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The Common Agricultural Policy (Direct Payments etc.) (Scotland) Regulations 2015

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Changes over time for: The Common Agricultural Policy (Direct Payments etc.) (Scotland) Regulations 2015 (without Schedules)

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The Common Agricultural Policy (Direct Payments etc.) (Scotland) Regulations 2015 is up to date with all changes known to be in force on or before 19 October 2019. There are changes that may be brought into force at a future date. Changes that have been made appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Help about Changes to Legislation

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F481972 c.68. Section 2(2) was amended by the Scotland Act 1998 (c.46) (“the 1998 Act”), Schedule 8, paragraph 15(3) (which was amended by section 27(4) of the Legislative and Regulatory Reform Act 2006 (c.51) (“the 2006 Act”)). Section 2(2) was also amended by section 27(1)(a) of the 2006 Act and by the European Union (Amendment) Act 2008 (c.7) (“the 2008 Act”), section 3(3) and Schedule, Part 1. The functions conferred upon the Minister of the Crown under section 2(2), insofar as within devolved competence, were transferred to the Scottish Ministers by virtue of section 53 of the 1998 Act. Paragraph 1A of Schedule 2 was inserted by section 28 of the 2006 Act and was amended by the 2008 Act, Schedule, Part 1.

Citation, commencement and extentS

1.—(1) These Regulations may be cited as the Common Agricultural Policy (Direct Payments etc.) (Scotland) Regulations 2015 and come into force on 16th March 2015.

(2) These Regulations extend to Scotland only.

InterpretationS

2.—(1) In these Regulations—

2009 Council Regulation” means Council Regulation (EC) No 73/2009 establishing common rules for direct support schemes for farmers under the common agricultural policy and establishing certain support schemes for farmers, amending Regulations (EC) No 1290/2005, (EC) No 247/2006, (EC) No 378/2007 and repealing Regulation (EC) No 1782/2003 F1;

[F2“arable land” means land mentioned in Article 4(1)(h) of the Direct Payments Regulation and includes parcels of land which prior to 1st January 2018 were lying fallow and, subject to regulation 5(2)(c), continue to lie fallow on or after that date;]

area-related aid schemes” has the same meaning as in point (20) of Article 2(1) of the Horizontal Delegated Regulation;

authorised person” means any person authorised by the Scottish Ministers to act in matters arising under these Regulations or the European Regulations;

Bank Holiday” means a day specified in paragraph 2 of Schedule 1 to the Banking and Financial Dealing Act 1971 F3;

direct payments” means direct payments within the meaning of Article 1 of the Direct Payments Regulation;

Direct Payments Delegated Regulation” means Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 639/2014 supplementing Regulation (EU) No 1307/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing rules for direct payments to farmers under support schemes within the framework of the common agricultural policy and amending Annex X to that Regulation, as amended from time to time F4;

Direct Payments Implementing Regulation” means Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 641/2014 laying down rules for the application of Regulation (EU) No 1307/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing rules for direct payments to farmers under support schemes within the framework of the common agricultural policy, as amended from time to time F5;

Direct Payments Regulation” means Regulation (EU) No 1307/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing rules for direct payments to farmers under support schemes within the framework of the common agricultural policy and repealing Council Regulation (EC) No 637/2008 and Council Regulation (EC) 73/2009, as amended from time to time F6;

European Regulations” means the Direct Payments Regulation, the Direct Payments Delegated Regulation, the Direct Payments Implementing Regulation, the Horizontal Regulation, the Horizontal Delegated Regulation and the Horizontal Implementing Regulation;

farmer” has the same meaning as in Article 4(1)(a) of the Direct Payments Regulation;

holding” has the same meaning as in Article 4(1)(b) of the Direct Payments Regulation;

Horizontal Delegated Regulation” means Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 640/2014 supplementing Regulation (EU) No 1306/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to the integrated administration and control system and conditions for refusal or withdrawal of payments and administrative penalties applicable to direct payments, rural development support and cross compliance, as amended from time to time F7;

Horizontal Implementing Regulation” means Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 809/2014 laying down rules for the application of Regulation (EU) No 1306/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to the integrated administration and control system, rural development measures and cross compliance, as amended from time to time F8;

