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The Conservation of Habitats and Species (Amendment) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019

Draft Legislation:

This is a draft item of legislation and has not yet been made as a UK Statutory Instrument. This draft has been replaced by a new draft, The Conservation of Habitats and Species (Amendment) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019 ISBN 978-0-11-117951-2

Draft Regulations laid before Parliament under paragraph 1(1) of Schedule 7 to the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018, for approval by resolution of each House of Parliament.

Draft Statutory Instruments

2019 No. 0000

Exiting The European Union

Wildlife

The Conservation of Habitats and Species (Amendment) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019

Made

***

Coming into force in accordance with regulation 1

The Secretary of State, with the consent of the Treasury, makes these Regulations in exercise of the powers conferred by section 8(1) and section 14(1) of, paragraph 1 of Schedule 4 and paragraph 21 of Schedule 7, to the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018(1).

In accordance with paragraph 1(1) of Schedule 7 to that Act, a draft of this instrument has been laid before Parliament and approved by a resolution of each House of Parliament.

PART 1Introduction

Citation and commencement

1.  These Regulations may be cited as the Conservation of Habitats and Species (Amendment) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019 and come into force on exit day.

PART 2Amendment of primary legislation

Amendment of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981: England and Wales

2.  In section 27 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981(2), as it extends to England and Wales, in the definition of “wild bird”, after “visitor to”, insert “the United Kingdom or”.

PART 3Amendments to the Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations 2017

Amendment of the Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations 2017

3.  The Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations 2017(3) are amended as follows.

Amendment of regulation 3 (interpretation)

4.—(1) Regulation 3 is amended as follows.

(2) In paragraph (1)—

(a)after the definition of “marine area”, insert—

“the national site network” means the network of sites in the United Kingdom’s territory consisting of such sites as—

(a)

immediately before exit day formed part of Natura 2000; or

(b)

at any time on or after exit day are European sites, European marine sites and European offshore marine sites for the purposes of any of the retained transposing regulations;;

(b)in the definition of “Natura 2000”, at the end insert “(but see paragraphs (10) and (11))”;

(c)after the definition of “officer”, insert—

“offshore marine area” has the meaning given by regulation 4(2) (Plans or projects relating to offshore marine area or offshore marine installations)

(d)after the definition of “relevant licensing body”, insert—

“the requirements of the Directives” is to be interpreted in accordance with paragraphs (3) and (4) of regulation 3A;;

(e)after the definition of “research”, insert—

“the retained transposing regulations”, means—

(i)

the Offshore Marine Conservation Regulations 2017 (4);

(ii)

the Conservation (Natural Habitats, etc.) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1995(5);

(iii)

the Conservation (Natural Habitats, &c.) Regulations 1994(6); and

(iv)

these Regulations;

and “the other retained transposing regulations” means the retained transposing regulations other than these Regulations;;;

(f)in the definition of “special area of conservation”, at the end, insert “, and includes any such site designated after exit day under the retained transposing regulations;”.

(g)After the definition of “the TCPA 1990”—

“the United Kingdom’s territory” means the United Kingdom and the offshore marine area;;

(3) In paragraph (4), for “as amended from time to time”, substitute “as it had effect immediately before exit day, or as subsequently amended under regulation 144”.

(4) After paragraph (9), insert—

(10) For the purposes of these Regulations, and any guidance issued before exit day by the appropriate authority or the appropriate nature conservation body, relating to the application of these Regulations, on or after exit day, references to “Natura 2000” (other than in this regulation) are to be construed as references to the national site network.

(11) Paragraph (10) does not affect the interpretation of these Regulations as they had effect, or any guidance as it applied, before exit day..

Insertion of new regulation 3A

5.  After regulation 3, insert—

Interpretation: the Directives

3A.(1) The Habitats Directive is to be construed for the purposes of these Regulations as if—

(a)any reference to “the European territory of the Member States to which the Treaty applies” included a reference to the United Kingdom;

(b)any reference to “Member State” or “Member States” included a reference to the United Kingdom;

(c)any reference to “of Community interest” included, in relation to the United Kingdom, a reference to “of national interest”;

(d)in Article 1(d) and (h), references to “the Community” were references to “the European Union or the United Kingdom”; and

(e)in Article 1(l), the reference to “a site of Community importance designated by the Member State” included, in relation to the United Kingdom, a reference to a site of national importance designated under any of the retained transposing regulations.

(2) The new Wild Birds Directive is to be construed for the purposes of these Regulations as if—

(a)any reference to “the European territory of the Member States to which the Treaty applies” included a reference to the United Kingdom; and

(b)any reference to “Member State” or “Member States” included a reference to the United Kingdom.

(3) Any reference in these Regulations to “the requirements of the Directives” is to be construed as if the objectives of the Directives included the objectives referred to in regulation 16A(2).

(4) The appropriate authority may, after consultation with the appropriate nature conservation body and such other bodies or persons as it considers appropriate, issue guidance as to the interpretation of the requirements of the Directives.

(5) Any guidance issued under paragraph (4) must be published by the appropriate authority in such manner as it considers appropriate..

Amendments of regulation 8 (European sites and European marine sites)

6.  In regulation 8(1)—

(a)in sub-paragraph (b), at the end insert “before exit day”;

(b)omit sub-paragraph (c);

(c)in sub-paragraph (d), after “classified”, insert “before exit day”, and after the closing parenthesis, insert “or classified after exit day under the retained transposing regulations”;

(d)in sub-paragraph (e)—

(i)after “which”, insert “before exit day”, and for “under regulation 12” substitute “ in accordance with Article 4(1) of the Habitats Directive”; and

(ii)for sub-paragraphs (i) and (ii) substitute—

(i)the site is designated as a special area of conservation under regulation 12 or under a corresponding provision in the other retained transposing regulations; or

(ii)the appropriate authority gives the appropriate nature conservation body notice of its intention not to designate the site, setting out the reasons for its decision, in accordance with regulation 141A(3)..

Amendment to regulation 9 (duties relating to compliance with the Directives)

7.  In regulation 9, after paragraph (4) insert—

(4A) In complying with their duties under paragraphs (1) and (3), the nature conservation body and a competent authority must have regard to any guidance issued under regulation 3A(4)—

(a)by the Secretary of State, in relation to England; or

(b)by the Welsh Ministers, in relation to Wales..

New regulation 9A

8.  After regulation 9, insert—

Reports

9A.(1) Within six years from exit day, and at least every six years thereafter, the appropriate authority must publish, in such form as it sees fit, a report on the implementation of the measures taken for the purpose of giving effect to the provisions of the Directives, and the achievement of the objectives set out in Article 2 of the Habitats Directive and Articles 2 and 3 of the new Wild Birds Directive.

