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National Insurance Act 1965

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This is the original version (as it was originally enacted).

81Recovery of benefit wrongly paid, interim payments of benefit, and arrears

(1)Where benefit is or has been paid in pursuance of a decision which is reversed or varied on appeal, or is revised on a review, then, subject to subsection (2) of this section, the decision given on the appeal or review shall require repayment to the National Insurance Fund of any benefit paid in pursuance of the original decision to the extent to which it—

(a)would not have been payable if the decision on the appeal or review had been given in the first instance; and

(b)is not directed to be treated as paid on account of the benefit awarded by the decision on appeal or review, or as having been properly paid.

(2)A decision given on appeal or review shall not require repayment of benefit paid in pursuance of the original decision in any case where it is shown to the satisfaction of the person or tribunal determining the appeal or review that in the obtaining and receipt of the benefit the beneficiary, and any person acting for him, has throughout used due care and diligence to avoid overpayment.

(3)Regulations may make provision as respects matters arising—

(a)pending the determination under this Act (whether in the first instance or on an appeal or reference, and whether originally or on review) of any claim for benefit or of any question affecting any person's right to benefit or to the receipt thereof or any person's liability for contributions ; or

(b)out of the revision on appeal or review of any decision under this Act on any such claim or question.

(4)Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (3) of this section, regulations thereunder may include provision—

(a)as to the date from which any decision on a review is to have effect or to be deemed to have had effect;

(b)for treating any benefit paid to any person under an award, or by virtue of any provision of the regulations, which it is subsequently decided was not payable, as properly paid or as paid on account of any other benefit which it is decided was payable to him, or for the repayment of any such benefit and the recovery thereof by deduction from other benefit or otherwise;

(c)modifying subsections (1) and (2) of this section in relation to sums paid by way of benefit in respect of a child of the family of a man and his wife living together where those sums would have been receivable, if properly paid, by either the man or the wife;

(d)making any such provision for the recovery of sums paid by way of benefit and required to be repaid by virtue of subsection (1) of this section as is authorised to be made in a case where repayment is required by the regulations.

(5)Where in the case of any sums paid by way of benefit before 26th February 1962—

(a)the decision in pursuance of which they were paid was before that date reversed or varied on an appeal, or revised on a review, in such a way that those sums or any part of them would not have been payable if the decision on appeal or review had been given in the first instance; and

(b)that decision on appeal or review is itself reversed or varied on an appeal, or revised on a review, under this Act,

any question arising on the appeal or review under this Act as to the repayment of those sums or that part of them shall be determined in accordance with the provisions as to repayment in force immediately before that date.

(6)Where, in the case of any person, any sum may by virtue of regulations under subsection (3) of this section be recovered by deduction from benefit under this Act, it may instead be recovered from him in whole or in part by deduction from any payment under the Industrial Injuries Act, and any amount so recovered shall be paid to the National Insurance Fund.

(7)Regulations may provide for unemployment benefit of which repayment is required by virtue of subsection (1) of this section to be repaid to or through a local education authority administering unemployment benefit by virtue of section 11 of the Employment and Training Act 1948.

(8)The provisions of Schedule 7 to this Act shall have effect to enable sums paid by way of benefit under this Act or the Industrial Injuries Act or by way of family allowance, and afterwards found not to have been payable, to be treated as paid on account of any sums properly payable to the same person by way of such a benefit or allowance, or to be treated as properly paid, and to provide for matters arising out of their being so treated.

(9)Nothing in this Act shall prejudice the provisions of sections 13 and 14 of the National Assistance Act 1948 with respect to the abatement of payments in respect of arrears of benefit.

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