Horizontal Regulation” means Regulation (EU) No 1306/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the financing, management and monitoring of the common agricultural policy and repealing Council Regulations (EEC) No 352/78, (EC) No 165/94, (EC) No 2799/98, (EC) No 814/2000, (EC) No 1290/2005 and (EC) No 485/2008, as amended from time to time F9;

permanent grassland” has the same meaning as in Article 4(1)(h) of the Direct Payments Regulation, as construed in accordance with regulation 5;

region 2” means the region applied by the Scottish Ministers under and in accordance with Article 23(1) of the Direct Payments Regulation as region 2 of Scotland and comprising parcels of rough grazing land located in either—

(a)

an area that is not a less favoured area; or

(b)

an area that is a less favoured area and in respect of which a grazing category of B, C or D has been attributed to it for the purposes of the Less Favoured Area Support Scheme (Scotland) Regulations 2010 F10 (“the 2010 Regulations”), and “less favoured area” is to be construed in accordance with regulation 2(1) of those Regulations;

region 3” means the region applied by the Scottish Ministers under and in accordance with Article 23(1) of the Direct Payments Regulation as region 3 of Scotland and comprising parcels of rough grazing land located in an area that is a less favoured area and which does not have a grazing category of B, C or D attributed to it for the purposes of the 2010 Regulations;

rough grazing land” means low yielding herbaceous forage or areas of mixed herbaceous and non-herbaceous forage on low quality soil, unimproved by fertiliser, cultivation or reseeding (or, where it has previously been improved, has reverted to an unimproved state) and used only for extensive grazing;

single application” means an application for direct payments in relation to any of the area-related aid schemes; and

working day” means a day which is not a Saturday, Sunday, Bank Holiday or other public holiday.

(2) Except where the context otherwise requires, other expressions used in these Regulations have the meaning they bear in the European Regulations.

F1OJ L 30, 31.1.2009 p.16, as last amended by Commission Regulation (EC) No 889/2009 (OJ L 254, 26.9.2009, p.73).

F4OJ L 181, 20.6.2014, p.1.

F5OJ L 181, 20.6.2014, p.74.

F6OJ L 347, 20.12.2013, p.608, as last amended by Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 1378/2014 (OJ L 367, 23.12.2014, p.16).

F7OJ L 181, 20.6.2014, p.48.

F8OJ L 227, 31.7.2014, p.69.

F9OJ L 347, 20.12.2013, p.549, as amended by Regulation (EU) No 1310/2013 (OJ L 347, 20.12.2013, p.865).

Minimum size of agricultural areaS

3.  For the purposes of the second sub-paragraph of Article 72(1) of the Horizontal Regulation, the minimum size of an agricultural parcel in respect of which a single application may be made is 0.1 hectare.

Minimum eligible area of holdingS

4.  For the purposes of Article 10(1)(b) and (2) of the Direct Payments Regulation, the minimum eligible area of the holding is 3 hectares.

[F11Definition of permanent grasslandS

5.(1) For the purposes of—

(a)the following provisions of the Direct Payments Regulation—

(i)Article 4(1)(h);

(ii)Article 4(2), second sub-paragraph; and

(iii)Article 4(2), point (a) of the third sub-paragraph; and

(b)Article 7 of the Direct Payments Delegated Regulation,

permanent grassland includes land to which paragraph (2) applies.

(2) This paragraph applies to—

(a)land which can be grazed and forms part of established local practices where grasses and other herbaceous forage are traditionally not predominant in grazing areas;

(b)other than land to which sub-paragraph (c) applies, land which has not been ploughed up for 5 years or more, provided it is used to grow grasses or other herbaceous forage naturally (self-seeded) or through cultivation (sown) and has not been included in the crop rotation for five years or more; or

(c)land which, in accordance with the second sentence of the second sub-paragraph of Article 4(1) of the Direct Payments Regulation—

(i)constitutes parcels of land lying fallow prior to 1st January 2018; and

(ii)on or after 1st January 2023 meets the conditions for permanent grassland as set out in Article 4(1)(h) of that Regulation.

(3)  In paragraph (2)(a), “established local practices” means the practice of grazing by livestock of non-herbaceous plants (excluding algae).]