(2) The report under paragraph (1) must include in particular—

(a)information concerning conservation measures taken under Article 6(1) of the Habitats Directive;

(b)information on provisions mentioned in Article 12 of the new Wild Birds Directive;

(c)an evaluation of the impact of those conservation measures on the conservation status of the natural habitat types listed in Annex I of the Habitats Directive, and of the species listed in Annex II of that Directive; and

(d)the main results of the surveillance undertaken under Part 4 of these Regulations.

(3) Within, two years from the later of the date of publication of the last of the reports to be published—

(a)under paragraph (1); or

(b)within the relevant six-year period under any corresponding requirement of the other retained transposing regulations.

the Secretary of State must, publish a composite report.

(4) A composite report published under paragraph (3) must—

(a)be in such form as the Secretary of State sees fit;

(b)include an appropriate evaluation of the progress achieved and, in particular, of the contribution of the national site network to the achievement of the objective of enabling the natural habitat types listed in Annex I to the Habitats Directive, and the species listed in Annex II to that Directive, to be maintained at or, where appropriate, restored to, a favourable conservation status in their natural range; and

(c)be submitted in draft to the devolved administrations for verification..

Amendment of Regulation 10 (duties in relation to wild bird habitat)

9.  In regulation 10(8), for “area to which the new Wild Birds Directive applies” substitute “seaward limits of the offshore marine area (as defined in regulation 4(2)”.

Amendments of regulations 12 to 13

10.  For regulations 12 to 13 substitute—

Duty to designate special areas of conservation

12.(1) The appropriate authority must, having regard to the priorities established under regulation 13, designate as special areas of conservation such sites in England and Wales as the authority considers to be sites of national importance.

(2) Sites of national importance are sites which contribute significantly to the objective in paragraph (3)(a) or the objective in paragraph (3)(b).

(3) The objectives referred to in paragraph (2) are—

(a)the maintenance, or restoration, at favourable conservation status in their natural range of the natural habitat types listed in Annex I to the Habitats Directive or the species listed in Annex II to that Directive; and

(b)the maintenance of biological diversity within the Atlantic biogeographic region.

(4) For animal species ranging over wide areas, those sites determined to be of national importance must correspond to places within the natural range of such species, which present the physical or biological factors essential to their life and reproduction.

(5) For aquatic species which range over wide areas, such sites are to be determined to be of national importance only where there is a clearly identifiable area which is distinct in providing the physical and biological factors essential to their life and reproduction.

(6) In determining which sites are of national importance for the purposes of paragraph (1), the appropriate authority must—

(a)apply the Annex III criteria;

(b)make its determination only on the basis of relevant scientific information; and

(c)have regard to the importance of the population of a species or area of a habitat found in the United Kingdom for the purpose of meeting the objectives in paragraph (3).

(7) For the purposes of paragraph (6)(a), the Annex III criteria are to be construed as if—

(a)for “Community importance” there were substituted “national importance”;

(b)a reference to a “Member State” is to be taken to be a reference to the appropriate authority;

(b)for “continuous ecosystem situated on both sides of one or more internal Community frontiers” there were substituted “continuous ecosystem extending beyond the borders of the United Kingdom”; and

(c)for “the biogeographical regions concerned and/or for the whole of the territory referred to in Article 2” there were substituted “the Atlantic biogeographical region””.

(8) In applying the Annex III criteria, the appropriate authority must—

(a)in relation to the application of stage 1 of the Annex III criteria, have regard to the advice of the appropriate nature conservation body; and

(b)in relation to the application of stage 2 of the Annex III criteria, have regard to the advice of the Joint Nature Conservation Committee.

(9) In this regulation, “the Annex III criteria” means the criteria set out in Annex III to the Habitats Directive.

Priorities for designating special areas of conservation

13.(1) The appropriate authority must, in accordance with paragraph (2), establish priorities for designating as special areas of conservation such sites as it has determined to be sites of national importance.

(2) Priorities for the purpose of paragraph (1) must be established in the light of—

(a)the importance of the sites for the maintenance at or restoration to a favourable conservation status of—

(i)a natural habitat type specified in Annex I to the Habitats Directive; or

(ii)a species specified in Annex II to the Habitats Directive;

(b)the importance of such sites for the coherence of the national site network; and

(c)the threats of degradation or destruction to which the sites are exposed.

Omission of Regulation 14 (Consultation as to inclusion of site omitted from the list)

11.  Omit regulation 14.

Amendment of regulation 15 (classification of sites as special protection areas)

12.—(1) Regulation 15 is amended as follows.

(2) For paragraph (4) substitute—

(4) In applying the criteria referred to in sub-paragraphs (3)(a) and (b) in relation to any species, references in Articles 4(1) and (2) of the new Wild Birds Directive to classifying the most suitable territories “in the geographical sea and land area where this Directive applies” are to be construed as referring to the most suitable territories in the United Kingdom’s territory, having regard to the importance of such territories for ensuring the survival and reproduction of that species in their area of distribution.

(3) Omit paragraphs (5) and (6).

Insertion of new regulation 16A

13.  After regulation 16, insert—

Management objectives of the national site network

16A.(1) The appropriate authority must, in co-operation with any other authority having a corresponding responsibility, manage, and where necessary adapt, the national site network, so far as it consists of European sites, with a view to contributing to the achievement of the management objectives of the national site network.

(2) The management objectives of the national site network are—

(a)to maintain at, or where appropriate restore to, a favourable conservation status in their natural range (so far as it lies in the United Kingdom’s territory, and so far as is proportionate)—

(i)the habitat types listed in Annex I to the Habitats Directive; and

(ii)the species listed in Annex II to that Directive whose natural range includes any part of the United Kingdom’s territory; and

(b)to contribute to ensuring the survival and reproduction in their area of distribution of—

(i)species of birds listed in Annex I to the new Wild Birds Directive which naturally occur in the United Kingdom’s territory; and

(ii)regularly occurring migratory species of birds not listed in that Annex which naturally occur in the United Kingdom’s territory.

(3) In complying with the obligation in paragraph (1), the appropriate authority must have regard—

(a)in relation to any European sites which is not of a kind mentioned in regulation 8(1)(d), to the considerations mentioned in paragraph (4); and

(b)in relation to European sites of a kind mentioned in regulation 8(1)(d), to the consideration mentioned in paragraph (5).

(4) The considerations mentioned in paragraph (3)(a) are—

(a)the importance of the sites for the maintenance at, or restoration to, a favourable conservation status, throughout their natural range, of—

(i)a natural habitat type specified in Annex I to the Habitats Directive; or

(ii)a species specified in Annex II to the Habitats Directive;

(b)the importance of the sites for the coherence of national site network; and

(c)the threats of degradation or destruction to which the sites are exposed.

