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The National Health Service Superannuation Scheme (2008 Section) (Scotland) Regulations 2013

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Pensions for surviving dependent children

Surviving dependent child’s pension

2.E.8.—(1) If a member or a recent leaver dies leaving one or more dependent children, a pension is payable in respect of them(1).

(2) This is subject to paragraphs (7) to (9).

(3) If a dependent child ceases to be a dependent child after the date of death, the pension ceases to be payable in respect of that child.

(4) If a dependent child is born after the date of death, the same pension is payable in respect of the child as if the child had been born on the date of death.

(5) If a member or a recent leaver dies leaving two or more dependent children, they are entitled to such shares of the pension as the Scottish Ministers may from time to time decide.

(6) An amount payable under this regulation in respect of a dependent child is payable to the dependent child or, if the Scottish Ministers so decide, to another person for the dependent child’s benefit.

(7) No pension is payable in respect of any dependent children who on the deceased’s death are dependent on an adult who is entitled to a surviving adult’s pension whilst that pension is payable at the rate mentioned in regulation 2.E.4(1) (pensioner members) or 2.E.7(3)(b) (re-employed pensioners), except so much of that pension as is additional pension.

(8) If a dependent child is incapable of earning a living because of physical or mental infirmity for any period and the child is maintained out of money provided by Parliament in a hospital or other institution for a period exceeding one month, no pension is payable in respect of the child for any part of that period after the first month.

(9) If, apart from this paragraph, a pension would be payable in respect of any person as a dependent child of three or more persons who were deceased members or recent leavers—

(a)a pension is only payable in respect of two of them; and

(b)the amount payable is equal to the sum of the two highest pensions.

Meaning of “dependent child”

2.E.9.—(1) In this Part “dependent child”, in relation to a deceased member or recent leaver, means a person who—

(a)meets the relationship condition in paragraph (2);

(b)either—

(i)has not reached age 23; or

(ii)in the opinion of the scheme administrator was financially dependent on the deceased at the date of death because of physical or mental infirmity and remains so;

(c)was born—

(i)before the deceased ceased to be an active member; or

(ii)within one year after the deceased ceased to be an active member;

(d)in the case of a person within sub-paragraph (c)(i), was dependent on the deceased—

(i)at the date of death; and

(ii)if the deceased died after ceasing to be an active member, when the deceased ceased to be an active member; and

(e)in the case of a person within sub-paragraph (c)(ii)—

(i)was dependent on the deceased both at birth and at the deceased’s death; or

(ii)if the person was born after the deceased’s death, would have been dependent on the deceased had the deceased not died before the person’s birth.

(2) A person meets the relationship condition if the person is—

(a)a natural child or natural grandchild of the deceased;

(b)an adopted child of the deceased who was adopted whilst the deceased was an active member;

(c)a step-child of the deceased whose natural or adoptive parent is the deceased’s surviving spouse or civil partner from a marriage entered into, or a civil partnership formed, whilst the deceased was an active member;

(d)in a case where the deceased left a surviving nominated partner with whom the deceased was living as mentioned in regulation 2.E.2(1)(b)(i) (meaning of “surviving nominated partner”) when the deceased ceased to be an active member, a person whose natural or adoptive parent is the deceased’s surviving nominated partner;

(e)a brother or sister, or a child of a brother or sister, of the member or the member’s spouse or civil partner or nominated partner;

(f)a half-brother or half-sister, or a child of a half-brother or half-sister, of the member or the member’s spouse or civil partner or nominated partner;

(g)a person whom, in the opinion of the scheme administrator, the deceased intended when the deceased ceased to be an active member to adopt; or

(h)a person who had been dependent on the deceased for at least two years or (if less) at least half the person’s life when the deceased ceased to be an active member.

Amount of surviving child’s pension: active members and non-contributing members

2.E.10.—(1) This regulation applies for determining the annual amount of the pension payable under regulation 2.E.8(1) (surviving dependent child’s pension) if at the date of death the deceased was an active member or a non-contributing member of this Section of the scheme who was not also a pensioner member.