Applications and date on which land must be at farmer's disposalS

6.—(1) [F12Subject to paragraphs (1A) and (1B)][F13, for] the purposes of Article 12 of the Horizontal Delegated Regulation and Article 13(1) of the Horizontal Implementing Regulation, the final date on which a single application, aid application or payment claim may be submitted to the Scottish Ministers is 15th May or, if that date is a Saturday, Sunday, Bank Holiday or other public holiday, the next working day.

[F14(1A) For the purposes of Article 13(1) of the Horizontal Implementing Regulation and Article 1 of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/747 derogating from Implementing Regulation (EU) No 809/2014 as regards the final date of submission of the single application, aid applications or payment claims, the final date for notification of amendments to the single application or payment claim and the final date for applications for allocation of payment entitlements or the increase of the value of payment entitlements under the basic payment scheme for the year 2015, the final date on which a single application, aid application or payment claim may be submitted to the Scottish Ministers in respect of calendar year 2015, is 15th June 2015.]

[F15(1B) For the purposes of Article 13(1) of the Horizontal Implementing Regulation and Article 1 of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2016/761 derogating from Implementing Regulation (EU) No 809/2014 as regards the final date of submission of the single application, aid applications or payment claims, the final date for notification of amendments to the single application or payment claim and the final date for applications for allocation of payment entitlements or the increase of the value of payment entitlements under the basic payment scheme for the year 2016, the final date by which a single application, aid application or payment claim may be submitted to the Scottish Ministers in respect of calendar year 2016, is 15th June 2016.]

(2) In relation to any year in which a farmer makes a declaration in respect of parcels pursuant to Article 33(1) of the Direct Payments Regulation, the date on which those parcels must be at the farmer's disposal is the date specified in paragraph (1).

Short rotation coppiceS

7.  For the purposes of Article 4(1)(k) and (2)(c) of the Direct Payments Regulation—

(a)the list of planted tree species is—

  • Cricket Bat Willow (Salix alba ‘Caerulea’)

  • Poplar (Populus spp);

  • Willow (Salix spp); and

(b)the maximum harvest cycle for these species is 20 years.

[F16ReductionsS

8.(1) This regulation applies for the purposes of Article 11(1) of the Direct Payments Regulation in respect of direct payments to a farmer pursuant to Chapter 1 of Title III of that Regulation for a given calendar year.

(2) Where the direct payments to be granted exceed EUR 150,000 for a given calendar year, the sum in excess of that amount must be reduced by the Scottish Ministers by 5 per cent.

(3) In addition to the reduction applied in accordance with paragraph (2), where the direct payments to be granted exceed EUR 600,000 for calendar year 2018 or any subsequent calendar year, the sum in excess of that amount must be reduced by the Scottish Ministers by 100 per cent.]

Transfer of payment entitlementsS

9.—(1) For the purposes of Article 8(1) of the Direct Payments Implementing Regulation, the transferor of payment entitlements must notify the Scottish Ministers of a transfer within the notification period.

(2) In this regulation, “the notification period” means the period—

(a)beginning 16th May of the calendar year preceding the first year in which the transferee may include those entitlements in the transferee's application for direct payments, and

(b)ending on 2nd April in the first calendar year in which the transferee may include those entitlements in the transferee's application for direct payments,

or if either of those dates is a Saturday, Sunday, Bank Holiday or other public holiday, the next working day.

[F17(3) [F18Subject to paragraph (3A), for the purposes of] Article 22(1) of the Horizontal Implementing Regulation and Article 3 of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/747 derogating from Implementing Regulation (EU) No 809/2014 as regards the final date of submission of the single application, aid applications or payment claims, the final date for notification of amendments to the single application or payment claim and the final date for applications for allocation of payment entitlements or the increase of the value of payment entitlements under the basic payment scheme for the year 2015, applications for the allocation of, or the increase of the value of, payment entitlements must be submitted—

(a)in respect of calendar year 2015, on or before 15th June 2015; or

(b)in any other calendar year, on or before 15th May, or if that date is a Saturday, Sunday, Bank Holiday or other public holiday, the next working day.]

