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Breeding of Dogs Act 1973

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1 Licensing of breeding establishments for dogs.E+W

(1)No person shall keep a breeding establishment for dogs except under the authority of a licence granted in accordance with the provisions of this Act.

[F1(1A)Subsection (1) does not apply in relation to Wales.]

(2)Every local authority may, on application being made to them for that purpose by a person who is not for the time being disqualified—

(a)F2. . ., from keeping a breeding establishment for dogs; or

(b)under the M1Pet Animals Act 1951, from keeping a pet shop; or

(c) . . . F3

(d) . . . F3

(e)under the M2Protection of Animals (Amendment) Act 1954, from having the custody of animals; or

(f)under the M3Animal Boarding Establishments Act 1963, from the boarding of animals, [F4or

(g)under section 34(2), (3) or (4) of the Animal Welfare Act 2006,] [F5or

(h) under subsection (1) of section 40 of the Animal Health and Welfare (Scotland) Act 2006 (asp 11) , from an activity mentioned in subsection (2)(a), (b) or (c) of that section,]

F2. . ., grant a licence to that person to keep a breeding establishment for dogs at such premises in their area as may be specified in the application and subject to compliance with such conditions as may be specified in the licence.

[F6(2A)On receipt of an application by a person to a local authority for the grant of a licence under this Act in respect of any premises—

(a)if a licence under this Act has not previously been granted to the person in respect of the premises, the authority shall arrange for the inspection of the premises by a veterinary surgeon or veterinary practitioner and by an officer of the authority; and

(b)in any other case, the authority shall arrange for the inspection of the premises by a veterinary surgeon or veterinary practitioner or by an officer of the authority (or by both).

(2B)Where an inspection is arranged under subsection (2A) of this section, the local authority shall arrange for the making of a report about the premises, the applicant and any other relevant matter; and the authority shall consider the report before determining whether to grant a licence.]

(3) . . . F7

(4)In determining whether to grant a licence for the keeping of a breeding establishment for dogs by any person at any premises, a local authority shall in particular (but without prejudice to their discretion to withhold a licence on other grounds) have regard to the need for securing—

(a)that the dogs will at all times be kept in accommodation suitable as respects construction, size of quarters, number of occupants, exercising facilities, temperature, lighting, ventilation and cleanliness;

(b)that the dogs will be adequately supplied with suitable food, drink and bedding material, adequately exercised, and F2. . . visited at suitable intervals;

(c)that all reasonable precautions will be taken to prevent and control the spread among dogs of infectious or contagious diseases;

(d)that appropriate steps will be taken for the protection of the dogs in case of fire or other emergency;

(e)that all appropriate steps will be taken to secure that the dogs will be provided with suitable food, drink and bedding material and adequately exercised when being transported to or from the breeding establishment;

[F8(f)that bitches are not mated if they are less than one year old;

(g)that bitches do not give birth to more than six litters of puppies each;

(h)that bitches do not give birth to puppies before the end of the period of twelve months beginning with the day on which they last gave birth to puppies; and

(i)that accurate records in a form prescribed by regulations are kept at the premises and made available for inspection there by any officer of the local authority, or any veterinary surgeon or veterinary practitioner, authorised by the local authority to inspect the premises;]

and shall specify such conditions in the licence, if granted by them, as appear to the local authority necessary or expedient in the particular case for securing all the objects specified in [F9paragraphs (a) to (i)] of this subsection.

[F10(4A)Regulations under paragraph (i) of subsection (4) of this section shall be made by the Secretary of State by statutory instrument; and a statutory instrument containing regulations made under that paragraph shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of [F11the Scottish Parliament].]

(5)Any person aggrieved by the refusal of a local authority to grant such a licence, or by any condition subject to which such a licence is proposed to be granted, may appeal to a magistrates’ court; and the court may on such an appeal give such directions with respect to the issue of a licence or, as the case may be, with respect to the conditions subject to which a licence is to be granted as it thinks proper.

(6)Any such licence shall (according to the applicant’s requirements) relate to the year in which it is granted or to the next following year. In the former case, the licence shall come into force at the beginning of the day on which it is granted, and in the latter case it shall come into force at the beginning of the next following year.

(7)Subject to the provisions hereinafter contained with respect to cancellation, any such licence shall remain in force until the end of the year to which it relates and shall then expire.

(8)In the event of the death of a person who is keeping a breeding establishment for dogs at any premises under the authority of a licence granted under this Act, that licence shall be deemed to have been granted to his personal representatives in respect of those premises and shall, notwithstanding subsection (7) of this section (but subject to the provisions hereinafter contained with respect to cancellation), remain in force until the end of the period of three months beginning with the death and shall then expire:

Provided that the local authority by whom the licence was granted may from time to time, on the application of those representatives, extend or further extend the said period of three months if the authority are satisfied that the extension is necessary for the purpose of winding up the deceased’s estate and that no other circumstances make it undesirable.