(2) Subject to paragraphs (6) and (7), that amount is the appropriate fraction of the basic death pension.

(3) In this regulation “the basic death pension” means—

where—

RP is the deceased’s reckonable pay; and

LRS is the length of the deceased’s relevant service, expressed in days.

(4) For this purpose “relevant service” means—

(a)in the case of an active member, the greater of—

(i)the pensionable service the deceased was entitled to count on the date of death, increased by the enhancement period (if any) that would have applied for the purposes of regulation 2.D.8(5) (early retirement on ill health: active members and non-contributing members) if the deceased had become entitled to an upper tier ill health pension on the date of death; and

(ii)10 years’ pensionable service;

(b)in the case of a non-contributing member, the pensionable service that the deceased was entitled to count on the date of death,

and, in the case of a 2008 Section Optant, this is subject to regulation 2.K.24 (children’s pensions payable on the death of a 2008 Section Optant who is in receipt of a lower tier ill health pension under regulation E3 of the 2011 Regulations) and, in the case of a Waiting Period Joiner, this is subject to regulation 2.L.5 (children’s pensions payable on the death).

(5) In this regulation “the appropriate fraction” means—

(a)if there is a surviving parent of the dependent child or children or a surviving spouse or civil partner of a parent of the dependent child or children and a surviving adult dependant’s pension is payable under regulation 2.E.1—

(i)one-quarter if there is only one dependent child; and

(ii)one-half if there are two or more dependent children;

(b)if there is a such a parent or spouse or civil partner of a parent, but no surviving adult dependant’s pension is payable under regulation 2.E.1—

(i)one-third if there is only one dependent child; and

(ii)two-thirds if there are two or more dependent children; and

(c)if there is no such parent or spouse or civil partner of such a parent—

(i)one-third if there is only one dependent child; and

(ii)two-thirds if there are two or more dependent children.

(6) If—

(a)a surviving adult dependant’s pension is payable under regulation 2.E.1; and

(b)there is a dependent child who is not dependent on the person entitled to that pension,

the rate of the pension payable in respect of that child for the first three months after the deceased’s death is equal to—

(i)in the case of a deceased active member, the rate of the deceased’s pensionable pay at the date of death; and

(ii)in the case of a deceased non-contributing member, the rate of the deceased’s reckonable pay.

(7) In a case within paragraph (5)(b) or (c), the rate of pension in respect of the dependent child or children for the period of 6 months beginning with the deceased’s death is equal to—

(a)in the case of a deceased active member, the rate of the deceased’s pensionable pay at the date of death; and

(b)in the case of a deceased non-contributing member, the rate of the deceased’s reckonable pay.

Amount of surviving child’s pension: pensioner members

2.E.11.—(1) This regulation applies for determining the annual amount of the pension payable under regulation 2.E.8(1) (surviving dependent child’s pension) if at the date of death the deceased was a pensioner member of this Section of the scheme who was not also an active member or a non-contributing member.

(2) Subject to paragraphs (5), (6) and (7), that amount is the appropriate fraction of the basic death pension.

(3) In this regulation, “the basic death pension” means the greater of—

(a)75% of the deceased’s annual pension (disregarding any additional pension); and

(b)75% of the annual pension to which the deceased would have been entitled if the deceased had been entitled to count 10 years’ pensionable service (disregarding any additional pension),

and, in the case of a 2008 Section Optant, this is subject to regulation 2.K.24 (children’s pensions payable on the death of a 2008 Section Optant who is in receipt of a lower tier ill health pension under regulation E3 of the 2011 Regulations) and, in the case of a Waiting Period Joiner, this is subject to regulation 2.L.5 (children’s pensions payable on the death).