[F19(3A) For the purposes of Article 3 of Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2016/761 derogating from Implementing Regulation (EU) No 809/2014 as regards the final date of submission of the single application, aid applications or payment claims, the final date for notification of amendments to the single application or payment claim and the final date for applications for allocation of payment entitlements or the increase of the value of payment entitlements under the basic payment scheme for the year 2016, an application for the allocation of, or the increase of the value of, payment entitlements must be submitted, in respect of calendar year 2016, not later than 15th June 2016.]

[F20(4) For the purposes of Article 26 of the Direct Payments Delegated Regulation—

(a)in relation to an application in respect of the basic payment scheme in respect of a calendar year prior to 2018, 50 per cent of the annual unit value of each payment entitlement transferred without land reverts to the national reserve; and

(b)in relation to an application in respect of the basic payment scheme in respect of calendar year 2018 or any subsequent calendar year, 30 per cent of the annual unit value of each payment entitlement transferred without land reverts to the national reserve.]

[F21Young farmersS

10.(1) For the purposes of the second sub-paragraph of Article 50(5) of the Direct Payments Regulation, where a young farmer has set up in accordance with Article 50(2)(a) of that Regulation during the relevant period, the five-year payment period referred to in the first sub-paragraph of Article 50(5) of that Regulation is to be reduced by the number of complete calendar years which have elapsed between the date of set up and the first submission of an application for a payment for young farmers.

(2) For the purposes of the payment calculation required by Article 50(6) of the Direct Payments Regulation, the number of entitlements a young farmer has activated in accordance with Article 32(1) of that Regulation must be multiplied by 25 per cent of the average value of the owned or leased-in payment entitlements held by the farmer.

(3) For the purposes of Article 50(9) of the Direct Payments Regulation, a single maximum limit of 90 hectares is applicable to the number of payment entitlements activated by a young farmer.

(4) In paragraph (1) “relevant period” means the period beginning 1st January 2010 and ending 31st December 2013.]

Agricultural activityS

11.—(1) For the purposes of point (ii) of Article 4(1)(c) of the Direct Payments Regulation and in accordance with Article 4 of the Direct Payments Delegated Regulation, agricultural areas are deemed to be maintained in a state suitable for grazing or cultivation where a farmer meets the criteria set out in Part 1 of Schedule 1.

(2) For the purposes of point (iii) of Article 4(1)(c) of the Direct Payments Regulation and in accordance with Article 5 of the Direct Payments Delegated Regulation, the minimum activity requirement is met if either of the activities set out in paragraph 2(1) of Part 2 of Schedule 1 is carried out on agricultural areas naturally kept in a state suitable for grazing or cultivation.

(3) In paragraph (2) and in Part 1 of Schedule 1, “agricultural areas naturally kept in a state suitable for grazing or cultivation” means agricultural areas comprising parcels of land in region 2 or 3.

Active farmersS

F2212.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Reduction coefficientS

13.—(1) For the purposes of Article 24(6) of the Direct Payments Regulation, the Scottish Ministers must apply a reduction coefficient of 10 per cent when establishing the number of payment entitlements to be allocated to a farmer in respect of areas with difficult climate conditions.

(2) In paragraph (1), “areas with difficult climate conditions” means areas comprising parcels of permanent grassland in region 2 or 3.

Windfall profitS

14.—(1) For the purposes of Article 28 of the Direct Payments Regulation and as determined in accordance with Article 27 of the Direct Payments Delegated Regulation, where paragraphs (2) and (3) apply, [F23an above-threshold increase] in the value of payment entitlements to be allocated to a farmer in respect of 2015, reverts to the national reserve.

(2) This paragraph applies—

(a)where in accordance with the 2003 Act a short limited duration tenancy or a limited duration tenancy (as construed in accordance with sections 4 and 5 of the 2003 Act) has been terminated or otherwise brought to an end before the expiry of the term of tenancy and, in the case of either type of tenancy, at the point the tenancy has been so terminated or brought to an end more than half of the original term of the tenancy had still to run;

(b)where the term of a tenancy to which section 3 of the 2003 Act applies (a lease for grazing or mowing) has expired; or

(c)where there has been a sale of an agricultural area.