(5) The consideration mentioned in paragraph (3)(b) is the importance of the sites for ensuring the survival and reproduction of the species mentioned in regulation 15(2) in their area of distribution.

(6) In paragraph (2)(a), “proportionate” means proportionate to the relative importance of—

(a)the part of the natural range lying in the United Kingdom’s territory; and

(b)the part of the natural range lying outside the United Kingdom’s territory;

for achieving a favourable conservation status..

Amendment of regulation 17 (register of European sites)

14.  Regulation 17(2) is amended as follows—

(a)in sub-paragraph (b), for “as soon as they are” substitute “which before exit day were”;

(b)omit sub-paragraph (c); and

(c)in sub-paragraph (e), for “under regulation 12” substitute “before exit day”.

Amendment of regulation 24 (assessment of implications for European sites)

15.  Omit regulation 24(3).

Amendment of regulation 29 (assessment of implications for European sites after service of stop notice)

16.—(1) Regulation 29 is amended as follows.

(2) In paragraph (6)(b), omit “, having due regard to the opinion of the European Commission,”;

(3) Omit paragraph (8).

Amendment of regulation 44 (protection of certain wild animals: defences)

17.  In regulation 44(7), before sub-paragraph (a), insert—

(aa)it was taken from the wild in the United Kingdom without contravention of the law and before 10th June 1994;.

Amendment of regulation 45 (prohibition of certain methods of capturing or killing wild animals)

18.—(1) Regulation 45 is amended as follows.

(2) In paragraph (2), for sub-paragraphs (a) and (b), substitute—

(a)any means listed in paragraph 1 or 2 of Schedule 4A;

(b)any form of capturing or killing from a mode of transport listed in paragraph 3 of Schedule 4A..

(3) Omit paragraphs (3) to (5).

Amendment of regulation 48 (protection of certain wild plants: defences)

19.  In regulation 48(5), before sub-paragraph (a), insert—

(aa)it was taken from the wild in the United Kingdom without contravention of the law and before 10th June 1994;.

Amendment of regulation 50 (surveillance of conservation status of habitats and species)

20.—(1) Regulation 50 is amended as follows.

(2) In paragraph (1), for “Community”, in both places where it occurs, substitute “national”.

(3) In paragraph (7)—

(a)for the definition of “natural habitat types of Community interest” substitute—

“natural habitats of national interest” means natural habitat types listed in Annex I to the Habitats Directive;

(b)in the definition of “relevant habitat type or species”, for “Community” substitute “national”; and

(c)for the definition of “species of Community interest”, substitute—

“species of national interest” means species of wild fauna and flora listed in Annex II, IV or V to the Habitats Directive..

Amendment to regulation 51 (protection of certain animals and plants from exploitation)

21.  In regulation 51(1), omit “or otherwise arranged for the purpose of Article 11 of the Habitats Directive (surveillance)”.

Amendment of regulation 53 (protection from incidental capture and killing)

22.  In regulation 53(1), omit “or otherwise arranged for the purpose of Article 12(4) of the Habitats Directive (system to monitor incidental capture and killing)”.

Amendment of regulation 55 (licences for certain activities relating to animals or plants)

23.  In regulation 55, after paragraph 14, insert—

(15) Within two years from exit day, and thereafter within two years of the publication of the last such report, each relevant licensing body must publish, in such form as it sees fit, a report on licences granted under paragraph (1) in the preceding two years.

(16) A report made under paragraph (15) must specify—

(a)the species to which the licence relates and the reason for granting the licence, including the nature of the risk, with, if appropriate, a reference to alternatives rejected and scientific data used;

(b)in relation to any animal species, any means authorised for the capture or killing of the species and the reasons for the use of that means;

(c)when and where the licence was granted; and

(d)the supervisory measures taken to check that the required conditions of the licence have been complied with, any monitoring that has been carried out of compliance with the conditions of the licence, and the results of that monitoring..

Amendment of regulation 63 (assessment of implications for European sites and European offshore marine sites)

24.  In regulation 63(7), omit sub-paragraphs (a) and (b).

Amendment of regulation 64 (considerations of overriding public interest)

25.—(1) Regulation 64 is amended as follows.

(2) In paragraphs (2)(b) and (3), for “European Commission” substitute “appropriate authority”.

(3) For paragraph (4) substitute—

(4) In giving its opinion as to whether the reasons are imperative reasons of overriding public interest, the appropriate authority must have regard to the national interest, and provide its opinion to the competent authority..

(4) After paragraph (4), insert—

(4A) Before giving its opinion as to whether the reasons are imperative reasons of overriding public interest, the appropriate authority must consult the following, and have regard to their opinion—

(a)the Joint Nature Conservation Committee;

(b)where the appropriate authority is the Secretary of State, the devolved administrations;

(c)where the appropriate authority is the Welsh Ministers, the Secretary of State, and the other devolved administrations; and

(d)any other person the appropriate authority considers appropriate..

Amendment of regulation 107 (considerations of overriding public interest)

26.—(1) Regulation 107 is amended as follows.

(2) In paragraphs (2)(b) and (3), for “European Commission” substitute “appropriate authority”.

(3) For paragraph (4) substitute—

(4) In giving its opinion as to whether the reasons are imperative reasons of overriding public interest, the appropriate authority must have regard to the national interest, and provide its opinion to the competent authority..

(4) After paragraph (4) insert—

(4A) Before giving its opinion as to whether the reasons are imperative reasons of overriding public interest, the appropriate authority must consult the following, and have regard to their opinion—

(a)the Joint Nature Conservation Committee;

(b)where the appropriate authority is the Secretary of State, the devolved administrations;

(c)where the appropriate authority is the Welsh Ministers, the Secretary of State and the other devolved administrations; and

(d)any other person the appropriate authority considers appropriate..

Amendment of regulation 116 (powers of entry: wildlife inspectors)

27.  In regulation 116(9), in the definition of “third country ship”—

(a)in sub-paragraph (a), for “(other than Gibraltar) which is not a member State” substitute “other than the United Kingdom”;

(b)in sub-paragraph (b), for “a member State”, substitute “the United Kingdom”.

Amendment to regulation 136 (research)

28.  Omit regulation 136(2).

Insertion of new regulation 141A

29.  After regulation 141, insert—

Transitional provisions: EU exit

141A.(1) Where before exit day a site in England or Wales has been adopted in accordance with the procedure set out in Article 4(2) of the Habitats Directive (list of sites of Community importance), the appropriate authority must designate that site as a special area of conservation as soon as possible and no later than six years from the date of adoption of that site.

