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Finance Act 1965

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9Surtax rates for 1964-65

Income tax for the year 1964-65 shall be charged, in the case of an individual whose total income exceeded £2,000, at the same higher rates in respect of the excess as were charged for the year 1963-64.

10Alterations in reliefs

(1)As respects the year 1965-66 and subsequent years of assessment, the Income Tax Acts shall be amended as shown in the following provisions of this section :

Provided that subsections (2), (4), (5) and (6) of this section shall not affect the amounts of tax deductible or repayable under section 157 (pay as you earn) of the Income Tax Act 1952 before 8th June 1965, but this provision shall not prevent any necessary corrections being made on or after that day by adjusting subsequent deductions or repayments under that section or, if need be, by an assessment.

(2)In section 210 of the Income Tax Act 1952 (personal reliefs), as amended by section 12(1) of the Finance Act 1963, in paragraph (a) of subsection (1) (married) for the reference to £320 there shall be substituted a reference to £340, in paragraph (b) of that subsection (single) for the reference to £200 there shall be substituted a reference to £220, and in subsection (2) of the said section 210 (wife's earned income relief) for the reference to £200 (the maximum amount of that relief) there shall be substituted a reference to £220.

(3)The amounts of £255 and £180 (relating to the total income of the dependent relative) specified, for the purposes of section 216 of the said Act of 1952, by section 12(4) of the Finance Act 1963 shall each be increased by £30.

(4)Section 377(2) of the said Act of 1952 and section 19 of the Finance Act 1960 (relief for National Insurance contributions) shall cease to have effect; and no relief or deduction shall be given or allowed under any other provision of the said Act of 1952 in respect of any contribution in respect of which relief could, but for this subsection, be given under the said section 377(2).

(5)In section 15(2) of the Finance Act 1952 (relief for small incomes), as amended by section 12(6) of the Finance Act 1963, for the reference to £680 (income limit for marginal relief) there shall be substituted a reference to £705.

(6)In section 13 of the Finance Act 1957 (relief for persons over 65 with small incomes), as amended by section 14 of the Finance Act 1964, for the references to £360 and to £575 (the income limits for exemption) there shall be substituted references to £390 and £625; and (as regards the marginal relief) for the reference to £130 (the addition to the income limit) there shall be substituted a reference to £160.

(7)Where a person is a registered blind person within the meaning of section 9 of the Finance Act 1962 (relief for blind persons) during part only of the year of assessment, that person, or, as the case may be, that person's husband, shall be entitled to relief under subsection (1) or (2) of that section in any case in which he would have been entitled to such relief if that person had been such a registered blind person throughout the year, but the amount of relief granted by virtue of this subsection shall be calculated in accordance with subsection (8) below.

(8)For the purpose of calculating the said amount, the said section 9 shall have effect as if—

(a)for references in subsections (1) and (2) of that section to the amounts of any tax-free disability payments receivable by a person in the year of assessment there were substituted references to the amounts of any such payments receivable by him in the part of the year during which he was a registered blind person within the meaning of that section; and

(b)for references in the said subsection (1) to £100 (relief for one blind person) there were substituted references to that proportion of £100 which the period in the year of assessment during which the person in question was such a registered blind person bears to one year; and

(c)for references in the said subsection (2) to £200 (relief for blind couple) there were substituted references to that proportion of £200 which the sum of the periods in the year of assessment during which each of the persons in question was such a registered blind person bears to two years.

11George Cross

Annuities paid to holders of the George Cross by virtue of holding that award shall be disregarded for all the purposes of the Income Tax Acts.

12Surtax on income under certain settlements

(1)In subsection (1) of section 415 of the Income Tax Act 1952 (under which income arising under a settlement is treated for the purposes of surtax as the income of the settlor unless the income falls into one of the paragraphs of that subsection) paragraphs (a), (h) and (c) (which relate to income payable to or applicable for the benefit of individuals) shall cease to have effect.

(2)In subsection (2) of the said section 415 (which has the effect that income arising under a settlement is treated for the purposes of surtax as the income of the settlor if it is income from property and that property, or any property or income derived from it, is, or will or may become payable to him or applicable for his benefit) for the words " payable to him or applicable for his benefit", where they first occur, there shall be substituted the words

payable to or applicable for the benefit of the settlor or the wife or husband of the settlor,

and, where they next occur, there shall be substituted the words

payable or applicable as aforesaid.

(3)Notwithstanding subsection (1) of this section, subsection (1) of the said section 415 shall not apply to income consisting of annual payments made—

(a)under a partnership agreement, by a member of a partnership to or for the benefit of a person, or, if he is dead, the widow or dependants of a person, who has ceased to be a member of the partnership by retirement or death ; or

(b)by any person, in connection with the acquisition by him of the whole or part of a business, to or for the benefit of the person from whom it is acquired or, if he is dead, his widow or dependants,

being, in either case, payments made under a liability incurred for full consideration; or to income arising under a settlement made by one party to a marriage by way of provision for the other after the dissolution or annulment of the marriage or while they are separated under an order of a court or under a separation agreement, being income payable to or applicable for the benefit of that other party.