(3) This paragraph applies where as a result of any of the circumstances mentioned in paragraph (2), there has been a reduction of more than 40 per cent in the area-determined for the purposes of the basic payment scheme under Chapter 1 of Title III of the Direct Payments Regulation in respect of 2015, as compared with the area-determined for the purposes of the single payment scheme under Title III of the 2009 Council Regulation in respect of 2014.

(4) In this regulation—

[F24“above-threshold increase” means an increase attributable to the portion of the reduction in the area-determined exceeding 40 per cent;]

area-determined” means the area determined by the Scottish Ministers as meeting the eligibility criteria applicable to the schemes mentioned in paragraph (3); and

the 2003 Act” means the Agricultural Holdings (Scotland) Act 2003 F25.

National reserveS

15.—(1) For the purposes [F26of] Article 30(7)(b) of the Direct Payments Regulation, the Scottish Ministers must use the national reserve to compensate a farmer for a specific disadvantage arising from any of the circumstances mentioned in paragraph (2).

(2) The circumstances are that—

(a)the farmer—

(i)did not receive payment entitlements in the first year of application of the single payment scheme under Title III of Council Regulation (EC) No 1782/2003 establishing common rules for direct support schemes under the common agricultural policy and establishing certain support schemes for farmers F27; and

(ii)commenced agricultural activity on or after 16th May 2005; or

(b)the farmer only received such payment entitlements as a result of the application of—

(i)Article 42(3) of that Regulation; or

(ii)Article 21(1) of Commission Regulation (EC) No 795/2004 laying down detailed rules for the implementation of the single payment scheme provided for in Council Regulation (EC) No 1782/2003 establishing common rules for direct support schemes under the common agricultural policy and establishing certain support schemes for farmers F28.

F27OJ L 270, 21.10.2003, p.1, as last amended by Council Regulation (EC) No 1009/2008 (O.J. L 276, 17.10.2008, p.1).

F28OJ L 141, 30.4.2004, p.1, as last amended by Commission Regulation (EC) No 370/2009 (O.J. L 114, 7.5.2009, p.3).

[F29Obligations to comply with agricultural practices beneficial for the climate and the environmentS

15A.(1) For the purposes of Article 43(3) of, and the sixth sub-paragraph (fertiliser regime) of point II(1) of Annex IX to, the Direct Payments Regulation, a farmer must comply with the applicable obligations.

(2) In paragraph (1), “the applicable obligations” means—

(a)in relation to the cultivation of crops, the crop diversification obligation applicable under and in accordance with—

(i)Article 44 of the Direct Payments Regulation and Article 40 of the Direct Payments Delegated Regulation; and

(ii)regulation 16;

(b)in relation to areas of permanent grassland, the obligation—

(i)not to convert or plough areas of permanent grassland designated as environmentally sensitive for the purposes of the first sub-paragraph of Article 45(1) of the Direct Payments Regulation and regulation 17(1); and

(ii)to prepare a plan in respect of the application of inorganic nitrogen fertiliser and lime in accordance with regulation 17A; and

(c)in relation to arable land, the obligation to have ecological focus areas applicable under and in accordance with—

(i)Article 46 of the Direct Payments Regulation and Article 45 of the Direct Payments Delegated Regulation; and

(ii)regulation 18 and Schedule 2.]

Crop diversificationS

16.  For the purposes of Article 44(1) of the Direct Payments Regulation and the first sub-paragraph of Article 40(1) of the Direct Payments Delegated Regulation, the most relevant part of the cultivation period is the period beginning on 1st May and ending on 30th June in any calendar year.

Permanent grasslandS

17.—(1) For the purposes of the first sub-paragraph of Article 45(1) of the Direct Payments Regulation, areas of permanent grassland are designated as environmentally sensitive where those areas are located in a site of special scientific interest as mentioned in the list published by the Scottish Ministers F30 and these areas have not been ploughed or converted within a period of 15 calendar years ending on 31st December 2014.

(2) In this regulation, “site of special scientific interest” has the meaning given by section 58 (interpretation) of the Nature Conservation (Scotland) Act 2004 F31.

F30The list of selected sites of special scientific interest is published at https://www.ruralpayments.org/publicsite/futures/.

[F32Permanent grassland: obligation to prepare a plan in respect of the application of inorganic nitrogen fertiliser and limeS

17A.(1) A farmer must, in accordance with paragraph (2), no later than the date specified in regulation 6(1) prepare a plan in respect of the application of inorganic nitrogen fertiliser and lime to a relevant parcel of permanent grassland.

