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Part IWaste on land

Street cleaning and litter

22Street cleaning etc.

(1)It shall be the duty of each highway authority to undertake the cleaning of the highways for which it is the highway authority so far as the cleaning of the highways is necessary for the maintenance of the highways or the safety of traffic on them.

(2)It shall be the duty of each local authority to undertake the cleaning of the highways in its area so far as the cleaning of them appears to the authority to be necessary in the interests of public health or the amenities of the area ; but that duty shall not include a duty to undertake the cleaning of any special road which is a trunk road or any other cleaning falling to be done by a highway authority in pursuance of the preceding subsection.

(3)A local authority may, with the consent of any person who has an interest in or is the occupier of any relevant land, arrange for the cleaning of the land and may enter into an agreement with such a person for the payment by him of charges in respect of the cleaning; and in this subsection " relevant land " means any land in the open air to which members of the public have access, either as of right or otherwise, and which is not the site of a highway.

(4)In the preceding provisions of this section and in the following section—

(5)In the application of this section to Scotland the preceding subsection shall not have effect and in this section and in the following section—

23Prohibition of parking to facilitate street cleaning

(1)Where in the case of any part of a highway (hereafter in this section referred to as " the relevant area ") the highway authority for the relevant area or the local authority in whose area the relevant area is situated considers that, in order to facilitate the cleaning of the relevant area on a particular day (hereafter in this section referred to as " the relevant day "), it is appropriate to prohibit the parking of vehicles in the relevant area during certain hours of the relevant day, the authority may give notice in accordance with the following provisions of this section prohibiting such parking.

(2)Such a notice must specify the relevant area, the relevant day and the hours in question and must be in such form and contain such other information as are prescribed; and subject to paragraphs (a) and (b) of the following subsection a copy of the notice must—

(a)be served in accordance with regulations on the occupier of any premises adjoining the relevant area and on any prescribed person ; and

(b)be conspicuously displayed in accordance with regulations at places in the relevant area.

(3)Regulations may provide—

(a)that such a notice which is served in a prescribed manner in respect of any premises shall be treated for the purposes of this section as served on the occupier of the premises;

(b)that a failure to serve or display a notice as required by virtue of this section apart from the regulations shall in prescribed circumstances be disregarded for the purposes of this section ; and

(c)for the covering up of traffic signs and parking meters on the relevant day or any part of it, but without prejudice to the effect of the notice in question if regulations made in pursuance of this paragraph are not observed.

(4)Regulations may also provide that sections 20, 52 and 53 of the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1967 (which among other things provide for the removal, storage and disposal of vehicles left on roads in contravention of a statutory prohibition) shall have effect, in relation to any vehicle which is or was standing on any part of a highway while parking on that part is or was prohibited by virtue of this section, with such modifications as are prescribed.

(5)If, either before or during the hours on the relevant day which are specified in a notice given by an authority as mentioned in subsection (1) of this section, the authority displays such further notices in the relevant area and takes such other steps (if any) as are prescribed, the prohibition on parking attributable to the notice so given shall not come into force or, if it is already in force, shall cease to be in force.

(6)It shall be the duty of the highway authority for any part of a highway and of the local authority in whose area the part is situated to co-operate with each other" in performing the functions conferred on them by virtue of this section; and where a highway authority or a local authority gives notice as mentioned in subsection (1) of this section in respect of any part of a highway for which it is the highway authority or, as the case may be, which is within its area, any other authority which is the highway authority for that part or which is the local authority within whose area that part is situated shall, with the approval of the authority which gave the notice, be entitled to act in pursuance of this section as if the other authority had given similar notice.

(7)Where any parking in the relevant area is, by virtue of a notice given as mentioned in subsection (1) of this section, prohibited during specified hours on the relevant day, no right of action shall accrue to any person by reason of the fact that all or some of the cleaning of the relevant area which the highway authority or, as the case may be, the local authority proposes to do or has done during those hours is not cleaning which that authority has or had power to do if the other of those authorities has or had power to do it.

(8)Any reference in the preceding provisions of this section to a part of a highway includes any such part on which the parking of vehicles is, apart from this section, authorised by virtue of any enactment whether on payment or free of charge; and where the parking of vehicles on such a part is prohibited by virtue of this section a person shall not be entitled to recover any sum paid by him in respect of the parking of a vehicle there.

24Litter

(1)It shall be the duty of the council of each county in England and Wales and the local authorities of which the areas are included in the county and, where the county includes land in a National Park, the Park authority to consult from time to time together, and with such voluntary bodies as the council and the authorities consider appropriate and as agree to participate in the consultations, about the steps which the council and each of the authorities and bodies is to take for the purpose of abating litter in the county; and it shall be the duty of the county council—

(a)to prepare and from time to time revise a statement of the steps which the council and each of the authorities and bodies agrees to take for that purpose; and

(b)to take such steps as in its opinion will give adequate publicity in the county to the statement; and

(c)to keep a copy of the statement available at its principal office for inspection by the public free of charge at all reasonable hours.

(2)The preceding subsection shall apply to Greater London and the Greater London Council as it applies to a county and the council of a county, and in that subsection " local authority " means a collection authority, a parish council, a parish meeting and a community council and " Park authority" means the National Parks Committee or the joint or special planning board for the Park in question.

(3)In Scotland, it shall be the duty of—

(a)the council of each region and the district councils of which the districts are included in the region to consult from time to time together and with such voluntary bodies as the regional council and the district councils consider appropriate and as agree to participate in the consultations;

(b)the council of each islands area to consult with such voluntary bodies as the council considers appropriate and as agree to participate in the consultations,

about the steps which the regional or islands council and each of the bodies with which it consulted (including, in the case of a regional council, each district council) is to take for the purpose of abating litter in the region or, as the case may be, islands area ; and it shall be the duty of the regional or islands council—

(i)to prepare and from time to time revise a statement of the steps which the regional or islands council and each of the bodies agrees to take for the purpose;

(ii)to take such steps as in its opinion will give adequate publicity in its area to the statement; and

(iii)to keep a copy of the statement available at its principal office for inspection by the public free of charge at all reasonable hours.

(4)The Secretary of State may with the consent of the Treasury make grants to any body for the purpose of assisting the body to encourage the public not to deface places in Great Britain by litter.