Search Legislation

Housing (Financial Provisions) (Scotland) Act 1968

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

Grants by local authorities for improvements

27Power of local authorities to make improvement grants

(1)Subject to the provisions of this Part of this Act, a local authority may give assistance in respect of—

(a)the provision of dwellings by a person other than a local authority by means of the conversion of houses or other buildings;

(b)the improvement of dwellings by such a person ;

by way of making a grant (in this Part of this Act referred to as an " improvement grant") in respect of expenses incurred for the purpose of the execution of the works of conversion or improvement (in this Part of this Act referred to as " improvement works ") if, before the improvement works are begun, an application in that behalf is made to the authority by that person (hereafter in this Part of this Act referred to as " the applicant") and approved by them.

(2)An application for an improvement grant must contain full particulars of the improvement works proposed to be carried out and of the land on which those works are proposed to be carried out, together with plans and specifications of the works.

(3)An application for an improvement grant must also contain an estimate of the expenses to be incurred for the purpose of the execution of the improvement works (which estimate may include fees payable to professional persons employed in connection with those works), and, where the application relates to the provision or improvement of more than one dwelling, the said estimate must specify the proportion of the estimated expenses that is attributable to each dwelling proposed to be provided or improved, and, subject to subsection (4) of this section, the application shall not be entertained unless—

(a)in a case where the application relates only to the provision or improvement of a single dwelling, the amount of the expenses estimated to be incurred for the purposes of the execution of the improvement works, or

(b)in any other case, the proportion of those expenses attributable to each dwelling proposed to be provided or improved,

is not less than one hundred pounds or such other amount as may for the time being be prescribed.

(4)Where at any time within three years after the making of a standard grant under section 40 of this Act in respect of a dwelling an application for an improvement grant is made in respect of that dwelling and the application contains a statement of the cost incurred in executing the works in respect of which the standard grant was made, subsection (3) of this section shall have effect, in relation to that application or, if the dwelling is not the only one to which the application relates, in relation to the application so far as it relates to the dwelling, as if the amount specified in or prescribed under that subsection were reduced by the cost incurred as aforesaid.

(5)Where a local authority approve an application for an improvement grant they shall notify the applicant of the amount approved by them as being the amount of the expenses which, in their opinion, are properly ascribable to the execution of the improvement works and, where the application relates to the provision or improvement of more than one dwelling, of the proportion of that amount approved by them as being attributable to each dwelling proposed to be provided or improved. The said amount is hereafter in this Part of this Act referred to, in relation to improvement works, as the " approved expense " of executing those works, and the proportion of that amount approved under this subsection as being attributable to a dwelling is so referred to, in relation to that dwelling, as the " approved proportion " of the approved expense.

(6)Before approving an application for an improvement grant the local authority shall satisfy themselves as to the requirements set out in section 28(1) of this Act subject, however, to the provisions of subsections (2) and (3) of that section.

(7)A local authority may in any case refuse to approve an application for an improvement grant on any grounds that seem to them sufficient, and shall refuse to approve any such application in respect of any dwelling to be provided or improved by means of improvement works if assistance has been given in respect of that dwelling under any of the following enactments, that is to say—

(a)section 1 of the Hill Farming Act 1946 ;

(b)section 77 of the Agriculture (Scotland) Act 1948 ;

(c)section 100(1)(b) of the Housing (Scotland) Act 1950 ;

(d)section 22(2) of the Crofters (Scotland) Act 1955 ;

(e)section 44 of this Act.

(8)If a local authority refuse to approve an application for an improvement grant, or, having approved such an application, pay by way of an improvement grant in respect thereof an amount smaller than the maximum amount allowed by section 29(1) of this Act apart from the proviso to the said section 29(1), they shall, if the applicant so requests, notify him in writing of the grounds of their refusal or, as the case may be, the grounds of their decision not to pay the said maximum amount.

(9)The Secretary of State may give directions to any local authority or to local authorities generally requiring that any application for an improvement grant or all such applications of any class specified in the directions shall not be approved except with the consent of the Secretary of State (which may be granted subject to conditions), and it shall be the duty of any local authority to whom such directions are issued to comply therewith.

