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Town and Country Planning Act 1971

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Part IGeneral

Surveys of planning areas and preparation of development plans

1(1)Any local planning authority who have not submitted to the Secretary of State a development plan for their area shall carry out a survey of their area and shall, within such period as the Secretary of State may in any particular case allow, submit to the Secretary of State a report of the survey together with a development plan for their area.

(2)Subject to the following provisions of this Part of this Schedule, in this Act " development plan " means a plan indicating the manner in which a local planning authority propose that land in their area should be used, whether by the carrying out thereon of development or otherwise, and the stages by which any such development should be carried out.

(3)Subject to the provisions of any regulations made under this Act for regulating the form and content of development plans, any such plan shall include such maps and such descriptive matter as may be necessary to illustrate the proposals in question with such degree of particularity as may be appropriate to different parts of the area ; and any such plan may in particular define the sites of proposed roads, public and other buildings and works, airfields, parks, pleasure grounds, nature reserves and other open spaces, or allocate areas of land for use for agricultural, residential, industrial or other purposes of any class specified in the plan.

(4)For the purposes of this paragraph, a development plan may define as an area of comprehensive development any area which, in the opinion of the local planning authority, should be developed or redeveloped as a whole for any one or more of the following purposes, that is to say—

(a)for the purposes of dealing satisfactorily with extensive war damage or conditions of bad lay-out or obsolete development; or

(b)for the purpose of providing for the relocation of population or industry or the replacement of open space in the course of the development or redevelopment of any other area; or

(c)for any other purpose specified in the plan;

and land may be included in any area so defined whether or not provision is made by the plan for the development or redevelopment of that particular land.

(5)At any time before a development plan with respect to the whole of the area of a local planning authority has been approved by the Secretary of State, that authority may, with the consent of the Secretary of State, and shall, if so required by directions of the Secretary of State/prepare and submit to him a development plan relating to part of that area ; and the preceding provisions of this paragraph shall apply in relation to any such plan as they apply in relation to a plan relating to the whole of the area of a local planning authority.

Approval of development plans

2The Secretary of State may approve any development plan submitted to him under paragraph 1 of this Schedule, either without modification or subject to such modifications as he considers expedient.

Amendment of development plans

3(1)At least once in every five years after the date on which a development plan for any area was approved by the Secretary of State, the local planning authority shall carry out a fresh survey of that area, and (subject to paragraph 1 of Schedule 7 to this Act) submit to the Secretary of State a report of the survey, together with proposals for any alterations or additions to the plan which appear to diem to be required having regard thereto.

(2)Without prejudice to the provisions of sub-paragraph (1) of this paragraph, any local planning authority may (subject to paragraph 1 of Schedule 7 to this Act) at any time, and shall if so required by directions of the Secretary of 'State, submit to the Secretary of State proposals for such alterations or additions to the development plan for their area or any part thereof as appear to them to be expedient, or as may be required by those directions, as the case may be.

(3)Where proposals for alterations or additions to a development plan are submitted to the Secretary of State under this paragraph, the Secretary of State may amend that plan to such extent as he considers expedient having regard to those proposals and to any other material considerations.

(4)Where in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 1(5) of this Schedule a development plan has been prepared for part of the area of a local planning authority, and has been approved by the Secretary of State, then (without prejudice to the provisions of sub-paragraph (2) .of this paragraph) the periods of five years mentioned in sub-paragraph (1) of this paragraph shall run from the date on which development plans in respect of the whole of the area have been approved by the Secretary of State.

Additional powers of Secretary of State with respect to development plans

4(1)Where, by virtue of any of the preceding provisions of this Schedule or of any directions of the Secretary of State thereunder, any development plan, report or proposals for alterations or additions to a development plan are required to be submitted to the Secretary of State, then—

(a)if within the period allowed in that behalf under those provisions or directions no such plan, report or proposals, or no such plan or proposals satisfactory to the Secretary of State, have been so submitted; or

(b)if at any time the Secretary of State is satisfied, after holding a local inquiry, that the local planning authority are not taking the steps necessary to enable them to submit such a plan, report or proposals within that period,

the Secretary of State may, after carrying out any survey which appears to him to be expedient for the purpose, make such development plan, or, as the case may be, amend the development plan to such extent, as he considers expedient.

(2)Where, under sub-paragraph (1) of this paragraph, the Secretary of State has power to make or amend a development plan, he may, if he thinks fit, authorise the local planning authority for any neighbouring area, or any other local planning authority which appears to the Secretary of State to have an interest in the proper planning of the area concerned, to submit such a plan to him for his approval, or as the case may be, to submit to him proposals for the amendment of the plan, and to carry out any survey of the land which appears to him to be expedient for the purpose.

(3)The Secretary of State may approve any plan submitted to him under sub-paragraph (2) of this paragraph, either without modification or subject to such modifications as he considers expedient, or, as the case may be, may amend any development plan, with respect to which proposals for amendment have been submitted to him under that sub-paragraph to such extent as he considers expedient having regard to those proposals and to any other material considerations.

(4)The preceding provisions of this Schedule shall, so far as applicable, apply to the making, approval or amendment of development plans under this paragraph, and to plans so made, approved or amended, as they apply to the approval or amendment of development plans under those provisions, and to plans approved or amended thereunder.