(4)This section applies to settlements made on or after 7th April 1965.

13Withdrawal of initial allowances for cars

(1)Subject to subsection (2) of this section, no initial allowance under Chapter II of Part X of the Income Tax Act 1952 shall be made in respect of any expenditure incurred after 6th April 1965 on the provision of road vehicles unless they are of a type not commonly used as private vehicles and unsuitable to be so used or are provided wholly or mainly for hire to or for the carriage of members of the public in the ordinary course of a trade.

(2)Subsection (1) of this section shall not affect initial allowances under the said Chapter II in respect of any expenditure in so far as it consists (and is stated in the claim for the allowance to consist) of sums payable under a contract entered into on a date (to be specified in the claim) not later than the said 6th April.

(3)Subsection (2) of section 41 of the Finance Act 1963 (which limits the amount which may be allowed by way of initial allowance for a vehicle of the kind to which subsection (1) of this section applies) shall cease to have effect, and accordingly—

(a)in subsection (1) of that section for the words " the six following subsections " there shall be substituted the words

the five following subsections;

(b)in subsection (3)(b) of that section (and in section 291 of the Income Tax Act 1952 as amended by that subsection) for the words " subsections (2) and (3) " there shall be substituted the words

subsection (3); and

(c)in subsection (6) of the said section 41 for the words " for the references to six hundred pounds and to five hundred pounds there were substituted references to sums which bear

there shall be substituted the wordsfor the reference to five hundred pounds there were substituted a reference to a sum which bears ";

but this subsection shall not affect initial allowances in respect of expenditure incurred before 7th April 1965 or such expenditure as is mentioned in subsection (2) of this section, nor other allowances, or charges, in respect of vehicles the expenditure on the provision of which was incurred before that date or is such expenditure as is mentioned in that subsection.

(4)This section shall be construed as if contained in Chapter II of Part X of the said Act of 1952.

14Annual allowances for new ships

(1)Subject to the following subsections, annual (or writing-down) allowances under Chapter II of Part X of the Income Tax Act 1952 in respect of capital expenditure incurred after the beginning of the year 1965-66 on the provision of a new ship shall be computed in accordance with section 281 of that Act (normal method of computation) as if, instead of requiring such an allowance for a year of assessment to be five-fourths of the percentage therein specified of the relevant capital amount, that section required it to be so much of that amount as is specified by the person to whom the allowance is to be made in making his claim for the allowance; and accordingly (but subject as aforesaid) neither section 282 or 285 of that Act (alternative method of computation, and adjustments for abnormal use) nor section 35 of the Finance Act 1963 (rules for determination of rates of allowances) shall apply in relation to such allowances.

(2)Subsection (1) above shall not apply to allowances falling to be made to a person in respect of expenditure on the provision of a ship treated as incurred by him by virtue of section 299 of the Income Tax Act 1952 (allowances to lessees), unless the contract of letting provides that he shall or may become the owner of the ship on the performance of the contract; and where the contract so provides, but without becoming the owner of the ship he ceases to be entitled (otherwise than on his death) to the benefit of the contract so far as it relates to the ship, subsection (1) above shall be deemed not to have applied to allowances falling to be made to him in respect of the ship.

(3)Where subsection (1) above is to be deemed not to have applied to allowances for any period, there shall be made all such additional assessments and adjustments of assessments as may be necessary.

(4)For the purposes of this section—

(a)" new " means unused and not secondhand, but a ship shall not be treated as secondhand in relation to a claimant for an allowance in respect of it by reason of the property in the ship or any part thereof having previously passed to a person other than the claimant, if the ship has not been taken over from the builder by any such person; and

(b)" relevant capital amount " means the amount specified in section 281(1)(a) of the Income Tax Act 1952 as the amount by reference to which an annual allowance is to be computed.

(5)Expenditure shall not be treated for the purposes of this section as having been incurred after the beginning of the year 1965-66 by reason only of section 279(2) of the Income Tax Act 1952 (which relates to expenditure incurred by a person for the purposes of a trade before he begins to carry it on).

15Business entertaining expenses

(1)Subject to the provisions of this section—

(a)no deduction shall be made in computing profits or gains chargeable to tax under Schedule D for any expenses incurred in providing business entertainment, and such expenses shall not be included in computing any expenses of management in respect of which relief may be claimed under the Income Tax Acts ;

(b)no deduction for expenses so incurred shall be made from emoluments chargeable to tax under Schedule E ; and

(c)for the purposes of Chapter II of Part X of the Income Tax Act 1952 (capital allowances for machinery and plant) the use of any asset for providing business entertainment shall be treated as use otherwise than for the purposes of a trade.

