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Local Government Act 1972

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[F2100A Admission to meetings of principal councils.E

(1)A meeting of a principal council shall be open to the public except to the extent that they are excluded (whether during the whole or part of the proceedings) under subsection (2) below or by resolution under subsection (4) below.

(2)The public shall be excluded from a meeting of a principal council during an item of business whenever it is likely, in view of the nature of the business to be transacted or the nature of the proceedings, that, if members of the public were present during that item, confidential information would be disclosed to them in breach of the obligation of confidence; and nothing in this Part shall be taken to authorise or require the disclosure of confidential information in breach of the obligation of confidence.

(3)For the purposes of subsection (2) above, “confidential information” means—

(a)information furnished to the council by a Government department upon terms (however expressed) which forbid the disclosure of the information to the public; and

(b)information the disclosure of which to the public is prohibited by or under any enactment or by the order of a court;

and, in either case, the reference to the obligation of confidence is to be construed accordingly.

(4)A principal council may by resolution exclude the public from a meeting during an item of business whenever it is likely, in view of the nature of the business to be transacted or the nature of the proceedings, that if members of the public were present during that item there would be disclosure to them of exempt information, as defined in section 100I below.

(5)A resolution under subsection (4) above shall—

(a)identify the proceedings, or the part of the proceedings, to which it applies, and

(b)state the description, in terms of Schedule 12A to this Act, of the exempt information giving rise to the exclusion of the public,

and where such a resolution is passed this section does not require the meeting to be open to the public during proceedings to which the resolution applies.

[F3(5A)Where the public are excluded from a meeting of a principal council in England under subsection (2) or (4), the council may also prevent any person from reporting on the meeting using methods—

(a)which can be used without that person’s presence at the meeting, and

(b)which enable persons not present at the meeting to see or hear the proceedings at the meeting as it takes place or later.]

(6)The following provisions shall apply in relation to a meeting of a principal council, that is to say—

(a)public notice of the time and place of the meeting shall be given by posting it at the offices of the council [F4five clear days] at least before the meeting or, if the meeting is convened at shorter notice, then at the time it is convened;

(b)while the meeting is open to the public, the council shall not have power to exclude members of the public from the meeting; and

(c)[F5subject to subsection (7D),] while the meeting is open to the public, duly accredited representatives of newspapers attending the meeting for the purpose of reporting the proceedings for those newspapers shall, so far as practicable, be afforded reasonable facilities for taking their report and, unless the meeting is held in premises not belonging to the council or not on the telephone, for telephoning the report at their own expense.

(7)[F6Subject to subsection (7A)] nothing in this section shall require a principal council to permit the taking of photographs of any proceedings, or the use of any means to enable persons not present to see or hear any proceedings (whether at the time or later), or the making of any oral report on any proceedings as they take place.

[F7(7A)While a meeting of a principal council in England is open to the public, any person attending is to be permitted to report on the meeting.

(7B)Subsection (7A) does not require a principal council in England to permit oral reporting or oral commentary on a meeting as it takes place if the person reporting or providing the commentary is present at the meeting.

(7C)A person attending a meeting of a principal council in England for the purpose of reporting on the meeting must, so far as practicable, be afforded reasonable facilities for doing so.

(7D)Subsection (7C) applies in place of subsection (6)(c) in the case of a principal council in England.

(7E)Any person who attends a meeting of a principal council in England for the purpose of reporting on the meeting may use any communication method, including the internet, to publish, post or otherwise share the results of the person’s reporting activities.

(7F)Publication and dissemination may take place at the time of the meeting or occur after the meeting.]

(8)This section is without prejudice to any power of exclusion to suppress or prevent disorderly conduct or other misbehaviour at a meeting.

[F8(9)In this section “reporting” means—

(a)filming, photographing or making an audio recording of proceedings at a meeting,

(b)using any other means for enabling persons not present to see or hear proceedings at a meeting as it takes place or later, or

(c)reporting or providing commentary on proceedings at a meeting, orally or in writing, so that the report or commentary is available as the meeting takes place or later to persons not present.]]