(9)Any person who contravenes the provisions of subsection (1) of this section shall be guilty of an offence; and if any condition subject to which a licence is granted in accordance with the provisions of this Act is contravened or not complied with, the person to whom the licence was granted shall be guilty of an offence.

(10)In the application of this section to Scotland, in subsection (5) for any reference to a magistrates’ court there shall be substituted a reference to the sheriff.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Extent Information

E1S. 1: this version of this provision extends to England and Wales only; a separate version has been created for Scotland only.

Amendments (Textual)

F2Words in s. 1(2)(4)(b) repealed (30.12.1999) by 1999 c. 11, ss. 2(1), 10, 11(2), Sch.

F4S. 1(2)(g) and word inserted (27.3.2007 for W., 6.4.2007 for E.) by Animal Welfare Act 2006 (c. 45), s. 68(3), Sch. 3 para. 7 (with ss. 1(2), 58(1), 59, 60); S.I. 2007/1030, art. 2(1)(l); S.I. 2007/499, art. 2(2)(l)

F6S. 1(2A)(2B) inserted (30.12.1999) by 1999 c. 11, ss. 1, 11(2)

F8S. 1(4)(f)-(i) inserted (30.12.1999) by 1999 c. 11, ss. 2(2), 11(2)

F9Words in s. 1(4) substituted (30.12.1999) by 1999 c. 11, ss. 2(2), 11(2)

F10S. 1(4A) inserted (30.12.1999) by 1999 c. 11, ss. 2(3), 11(2)

F11Words in s. 1(4A) substituted (15.12.1999) by S.I. 1999/3321, art. 3(1)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1S. 1 restricted (25.9.1991) by Breeding of Dogs Act 1991 (c. 64, SIF 4:1), ss. 2(2), 3(2)

S. 1: functions of local authority not to be responsibility of an executive of the authority (E.) (16.11.2000) by virtue of S.I. 2000/2853, reg. 2(1), Sch. 1

C2S. 1(1) power to repeal conferred (27.3.2007 for W., 6.4.2007 for E.) by Animal Welfare Act 2006 (c. 45), ss. 13(8)(e), 68(3) (with ss. 1(2), 58(1), 59, 60); S.I. 2007/1030, art. 2(1)(d); S.I. 2007/499, art. 2(2)(f)

C3S. 1(4)(i): Functions transferred (S.) (15.12.1999) by S.I. 1999/3321, art. 2(a)

Marginal Citations

1 Licensing of breeding establishments for dogs.S

(1)No person shall keep a breeding [F12or rearing] establishment for dogs except under the authority of a licence granted in accordance with the provisions of this Act.

(2)Every local authority may, on application being made to them for that purpose by a person who is not for the time being disqualified—

(a)F13. . ., from keeping a breeding [F12or rearing] establishment for dogs; or

(b)under the M4Pet Animals Act 1951, from keeping a pet shop; or

(c) . . . F14

(d) . . . F14

(e)under the M5Protection of Animals (Amendment) Act 1954, from having the custody of animals; or

(f)under the M6Animal Boarding Establishments Act 1963, from the boarding of animals,

F13. . ., grant a licence to that person to keep a breeding [F12or rearing] establishment for dogs at such premises in their area as may be specified in the application and subject to compliance with such conditions as may be specified in the licence.

[F15(2AA) Where a person is disqualified under section 28F(1) and (2) of the Animal Health Act 1981 (c. 22) , or section 40(1) and (2) of the Animal Health and Welfare (Scotland) Act 2006 (asp 11) , notwithstanding subsection (2), a local authority shall not grant a licence to keep a breeding establishment for dogs to that person.]

[F16(2A)On receipt of an application by a person to a local authority for the grant of a licence under this Act in respect of any premises—

(a)if a licence under this Act has not previously been granted to the person in respect of the premises, the authority shall arrange for the inspection of the premises by a veterinary surgeon or veterinary practitioner and by an officer of the authority; and

(b)in any other case, the authority shall arrange for the inspection of the premises by a veterinary surgeon or veterinary practitioner or by an officer of the authority (or by both).

(2B)Where an inspection is arranged under subsection (2A) of this section, the local authority shall arrange for the making of a report about the premises, the applicant and any other relevant matter; and the authority shall consider the report before determining whether to grant a licence.]