(5)Where the Secretary of State incurs expenses under this paragraph in connection with the making or amendment of a plan with respect to the area, or any part of the area, of a local planning authority, so much of those expenses as may be certified by the Secretary of State to have been incurred in the performance of functions of that authority shall on demand be repaid by that authority to the Secretary of State.

(6)Where, under this paragraph, a plan, or proposals for the amendment of a plan, are authorised to be submitted to the Secretary of State by the local planning authority for any area other than the area in which the land is situated, any expenses reasonably incurred in that behalf by that authority, as certified by the Secretary of State, shall be repaid to that authority by the local planning authority for the area in which the land is situated.

Incorporation in development plans of orders and schemes relating to highways and new towns

5(1)Where the Secretary of State—

(a)makes an order under section 7 of the Highways Act 1959 directing that a highway proposed to be constructed by him shall become a trunk road ; or

(b)makes or confirms an order or scheme under section 9, 11 or 13 of that Act,

any development plan approved or made under this Schedule which relates to land on which a highway is to be constructed or altered in accordance with that order or scheme shall have effect as if the provisions of that order or scheme were included in the plan.

(2)Where an order is made by the Secretary of State under section 1 of the New Towns Act 1965 designating an area as the site of a new town under that Act, any development plan approved or made under this Schedule which relates to land in that area shall have effect as if the provisions of that order were included in the plan.

(3)Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed as prohibiting the inclusion in a development plan, as approved or made by the Secretary of State or as for the time being amended, of provisions—

(a)defining the line of a highway proposed to be constructed or altered in accordance with any such order or scheme as is mentioned in sub-paragraph (1) of this paragraph ; or

(b)defining an area designated as the site of a new town by any such order as is mentioned in sub-paragraph (2) of this paragraph; or

(c)defining land as likely to be made the subject of any such order or scheme as is mentioned in either of those sub-paragraphs.

(4)Provision may be made by regulations under this Act for enabling any proceedings preliminary to the making of any such order as is mentioned in sub-paragraph (1)(a) or (2) of this paragraph, to be taken concurrently with proceedings required under this Schedule to be taken in connection with the approval or making of a development plan relating to land to which any such order applies, or in connection with any amendment of a development plan rendered necessary or desirable in consequence of any such order.

Supplementary provisions as to development plans

6(1)A local planning authority, before preparing a development plan relating to any land in a county district, or proposals for alterations or additions to any such plan, shall consult with the council of that district, and shall, before submitting any such plan or proposals to the Secretary of State, give to that council an opportunity to make representations with respect thereto and shall consider any representations so made.

(2)Provision may be made by regulations under this Act with respect to the form and content of development plans, and with respect to the procedure to be followed in connection with title preparation, submission, approval, making and amendment of such plans ; and such regulations shall in particular make provision for securing—

(a)that notice shall be given by advertisement in the London Gazette, and in at least one newspaper circulating in the area concerned, of the submission to the Secretary of State of any such plan, or of proposals for the amendment of any such plan, and of any proposal by the Secretary of State to make or amend such a plan, and of the place or places where copies of the plan or proposals as so submitted, or of any such proposal of the Secretary of State, may be inspected;

(b)that objections and representations duly made in accordance with the regulations shall be considered, and that such local inquiries or other hearings as may be prescribed shall be held, before such a plan is approved, made or amended by the Secretary of State ; and

(c)that copies of any such plan as approved or made by the Secretary of State, including any amendments thereof, shall be available for inspection by the public, and that copies thereof (including reproductions, on such scale as may be appropriate, of any relevant maps) shall be available for sale to the public at a reasonable cost.

(3)If, as the result of any objections or representations considered, or local inquiry or other hearing held, in connection with a development plan or proposals for amendment of such a plan submitted to or prepared by the Secretary of State under this Schedule, the Secretary of State is of opinion that the local planning authority, or any other authority or person, ought to be consulted before he decides whether to approve or make the plan, either with or without modifications, or to amend the plan, as the case may be, he shall consult that authority or person but shall not be under any obligation to consult any other authority or person, or to afford any opportunity for further objections or representations, or to cause any further local inquiry or other hearing to be held.

(4)Subject to the preceding provisions of this paragraph, the Secretary of State may give directions to any local planning authority, or to local planning authorities generally—

(a)for formulating the procedure for the carrying out of their functions under the preceding provisions of this Schedule ;

(b)for requiring them to give him such information as he may require for the purpose of the exercise of any of his functions under those provisions.

Publication and date of operation of development plans

7(1)Immediately after a development plan has been approved or made or amended by the Secretary of State under this Schedule, the local planning authority shall publish, in such manner as may be prescribed, a notice stating that the plan has been approved, made or amended, as the case may be, and naming a place where a copy of the plan or of the plan as amended, may be seen at all reasonable hours, and shall serve a like notice—

(a)on any person who duly made an objection to, or representation with respect to, the proposed plan or amendment, and has sent to the local planning authority a request in writing to serve him with the notice required by this sub-paragraph, specifying an address for service ; and

(b)on such other persons (if any) as may be required by general or special directions given by the Secretary of State.

(2)Subject to the provisions of Part XII of this Act as to the validity of development plans and of amendments of such plans, a development plan, or an amendment of a development plan, shall become operative on the date on which the notice required by sub-paragraph (1) of this paragraph is first published.

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