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Children and Young Persons Act 1969

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[F123Remands and committals to local authority accommodation.E+W

(1)Where—

(a)a court remands a child or young person charged with or convicted of one or more offences or commits him for trial or sentence; and

(b)he is not released on bail,

the remand or committal shall be to local authority accommodation; and in the following provisions of this section, any reference (however expressed) to a remand shall be construed as including a reference to a committal.

(2)A court remanding a person to local authority accommodation shall designate the local authority who are to receive him; and that authority shall be—

(a)in the case of a person who is being looked after by a local authority, that authority; and

(b)in any other case, the local authority in whose area it appears to the court that he resides or the offence or one of the offences was committed.

(3)Where a person is remanded to local authority accommodation, it shall be lawful for any person acting on behalf of the designated authority to detain him.

(4)[F2Subject to subsections (5) and (5A) below,]] a court remanding a person to local authority accommodation may, after consultation with the designated authority, require that authority to comply with a security requirement, that is to say, a requirement that the person in question be placed and kept in secure accommodation.

(5)A court shall not impose a security requirement except in respect of [F3a child who has attained the age of twelve, or a young person, who (in either case) is of a prescribed description], and then only if—

(a)he is charged with or has been convicted of a violent or sexual offence, or an offence punishable in the case of an adult with imprisonment for a term of fourteen years or more; or

[F4(b)he is charged with or has been convicted of one or more imprisonable offences which, together with any other imprisonable offences of which he has been convicted in any proceedings—

(i)amount, or

(ii)would, if he were convicted of the offences with which he is charged, amount,

to a recent history of repeatedly committing imprisonable offences while remanded on bail or to local authority accommodation,

and (in either case) the condition set out in subsection (5AA) below is satisfied.]

[F5(5AA)The condition mentioned in subsection (5) above is that the court is of the opinion, after considering all the options for the remand of the person, that only remanding him to local authority accommodation with a security requirement would be adequate—

(a)to protect the public from serious harm from him; or

(b)to prevent the commission by him of imprisonable offences.]

[F6(5A)A court shall not impose a security requirement in respect of a child or young person who is not legally represented in the court unless—

[F7(a)he was granted a right to representation funded by the Legal Services Commission as part of the Criminal Defence Service but the right was withdrawn because of his conduct; or]

(b)having been informed of his right to apply for [F8such representation] and had the opportunity to do so, he refused or failed to apply.]

(6)Where a court imposes a security requirement in respect of a person, it shall be its duty—

(a)to state in open court that it is of such opinion as is mentioned in subsection [F9(5AA)] above; and

(b)to explain to him in open court and in ordinary language why it is of that opinion;

and a magistrates’ court shall cause a reason stated by it under paragraph (b) above to be specified in the warrant of commitment and to be entered in the register.

(7)[F10Subject to section 23AA below,]A court remanding a person to local authority accommodation without imposing a security requirement may, after consultation with the designated authority, require that person to comply with

[F11(a)any such conditions as could be imposed under section 3(6) of the Bail Act 1976 (c. 63) if he were then being granted bail; and

(b)any conditions imposed for the purpose of securing the electronic monitoring of his compliance with any other condition imposed under this subsection.]

[F12(7A)Where a person is remanded to local authority accommodation and a security requirement is imposed in respect of him—

(a)the designated local authority may, with the consent of the Secretary of State, arrange for the person to be detained, for the whole or any part of the period of the remand or committal, in a secure training centre; and

(b)his detention there pursuant to the arrangements shall be lawful.

(7B)Arrangements under subsection (7A) above may include provision for payments to be made by the authority to the Secretary of State.]

(8)Where a court imposes on a person any such conditions as are mentioned in subsection (7) above, it shall be its duty to explain to him in open court and in ordinary language why it is imposing those conditions; and a magistrates’ court shall cause a reason stated by it under this subsection to be specified in the warrant of commitment and to be entered in the register.

(9)A court remanding a person to local authority accommodation without imposing a security requirement may, after consultation with the designated authority, impose on that authority requirements—

(a)for securing compliance with any conditions imposed on that person under subsection (7) above; or

(b)stipulating that he shall not be placed with a named person.

(10)Where a person is remanded to local authority accommodation, a relevant court—

(a)may, on the application of the designated authority, impose on that person any such conditions as could be imposed under subsection (7) above if the court were then remanding him to such accommodation; and

(b)where it does so, may impose on that authority any requirements for securing compliance with the conditions so imposed.

(11)Where a person is remanded to local authority accommodation, a relevant court may, on the application of the designated authority or that person, vary or revoke any conditions or requirements imposed under subsection (7), (9) or (10) above.

(12)In this section—

  • [F13children’s home” has the same meaning as in the Care Standards Act 2000;]

  • court” and “magistrates” court’ include a justice;

  • imprisonable offence” means an offence punishable in the case of an adult with imprisonment;

  • [F14prescribed description” means a description prescribed by reference to age or sex or both by an order of the Secretary of State;]

  • relevant court”, in relation to a person remanded to local authority accommodation, means the court by which he was so remanded, or any magistrates’ court having jurisdiction in the place where he is for the time being;

  • secure accommodation” means accommodation which is provided in a [F15children’s home in respect of which a person is registered under Part II of the Care Standards Act 2000] for the purpose of restricting liberty, and is approved for that purpose by the Secretary of State;

  • sexual offence” and “violent offence” have the same meanings as in [F16the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000];

  • young person” means a person who has attained the age of fourteen years and is under the age of seventeen years.

