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The Environmental Protection (Cotton Buds) (Scotland) Regulations 2019

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6.—(1) The powers which an enforcement officer may be authorised to exercise are—

(a)to enter at any reasonable time any premises (other than premises used wholly or mainly as a dwelling) which the enforcement officer has reason to believe it is necessary to enter for an authorised purpose,

(b)when entering any premises under sub-paragraph (a)—

(i)to be accompanied by another enforcement officer, and

(ii)to bring any equipment or materials required for any authorised purpose for which the power of entry is being exercised,

(c)on entering any premises under sub-paragraph (a)—

(i)to make such examination and investigation as may in any circumstances be necessary,

(ii)to take such measurements and photographs and make such recordings as the enforcement officer considers necessary for the purpose of any such examination or investigation, and

(iii)to require the production of, or where the information is recorded in computerised form, the furnishing of extracts from, any document which it is necessary for the enforcement officer to see for the purposes of any such examination or investigation and to inspect and take copies of the document,

(d)as regards any premises which an enforcement officer has power to enter under sub-paragraph (a), to direct that those premises or any part of them, or anything in them, be left undisturbed (whether generally or in particular respects) for so long as is reasonably necessary for the purpose of examination or investigation under sub-paragraph (c),

(e)to take any samples, or cause samples to be taken, of any articles or substances found in or on any premises which an enforcement officer has entered under sub-paragraph (a), and to cause any such articles or substances to be analysed or tested,

(f)in the case of any such sample, to take possession of it and to retain it for so long as is necessary for all or any of the following purposes:—

(i)to examine it, to subject it to any process or test, or to cause it to be examined,

(ii)to ensure that it is not tampered with before the examination is completed,

(iii)to ensure that it is available for use as evidence in any proceedings for an offence under these Regulations.

(2) Except in an emergency, where an enforcement officer proposes to enter any premises and—

(a)entry has been refused and the enforcement officer reasonably apprehends that the use of force may be necessary to effect entry, or

(b)the enforcement officer reasonably apprehends that entry is likely to be refused and that the use of force may be necessary to effect entry,

any entry into those premises under paragraph (1)(a) may only be effected under the authority of a warrant issued under paragraph (3).

(3) If it is shown to the satisfaction of a sheriff, summary sheriff or justice of the peace on sworn information in writing—

(a)that there are reasonable grounds for entry into the premises for the purpose for which entry is required, and

(b)that one or more of the conditions specified in paragraph (4) below is met,

the sheriff, summary sheriff or justice of the peace may by warrant authorise the enforcement officer to enter the premises, in accordance with the warrant and, if need be, by force.

(4) The conditions mentioned in paragraph (3)(b) are—

(a)that admission to any premises has been refused,

(b)that such a refusal is reasonably apprehended,

(c)that the premises are unoccupied,

(d)that the occupier is temporarily absent from the premises and the case is one of urgency, or

(e)that an application for admission to the premises would defeat the object of the proposed entry.

(5) A warrant issued under paragraph (3) continues in force until the purpose for which the entry is required has been satisfied.

(6) Nothing in paragraph (1)(c)(iii) compels the production by a person of any document which that person would on grounds of legal professional privilege be entitled to withhold from production on an order for the production of documents in an action in the Court of Session.

(7) An enforcement officer may only exercise the powers in paragraph (1) if the enforcement officer has reasonable cause to believe that an offence under regulation 3 has been committed.

(8) An enforcement officer seeking to exercise a power under paragraph (1) must produce evidence of identity and authority if requested by a person who is, or appears to be—

(a)a supplier of plastic-stemmed cotton buds,

(b)a manufacturer of plastic-stemmed cotton buds or employee of such a manufacturer, or

(c)the owner or occupier of any premises in relation to which the enforcement officer seeks to exercise the power concerned.

(9) In this regulation—

“document” includes any thing in which information of any description is recorded (by any means) and any part of such a thing, and

“emergency” means a case in which it appears to the enforcement officer in question—

(a)

that there is an immediate risk of serious pollution of the environment or serious harm to human health, or

(b)

that circumstances exist which are likely to endanger life or health,

and immediate entry to any premises is necessary to verify the existence of that risk or those circumstances or to ascertain the cause of that risk or those circumstances or to effect a remedy.

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