(2) The plan under paragraph (1) must specify whether and to what extent it is anticipated that inorganic nitrogen fertiliser or lime is to be applied to a relevant parcel of permanent grassland.

(3) The farmer must provide a copy of the plan under paragraph (1) to the Scottish Ministers on request.

(4) In this regulation, “a relevant parcel of permanent grassland” means a parcel of land comprising areas of permanent grassland provided that the parcel does not also contain areas of either or both of—

(a)arable land; and

(b)rough grazing land.]

Ecological Focus AreasS

18.—(1) For the purposes of the first sub-paragraph of Article 46(2) of the Direct Payments Regulation, the areas mentioned in points (a) (land lying fallow), (d) (buffer strips), [F33(e) (hectares of agro-forestry),] (i) (areas with catch crops or green cover) and (j) (areas with nitrogen-fixing crops) and, subject to paragraph (2), point (c) (landscape features), are ecological focus areas.

(2) For the purposes of the second sub-paragraph of Article 45(4) of the Direct Payments Delegated Regulation, landscape features are limited to [F34hedges, wooded strips or trees in line as listed in point (a)] of the first sub-paragraph of Article 45(4).

[F35(3) For the purposes of the third sub-paragraph of Article 45(5) of the Direct Payments Delegated Regulation, the minimum width of—

(a)buffer strips, other than buffer strips along watercourses required under GAEC 1, SMR 1 or SMR 10, is 2 metres; and

(b)field margins is 1 metre.

(3A) For the purposes of the second sub-paragraph of Article 45(10a) of the Direct Payments Delegated Regulation, cutting is permitted on buffer strips and field margins provided the buffer strip or field margin remains distinguishable from adjacent agricultural land.]

(4) In paragraph (3)(a), the reference to “GAEC 1” is to the relevant standard for good agricultural and environmental condition as specified in paragraph 1 of part 2 of Schedule 1 to the Common Agricultural Policy (Cross-compliance) (Scotland) Regulations 2014 F36, and the references to “SMR 1” and “SMR 10” are to the relevant statutory management requirements, as referred to in Annex II to the Horizontal Regulation.

[F37(5) For the purposes of the second sub-paragraph of Article 45(9) of the Direct Payments Delegated Regulation—

(a)areas under catch crops must be established by under-sowing grass in the main crop provided that the grass and the main crop are sown during the period beginning on 15th February and ending on 15th June in any calendar year and not harvested before 31st December of the same calendar year; and

(b)areas under green cover may be established by sowing a mixture of at least 2 of the crop species listed in Part 1 of schedule 2, provided that the mixture of crop species is sown before 2nd November in any calendar year and not harvested before 31st December of the same calendar year.]

(6) For the purposes of Article 45(10) of the Direct Payments Delegated Regulation, nitrogen-fixing crops are those listed in Part 2 of Schedule 2 and a farmer growing nitrogen fixing crops must comply with the conditions set out in Part 3 of Schedule 2.

[F38(7) For the purposes of the second sub-paragraph of Article 46(2) of the Direct Payments Regulation, the ecological focus areas referred to in points (c) (landscape features) and (d) (buffer strips) of the first sub-paragraph of Article 46(2) of that Regulation may be located adjacent to the arable land of the holding.

(8) For the purposes of Article 46(3) of the Direct Payments Regulation—

(a)the weighting factors set out in Annex X to that Regulation apply to the ecological focus areas mentioned in paragraph (1); and

(b)the conversion factor set out in Annex X to that Regulation applies to the ecological focus area referred to in point (a) (hedges, wooded strips or trees in line) of the first sub-paragraph of Article 45(4) of the Direct Payments Delegated  Regulation.]

[F39Voluntary coupled supportS

18A.  Schedules 3 (voluntary coupled support) and 4 (ineligible breeds – bovine animals) have effect.]

Powers of authorised personsS

19.—(1) An authorised person may exercise any of the powers specified in this regulation for the purpose of enforcing these Regulations or the European Regulations.