[F17but, for the purposes of the definition of “secure accommodation”, “local authority accommodation” includes any accommodation falling within section 61(2) of the M1Criminal Justice Act 1991 [F18or the National Assembly for Wales].]

(13)In this section—

(a)any reference to a person who is being looked after by a local authority shall be construed in accordance with section 22 of the Children Act 1989;

(b)any reference to consultation shall be construed as a reference to such consultation (if any) as is reasonably practicable in all the circumstances of the case; and

(c)any reference, in relation to a person charged with or convicted of a violent or sexual offence, to protecting the public from serious harm from him shall be construed as a reference to protecting members of the public from death or serious personal injury, whether physical or psychological, occasioned by further such offences committed by him.

(14)This section has effect subject to—

F19(a). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(b)section 128(7) of that Act (remands to the custody of a constable for periods of not more than three days),

but section 128(7) shall have effect in relation to a child or young person as if for the reference to three clear days there were substituted a reference to twenty-four hours.

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Amendments (Textual)

F1S. 23 substituted (1.10.1992) by Criminal Justice Act 1991 (c. 53), s. 60(1) (subject to transitional provisions and savings in ss. 62, 101(1), Sch. 12 para. 15); S.I. 1992/333, art. 2(5), Sch. 3

F2Words in s. 23(4) substituted (30.9.1998 for certain purposes and otherwise 1.6.1999) by 1998 c. 37, s. 97(1); S.I. 1998/2327, art. 2(1)(t); S.I. 1999/1279, art. 2(g)(i)

F3Words in s. 23(5) substituted (30.9.1998 for certain purposes and otherwise 1.6.1999) by 1998 c. 37, s. 97(2); S.I. 1998/2327, art. 2(1)(t); S.I. 1999/1279, art. 2(g)(i)

F4Words in s. 23(5)(b) substituted (22.4.2002 for certain purposes and 16.9.2006 otherwise) by Criminal Justice and Police Act 2001 (c. 16), s. 130; S.I. 2002/1097, art. 2, Sch.

F5S. 23(5AA) inserted (22.4.2002 for certain purposes and 16.9.2002 otherwise) by Criminal Justice and Police Act 2001 (c. 16), s. 130; S.I. 2002/1097, art. 2, Sch.

F6S. 23(5A) inserted (30.9.1998 for certain purposes and otherwise 1.6.1999) by 1998 c. 37, s. 97(3); S.I. 1998/2327, art. 2(1)(t); S.I. 1999/1279, art. 2(g)(i)

F9Words in s. 23(6(a) substituted (22.4.2002 for certain purpsoes and 16.9.2002 otherwise) by Criminal Justice and Police Act 2001 (c.16), s. 130(4); S.I. 2002/1097, art. 2, Sch.

F10Words in s. 23(7) inserted (1.3.2002) by Criminal Justice and Police Act 2001 (c.16), s. 132(1)(a); S.I. 2002/344, art.2 (with transitional provisions in art. 4)

F11Words in s. 23(7) substituted (1.3.2002) by Criminal Justice and Police Act 2001 (c.16), s. 132(1)(b); S.I. 2002/344, art. 2 (with transitional provisions in art. 4)

F13Words in s. 23(12) inserted (1.4.2002) by Care Standards Act 2000 (c. 14), s. 116, Sch. 4 para. 3; S.I. 2001/4150, art. 3(3)(a); S.I 2002/920, {art. 3(3)(d)} (subject to Schs. 1-3)

F14Definition in s. 23(12) inserted (30.9.1998 for certain purposes and otherwise 1.6.1999) by 1998 c. 37, s. 97(4); S.I. 1998/2327, art. 2(1)(t); S.I. 1999/1279, art. 2(g)(i)

F16Words in definition of “sexual offence” and “violent offence” substituted (25.8.2000) by 2000 c. 6, ss. 165, 168(1), Sch. 9 para. 38

F17Words in the definition of "secure accommodation" in s. 23(12) inserted (30.5.1995) by 1994 c. 33, s. 19(1); S.I. 1995/1378, art. 2

Words at the end of s. 23(12) inserted (30.5.1995) by 1994 c. 33, s. 19(1); S.I. 1995/1378, art. 2

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1S. 23 modified (1.6.1999) by 1998 c. 37, s. 98; S.I. 1999/1279, art. 2(g)(i) (and, as so modified, amended (2.4.2001) by 1999 c. 22, s. 24, Sch. 4 paras. 4, 7; S.I. 2001/916, art. 3(a)(ii)(with Sch. 2 para. 2) and (1.4.2001 in respect of Sch. 7 Pt. I and otherwiseprosp.) by 2000 c. 43, ss. 74, 75, Sch. 7 Pt. I para. 4(1)(2), Pt. II para. 39, Sch. 8); S.I. 2001/919, art. 2(f)(i)

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