28Requirements precedent to approval of application for improvement grant

(1)The requirements referred to in section 27(6) of this Act are as follows, that is to say—

(a)that, as respects dwellings to be provided or improved by means of the improvement works, the dwellings or (as the case may be) the dwellings as so improved will provide satisfactory housing accommodation for a period of not less than thirty years from the completion of the works;

(b)that all such dwellings as aforesaid will conform with such requirements with respect to their construction and physical condition and the provision of services and amenities as may be specified for the purposes of this section by the Secretary of State ;

(c)that the applicant is, in respect of every parcel of land on which improvement works are proposed to be carried out (other than land proposed to be sold or leased to him under section 145(4) of the principal Act), either the owner or the lessee under a lease of which the period remaining unexpired at the date of the application is not less than—

(i)the period for which the dwellings concerned will provide satisfactory housing accommodation,

or

(ii)thirty years, whichever is the shorter.

(2)If, in relation to all or any of the said dwellings, the local authority are of opinion that the period mentioned in paragraph (a) of subsection (1) of this section is likely to be less than thirty years, they may, notwithstanding that fact, approve the application if they are satisfied that the said period is likely to be more than ten years and if they consider it expedient in all the circumstances to do so.

(3)If, in relation to all or any of the said dwellings, the local authority are not satisfied that the dwellings or dwelling will conform with a particular requirement specified under paragraph (b) of subsection (1) of this section, they may, notwithstanding that fact, approve the application if they are satisfied that, in all the circumstances of the case, conformity with that requirement would not be practicable at a reasonable expense.

29Amount of improvement grants and payment thereof

(1)Subject to the provisions of subsection (2) of this section, the amount which may be paid by way of an improvement grant shall be an amount not exceeding—

(a)if the application for the improvement grant was made to the local authority before 16th August 1964, four hundred pounds for each dwelling provided or improved by the improvement works ;

(b)if the said application was so made on or after that date, five hundred pounds, or such other amount as may for the time being be prescribed, for each dwelling so provided or improved ;

(c)in any case, such fraction of the approved expense of executing the improvement works, not exceeding one-half thereof, as may be determined by the local authority when they approve the application for the improvement grant: Provided that—

(i)where the local authority, with the concurrence of the Secretary of State, are satisfied in the case of any particular application that in all the circumstances of the case there is good reason for the payment of an amount higher than the amount authorised under this subsection, the amount of the improvement grant may be such amount in excess of the sum specified in paragraph (a) of this subsection or (as the case may be) specified in or prescribed under paragraph (b) thereof, but not exceeding one-half of the approved expense of executing the improvement works, as may be determined by the authority with the consent of the Secretary of State when they approve the application ;

(ii)where the local authority are satisfied that the expense of executing the improvement works was materially enhanced by reason of measures taken to preserve the architectural or historic interest of the house or building to which the application relates, the amount of the improvement grant may be such fraction of the approved expense of executing the works, in excess of one-half thereof, or such amount in excess of the sum specified in paragraph (a) of this subsection or (as the case may be) specified in or prescribed under paragraph (b) thereof, as may be determined by the authority with the consent of the Secretary of State when they approve the application.

(2)Where after the making of a standard grant under section 40 of this Act in respect of a dwelling an improvement grant is made in respect of that dwelling, subsection (1) of this section shall have effect, in relation to that dwelling, as if the sum specified in paragraph (a) of that subsection or (as the case may be) specified in or prescribed under paragraph (b) thereof were reduced by the amount of the standard grant.

(3)An improvement grant in respect of expenses incurred for the purpose of the execution of improvement works may be paid either after completion of the works or partly in instalments from time to time as the works progress and as to the balance after the completion of the works:

Provided that where the improvement grant is to be paid partly in instalments, the aggregate of the instalments paid shall not at any time before the completion of the improvement works exceed one-half of the aggregate cost of the works executed up to that time.