(2) Paragraph (3) applies where a site in England or Wales——

(a)has before exit day been proposed, in a list of sites transmitted to the European Commission, as eligible for identification as of Community importance in accordance with the procedure laid out in Article 4(2) of the Habitats Directive (list of sites of Community importance); and

(b)has not yet been so identified as being of Community importance.

(3) Where this paragraph applies, the appropriate authority must within six years of exit day designate the site as a special area of conservation or give notice to the appropriate nature conservation body of its intention not to designate the site, and publish, in such form as it sees fit, its reasons for not designating it..

Insertion of new regulations 143 to 145

30.  After regulation 142, insert—

Amendment of Schedules

143.(1) The appropriate authority may by regulations amend Schedule 2 or 5 for the purpose of adding any species listed in Annex IV(a) or (b) to the Habitats Directive where it is satisfied that the natural range of that species includes any area in Great Britain.

(2) The appropriate authority may by regulations make such other amendments as it considers necessary for adapting Schedules 2 to 5 to technical and scientific progress.

(3) Regulation 145 applies in relation to any amendment made under paragraph (1) or (2).

Amendment of the Annexes to the Directives

144.(1) Paragraph (2) applies for the purposes of the application of the Annexes so far as they are relevant to any reference in these Regulations to—

(a)the Directives;

(b)the Annexes; or

(c)any provisions of the Directives to which the Annexes relate.

(2) The appropriate authorities may by regulations make such amendments to the Annexes as they consider necessary for the purpose of adapting them to technical and scientific progress.

(3) Regulation 145 applies in relation to any amendment made under paragraph (2).

(4) In this regulation, “the Annexes” means—

(a)Annexes I to IV to the Habitats Directive; and

(b)Annexes I to V to the new Wild Birds Directive.”.

Statutory instruments

145.(1) The power to make an amendment under regulation 143 (amendment of Schedules) or 144 (amendment of the Annexes to the Directives) is exercisable by statutory instrument.

(2) A statutory instrument made by the Secretary of State under regulation 143(2) amending Schedule 2, or under regulation 144 amending Annex IV to the Habitats Directive, may not be made unless a draft of the instrument has been laid before, and approved by resolution of each House of Parliament.

(3) A statutory instrument made by the Secretary of State in any other case is subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

(4) A statutory instrument made by the Welsh Ministers under regulation 143(2) amending Schedule 2, or under regulation 144 amending Annex IV to the Habitats Directive, may not be made unless a draft of the instrument has been laid before, and approved by resolution of, the National Assembly for Wales.

(5) A statutory instrument made by the Welsh Ministers in any other case is subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of the National Assembly for Wales..

Insertion of new Schedule 4A

31.  After Schedule 4, insert Schedule 4A, as set out in Schedule 1.

PART 4Amendments to the Conservation of Offshore Marine Habitats and Species Regulations 2017

Amendment of the Conservation of Offshore Marine Habitats and Species Regulations 2017

32.  The Conservation of Offshore Marine Habitats and Species Regulations 2017(7) are amended as follows.

Amendment of regulation 2 (interpretation)

33.—(1) Regulation 2 is amended as follows.

(2) In paragraph (1)—

(a)after the definition of “the 2017 Regulations” insert—

“the United Kingdom territory” means “the United Kingdom (including its internal waters), the territorial sea adjacent and the offshore marine area;;

(b)in the definition of “the Habitats Directive”, at the end, insert “under regulation 144 of the 2017 Regulations”;

(c)after the definition of “management scheme”, insert—

“the national site network” means the network of sites in the United Kingdom’s territory consisting of such sites as—

(a)

immediately before exit day formed part of Natura 2000; or

(b)

at any time on or after exit day are European sites or European marine sites for the purposes of any of the retained transposing regulations;;

(d)in the definition of “Natura 2000”, at the end, insert “(but see paragraphs (3) and (4))”;

(e)after the definition of “the register”, insert—

“the relevant administration”, except where otherwise specified, means—

(a)

in relation to a site within the Scottish offshore region, the Scottish Ministers;

(b)

in relation to a site within the Welsh offshore region, the Welsh Ministers; and

(c)

in relation to any other site, the Secretary of State;

“the retained transposing regulations”, means—

(a)

the Conservation (Natural Habitats, &c.) Regulations 1994;

(b)

the Conservation (Natural Habitats, etc.) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1995;

(c)

the 2017 Regulations; and

(d)

these Regulations;;

(f)in the definition of “third country ship”—

(i)in sub-paragraph (a), for “(other than Gibraltar) which is not a member State” substitute “other than the United Kingdom”; and

(ii)in sub-paragraph (b), for “a member state”, substitute “the United Kingdom”; and

(g)in the definition of “the Wild Birds Directive”, at the end insert “under regulation 144 of the 2017 Regulations for the purposes specified in paragraph (1) of that regulation.”.

(3) After paragraph (2), insert—

(3) For the purposes of these Regulations, and any guidance issued by the Secretary of State, the devolved administrations or the Joint Committee relating to the application of these Regulations, on or after exit day, references to “Natura 2000” (other than in this regulation) are to be construed as references to the national site network.

(4) Paragraph (3) does not affect the interpretation of these Regulations as they had effect, or any guidance as it applied, before exit day.

(5) The Habitats Directive is to be construed for the purposes of these Regulations as if—

(a)any reference to “the European territory of Member States to which the Treaty applies” included a reference to the United Kingdom;

(b)any reference to “Member State” or “Member States” included a reference to the United Kingdom;

(c)any reference to “of Community interest”, included, in relation to the United Kingdom, a reference to “of national interest”;

(d)in Article 1(d) and (h), the reference to “the Community” were a reference to “the European Union or the United Kingdom”; and

(e)in Article 1(1), the reference to “a site of Community importance designated by the Member States” included, in relation to the United Kingdom, a reference to a site of national importance designated under any of the retained transposing regulations.

(6) The Wild Birds Directive is to be construed for the purposes of these Regulations as if any reference to “the European territory of the Member States to which the Treaty applies” included a reference to the United Kingdom..

Amendment of regulation 6 (duty of competent authorities)

34.  After regulation 6, insert—

6A.(1) The Secretary of State must publish, at least every six years from exit day, a report on the implementation of the measures for the conservation of the natural habitat types listed in Annex I to the Habitats Directive and species listed in Annex II to that Directive.

(2) The report must include in particular—

(a)information concerning conservation measures taken under Article 6(1) of the Habitats Directive;

(b)information on provisions mentioned in Article 12 of the new Wild Birds Directive;

(c)an evaluation of the impact of those conservation measures on the conservation status of the natural habitat types listed in Annex I to the Habitats Directive and of the species listed in Annex II to that Directive;

(d)the main results of the surveillance undertaken under Part 4 of these Regulations.

