Administration of Justice Act 1970

41 Recovery of costs and compensation awarded by magistrates, assizes, quarter sessions, etc.E+W

(1)In the cases specified in Part I of Schedule 9 to this Act (being cases where, in criminal proceedings, a court makes an order against the accused for the payment of costs, compensation, etc.) any sum required to be paid by such an order as is there mentioned shall be treated, for the purposes of collection and enforcement, as if it had been adjudged to be paid on a conviction by a magistrates’ court, being—

(a)where the order is made by a magistrates’ court, that court; and

(b)in any other case, such magistrates’ court as may be specified in the order.

(2)In the cases specified in Part II of the said Schedule (being cases where a court makes an order against the prosecutor in criminal proceedings, and certain cases where an order for costs arises out of an appeal to [F1the Crown Court]in proceedings which are not criminal) any sum required to be paid by such an order as is there mentioned shall be enforceable as if the order were for the payment of money recoverable summarily as a civil debt.

(3)Without prejudice to the foregoing subsections, but subject to subsection (4) below, in the cases specified in Schedule 9 to this Act any sum required to be paid by such an order as is there mentioned shall be enforceable by the High Court or a county court (otherwise than by issue of a writ of fieri facias or other process against goods or by imprisonment or attachment of earnings) as if the sum were due in pursuance of a judgment or order of the High Court or county court as the case may be.

F2(4). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F2(4A). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(5)References in subsections (1) and (2) above to orders mentioned in Schedule 9 to this Act include references to orders made before the day appointed under section 54 of this Act for the coming into force of this section, except an order in the case of which the person entitled to payment has before that day begun proceedings for its enforcement; and in relation to such a case the enactments in force immediately before that day with reference to the enforcement of such an order shall continue to apply notwithstanding any repeal effected by this Act, without prejudice however to section 13(6) of this Act.

For the purpose of the operation of subsection (1) above with respect to an order made (otherwise than by a magistrates’ court) before the day so appointed, the order shall be deemed to specify [a magistrates' court acting in the local justice area] in which the person subject to the order for the time being resides.

(6). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F3

(7)In section 32(2) of the M1Courts-Martial (Appeals) Act 1968 (enforcement of order for costs against unsuccessful appellant or applicant for leave to appeal to that court), for paragraph (a) there shall be substituted the following:—

(a)in the same manner as an order for costs made by the criminal division of the Court of Appeal under section 25 of the Criminal Appeal Act 1968 ; or

[F4(8)Subject to subsection (8A) below, where in the case specified in paragraph 10 of Schedule 9 to this Act the Crown Court thinks that the period for which the person subject to the order is liable apart from this subsection to be committed to prison for default under the order is insufficient, it may specify a longer period for that purpose; and then, in the case of default—

(a)the specified period shall be substituted as the maximum for which the person may be imprisoned under section 76 of the Magistrates’ Courts Act M21980; and

(b)paragraph 2 of Schedule 4 to that Act shall apply, with any necessary modifications, for the reduction of the specified period where, at the time of the person’s imprisonment, he has made part payment under the order.

(8A)The Crown Court may not specify under subsection (8) above a period of imprisonment longer than that which it could order a person to undergo on imposing on him a fine equal in amount to the sum required to be paid by the order.]

(9)Where a magistrates’ court has power to commit a person to prison for default in paying a sum due under an order enforceable as mentioned in this section, the court shall not exercise the power unless it is satisfied that all other methods of enforcing payment have been tried or considered and either have proved unsuccessful or are likely to do so.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F2S. 41(4)(4A) omitted (1.7.1991) by virtue of S.I. 1991/724, art. 2(8), Schedule Part I (with art. 12)

F4S. 41(8)(8A): by Criminal Justice Act 1988 (c. 33, SIF 39:1), s. 106, (which was brought into force 12.10.1988) s. 41(8)(8A) are expressed to be substituted for s. 41(8) and by s. 170(2), Sch. 16 of that Act (the relevant part of which was brought into force 3.4.1989) s. 41(8) is expressed to be repealed, and by Criminal Justice Act 1991 (c. 53, 39:1), s. 23(3) (with s. 28) and S.I. 1992/333, art. 2(2), Sch.2 the relevant entry in Sch. 16 is repealed with retrospective effect (1.10.1992); the text of s. 41(8)(8A) as so substituted is set out above

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1S. 41 should have effect as if a new paragraph relating to the Isle of Wight County Council Act 1971 (c. lxxi), s. 5(9)(e) were inserted in Sch. 9 Pt. I of this 1970 Act

C2S. 41 extended (1.7.1991) by S.I. 1991/724, art. 2(1) (with art. 12)

S. 41 applied (15.8.2002) by S.I. 2002/1998, art. 17(13) (with art. 33)

C3By Courts Act 2003 (c. 39), ss. 109(1), 110(1), Sch. 8 para. 138 it is provided that in s. 41(5) the words "a magistrates' court acting in the local justice area" are substituted for the words "the magistrates' court for the petty sessions area" (1.4.2005); S.I. 2005/910, art. 3(y)

C4The text of ss. 10(5), 41(7), 48, 51(2), 54(3) are in the form in which they were originally enacted: they were not reproduced in Statutes in Force and do not reflect any amendments or repeals which may have been made prior to 1.2.1991.