(3) . . . F17

(4)In determining whether to grant a licence for the keeping of a breeding [F12or rearing] establishment for dogs by any person at any premises, a local authority shall in particular (but without prejudice to their discretion to withhold a licence on other grounds) have regard to the need for securing—

(a)that the dogs will at all times be kept in accommodation suitable as respects construction, size of quarters, number of occupants, exercising facilities, temperature, lighting, ventilation and cleanliness;

(b)that the dogs will be adequately supplied with suitable food, drink and bedding material, adequately exercised, and F18. . . visited at suitable intervals;

(c)that all reasonable precautions will be taken to prevent and control the spread among dogs of infectious or contagious diseases;

(d)that appropriate steps will be taken for the protection of the dogs in case of fire or other emergency;

(e)that all appropriate steps will be taken to secure that the dogs will be provided with suitable food, drink and bedding material and adequately exercised when being transported to or from the breeding [F12or rearing] establishment;

[F19(f)that bitches are not mated if they are less than one year old;

(g)that bitches do not give birth to more than six litters of puppies each;

(h)that bitches do not give birth to puppies before the end of the period of twelve months beginning with the day on which they last gave birth to puppies; and

(i)that accurate records in a form prescribed by regulations are kept at the premises and made available for inspection there by any officer of the local authority, or any veterinary surgeon or veterinary practitioner, authorised by the local authority to inspect the premises;]

and shall specify such conditions in the licence, if granted by them, as appear to the local authority necessary or expedient in the particular case for securing all the objects specified in [F19paragraphs (a) to (i)] of this subsection.

[F20(4A)Regulations under paragraph (i) of subsection (4) of this section shall be made by the Secretary of State by statutory instrument; and a statutory instrument containing regulations made under that paragraph shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of [F21the Scottish Parliament].]

(5)Any person aggrieved by the refusal of a local authority to grant such a licence, or by any condition subject to which such a licence is proposed to be granted, may appeal to a magistrates’ court; and the court may on such an appeal give such directions with respect to the issue of a licence or, as the case may be, with respect to the conditions subject to which a licence is to be granted as it thinks proper.

F22[(5A)A local authority shall determine whether to grant such a licence before the end of the period of three months beginning with the day on which the application for the licence is received.]

(6)Any such licence shall [F23come into force at the beginning of the day specified in the licence as the day on which it is to come into force; and that day shall be the later of—

(a)the day stated in the application as that on which the applicant wishes the licence to come into force; and

(b)the day on which the licence is granted.]

(7)Subject to the provisions hereinafter contained with respect to cancellation, any such licence shall remain in force until the end of the [F24period of one year beginning with the day on which it comes into force] and shall then expire.

(8)In the event of the death of a person who is keeping a breeding [F12or rearing] establishment for dogs at any premises under the authority of a licence granted under this Act, that licence shall be deemed to have been granted to his personal representatives in respect of those premises and shall, notwithstanding subsection (7) of this section (but subject to the provisions hereinafter contained with respect to cancellation), remain in force until the end of the period of three months beginning with the death and shall then expire:

Provided that the local authority by whom the licence was granted may from time to time, on the application of those representatives, extend or further extend the said period of three months if the authority are satisfied that the extension is necessary for the purpose of winding up the deceased’s estate and that no other circumstances make it undesirable.

(9)Any person who contravenes the provisions of subsection (1) of this section shall be guilty of an offence; and if any condition subject to which a licence is granted in accordance with the provisions of this Act is contravened or not complied with, the person to whom the licence was granted shall be guilty of an offence.

(10)In the application of this section to Scotland, in subsection (5) for any reference to a magistrates’ court there shall be substituted a reference to the sheriff.

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Extent Information

E2This version of this provision extends to Scotland only; a separate version has been created for England and Wales only.

Amendments (Textual)

F13Words in s. 1(2) repealed (30.12.1999) 1999 c. 11, ss. 10, 11(2), Sch.

F16S. 1(2A)(2B) inserted (30.12.1999) by 1999 c. 11, ss. 1, 11(2)

F18Words in s. 1(4)(b) repealed (30.12.1999) by 1999 c. 11, ss. 2(1), 10, 11(2), Sch. (with s. 2(4))

F19S. 1(4)(f)-(i) and words in s. 1(4) inserted (30.12.1999) by 1999 c. 11, ss. 2(2), 11(2)

F20S. 1(4A) inserted (30.12.1999) by 1999 c. 11, ss. 2(3), 11(2)

F21Words in s. 1(4A) substituted (15.12.1999) by S.I. 1999/3321, arts. 1(1), 3(1) it is provided that

F22S. 1(5A) inserted (30.12.1999) by 1999 c. 11, ss. 3(1)(4), 11(2)

F23S. 1(6)(a)(b) and words immediately preceding substituted (30.12.1999) by 1999 c. 11, ss. 3(2)(4), 11(2)

F24Words in s. 1(7) substituted (30.12.1999) by 1999 c. 11, ss. 3(3)(4), 11(2)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C4S. 1 restricted (25.9.1991) by Breeding of Dogs Act 1991 (c. 64, SIF 4:1), ss. 2(2), 3(2)

C5S. 1(4)(i): Certain functions transferred (S.) (15.12.1999) by S.I. 1999/3321, art. 2(a)

Marginal Citations

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