(3) The report must be published in such form as the Secretary of State sees fit.

(4) The report, must be submitted in draft to the devolved administrations for verification.

Amendment of regulation 7 (list of sites eligible for identification as of Community importance)

35.  For regulation 7 substitute—

Duty to designate special areas of conservation

7.(1) The relevant administration must designate as special areas of conservation such sites in the offshore marine area it considers to be sites of national importance.

(2) Sites of national importance are sites which contribute significantly to the objective in paragraph (3)(a) or the objective in paragraph (3)(b).

(3) The objectives referred to in paragraph (2) are—

(a)the maintenance, or restoration, at favourable conservation status in their natural range, of the natural habitat types listed in Annex I to the Habitats Directive or the species listed in Annex II to that Directive; and

(b)the maintenance of biological diversity within the Atlantic biogeographic region.

(4) For aquatic species which range over wide areas, such sites are to be determined to be of national importance only where there is a clearly identifiable area which is distinct in providing the physical and biological factors essential to their life and reproduction.

(5) in determining which sites are of national importance for the purposes of paragraph (1), the relevant administration must—

(a)apply the Annex III criteria;

(b)make its determination only on the basis of relevant scientific information; and

(c)have regard to the importance of the population of a species or area of a habitat, found in the United Kingdom’s territory, in ensuring that the objectives in paragraph (3) are met .

(6) For the purposes of paragraph (5)(a), the Annex III criteria are to be construed as if—

(a)for “Community importance” there were substituted “national importance”;

(b)a reference to a “Member State” is to be taken to be a reference to the relevant administration;

(c)for “continuous ecosystem situated on both sides of one or more internal Community frontiers” there were substituted “continuous ecosystem extending beyond the borders of the United Kingdom; and

(d)for “the biogeographical regions concerned and/or for the whole of the territory referred to in Article 2” there were substituted “the Atlantic biogeographical region””.

(7) The relevant authority must have regard to the advice of the Joint Committee in relation to the application of Annex III to the Habitats Directive.

(8) In relation to a site in the Welsh offshore region which before these Regulations come into force has been the subject of a proposal under regulation 8(1) of the Offshore Marine (Natural Habitats, &c.) Regulations 2007(8), the relevant administration for the purposes of paragraph (1) is the Secretary of State.

(9) In this regulation, “the Annex III criteria” means the criteria set out in Annex III to the Habitats Directive.

New regulation 7A

36.  After regulation 7, insert—

Priorities for designating special areas of conservation

7A.  The relevant administration must establish priorities for the designation of sites in the light of—

(a)the importance of the sites for the maintenance or restoration at a favourable conservation status of—

(i)a natural habitat type specified in Annex I to the Habitats Directive; or

(ii)a species specified in Annex II to the Habitats Directive;

(b)the importance of the sites for the coherence of national site network; and

(c)the threats of degradation or destruction to which the sites are exposed..

Amendment of regulation 8 (notification of a proposal)

37.—(1) Regulation 8 is amended as follows.

(2) In paragraph (1), for “If the Secretary of State proposes to include a site in the list to be transmitted under regulation 7(1), the Secretary of State” substitute “If the relevant administration proposes to designate a site as a special area of conservation, it”.

(3) Omit paragraphs (2) and (3).

(4) In paragraph (4), for “(3)” substitute “(1)”.

(5) In paragraph (5)—

(a)omit “or (3)”; and

(b)in sub-paragraph (e), for “(3)” substitute “(1)”.

(6) In paragraph (9), for “Secretary of State” substitute “relevant administration”.

(7) Omit paragraphs (10) and (12).

Amendment of regulations 9 to 11

38.  Omit regulations 9 to 11.

Amendment of regulation 12 (classification of sites as special protection areas)

39.—(1) Regulation 12 is amended as follows.

(2) For paragraph (4) substitute—

(4) In applying the criteria referred to in sub-paragraphs (3)(a) and (b), references in Articles 4(1) and (4(2) of the Wild Birds Directive to classifying the most suitable territories “in the geographical sea and land area where this Directive applies” are to be construed as referring to the most suitable sites in the offshore marine area, having regard to the importance of such territories for ensuring the survival and reproduction of that species in their area of distribution..

(3) Omit paragraphs (5) and (6).

Amendment of regulation 13 (classification of sites in the Scottish offshore region and the Welsh offshore region as special protection areas)

40.  In regulation 13 omit paragraphs (9) and (10).

Amendment to regulations 15 to 17 (hearings)

41.—(1) Regulation 15 is amended as follows.

(2) In paragraphs (1) to (3), for “Secretary of State”, in each place where it occurs, substitute “relevant administration”;

(3) In paragraph (1), omit sub-paragraph (b);

(4) In paragraph (4)—

(a)for “the Secretary of State”, in both places where it occurs, substitute “a relevant administration”;

(b)for “the Scottish Ministers”,—

(i)for the first reference, substitute “another relevant administration”;

(ii)for the second reference, substitute “that other administration”; and

(c)For “regulation 16”, substitute “this regulation”.

(5) Omit paragraph (5).

(6) Omit regulations 16 and 17.

Amendment of regulation 18 (meaning of “European offshore marine site”)

42.  In regulation 18—

(a)in paragraph (b), at the end insert “before exit day”;

(b)omit paragraph (c); and

(c)for sub-paragraph (e) substitute—

(e)a site which, before exit day, was proposed to the European Commission under Article 4(1) of the Habitats Directive, until such time as—

(i)the site is designated as a special area of conservation under regulation 7; or

(ii)the relevant administration gives notice to the appropriate nature conservation body of its intention not to designate the site, setting out the reasons for its decision, in accordance with regulation 86A(3)(b)..

Insertion of new regulation 18A

43.  After regulation 18, insert—

Management objectives of the national site network

18A.(1) The Secretary of State and the devolved administrations must, in co-operation with each other, manage, and where necessary adapt, the national site network, so far as it consists of European offshore marine sites, with a view to contributing to the achievement of the management objectives of the national site network.

(2) The management objectives of the national site network are—

(a)to maintain or, where appropriate restore to, a favourable conservation status in their natural range (so far as it lies in the United Kingdom’s territory, and so far as is proportionate)—

(i)the habitat types listed in Annex 1 to the Habitats Directive; and

(ii)the species listed in Annex II to that Directive whose natural range includes any part of the United Kingdom’s territory; and

(b)to contribute to ensuring the survival and reproduction in their area of distribution of —

(i)species of birds listed in Annex I to the Wild Birds Directive which naturally occur in the United Kingdom’s territory; and

(ii)regularly occurring migratory species of birds not listed in that Annex which naturally occur in that area .