Marginal Citations

41 Recovery of costs and compensation awarded by magistrates, assizes, quarter sessions, etc.E+W

(1)In the cases specified in Part I of Schedule 9 to this Act (being cases where, in criminal proceedings, a court makes an order against the accused for the payment of costs, compensation, etc.) any sum required to be paid by such an order as is there mentioned shall be treated, for the purposes of collection and enforcement, as if it had been adjudged to be paid on a conviction by a magistrates’ court, being—

(a)where the order is made by a magistrates’ court, that court; and

(b)in any other case, such magistrates’ court as may be specified in the order.

(2)In the cases specified in Part II of the said Schedule (being cases where a court makes an order against the prosecutor in criminal proceedings, and certain cases where an order for costs arises out of an appeal to [F1the Crown Court]in proceedings which are not criminal) any sum required to be paid by such an order as is there mentioned shall be enforceable as if the order were for the payment of money recoverable summarily as a civil debt.

(3)Without prejudice to the foregoing subsections, but subject to subsection (4) below, in the cases specified in Schedule 9 to this Act any sum required to be paid by such an order as is there mentioned shall be enforceable by the High Court or a county court (otherwise than by issue of a writ of fieri facias or other process against goods or by imprisonment or attachment of earnings) as if the sum were due in pursuance of a judgment or order of the High Court or county court as the case may be.

F2(4). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F2(4A). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(5)F5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F3(6). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(7)In section 32(2) of the M1Courts-Martial (Appeals) Act 1968 (enforcement of order for costs against unsuccessful appellant or applicant for leave to appeal to that court), for paragraph (a) there shall be substituted the following:—

(a)in the same manner as an order for costs made by the criminal division of the Court of Appeal under section 25 of the Criminal Appeal Act 1968 ; or

[F4(8)Subject to subsection (8A) below, where in the case specified in paragraph 10 of Schedule 9 to this Act the Crown Court thinks that the period for which the person subject to the order is liable apart from this subsection to be committed to prison for default under the order is insufficient, it may specify a longer period for that purpose; and then, in the case of default—

(a)the specified period shall be substituted as the maximum for which the person may be imprisoned under section 76 of the Magistrates’ Courts Act M21980; and

(b)paragraph 2 of Schedule 4 to that Act shall apply, with any necessary modifications, for the reduction of the specified period where, at the time of the person’s imprisonment, he has made part payment under the order.

(8A)The Crown Court may not specify under subsection (8) above a period of imprisonment longer than that which it could order a person to undergo on imposing on him a fine equal in amount to the sum required to be paid by the order.]

(9)Where a magistrates’ court has power to commit a person to prison for default in paying a sum due under an order enforceable as mentioned in this section, the court shall not exercise the power unless it is satisfied that all other methods of enforcing payment have been tried or considered and either have proved unsuccessful or are likely to do so.

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F2S. 41(4)(4A) omitted (1.7.1991) by virtue of S.I. 1991/724, art. 2(8), Schedule Part I (with art. 12)

F4S. 41(8)(8A): by Criminal Justice Act 1988 (c. 33, SIF 39:1), s. 106, (which was brought into force 12.10.1988) s. 41(8)(8A) are expressed to be substituted for s. 41(8) and by s. 170(2), Sch. 16 of that Act (the relevant part of which was brought into force 3.4.1989) s. 41(8) is expressed to be repealed, and by Criminal Justice Act 1991 (c. 53, 39:1), s. 23(3) (with s. 28) and S.I. 1992/333, art. 2(2), Sch.2 the relevant entry in Sch. 16 is repealed with retrospective effect (1.10.1992); the text of s. 41(8)(8A) as so substituted is set out above

F5S. 41(5) repealed (22.7.2004) by Statute Law (Repeals) Act 2004 (c. 14), s. 1(1), {Sch. 1 Pt. 12 Group 4}

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1S. 41 should have effect as if a new paragraph relating to the Isle of Wight County Council Act 1971 (c. lxxi), s. 5(9)(e) were inserted in Sch. 9 Pt. I of this 1970 Act

C2S. 41 extended (1.7.1991) by S.I. 1991/724, art. 2(1) (with art. 12)

S. 41 applied (15.8.2002) by S.I. 2002/1998, art. 17(13) (with art. 33)

C3By Courts Act 2003 (c. 39), ss. 109(1), 110(1), Sch. 8 para. 138 it is provided that in s. 41(5) the words "a magistrates' court acting in the local justice area" are substituted for the words "the magistrates' court for the petty sessions area" (1.4.2005); S.I. 2005/910, art. 3(y)

C4The text of ss. 10(5), 41(7), 48, 51(2), 54(3) are in the form in which they were originally enacted: they were not reproduced in Statutes in Force and do not reflect any amendments or repeals which may have been made prior to 1.2.1991.

Marginal Citations