Extent Information

E1This version of this provision extends to England only; a separate version has been created for Wales only

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C31Ss. 100A-100D applied (12.11.2009 for specified purposes, 1.10.2010 in so far as not already in force) by Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009 (c. 23), ss. 151(7)(a), 324(1)(c)(d) (with ss. 172(3), 185); S.I. 2010/2195, art. 3(2)(b)

C35Ss. 100A-100D applied (with modifications) by Community Health Councils (Access to Information) Act 1988 (c. 24, SIF 113:2), s. 1(1)(2)

S. 100A applied (with modifications) (W.) (28.7.2001) by S.I. 2001/2283, regs. 26, 27

C36Ss. 100A-100D applied (with modifications) (E.) (1.1.2003) by The Commission for Patient and Public Involvement in Health (Membership and Procedure) Regulations 2002 (S.I. 2002/3038), reg. 11, Sch. 2 para. 1(1)(2)

C39Ss. 100A-100D applied (12.11.2009 for certain purposes and otherwise prosp.) by Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009 (c. 23), ss. 151(7)(a), 324(1)(c)(3) (with ss. 172(3), 185)

C41S. 100A applied (with modifications) (1.4.2015) by The Local Audit (Auditor Panel) Regulations 2014 (S.I. 2014/3224), regs. 1(1), 9(2) (with reg. 1(3))

C42S. 100A(4) modified (11.5.2001 for specified purposes, 1.1.2003 for E. and otherwise 1.3.2007) by 2001 c. 15, ss. 9, 70(2), Sch. 1 (with ss. 64(9), 65(4)); S.I. 2003/53, art. 3(a); S.I. 2006/1407, art. 2, Sch. 1 Pt. 2 para. 8

S. 100A(4) modified (1.3.2007) by National Health Service Act 2006 (c. 41), ss. 246(2), 277(1) (subject to s. 277(2)-(5))

[F2100A Admission to meetings of principal councils.W

(1)[F9A meeting of a principal council shall be open to the public except to the extent that they are excluded (whether during the whole or part of the proceedings) under subsection (2) below or by resolution under subsection (4) below.]

(2)[F10Where a meeting is open to the public,] the public shall be excluded from a meeting of a principal council during an item of business whenever it is likely, in view of the nature of the business to be transacted or the nature of the proceedings, that, if members of the public were present during that item, confidential information would be disclosed to them in breach of the obligation of confidence; and nothing in this Part shall be taken to authorise or require the disclosure of confidential information in breach of the obligation of confidence.

(3)For the purposes of subsection (2) above, “confidential information” means—

(a)information furnished to the council by a Government department upon terms (however expressed) which forbid the disclosure of the information to the public; and

(b)information the disclosure of which to the public is prohibited by or under any enactment or by the order of a court;

and, in either case, the reference to the obligation of confidence is to be construed accordingly.

(4)[F11Where a meeting is open to the public,] a principal council may by resolution exclude the public from a meeting during an item of business whenever it is likely, in view of the nature of the business to be transacted or the nature of the proceedings, that if members of the public were present during that item there would be disclosure to them of exempt information, as defined in section 100I below.

(5)A resolution under subsection (4) above shall—

(a)identify the proceedings, or the part of the proceedings, to which it applies, and

(b)state the description, in terms of Schedule 12A to this Act, of the exempt information giving rise to the exclusion of the public,

and where such a resolution is passed [F12this section does not require the meeting to be open] [F12the meeting is not to be open] to the public during proceedings to which the resolution applies.

[F3(5A)Where the public are excluded from a meeting of a principal council in England under subsection (2) or (4), the council may also prevent any person from reporting on the meeting using methods—

(a)which can be used without that person’s presence at the meeting, and

(b)which enable persons not present at the meeting to see or hear the proceedings at the meeting as it takes place or later.]

(6)The following provisions shall apply in relation to a meeting of a principal council, that is to say—

(a)[F13public notice of the time and place of the meeting shall be given by posting it at the offices of the council three clear days at least before the meeting or, if the meeting is convened at shorter notice, then at the time it is convened;]

[F13public notice of the time of the meeting and, if the meeting is to be open to the public, how to access the meeting, must be given by publishing it electronically at least three clear days before the meeting or, if the meeting is convened at shorter notice, then as soon as reasonably practicable;]

(b)while the meeting is open to the public, the council shall not have power to exclude members of the public from the meeting; and

(c)[F14[F5subject to subsection (7D),] while the meeting is open to the public, duly accredited representatives of newspapers attending the meeting for the purpose of reporting the proceedings for those newspapers shall, so far as practicable, be afforded reasonable facilities for taking their report and, unless the meeting is held in premises not belonging to the council or not on the telephone, for telephoning the report at their own expense.]