(4)The payment of an improvement grant or of an instalment or the balance thereof shall be conditional on the improvement works or, as the case may be, the part of the works which the applicant considers will entitle him to payment of the instalment or balance being executed to the satisfaction of the local authority.

(5)Where an instalment of an improvement grant is paid before the completion of the improvement works, and the works are not completed within twelve months of the date of payment of the instalment, then that instalment and any further sums paid by the local authority on account of the improvement grant shall, on being demanded by the authority, forthwith become payable to them by the person to whom the instalment was paid, and the instalment and any such payment shall carry interest at the prescribed rate from the date on which it was paid by the authority until repaid under this subsection.

30Conditions to be observed with respect to dwellings

(1)In the case of a dwelling in respect of the provision or improvement of which an improvement grant has been made, the conditions specified in Schedule 3 to this Act shall, subject to the provisions of this Part of this Act, be observed with respect to the dwelling for a period of three years beginning with the day on which in the opinion of the local authority it first becomes fit for occupation after the completion of the improvement works, and shall, so long as they are required to be so observed, be deemed to be part of the terms of any lease or tenancy of the dwelling, and shall be enforceable accordingly.

(2)The provisions of this section, of section 31 of this Act and of Schedule 3 thereto (other than paragraph 4 thereof), shall apply to a dwelling used as a residence by a minister or full-time lay missionary of any religious denomination by virtue of his office as such minister or missionary in like manner as if he were a tenant of the dwelling.

31Enforcement of conditions

(1)The provisions of this section shall have effect in the event of a breach of any of the conditions specified in Schedule 3 to this Act at a time when they are required to be observed with respect to a dwelling.

(2)Where the improvement works by means of which the dwelling was provided or improved were works only for the provision or improvement of that dwelling, there shall, on being demanded by the local authority, forthwith become payable to them, by the owner for the time being of the dwelling, the appropriate proportion of any sums paid by the authority by way of improvement grant in respect of the expenses incurred for the purpose of the execution of those works, together, in the case of each such sum, with interest on the appropriate proportion thereof for the period from the date of payment of the sum by the authority to the date of payment to the authority of the appropriate proportion of the sum.

(3)In any other case, there shall, on being demanded by the local authority, forthwith become payable to them, by the owner for the time being of the dwelling, the appropriate proportion of a part of any such sums as aforesaid bearing to the whole thereof the same proportion that the approved proportion of the approved expense of executing the improvement works bears to the whole of the approved expense of executing those works, together, in the case of each part of a sum, with interest on the appropriate proportion of that part for the period from the date of payment of the sum by the authority to the date of payment to the authority of the appropriate proportion of that part.

(4)In subsections (2) and (3) of this section—

(a)the expression " the appropriate proportion", in relation to a sum or part of a sum, means a part thereof proportionate to the extent to which the period during which conditions are required by section 30 of this Act to be observed with respect to the dwelling remains unexpired at the date of the occurrence of the breach ; and

(b)"interest" means compound interest calculated at the prescribed rate and with yearly rests.

(5)If the local authority are satisfied that the breach is capable of being remedied, they may, with the consent of the Secretary of State, and subject to such conditions (if any) as he may approve, direct that the operation of the foregoing provisions of this section shall, in relation to the breach, be suspended for such period as appears to them to be necessary for enabling the breach to be remedied, and, if the breach is remedied within that period, may direct that the said provisions shall not have effect in relation to the breach.

(6)If the local authority are satisfied that the breach, although not capable of being remedied, was not due to the act, default or connivance of the owner of the dwelling, they may, with the like consent and subject to such conditions as aforesaid, direct that the said provisions shall not have effect in relation to the breach.

(7)Upon satisfaction of a liability of an owner of a dwelling to make payment under subsection (2) or subsection (3) of this section to a local authority, observance with respect to the dwelling of the conditions specified in Schedule 3 to this Act shall cease to be requisite.

(8)The sheriff within whose jurisdiction is situated any dwelling with respect to which the conditions specified in Schedule 3 to this Act are for the time being required to be observed may, on the application of the local authority, whether or not any other relief is claimed, grant an interdict restraining a breach or apprehended breach, in relation to the dwelling, of any of those conditions other than the condition specified in paragraph 5 of the said Schedule.