(3) In complying with the obligation in paragraph (1), the Secretary of State and the devolved administrations must have regard—

(a)in relation to sites designated under regulation 7(1) to—

(i)the importance of the sites for meeting the objectives in regulation 7(3);

(ii)the importance of the sites for the coherence of national site network; and

(iii)the threats of degradation or destruction to which the sites are exposed; and

(b)in relation to sites classified under regulation 12(1), to the importance of such sites for ensuring the survival and reproduction of the species mentioned in regulation 12(2) in their area of distribution.

(4) In paragraph (2)(a), “proportionate” means proportionate to the relative importance of—

(a)the part of the natural range lying in the United Kingdom’s territory; and

(b)the part of the natural range lying outside the United Kingdom’s territory;

for achieving a favourable conservation status..

Amendment of regulation 19 (register of European offshore marine sites)

44.—(1) Regulation 19 is amended as follows.

(2) In paragraph (2)—

(a)in sub-paragraph (b), for “as soon as they are” substitute “which before exit day were”;

(b)omit sub-paragraph (c); and

(c)in sub-paragraph (e), after “which” insert “, before exit day,”.

(3) In paragraph (3), omit sub-paragraph (d).

(4) For paragraph (5), substitute—

(5) Where a site ceases to fall within any of the categories in paragraph (2) for which it is listed in the register the relevant administration must amend the relevant entry in the register in respect of that site..

Amendment of regulation 20 (notification of changes to the register)

45.  In regulation 20(2), for “another” substitute “a”.

Amendment of regulation 24 (co-ordinated management of sites)

46.  In regulation 24, in paragraphs (1) to (3), for “another”, in each place where it occurs, substitute “a”.

Amendment of regulation 26 (prevention of deterioration of habitats and disturbance of species)

47.—(1) Regulation 26 is amended as follows.

(2) In paragraph (3)—

(a)after paragraph 3(b), insert “and”; and

(b)omit paragraphs 3(c) and the “and” that follows it.

(3) In paragraph (4)—

(a)in paragraph 4(b), after sub-paragraph (ii), insert “and”;

(b)omit sub-paragraphs (4)(c).

(4) Omit paragraph (5).

Amendment of regulation 27 (meaning of “European site”)

48.—(1) Regulation 27 is amended as follows.

(2) In paragraph (1)—

(a)in sub-paragraph (b), at the end insert “before exit day”;

(b)omit sub-paragraph (c);

(c)in sub-paragraph (d), after “classified” insert “before exit day” and at the end insert “or classified after exit day under the retained transposing legislation”;

(d)for sub-paragraph (e) substitute—

(e)a site which before exit day was proposed to the European Commission under Article 4(1) of the Habitats Directive, until such time as—

(i)the site is designated as a special area of conservation under regulation 7; or

(ii)the relevant administration gives notice to the appropriate nature conservation body of its intention not to designate the site, setting out the reasons for its decision, in accordance with regulation 86A(3)(b)..

(3) Omit paragraphs (2) and (3).

Amendment of regulation 28 (protection of European offshore marine sites and European sites)

49.  In regulation 28, omit paragraph (7)(a) and (b).

Amendment of regulation 29 (considerations of overriding public interest)

50.—(1) Regulation 29 is amended as follows.

(2) In paragraph (3)—

(a)after “a competent authority”, insert “other than the relevant administration”; and

(b)for “Commission” substitute “relevant administration”.

(3) In paragraph (4), for “Secretary of State”, in both places where it occurs, and, for “Commission”, substitute “relevant administration”.

(4) For paragraphs (5) to (7), substitute—

(5) In giving its opinion as to whether the reasons are imperative reasons of overriding public interest, the relevant administration must have regard to the national interest, and provide its opinion to the competent authority.

(6) Before giving its opinion as to whether the reasons are imperative reasons of overriding public interest, the relevant administration must consult the following, and have regard to their opinion—

(a)the Joint Nature Conservation Committee;

(b)where the relevant administration is the Secretary of State, the devolved administrations;

(c)where the relevant administration is a devolved administration, the Secretary of State and the other devolved administrations; and

(d)any other person the relevant administration considers appropriate.

(7) In this regulation, “the relevant administration” means—

(a)in relation to a plan or project relating to an activity other than one specified in regulation 55(16)—

(i)where the plan or project is to be carried out in the Scottish offshore region, the Scottish Ministers; and

(ii)where the plan or project is to be carried out in the Welsh offshore region, the Welsh Ministers; and

(b)in relation to a plan or project relating to an activity specified in regulation 55(16), or in any case not falling within sub-paragraph (a)(i) or (ii), the Secretary of State..

Amendment of regulation 33 (review of existing decisions and consents)

51.  In regulation 33, omit paragraphs (6)(a) and (b).

Amendment of regulation 37 (notification of compensatory measures)

52.  In regulation 37 for paragraph (1), substitute—

(1) The appropriate authority must ensure that the compensatory measures taken pursuant to regulation 36(2) are notified to each of the following (other than the appropriate authority itself)—

(a)the Secretary of State;

(b)the devolved administrations..

Amendment of regulation 38 (offences relating to European offshore marine sites)

53.—(1) Regulation 38 is amended as follows.

(2) In paragraph (3), at the end, insert “unless the United Kingdom is entitled under international law to exercise those powers without the consent of the flag state”.

(3) In paragraphs (13) and (14), for “relevant EU instrument”, substitute “relevant retained EU law”.

Amendment of regulation 39 (application of offences in Part 3)

54.  In regulation 39(2), at the end, insert “unless the United Kingdom is entitled under international law to exercise those powers without the consent of the flag state”.

Amendment of regulation 40 (protection of wild birds, their eggs and nests)

55.  In regulation 40—

(a)in paragraphs (5)(c) and (6), for “relevant EU instrument”, substitute “relevant retained EU law”; and

(b)in paragraph 6(b), for “is adopted” substitute “transposes an instrument adopted”.

Amendment of regulation 41 (defences to the offences in regulation 40)

56.  In regulation 41(7)(b), omit “(other than the United Kingdom)”.

Amendment of regulation 42 (prohibition of certain methods of capturing or killing wild birds)

57.  In regulation 42, for paragraph (2), substitute—

(2) The prohibited means of capturing or killing wild birds are those listed in Schedule 2A..

Amendment of regulation 43 (sale etc. of live or dead wild birds, eggs etc.)

58.  In regulation 43(4)(b), omit “(other than the United Kingdom)”.

Amendment of regulation 45 (protection of wild animals listed in Annex IV(a) to the Habitats Directive)

59.—(1) Regulation 45 is amended as follows.