(2)Subsection (1) of this section shall not apply to expenses incurred in, or the use of an asset for, the provision by a person carrying on a trade in the United Kingdom (in this section referred to as a " United Kingdom trader "), or by a member of his staff, of entertainment for an overseas customer of that person, being entertainment of a kind and on a scale which is reasonable having regard to all the circumstances.

(3)The expenses to which paragraph (a) of subsection (1) of this section applies include, in the case of any person, any sums paid by him to, or on behalf of, or placed by him at the disposal of, a member of his staff exclusively for the purpose of defraying expenses incurred or to be incurred by him in providing business entertainment, but where—

(a)any such sum falls to be included in his emoluments chargeable to tax under Schedule E; and

(b)the deduction or inclusion of that sum as mentioned in that paragraph falls to be disallowed in whole or in part by virtue of this section;

paragraph (b) of that subsection shall not preclude the deduction of any expenses defrayed out of that sum.

(4)Where by virtue of subsection (2) of this section a person claims to deduct or include any expenses as mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b) of subsection (1) of this section or claims any allowance under the provisions mentioned in paragraph (c) of that subsection he shall, if the inspector so requires, furnish particulars of the entertainment in question and of the person for whom it was provided; and Part III of the Finance Act 1960 (penalties) shall have effect as if this subsection were included among the provisions specified in column 3 of Schedule 6 to that Act.

(5)For the purposes of this section " business entertainment" means entertainment (including hospitality of any kind) provided by a person or by a member of his staff in connection with a trade carried on by that person, but does not include anything provided by him for bona fide members of his staff unless its provision for them is incidental to its provision also for others.

(6)For the purposes of this section " overseas customer" means, in relation to any United Kingdom trader—

(a)any person who is not ordinarily resident nor carrying on a trade in the United Kingdom and avails himself, or may be expected to avail himself, in the course of a trade carried on by him outside the United Kingdom, of any goods, services or facilities which it is the trade of the United Kingdom trader to provide; and

(b)any person who is not ordinarily resident in the United Kingdom and is acting, in relation to such goods, services or facilities, on behalf of an overseas customer within paragraph (a) of this subsection or on behalf of any government or public authority of a country outside the United Kingdom.

(7)In this section any reference to expenses incurred in, or to the use of an asset for, providing entertainment includes a reference to expenses incurred in, or to the use of an asset for, providing anything incidental thereto; references to a trade include references to any business, profession or vocation; and references to the members of a person's staff are references to persons employed by that person, directors of a company or persons engaged in the management thereof being for this purpose deemed to be persons employed by it.

(8)This section shall apply in relation to the provision of a gift as it applies in relation to the provision of entertainment, except that it shall not by virtue of this subsection apply in relation to the provision for any person of a gift consisting of an article incorporating a conspicuous advertisement for the donor, being an article—

(a)which is not food, drink, tobacco or a token or voucher exchangeable for goods; and

(b)the cost of which to the donor, taken together with the cost to him of any other such articles given by him to that person in the same year, does not exceed £1.

(9)Nothing in this section shall be taken as precluding the -deduction of expenses incurred in, or any claim for capital allowances in respect of the use of an asset for, the provision by any person of anything which it is his trade to provide, and which is provided by him in the ordinary course of that trade for payment or, with the object of advertising to the public generally, gratuitously.

(10)Paragraphs (a) and (b) of subsection (1) of this section apply to expenses incurred after 6th April 1965, and paragraph (c) of that subsection applies to use after that date.

16Cost of maintenance etc. of agricultural land: restriction of relief under Finance Act 1963

(1)Section 29(4) of the Finance Act 1963 (under which a deduction is allowable in computing profits or gains chargeable under Case I or II of Schedule D for the year 1963-64 of the excess of certain maintenance payments over relief available under sections 99 to 101 of the Income Tax Act 1952 (general maintenance relief)), and paragraph 11 of Schedule 4 to that Act (under which relief may be given by reference to the excess of certain maintenance payments over relief available under the said sections 99 to 101, or under section 176(1)(g) of the Income Tax Act 1952) shall be amended as follows.

(2)References in the said section 29(4) and in sub-paragraph (4) of the said paragraph 11 to any amount of relief under the said section 101 shall include, and be deemed from the passing of the Finance Act 1963 to have included, any additional amount of relief which, on a claim in that behalf, could have been allowed under the said section 101 if the assessments on the land in question, as reduced for the purposes of collection, had been sufficient for the purpose, so far as the additional amount which could have been so allowed is, under section 313 of the Income Tax Act 1952 (cost of maintenance etc. of agricultural land) to be treated as if it were the amount of an allowance falling to be made under the said Act by way of discharge or repayment of tax.

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