(9)Where a local authority pay an improvement grant or, in a case where an improvement grant is payable partly in instalments as the improvement works progress and as to the balance after the completion of the works, the balance of the improvement grant in respect of a dwelling, they shall cause to be recorded in the General Register of Sasines a notice in the prescribed form specifying—

(a)the conditions required by section 30 of this Act to be observed with respect to the dwelling, being the conditions specified in Schedule 3 to this Act; and

(b)the provisions of this section whereby, on a breach of any of the said conditions at a time when they are required to be observed, the owner for the time being of the dwelling becomes liable to repay to the local authority the amount set forth in this section ;

and the cost of such recording shall be repaid to the local authority by the owner for the time being of the dwelling.

(10)In any case where, in pursuance of subsection (7) of this section, observance of the conditions specified in Schedule 3 to this Act ceases to be requisite with respect to a dwelling, the local authority shall cause to be recorded in the General Register of Sasines a notice in the prescribed form stating that the said conditions no longer apply to the dwelling, and the cost of such recording shall be repaid to the authority by the owner for the time being of the dwelling.

(11)In the event of a breach of any of the conditions specified in Schedule 3 to this Act at a time when they are required to be observed with respect to a dwelling it shall be competent for the local authority to make a charging order in favour of themselves for the amount that becomes payable to them under this section in consequence of such breach, and the provisions of section 29 of the principal Act shall, subject to any necessary modifications, apply to a charging order so made in like manner as they apply to a charging order made under section 28 of that Act.

32Duty of local authority to fix maximum rents

(1)It shall be the duty of a local authority, at the time at which they approve an application for an improvement grant, to fix, for the purposes of this Part of this Act, with respect to—

(a)every dwelling to be provided by means of the improvement works, and

(b)every dwelling to be improved by means of the improvement works, being a dwelling which the local authority are satisfied has not been let as a dwelling at any time during the period of five years immediately preceding the date of the application,

the maximum rent that may be paid in respect of the dwelling.

(2)A local authority, in fixing under subsection (1) of this section the maximum rent that may be paid in respect of a dwelling, shall have regard to—

(a)the age of the building ;

(b)the character and condition of the dwelling after the carrying out of the proposed improvement works ;

(c)the cost of the proposed improvement works; and

(d)the rents payable in their district for similar dwellings not let under an existing controlled tenancy.

(3)Where an application is made to a local authority for an improvement grant in respect of the improvement of a dwelling (not being a dwelling as respects which the authority are satisfied as mentioned in subsection (1)(b) of this section), and that dwelling is not subject to an existing controlled tenancy, the application may contain a request to fix for the purposes of paragraph 4 of Schedule 3 to this Act a rent higher than the limit imposed by sub-paragraph (b) of that paragraph, and if it appears to the authority reasonable to do so, having regard to all the circumstances and, in particular, to the rents payable in their district for similar dwellings not let under an existing controlled tenancy, they may, on approving the application, fix such higher rent for those purposes as they think reasonable; and a rent so fixed shall be substituted in the condition set out in the said paragraph 4 for the limit imposed by the said sub-paragraph (b).

(4)Where—

(a)an improvement grant has been made in respect of the provision or improvement of any dwelling, and

(b)works (other than works for the purpose of the execution of which the improvement grant has been so made) have been executed on the said dwelling at a time when the conditions specified in Schedule 3 to this Act are required to be observed with respect thereto,

the local authority may, on an application being made to them in that behalf, direct that for the purposes of this Part of this Act the maximum amount of the rent payable by any tenant of the dwelling shall be increased by such amount as may be specified in the direction, not exceeding an amount calculated at a rate per annum of twelve and one half per cent, of the cost of executing the works.