(2) In paragraphs (11)(c) and (12), for “relevant EU instrument”, substitute “relevant retained EU law”; and

(3) In sub-paragraph 12(b), at the beginning add “transposes an instrument”.

Amendment of regulation 46 (defences to the offences in regulation 45)

60.  In regulation 46(10), before sub-paragraph (a), insert—

(aa)it was taken from the wild in the United Kingdom without contravention of the law and before 10th June 1994;.

Amendment of regulation 47 (prohibition of certain methods of capturing and killing wild animals)

61.—(1) Regulation 47 is amended as follows.

(2) In paragraph (2), for sub-paragraphs (a) and (b), substitute—

(a)any means listed in paragraph 1 or 2 of Schedule 3A;

(b)any form of capturing or killing from any mode of transport listed in paragraph 3 of Schedule 3A..

(3) Omit paragraphs (3) and (4).

Amendment of regulation 49 (offences relating to wild plants listed in Annex IV(b) to the Habitats Directive)

62.  In regulation 49(6), before sub-paragraph (a), insert—

(aa)it was taken from the wild in the United Kingdom without contravention of the law and before 10th June 1994;.

Amendment of regulation 50 (surveillance of conservation status of habitats and species)

63.  In regulation 50, in paragraphs (1) to (3), in each place where it occurs, for “natural habitats of Community interest and species of wild flora and fauna of Community interest”, substitute “natural habitat types listed in Annex I of the Habitats Directive and species of wild fauna and flora listed in Annex II, IV or V of that Directive”.

Amendment of regulation 54 (introduction of new species)

64.  In regulation 54(8), at the end, insert “unless the United Kingdom is entitled under international law to exercise those powers without the consent of the flag state”.

Insertion of new regulation 55A

65.  After regulation 55, insert—

Report on licences

55A.(1) Within two years from exit day, and thereafter within two years of the publication of the last such report, the relevant administration must publish, in such form as it sees fit, a report on licences granted under regulation 55 for the preceding two years .

(2) A report published under paragraph (1) must specify—

(a)the species to which the licence relates, and the reason for granting the licence, including the nature of the risk, with, if appropriate a reference to alternatives rejected and scientific data used;

(b)in relation to any animal species, any means authorised for the capture or killing of the species and the reasons for the use of that means;

(c)the circumstances of when and where the licence was granted; and

(d)the supervisory measures taken to check that the required conditions of the licence have been complied with, any monitoring that has been carried out of compliance with the conditions of the licence, and the results of that monitoring..

Amendment of regulation 74 (research)

66.  Omit regulation 74(2).

Amendment of regulation 76 (re-introduction of species)

67.  In regulation 76(5)(a), for “other” substitute “any”.

Omission of regulation 79 (reports to the Commission)

68.  Omit regulation 79.

Insertion of new regulations 84A and 84B

69.  After regulation 84, insert—

Amendment of Schedules

84A.(1) The Secretary of State may, where satisfied that the natural range of a species of animal listed in Annex IV(a) to the Habitats Directive includes any part of the offshore marine area, by regulations amend Schedule 1 as appropriate in the light of that conclusion.

(2) The Secretary of State may make such other amendment as he considers necessary for adapting Schedules 1 to 3A to technical and scientific progress.

(3) Before exercising the power under paragraph (1) or (2), the Secretary of State must obtain the consent of the devolved administrations.

Statutory instruments

84B.(1) The power to make an amendment under paragraph (1) or (2) of regulation 84(A) is exercisable by statutory instrument.

(2) A statutory instrument made by the Secretary of State under regulation 84A(1) may not be made unless a draft of the statutory instrument has been laid before, and approved by a resolution of, each House of Parliament;

(3) A statutory instrument made by the Secretary of State under regulation 84A(2) is subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament..

New regulation 86A

70.  After regulation 86, insert—

Transitional provisions: EU exit

86A.(1) Where before exit day a site in the offshore marine area has been adopted in accordance with the procedure laid out in Article 4(2) of the Habitats Directive (list of sites of Community importance), the relevant administration must designate that site as a special area of conservation as soon as possible and no later than six years from the date of adoption of that site.

(2) Paragraph (3) applies where before exit day a site in the offshore marine area—

(a)has been proposed as eligible for identification as of Community importance in accordance with the procedure laid out in Article 4(2) of the Habitats Directive (list of sites of Community importance) as part of a list of sites transmitted to the European Commission; and

(b)has not yet been so identified as being of Community importance.

(3) Where this paragraph applies, the relevant administration must within six years of exit day—

(a)designate the site as a special area of conservation; or

(b)give notice to the Joint Committee of its intention not to designate the site, and publish, in such form as it sees fit, its reasons for not designating the site, having regard the objective in regulation 7(3)..

Insertion of new Schedule 2A

71.  After Schedule 2, insert Schedule 2A, set out in Schedule 2 to these Regulations.

Insertion of new Schedule 3A

72.  After Schedule 3, insert Schedule 3A, set out in Schedule 3 to these Regulations.

PART 5Amendments to the Offshore Petroleum Activities (Conservation of Habitats) Regulations 2001

Amendment of the Offshore Petroleum Activities (Conservation of Habitats) Regulations 2001

73.  The Offshore Petroleum Activities (Conservation of Habitats) Regulations 2001(9) are amended as follows.

Amendment of regulation 2 (interpretation)

74.—(1) Regulation 2 is amended as follows.

(2) In paragraph (1)—

(a)after the definition of “the 1998 Act” insert—

“the 2017 Regulations” means the Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations 2017;

(b)In the definition of “relevant site”—

(i)omit sub-paragraph (c); and

(ii)for sub-paragraph (d) substitute—

(d)an area classified, as a special protection area, before exit day pursuant to Article 4(1) or (2) of the Wild Birds Directive or classified as such after exit day under any of the retained transposing regulations, or; and

(c)after the definition of “relevant site” insert—

“the retained transposing regulations” means—

(a)

the Conservation (Natural Habitats, &c.) Regulations 1994;

(b)

the Conservation (Natural Habitats, etc.) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1995;

(c)

the Conservation of Offshore Marine Habitats and Species Regulations 2017;

(d)

the 2017 Regulations;.

(3) In paragraph (2), at the beginning, insert “Subject to paragraphs (3) and (4),”.

