for that purpose subsection (4) shall have effect as if the words “(other than proceedings to which section 8 below applies)” were omitted.

(5)References in the provisions applied by this paragraph to section 4(1) are to be read as references to paragraph 3(1).]

(introduced by section 8B(3))

[F4SCHEDULE 3E+W+SPROTECTION FOR SPENT ALTERNATIVES TO PROSECUTION: SCOTLAND

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Amendments (Textual)

PreliminaryE+W+S

1(1)For the purposes of this Act, an alternative to prosecution given to any person (whether before or after the commencement of this Schedule) becomes spent—E+W+S

(a)in the case of—

(i)a warning referred to in paragraph (a) of subsection (1) of section 8B, or

(ii)a fixed penalty notice referred to in paragraph (d) of that subsection,

at the time the warning or notice is given,

(b)in any other case, at the end of the relevant period.

(2)The relevant period in relation to an alternative to prosecution is the period of 3 months beginning on the day on which the alternative to prosecution is given.

(3)Sub-paragraph (1)(a) is subject to sub-paragraph (5).

(4)Sub-paragraph (2) is subject to sub-paragraph (6).

(5)If a person who is given a fixed penalty notice referred to in section 8B(1)(d) in respect of an offence is subsequently prosecuted and convicted of the offence, the notice—

(a)becomes spent at the end of the rehabilitation period for the offence, and

(b)is to be treated as not having become spent in relation to any period before the end of that rehabilitation period.

(6)If a person who is given an alternative to prosecution (other than one to which sub-paragraph (1)(a) applies) in respect of an offence is subsequently prosecuted and convicted of the offence—

(a)the relevant period in relation to the alternative to prosecution ends at the same time as the rehabilitation period for the offence ends, and

(b)if the conviction occurs after the end of the period referred to in sub-paragraph (2), the alternative to prosecution is to be treated as not having become spent in relation to any period before the end of the rehabilitation period for the offence.

2(1)In this Schedule, “ancillary circumstances”, in relation to an alternative to prosecution, means any circumstances of the following—E+W+S

(a)the offence in respect of which the alternative to prosecution is given or the conduct constituting the offence,

(b)any process preliminary to the alternative to prosecution being given (including consideration by any person of how to deal with the offence and the procedure for giving the alternative to prosecution),

(c)any proceedings for the offence which took place before the alternative to prosecution was given (including anything that happens after that time for the purpose of bringing the proceedings to an end),

(d)any judicial review proceedings relating to the alternative to prosecution,

(e)anything done or undergone in pursuance of the terms of the alternative to prosecution.

(2)Where an alternative to prosecution is given in respect of two or more offences, references in sub-paragraph (1) to the offence in respect of which the alternative to prosecution is given includes a reference to each of the offences.

(3)In this Schedule, “proceedings before a judicial authority” has the same meaning as in section 4.

Protection for spent alternatives to prosecution and ancillary circumstancesE+W+S

3(1)A person who is given an alternative to prosecution in respect of an offence is, from the time the alternative to prosecution becomes spent, to be treated for all purposes in law as a person who has not committed, been charged with or prosecuted for, or been given an alternative to prosecution in respect of, the offence.E+W+S

(2)Despite any enactment or rule of law to the contrary—

(a)where an alternative to prosecution given to a person in respect of an offence has become spent, evidence is not admissible in any proceedings before a judicial authority exercising its jurisdiction or functions in Scotland to prove that the person has committed, been charged with or prosecuted for, or been given an alternative to prosecution in respect of, the offence,

(b)a person must not, in any such proceedings, be asked any question relating to the person's past which cannot be answered without acknowledging or referring to an alternative to prosecution that has become spent or any ancillary circumstances, and

(c)if a person is asked such a question in any such proceedings, the person is not required to answer it.

(3)Sub-paragraphs (1) and (2) do not apply in relation to any proceedings—

(a)for the offence in respect of which the alternative to prosecution was given, and

(b)which are not part of the ancillary circumstances.

4(1)This paragraph applies where a person (“A”) is asked a question, otherwise than in proceedings before a judicial authority, seeking information about—E+W+S

(a)A's or another person's previous conduct or circumstances,

(b)offences previously committed by A or the other person, or

(c)alternatives to prosecution previously given to A or the other person.

(2)The question is to be treated as not relating to alternatives to prosecution that have become spent or to any ancillary circumstances and may be answered accordingly.

(3)A is not to be subjected to any liability or otherwise prejudiced in law because of a failure to acknowledge or disclose an alternative to prosecution that has become spent or any ancillary circumstances in answering the question.

5(1)An obligation imposed on a person (“A”) by a rule of law or by the provisions of an agreement or arrangement to disclose any matter to another person does not extend to requiring A to disclose an alternative to prosecution (whether one given to A or another person) that has become spent or any ancillary circumstances.E+W+S

(2)An alternative to prosecution that has become spent or any ancillary circumstances, or any failure to disclose an alternative to prosecution that has become spent or any ancillary circumstances, is not a ground for dismissing or excluding a person from any office, profession, occupation or employment, or for prejudicing the person in any way in any occupation or employment.

6The Scottish Ministers may by order—E+W+S

(a)exclude or modify the application of either or both of sub-paragraphs (2) and (3) of paragraph 4 in relation to questions put in such circumstances as may be specified in the order,

(b)provide for exceptions from any of the provisions of paragraph 5 in such cases or classes of case, or in relation to alternatives to prosecution of such descriptions, as may be specified in the order

7Paragraphs 3 to 5 do not affect—E+W+S

(a)the operation of an alternative to prosecution, or

(b)the operation of an enactment by virtue of which, because of an alternative to prosecution, a person is subject to a disqualification, disability, prohibition or other restriction or effect for a period extending beyond the time at which the alternative to prosecution becomes spent

8(1)Section 7(2), (3) and (4) apply for the purpose of this Schedule as follows.E+W+S

(2)Subsection (2), apart from paragraphs (b) and (d), applies to the determination of any issue, and the admission or requirement of evidence, relating to alternatives to prosecution previously given to a person and to ancillary circumstances as it applies to matters relating to a person's previous convictions and circumstances ancillary thereto.

(3)Subsection (3) applies to evidence of alternatives to prosecution previously given to a person and ancillary circumstances as it applies to evidence of a person's previous convictions and the circumstances ancillary thereto.

(4)For that purpose, subsection (3) has effect as if—

(a)a reference to subsection (2) or (4) of section 7 were a reference to that subsection as applied by this paragraph, and

(b)the words “or proceedings to which section 8 below applies” were omitted.

(5)Subsection (4) applies for the purpose of excluding the application of paragraph 3.

(6)For that purpose, subsection (4) has effect as if the words “(other than proceedings to which section 8 below applies)” were omitted.

(7)References in the provisions applied by this paragraph to section 4(1) are to be read as references to paragraph 3.]

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