(5)Where a direction is given under subsection (4) of this section in relation to a dwelling on any occasion, references in paragraph 4 of Schedule 3 to this Act to the amount which the rent payable by any tenant of the dwelling is not to exceed shall, as respects any period after the giving of the direction and before any subsequent direction is given under the said subsection (4) in relation to the dwelling or the direction is superseded by reason of the application of the said conditions by virtue of the giving of a further improvement grant, whichever event first occurs, be construed in relation to the dwelling, for the purposes of—

(a)this Part of this Act, and

(b)where section 37(2) of this Act applies, the Housing (Rural Workers) Acts 1926 to 1942,

as references to that amount as increased in accordance with the direction given on that occasion and with any direction given under the said subsection (4) in relation to the dwelling on a previous occasion which has not been superseded as aforesaid.

(6)In this section " existing controlled tenancy " has the same meaning as in section 11 of the Rent Act 1965.

33Local authority to keep register of rents

(1)It shall be the duty of every local authority to make and keep a register in the prescribed form in which they shall record in relation to every dwelling with respect to which the conditions specified in Schedule 3 to this Act are for the time being required to be observed—

(a)the amount to which the rent is limited by virtue of the condition contained in paragraph 4 of the said Schedule 3 ;

(b)any increase of the said amount authorised by virtue of subsections (4) and (5) of section 32 of this Act; and

(c)such other information as may be prescribed.

(2)A register kept by a local authority under this section shall be made available for inspection by the public at the principal office of the authority during all normal business periods.

(3)The Secretary of State may provide by regulations made by statutory instrument for the issue by a local authority of extracts of entries in the register kept by them under this section, and for the charging by the authority of a fee, not exceeding one shilling, in respect of each entry contained in any extract issued in accordance therewith, and any extract so issued shall be evidence of the matters set out therein.

34Voluntary repayment of improvement grants

(1)The owner of a dwelling in respect of the provision or improvement of which an improvement grant has been made or the holder of a heritable security over the dwelling, being a heritable creditor entitled to exercise his power of sale, may, at any time when the conditions specified in Schedule 3 to this Act are required to be observed with respect to the dwelling, pay to the local authority the like amount as would become payable to them under section 31 of this Act in the event of a breach at that time of any of those conditions, and on the making of the payment observance with respect to the dwelling of those conditions shall cease to be requisite.

(2)A sum paid under subsection (1) of this section by a heritable creditor shall be treated as part of the sum secured by the heritable security.

(3)In any case where, in pursuance of subsection (1) of this section, observance of the conditions specified in Schedule 3 to this Act ceases to be requisite with respect to a dwelling, section 31(10) of this Act shall apply in like manner as it applies in the case therein mentioned.

35Exchequer contributions towards improvement grants

(1)The Secretary of State may make Exchequer contributions towards the expense incurred by a local authority in making an improvement grant.

(2)Subject to any order made by the Secretary of State under section 56 of this Act, an Exchequer contribution under subsection (1) of this section shall be a sum equal to three-quarters of the annual loan charges referable to the amount of the improvement grant, payable for each of the twenty financial years beginning with the year in which were completed the improvement works in respect of which the improvement grant was made.

(3)For the purposes of this section, the annual loan charges referable to the amount of an improvement grant shall (whatever may be the manner in which the local authority have provided or intend to provide the money requisite for making the improvement grant) be the annual sum which, in the opinion of the Secretary of State, would fall to be provided by the authority for the payment of interest on, and the repayment of, an amount of borrowed money equal to the amount of the improvement grant, being money the period for the repayment of which is twenty years.

(4)A local authority shall pay to the Secretary of State three-quarters of any sum—

(a)recovered by them by virtue of section 31 of this Act in consequence of a breach of any of the conditions required to be observed with respect to the dwelling, or

(b)paid to them under section 34 of this Act in respect of the dwelling.

(5)Subsections (2) and (4) of this section shall, in the case of a local authority for any area in the Highlands and Islands, have effect with the substitution for the words

three-quartersof the words " seven-eighths ".

36Provisions as to further improvement grants

(1)An improvement grant shall not be made in respect of the provision of dwellings by means of the conversion of dwellings with respect to which the conditions specified in Schedule 3 to this Act are for the time being required to be observed.