(4) In this regulation “the appropriate fraction” means—

(a)if there is a surviving parent of the dependent child or children or a surviving spouse or civil partner of a parent of the dependent child or children and a surviving adult dependant’s pension is payable under regulation 2.E.1—

(i)one-quarter if there is only one dependent child; and

(ii)one-half if there are two or more dependent children;

(b)if there is such a parent or spouse or civil partner of a parent, but no surviving adult dependant’s pension is payable under regulation 2.E.1—

(i)one-third if there is only one dependent child; and

(ii)two-thirds if there are two or more dependent children; and

(c)if there is no such parent or spouse or civil partner of a parent—

(i)one-third if there is only one dependent child; and

(ii)two-thirds if there are two or more dependent children.

(5) If—

(a)a surviving adult dependant’s pension is payable under regulation 2.E.1; and

(b)there is a dependent child who is not dependent on the person entitled to that pension,

the rate of the pension in respect of that child for the first three months after the deceased’s death is equal to the rate of the member’s pension at the date of death (disregarding any additional pension).

(6) In a case within paragraph (4)(b) or (c), the rate of the pension in respect of the dependent child or children for the period of 6 months beginning with the deceased’s death is equal to the greater of—

(a)the rate of the member’s pension at the date of death disregarding any reduction made under Chapter 2.H (abatement) and any additional pension; and

(b)the amount of children’s pension that would otherwise be payable under these Regulations.

(7) If the deceased member’s pension was payable under regulation 2.D.4 (early payment of pension with actuarial reduction), the reference in paragraph (3)(a) and (b) to the member’s pension is a reference to the amount that the member’s pension would have been if it had been calculated without the reduction mentioned in paragraph (2)(b) of that regulation.

(8) For the purposes of paragraphs (1) and (2), any reduction in the member’s pension under regulation 2.D.14 (general option to exchange part pension for lump sum) and regulation 2.K.12 (amount of pension and lump sum to be paid to a 2008 Section Optant) is to be ignored.

Amount of surviving child’s pension: deferred members

2.E.12.—(1) This regulation applies for determining the annual amount of the pension payable under regulation 2.E.8(1) (surviving dependent child’s pension) if at the date of death the deceased was a deferred member of this Section of the scheme who was not also an active member, a non-contributing member or a pensioner member.

(2) That amount is the appropriate fraction of the basic death pension.

(3) In this regulation, “the basic death pension” means—

(a)if the deceased died within 12 months after ceasing to be an active member or a non-contributing member, the amount that would be the basic death pension for the purposes of regulation 2.E.10 (amount of surviving child’s pension: active members and non-contributing members) if the deceased had died on the day of so ceasing (disregarding any additional pension); and

(b)otherwise, the greater of—

(i)75% of the pension to which the deceased would have been entitled if the deceased had become entitled to a pension under regulation 2.D.1 (normal retirement pensions) on the date of death (disregarding any additional pension); and

(ii)75% of the pension to which the deceased would have been entitled if the deceased had become so entitled and the pension had been calculated on the assumption that the member was entitled to 10 years’ pensionable service (disregarding any additional pension),

and, in the case of a 2008 Section Optant, this is subject to regulation 2.K.24 (children’s pensions payable on the death of a 2008 Section Optant who is in receipt of a lower tier ill health pension under regulation E3 of the 2011 Regulations) and, in the case of a Waiting Period Joiner, this is subject to regulation 2.L.5 (children’s pensions payable on the death).

(4) In this regulation “the appropriate fraction” means—

(a)if there is a surviving parent of the dependent child or children or a surviving spouse or civil partner of a parent of the dependent child or children and a surviving adult’s pension is payable—

(i)one-quarter if there is only one dependent child; and

(ii)one-half if there are two or more dependent children; and

(b)otherwise—

(i)one-third if there is only one dependent child; and

(ii)two-thirds if there are two or more dependent children.

Amount of surviving child’s pension: recent leavers

2.E.13.—(1) This regulation applies for determining the annual amount of the pension payable under regulation 2.E.8(1) (surviving dependent child’s pension) if at the date of death the deceased was a recent leaver (within the meaning of regulation 2.E.6(3) (recent leavers)).

(2) That amount is the appropriate fraction of the basic death pension.