(2) An authorised person may, on producing if so required a duly authenticated document showing that person's authority, at all reasonable hours enter any land (excluding any premises used wholly or mainly as a private dwelling).

(3) If a sheriff, stipendiary magistrate or justice of the peace, on sworn information in writing, is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds for entry into any premises by an authorised person under this regulation and either that—

(a)entry has been refused or a refusal is reasonably expected, and that person has given notice to the occupier of his or her intention to apply for an entry warrant; or

(b)a request for entry, or the giving of such a notice, would defeat the object of entry, or entry is urgently required, or the premises are unoccupied, or the occupier is temporarily absent and it would defeat the object of entry to await the occupier's return,

the sheriff, stipendiary magistrate or justice of the peace may, by signed warrant, valid for a period of no more than one month, authorise that person, together with any person who may accompany an authorised person by virtue of paragraph (5), to enter the premises, if need be by reasonable force.

(4) An authorised person, may—

(a)carry out any inquiries, checks, examinations, measurements and tests;

(b)take samples;

(c)inspect all or any part of the land farmed, laid fallow or withdrawn from agricultural production by a farmer;

(d)inspect any crops, livestock, machinery or equipment or any other thing;

(e)mark any animal or other thing for identification purposes;

(f)have access to, inspect and copy any document or record (in whatever form it is held) or remove such a record or document to enable it to be copied or retained as evidence;

(g)have access to, inspect and check the operation of any computer and any associated apparatus, or material which is or has been in use in connection with a document or record; and for this purpose require any person having charge of, or otherwise concerned with the operation of, the computer, apparatus or material to afford the authorised person such assistance as may reasonably be required and, where a document or record is kept by means of a computer, require the document or record to be produced in a form in which it can be taken away;

(h)remove a carcass found on the land for the purpose of carrying out a post-mortem examination on it;

(i)take a photograph or any other digital record of anything on the land; or

(j)remove anything reasonably believed to be evidence of any non-compliance.

(5) An authorised person entering any premises by virtue of this regulation may be accompanied by—

(a)such other person as the authorised person considers necessary; and

(b)any representative of the European Commission.

(6) A person accompanying an authorised person may also exercise any of the powers conferred on an authorised person by virtue of paragraph (4).

(7) An authorised person who enters any unoccupied premises must leave them as effectively secured as they were before those premises were entered.

(8) An authorised person who enters any land or premises under a power under other legislation may exercise any of the powers specified in this regulation for the purpose of enforcing these Regulations or the European Regulations.

Assistance to authorised personsS

20.—(1) A farmer or any employee, agent, contractor or tenant of a farmer must give an authorised person or a person accompanying an authorised person (in this regulation “a relevant person”) such assistance as the relevant person may reasonably request so as to enable the relevant person to exercise any power conferred by regulation 19.

(2) Such assistance may include the gathering of livestock and presenting them for inspection in a safe and secure manner.

Offences and penaltiesS

21.—(1) It is an offence for any person to—

(a)obstruct an authorised person (or a person accompanying an authorised person and acting under the authorised person's instructions) in the exercise of a power conferred by regulation 19;

(b)fail without reasonable excuse to comply with a request made under regulation 20; or

(c)supply to an authorised person (or a person accompanying an authorised person and acting under the authorised person's instructions) any information, knowing it to be false or misleading.

(2) Nothing in paragraph (1)(b) is to be construed as requiring any person to answer any question if to do so might incriminate that person.

(3) A person who commits an offence under paragraph (1) is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

Offences by bodies corporate, etc.S

22.—(1) Where—

(a)an offence under regulation 21 has been committed by a body corporate or a Scottish partnership or other unincorporated association; and

(b)it is proved that the offence was committed with the consent or connivance of, or was attributable to any neglect on the part of—

(i)a relevant individual; or

(ii)an individual purporting to act in the capacity of a relevant individual,

the individual as well as the body corporate, Scottish partnership or unincorporated association commits the offence and is liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.

(2) In paragraph (1), “relevant individual” means—

(a)in relation to a body corporate—

(i)a director, manager, secretary or other similar officer of the body;

(ii)where the affairs of the body are managed by its members, a member;

(b)in relation to a Scottish partnership, a partner; or

(c)in relation to an unincorporated association other than a Scottish partnership, a person who is concerned in the management or control of the association.