(2)Where by virtue of the making on any occasion of an improvement grant in respect of the improvement of a dwelling the conditions specified in Schedule 3 to this Act are required to be observed with respect to the dwelling before the observance thereof by virtue of the making of an improvement grant on a previous occasion has ceased to be requisite, the provisions of sections 30, 31, 34, 35(4) and 35(5) of this Act shall apply in relation to the dwelling as regards each occasion on which an improvement grant is so made as if it were the only occasion on which it was so made:

Provided that in relation to any period during which the said conditions are simultaneously required to be observed by virtue of the making of an improvement grant on more than one occasion, the condition as to rent applicable by reason of the making of an improvement grant on the last occasion shall be deemed to be the condition as to rent also by reason of the making of an improvement grant on any previous occasion.

37Provisions as to dwellings improved under Housing (Rural Workers) Acts

(1)An improvement grant shall not be made in respect of the provision of dwellings by means of the conversion of dwellings in relation to which the conditions specified in section 3 of the Housing (Rural Workers) Act 1926 for the time being apply.

(2)Where an improvement grant is made in respect of the improvement of a dwelling in relation to which the said conditions apply at the time when the improvement grant is so made, the Housing (Rural Workers) Acts 1926 to 1942 shall have effect in relation to the dwelling as if the conditions specified in Schedule 3 to this Act were contained in, and applicable by virtue of, section 3(1) of the Housing (Rural Workers) Act 1926 in lieu of the conditions specified therein and in sections 5 and 6 of the Housing (Rural Workers) Amendment Act 1938, and anything which would, or would not, constitute for the purposes of this Part of this Act a breach of the conditions specified in the said Schedule 3 shall be treated as constituting, or, as the case may be, not constituting a breach of those conditions for the purposes of the Housing (Rural Workers) Acts 1926 to 1942.

38Provisions supplementary to ss. 27 to 37

(1)In the foregoing provisions of this Part of this Act, unless the context otherwise requires, " owner ", in relation to a dwelling, means the person who is for the time being entitled to receive the rent of the dwelling or who, if the dwelling were let, would be so entitled, and includes such a lessee as is mentioned in section 28(1)(c) of this Act.

(2)References in the foregoing provisions of this Part of this Act or in the following provisions of this section to the improvement of dwellings shall be construed as including references to the alteration or enlargement thereof and to the execution of works of repair thereto, not being works of ordinary repair, and as including also references to the execution of works of ordinary repair thereto so far, but so far only, as the execution thereof is incidental to or connected with the execution of works of improvement, alteration or enlargement or of works of repair not being works of ordinary repair, and in the said provisions the expression " improved" shall be construed accordingly.

(3)In determining for the purposes of the foregoing provisions of this Part of this Act whether, as regards a dwelling in respect of the provision or improvement of which an improvement grant has been made, a breach has occurred of the condition specified in paragraph 4 of Schedule 3 to this Act as to the rent payable by a tenant of the dwelling, any property which, in the absence of express provision, would pass upon a conveyance in common form of the dwelling, and any yard, garden, outhouse and pertinents belonging to or usually enjoyed with the dwelling, shall be deemed to form part of the dwelling.

(4)A dwelling which has been provided or improved by improvement works under this Part of this Act shall not, by reason only of such provision or improvement, be deemed to be a new house within the meaning of any local Act notwithstanding anything contained in such Act.

Back to top

Options/Help

Print Options

Close

Legislation is available in different versions:

Latest Available (revised):The latest available updated version of the legislation incorporating changes made by subsequent legislation and applied by our editorial team. Changes we have not yet applied to the text, can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area.

Original (As Enacted or Made):The original version of the legislation as it stood when it was enacted or made. No changes have been applied to the text.

Close

Opening Options

Different options to open legislation in order to view more content on screen at once

Close

More Resources

Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • correction slips
  • links to related legislation and further information resources
Close

More Resources

Use this menu to access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • correction slips

Click 'View More' or select 'More Resources' tab for additional information including:

  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • links to related legislation and further information resources