(4) After paragraph (2) insert—

(3) For the purposes of these Regulations—

(a)the Habitats Directive is to be construed as if—

(i)any reference to “the European territory of the Member States to which the Treaty applies” included a reference to the United Kingdom;

(ii)any reference to “Member State” or “Member States” included a reference to the United Kingdom;

(iii)any reference to “of Community interest” included, in relation to the United Kingdom, a reference to “of national interest”;

(iv)in Article 1(d) and (h), references to “the Community” were references to “the European Union or the United Kingdom”;

(v)in Article 1(l), the reference to “a site of Community importance designated by the Member State” included, in relation to the United Kingdom, a reference to “a site of national importance designated under any of the retained transposing regulations”;

(b)the Wild Birds Directive is to be construed as if—

(i)any reference to “the European territory of the Member States to which the Treaty applies” included a reference to the United Kingdom;

(ii)any reference to “Member State” or “Member States” included a reference to the United Kingdom.

(4) Any reference in these Regulations to the “requirements” or “objectives” of the Directives is to be construed as if the objectives of the Directives included the objectives referred to regulation 16A(2) of the 2017 Regulations.

Amendment of regulation 3 (application of the Directives)

75.  In regulation 3 (application of the Directives), omit paragraph (2).

Amendment of regulation 6 (projects which should be carried out for imperative reasons of overriding public interest)—

76.—(1) Regulation 6, is amended as follows.

(2) For paragraph (2)(b) substitute—

(b)the Secretary of State has consulted, and had regard to the opinion of—

(i)the Joint Nature Conservation Committee;

(ii)the Scottish Ministers;

(iii)the Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs;

(iv)the Welsh Ministers; and

(v)any other person the Secretary of State considers appropriate..

(3) In paragraph (3), for “Natura 2000” substitute “the national site network”;

(4) After paragraph (4), insert—

(5) In this regulation, “the national site network” means such sites as—

(a)immediately before exit day formed part of Natura 2000, or

(b)at any time on or after exit day are a relevant site..

Amendment of regulation 7 (control of activities under licence)

77.  In regulation 7(9), for “pursuant to Article 4 of the Wild Birds Directive” substitute “under any of the retained transposing regulations”.

Amendment of regulation 20A (fees)

78.  In regulation 20A, after paragraph (1)(c) insert—

(ca)consulting any person under regulation 6(2)(b);.

Signatory text

Name

Parliamentary Under Secretary of State

Department

Address

Date

We consent

Name

Name

Two of the Lords Commissioners of Her Majesty’s Treasury

Date

Regulation 31

SCHEDULE 1New Schedule 4A to the Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations 2017

Regulation 45

SCHEDULE 4AProhibited Methods of Capturing or Killing Wild Animals

1.  The prohibited means of capturing or killing mammals are—

(a)the use of blind or mutilated animals as live decoys;

(b)tape recorders;

(c)electrical and electronic devices capable of killing or stunning;

(d)artificial light sources;

(e)mirrors and other dazzling devices;

(f)devices for illuminating targets;

(g)sighting devices for night shooting comprising an electronic image magnifier or image converter;

(h)explosives;

(i)nets which are non-selective according to their principle or their conditions of use;

(j)traps which are non-selective according to their principle or their conditions of use;

(k)crossbows;

(l)poisons and poisoned or anaesthetic bait;

(m)gassing or smoking out; and

(n)semi-automatic or automatic weapons with a magazine capable of holding more than two rounds of ammunition.

2.  The prohibited methods of capturing or killing fish are—

(a)poison; and

(b)explosives.

3.  The prohibited modes of transport are—

(a)aircraft; and

(b)moving motor vehicles.

Regulation 71

SCHEDULE 2New Schedule 2A to the Conservation of Offshore Marine Habitats and Species Regulations 2017

Regulation 42(2)

SCHEDULE 2AProhibited Methods of Capturing or Killing of Wild Birds

1.  The prohibited means of capturing or killing wild birds are—

(a)snares, limes or hooks;

(b)using blind or mutilated birds as live decoys;

(c)sound recordings;

(d)electrical or electronic devices capable of killing or stunning;

(e)artificial light sources;

(f)mirrors or other dazzling devices;

(g)devices for illuminating targets;

(h)sighting devices for night shooting comprising an electronic image magnifier or image converter;

(i)explosives;

(j)nets or traps;

(k)poisoned or anaesthetic bait; and

(l)automatic or semi-automatic weapons with a magazine capable of holding more than two rounds of ammunition.

Regulation 72

SCHEDULE 3New Schedule 3A to the Conservation of Offshore Marine Habitats and Species Regulations 2017

Regulation 47(2)

SCHEDULE 3AProhibited Methods of Capturing or Killing Wild Animals

1.  The prohibited means of capturing or killing mammals are—

(a)the use of blind or mutilated animals as live decoys;

(b)sound recordings;

(c)electrical and electronic devices capable of killing or stunning;

(d)artificial light sources;

(e)mirrors and other dazzling devices;

(f)devices for illuminating targets;

(g)sighting devices for night shooting comprising an electronic image magnifier or image converter;

(h)explosives;

(i)nets which are non-selective according to their principle or their conditions of use;

(j)traps which are non-selective according to their principle or their conditions of use;

(k)bows and crossbows;

(l)poisons and poisoned or anaesthetic bait;

(m)gassing or smoking out; and

(n)semi-automatic or automatic weapons with a magazine capable of holding more than two rounds of ammunition.

2.  The prohibited methods of capturing or killing fish are—

(a)poison; and

(b)explosives.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

(This note is not part of the Regulations)

These Regulations are made in exercise of the powers conferred by section 8(1) and section 14(1) of, paragraph 1 of Schedule 4 and paragraph 21 of Schedule 7, to the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 (c.16) in order to address failures of retained EU law to operate effectively and other deficiencies (in particular under section 8(2)(a),(b), (c), (d), (f) and (g)) arising from the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union.

These Regulations make amendments to legislation in the field of biodiversity protection in relation to England, Wales and offshore waters. Part 2 amends primary legislation and Parts 3, 4 and 5 amend subordinate legislation.

An impact assessment has not been produced for this instrument as no, or no significant, impact on the private or voluntary sector is foreseen.

(2)

1981 c.69. the definition of “wild bird” in Section 27 was amended in relation to England and Wales by S.I. 2004/1487.

(5)

S.R.(N.I.) 1995 No.380. Amendments have been made by the Marine Act (Northern Ireland) 2013 (c.10) (N.I.), section 40, by S.R. 2004 No.435, 2007 No.345, 2009 No.8, 2011 No. 216, 2012 No.1928, 2012 No.368 and 2015 No.182.

(6)

S.I. 1994/2716. Relevant amendments are made by paragraph 15 of Schedule 2 to the Land Reform (Scotland) Act 2003 (asp 2), by S.I. 1997/3055, 2007/1843 and 2010/490, and by S.S.I. 2004/475, 2007/80, 2011/155 and 2012/228.

(9)

S.I. 2001/1754; relevant amendments were made by S.I.s 2007/77, 2007/1842, 2010/1513 and 2015/1431.

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