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Transport Act 1968

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Version Superseded: 01/04/1994

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159 Interpretation—general.U.K.

(1)In this Act, except where the context otherwise requires, and except in any Part as respects which the expression in question is separately defined, the following expressions have the following meanings respectively, that is to say—

  • the Act of 1960” means the M1Road Traffic Act 1960;

  • the Act of 1962” means the M2Transport Act 1962;

  • appointed day” means the relevant day appointed under section 166(2) of this Act;

  • [F1area bus service” means a bus service which is, or so far as it is, a service on which passengers may be taken up and set down at different places within the same area designated under section 9(1) of this Act, whether or not any passengers on that service may also be taken up or set down outside that area;]

  • the Boards” means the Boards established under section 1 of the Act of 1962, namely, the British Railways Board,. . . F2 the British Transport Docks Board and the British Waterways Board, and references to a Board shall be construed accordingly;

  • [F3the Bus Company” means the National Bus Company established under section 24 of this Act; F4

  • [F5bus service” means a stage carriage service within the meaning of Part I of [F6the Public Passenger Vehicles Act M3] which is neither—

(a)an excursion or tour; nor

(b)a service as regards which the condition specified in [F6section 2(3)(a) of the Public Passenger Vehicles Act 1981] (long journeys only) is satisfied;]]

  • [F4“bus service" means a local service other than one on which the passengers travel together on a journey, with or without breaks, from one or more places to one or more places and back]

  • [F7carriageway” has the same meaning as in the Roads (Scotland) Act M41984;]

  • charges” includes fares, rates, tolls and dues of every description;

  • the Docks Board” means the British Transport Docks Board established under section 1 of the Act of 1962;

  • [F8[F5excursion or tour” means a stage or express carriage service on which the passengers travel together on a journey, with or without breaks, from one or more places to one or more other places and back;]

  • express carriage” and “stage carriage” have the same meanings respectively as for the purposes of the [F6Public Passenger Vehicles Act 1981];]

  • ferry service” means a transport service by water (including such a service by means of a hovercraft) which carries passengers and operates regularly between two or more points both or all of which are in Great Britain;

  • F9functions” includes powers, duties and obligations;

  • goods” includes animals and mails;

  • harbour” has the same meaning as in the Act of 1962;

  • highway authority” in relation to any highway means—

(a)for the purposes of the application of this Act to England or Wales, the highway authority for that highway under Part I of [F10the M5Highways Act 1980];

[F11(b)for the purposes of the application of this Act to Scotland—

(i)where the highway is a trunk road, the Secretary of State; and

(ii)in any other case, the [F12regional or islands council];]

  • the Holding Company” means the Transport Holding Company established under section 29 of the Act of 1962;

  • hovercraft” has the same meaning as in the M6Hovercraft Act 1968;

  • inland waterway” includes every such waterway whether natural or artificial;

  • land” includes land covered by water and any interest or right in, over or under land;

  • lease” includes an agreement for a lease;

  • liability” includes an obligation;

  • [F13local roads authority” has the same meaning as in the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984;]

  • [F14local service” has the same meaning as in the Transport Act 1985;]

  • F15the Minister” means, save as otherwise expressly provided and in particular subject to sections 7(7), 8(5), 9(6), 17(6)(a) and 28(6) of this Act, [F16the Secretary of State];

  • the new authorities” means. . . F17[F18the Bus Company and]the Scottish Group;

  • participant”, in relation to a pension scheme, means a person who (whether he is referred to in the scheme as a member, as a contributor or otherwise) contributes or has contributed under the scheme and has pension rights thereunder and “participate” shall be construed accordingly;

  • pension”, in relation to a person, means a pension, whether contributory or not, of any kind whatsoever payable to or in respect of him, and includes a gratuity so payable and a return of contributions to a pension fund, with or without interest thereon or any other addition thereto and any sums payable on or in respect of the death of that person;

  • pension fund” means a fund established for the purposes of paying pensions;

  • pension rights” includes, in relation to any person, all forms of right to or eligibility for the present or future payment of a pension, and any expectation of the accruer of a pension under any customary practice, and includes a right of allocation in respect of the present or future payment of a pension;

  • pension scheme” includes any form of arrangement for the payment of pensions, whether subsisting by virtue of Act of Parliament, trust, contract or otherwise;

  • plated weight”, in relation to a vehicle, means a weight required to be marked on it by means of a plate in pursuance of regulations made by virtue of [F19section 41 of the Road Traffic Act 1988 or required to be so marked by section 57 or 58 of that Act.];

  • [F20public road” has the same meaning as in the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984;]

  • public service vehicle” has the same meaning as for the purposes of the [F6Public Passenger Vehicles Act 1981];

  • the Railways Board” means the British Railways Board established under section 1 of the Act of 1962;

  • [F21road” and “roads authority” have the same meanings as in the Roads (Scotland) Act 1984;]

  • [F22road service licence” has the same meaning as for the purposes of the Act of 1960. . . F23;]

  • Scottish Group” means the Scottish Transport Group established under section 24 of this Act;

  • securities”, in relation to a body corporate, means any shares, stock, debentures, debenture stock, and any other security of a like nature, of the body corporate;

  • subsidiary” and “wholly-owned subsidiary”, subject to section 51(5) of this Act, have the same meanings respectively as in the Act of 1962;

  • vehicle” includes a hovercraft;

  • the Waterways Board” means the British Waterways Board established under section 1 of the Act of 1962;

  • Wales” includes Monmouthshire, and references to England shall be construed accordingly.

(2)Except where the context otherwise requires, any reference in this Act to any enactment shall be construed as a reference to that enactment as amended, extended or applied by or under any other enactment, including this Act.

Textual Amendments

F1Definition repealed (E.W.S.) by Transport Act 1985 (c. 67, SIF 126), s. 139(3), Sch. 8

F3S. 159(1): definition of “the bus company" repealed (E.W.) (1.4.1991) by S.I. 1991/510, reg. 5, Sch.

F4Definition commencing “ “bus service" means a local service" substituted (E.W.S.) for the definition commencing “ “bus service" means a stage" by Transport Act 1985 (c. 67, SIF 126), s. 1, Sch. 1 para. 1(a)

F5Definitions substituted by Transport Act 1980 (c. 34), Sch. 5 Pt. II

F8Definitions repealed (E.W.S.) by Transport Act 1985 (c. 67, SIF 126), s. 139(3), Sch. 8

F11Paragraph (b) repealed (S.) (1.1.1985) by Roads (Scotland) Act 1984 (c. 54, SIF 108), ss 156(3), 157(2), Sch. 11

F14Definition inserted (E.W.S.) by Transport Act 1985 (c.67, SIF 126), s. 1, Sch. 1 para. 1(b)

F16Words substituted by virtue of S.I. 1981/238, arts. 2(2), 3(2)-(4)

F18S. 159(1): words in definition of “the new authorities" repealed (E.W.) (1.4.1991) by S.I. 1991/510, art. 5, Sch.

F22Definition repealed (E.W.S.) by Transport Act 1985 (c. 67, SIF 126), s. 139(3), Sch. 8

Marginal Citations

M31981 c. 14(107:1).

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