Recovery of undue paymentsS

23.—(1) Where a farmer is liable to repay all or part of a direct payment in accordance with Article 7(1) of the Horizontal Implementing Regulation, the amount of the repayment, together with the interest on that amount calculated in accordance with regulation 24, is recoverable as a debt.

(2) In any legal proceedings brought pursuant to paragraph (1), a certificate of the Scottish Ministers which—

(a)sets out the Bank of England base rate applicable during a specified period; and

(b)includes a statement that the Bank of England or the coordinating body notified the Scottish Ministers of that rate for that period,

is evidence of the rate applicable during that period.

(3) In this regulation, “the coordinating body” means the coordinating body referred to in regulation 3 of the Common Agricultural Policy (Competent Authority and Coordinating Body) Regulations 2014 F40.

InterestS

24.—(1) Where regulation 23 applies, interest may be charged in respect of each day of the period referred to in Article 7(2) of the Horizontal Implementing Regulation and for this purpose the rate of interest applicable on any day is one percentage point above the bank of England base rate on that day.

(2) In this regulation and regulation 23, “the Bank of England base rate” means—

(a)except where sub-paragraph (b) applies, the rate announced from time to time by the Monetary Policy Committee of the Bank of England as the official dealing rate being the rate at which the Bank is willing to enter into transactions for providing short-term liquidity in the markets; or

(b)if an order under section 19 (reserve powers) of the Bank of England Act 1998 F41 is in force, an equivalent determined by the Treasury under that section.

Set offS

25.  Any payment due to the Scottish Ministers in accordance with regulation 23 may be set off against any amount due to the farmer under and in accordance with these Regulations, the European Regulations or the 2009 Council Regulation.

Amendment to the Rural Payments (Appeals) (Scotland) Regulations 2009S

F4226.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Amendment to the Common Agricultural Policy (Cross-Compliance) (Scotland) Regulations 2014S

27.—(1) The Schedule (standards for good agricultural and environmental condition) to the Common Agricultural Policy (Cross-Compliance) (Scotland) Regulations 2014 F43 is amended in accordance with paragraphs (2) and (3).

(2) In Part 1 (general interpretation), after the definition of “chemical fertiliser” insert—

invasive species” means giant hogweed (heracleum mantegazzianum), Japanese knotweed (fallopia japonica), Himalayan balsam (impatiens glandulifera) and rhododendron (rhododendron ponticum);.

(3) In Part 2 (standards of good agricultural and environmental condition)—

(a)in paragraph 1(6) (establishment of buffer strips along water courses), after “Weeds Act 1959 applies” insert “ , invasive species or, subject to the prior written consent of the Scottish Ministers, other plant species ”;

(b)in paragraph 7(6) (retention of landscape features), after “Weeds Act 1959 applies” insert “ , invasive species or, subject to the prior written consent of the Scottish Ministers, other plant species ”.

Revocations and savingsS

28.—(1) Subject to paragraph (2), the following instruments are revoked—

(a)the Common Agricultural Policy Single Farm Payment and Support Schemes (Scotland) Regulations 2011 (“the 2011 Regulations”) F44; and

(b)the Common Agricultural Policy Single Farm Payment and Support Schemes (Scotland) Amendment Regulations 2013 F45.

(2) The Regulations mentioned in paragraph (1) as in force immediately before 16th March 2015 continue to apply in respect of—

(a)a single application within the meaning of the 2011 Regulations; and

(b)an application for a scheme payment under regulation 8 of the 2011 Regulations (the Scottish Beef Scheme).

(3) The following instruments are revoked—

(a)the Common Agricultural Policy (Single Farm Payment and Support Schemes and Cross-Compliance) (Scotland) Amendment Regulations 2008 F46; and

(b)the Common Agricultural Policy (Single Farm Payment and Support Schemes and Cross-Compliance) (Scotland) Amendment Regulations 2009 F47.

F45S.S.I 2013/265.

F46S.S.I 2008/184, revoked in part by S.S.I. 2011/416.

F47S.S.I 2009/391, revoked in part by S.S.I. 2011/416.

RICHARD LOCHHEAD

A member of the Scottish Government

St Andrew's House,

Edinburgh

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