(7)[F6Subject to subsection (7A)] nothing in this section shall require a principal council to permit the taking of photographs of any proceedings, or the use of any means to enable persons not present to see or hear any proceedings (whether at the time or later), or the making of any oral report on any proceedings as they take place.

[F7(7A)While a meeting of a principal council in England is open to the public, any person attending is to be permitted to report on the meeting.

(7B)Subsection (7A) does not require a principal council in England to permit oral reporting or oral commentary on a meeting as it takes place if the person reporting or providing the commentary is present at the meeting.

(7C)A person attending a meeting of a principal council in England for the purpose of reporting on the meeting must, so far as practicable, be afforded reasonable facilities for doing so.

(7D)Subsection (7C) applies in place of subsection (6)(c) in the case of a principal council in England.

(7E)Any person who attends a meeting of a principal council in England for the purpose of reporting on the meeting may use any communication method, including the internet, to publish, post or otherwise share the results of the person’s reporting activities.

(7F)Publication and dissemination may take place at the time of the meeting or occur after the meeting.]

(8)This section is without prejudice to any power of exclusion to suppress or prevent disorderly conduct or other misbehaviour at a meeting.

[F8(9)In this section “reporting” means—

(a)filming, photographing or making an audio recording of proceedings at a meeting,

(b)using any other means for enabling persons not present to see or hear proceedings at a meeting as it takes place or later, or

(c)reporting or providing commentary on proceedings at a meeting, orally or in writing, so that the report or commentary is available as the meeting takes place or later to persons not present.]]

Extent Information

E2This version of this provision extends to Wales only; a separate version has been created for England only

Textual Amendments

F10Words in s. 100A(2) inserted (temp.) (W.) (22.4.2020) by virtue of The Local Authorities (Coronavirus) (Meetings) (Wales) Regulations 2020 (S.I. 2020/442), regs. 1(3), 21(2)(b) (with reg. 19)

F11Words in s. 100A(4) inserted (temp.) (W.) (22.4.2020) by virtue of The Local Authorities (Coronavirus) (Meetings) (Wales) Regulations 2020 (S.I. 2020/442), regs. 1(3), 21(2)(b) (with reg. 19)

F12Words in s. 100A(5) substituted (temp.) (W.) (22.4.2020) by virtue of The Local Authorities (Coronavirus) (Meetings) (Wales) Regulations 2020 (S.I. 2020/442), regs. 1(3), 21(2)(c) (with reg. 19)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C31Ss. 100A-100D applied (12.11.2009 for specified purposes, 1.10.2010 in so far as not already in force) by Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009 (c. 23), ss. 151(7)(a), 324(1)(c)(d) (with ss. 172(3), 185); S.I. 2010/2195, art. 3(2)(b)

C35Ss. 100A-100D applied (with modifications) by Community Health Councils (Access to Information) Act 1988 (c. 24, SIF 113:2), s. 1(1)(2)

S. 100A applied (with modifications) (W.) (28.7.2001) by S.I. 2001/2283, regs. 26, 27

C39Ss. 100A-100D applied (12.11.2009 for certain purposes and otherwise prosp.) by Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009 (c. 23), ss. 151(7)(a), 324(1)(c)(3) (with ss. 172(3), 185)

C41S. 100A applied (with modifications) (1.4.2015) by The Local Audit (Auditor Panel) Regulations 2014 (S.I. 2014/3224), regs. 1(1), 9(2) (with reg. 1(3))

C42S. 100A(4) modified (11.5.2001 for specified purposes, 1.1.2003 for E. and otherwise 1.3.2007) by 2001 c. 15, ss. 9, 70(2), Sch. 1 (with ss. 64(9), 65(4)); S.I. 2003/53, art. 3(a); S.I. 2006/1407, art. 2, Sch. 1 Pt. 2 para. 8

S. 100A(4) modified (1.3.2007) by National Health Service Act 2006 (c. 41), ss. 246(2), 277(1) (subject to s. 277(2)-(5))

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