(3) In this regulation—

“the basic death pension” means 75% of the pension to which the deceased would have been entitled if the deceased had become entitled to—

(a)

a pension under regulation 2.D.8(5) (early retirement on ill health: active members and non-contributing members) on the date of death; or

(b)

if greater, the amount that the member’s pension would have been if it had been based on 10 years’ pensionable service (disregarding any additional pension); and

“the appropriate fraction” means—

(a)

if there is a surviving parent of the dependent child or children or a surviving spouse or civil partner of a parent of the dependent child or children and a surviving adult’s pension is payable—

(i)

one-quarter if there is only one dependent child; and

(ii)

one-half if there are two or more dependent children; and

(b)

otherwise—

(i)

one-third if there is only one dependent child; and

(ii)

two-thirds if there are two or more dependent children.

Amount of surviving child’s pension: re-employed pensioners

2.E.14.—(1) This regulation applies for determining the annual amount of a pension payable under regulation 2.E.8(1) (surviving dependent child’s pension) if at the date of death the deceased was an active member or a non-contributing member who was also a pensioner member of this Section of the scheme.

(2) If there is no surviving adult dependant, the rate of the pension in respect of the dependent child or children for the period of 6 months beginning with the deceased’s death is equal to the sum of—

(a)in the case of—

(i)a deceased active member, the rate of the deceased’s pensionable pay at the date of death; and

(ii)a deceased non-contributing member, the rate of the deceased’s reckonable pay; and

(b)the rate of the pension being received by the deceased at the date of death (after taking account of any abatement under Chapter 2.H).

(3) Subject to paragraph (5), except where a pension is payable at the rate mentioned in paragraph (2), the pension in respect of the member’s later service must be paid as the appropriate fraction of 75% of the rate of pension described in—

(a)regulation 2.D.8(5) (early retirement on ill health: active members and non-contributing members) if the deceased has not reached age 65 on the date of death; or

(b)regulation 2.D.1 (normal retirement pensions) if the deceased has reached age 65 on the date of death.

(4) In this regulation “appropriate fraction” has the meaning given in regulation 2.E.10(5) (amount of surviving child’s pension: active members and non-contributing members).

(5) If any dependent child was a dependent child both at the time when the pensionable service in respect of which the pension is payable ceased and at the date of death, the annual amount of the pension in respect of the dependent child or children is the sum of—

(a)the annual amount that would be payable in respect of the child under regulation 2.E.10 (active members and non-contributing members) as a result of the member dying whilst an active member or a non-contributing member if that regulation applied to members who are also pensioner members (disregarding the pensionable service in respect of which the pension is payable (“the pension service”) and any additional pension); and

(b)the annual amount that would be payable in respect of the child under regulation 2.E.11 (amount of surviving child’s pension: pensioner members) as a result of the member dying whilst a pensioner member if that regulation applied to members who are also active members or non-contributing members (having regard only to the pension service and disregarding any additional pension).

(6) If, apart from this paragraph, the sum of—

(a)the relevant service (as defined in regulation 2.E.10(4)) for the purposes of the calculation of the annual amount referred to in paragraph (5)(a); and

(b)the pension service,

would be less than 10 years’ pensionable service, the deceased’s relevant service for the purposes of that calculation is increased by the length of the shortfall.

Amount of surviving child’s pension: power to increase

2.E.15.—(1) This regulation applies if—

(a)a member dies leaving a dependent child or children;

(b)there is a surviving parent of the dependent child or children or a surviving spouse or civil partner of a parent of the dependent child or children; and

(c)the dependent child or children are not being maintained by that surviving parent, spouse or civil partner.

(2) The Scottish Ministers may increase the amount of the pension that would otherwise be payable under this Chapter in respect of the dependent child or children.

(3) The increased amount may not exceed the amount that would have been payable under this Chapter if there had been no such surviving parent or spouse or civil partner of a parent.

(1)

For the rate at which the pension referred to in paragraph (1) is payable, see regulations 2.E.10 to 2.E.15 (amount of surviving child’s pension) and, in any case where that pension includes additional pension, regulations 2.C.14(4) (effect of payment of additional contributions) and 2.C.16(3) (effect of part payment of periodical contributions).

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