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The Statutory Shared Parental Pay (Persons Abroad and Mariners) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2015

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally made).

PART 2Statutory shared parental pay

Interpretation

2.—(1) In these Regulations—

“the Act” means the Social Security Contributions and Benefits (Northern Ireland) Act 1992;

“adopter”, in relation to a child, means the person with whom a child is, or is expected to be, placed for adoption under the law of the United Kingdom;

“adoption from overseas” means the adoption of a child who enters Northern Ireland from outside the United Kingdom in connection with or for the purposes of adoption which does not involve the placement of the child for adoption under the law of any part of the United Kingdom;

“EEA” means European Economic Area;

“foreign-going ship” means any ship or vessel which is not a home-trade ship;

“General Regulations” means the Statutory Shared Parental Pay (General) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2015(1);

“home-trade ship” includes—

(a)

every ship or vessel employed in trading or going within the following limits—

(i)

the United Kingdom (including for this purpose the Republic of Ireland),

(ii)

the Channel Islands,

(iii)

the Isle of Man, and

(iv)

the continent of Europe between the river Elbe and Brest inclusive;

(b)

every fishing vessel not proceeding beyond the following limits—

(i)

on the South, Latitude 48°30′N,

(ii)

on the West, Longitude 12°W, and

(iii)

on the North, Latitude 61°N;

“mariner” means a person who is or has been in employment under a contract of service either as a master or member of the crew of any ship or vessel, or in any other capacity on board any ship or vessel where—

(a)

the employment in that other capacity is for the purposes of that ship or vessel or her crew or any passengers or cargo or mails carried by the ship or vessel; and

(b)

the contract is entered into in the United Kingdom with a view to its performance (in whole or in part) while the ship or vessel is on her voyage,

but does not include a person in so far as their employment is as a serving member of the forces;

“placed for adoption” means—

(a)

placed for adoption by virtue of regulation 12 of the Adoption Agencies Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1989(2);

(b)

placed by an authority with a person who is an approved foster parent who is also an approved prospective adopter(3) where the authority—

(i)

is considering adoption for the child, or

(ii)

is satisfied that adoption is in the best interests of the child,

and is considering whether that person would be a suitable adoptive parent for that child;

(c)

placed for adoption under the Adoption and Children Act 2002(4) or the Adoption and Children (Scotland) Act 2007(5); or

(d)

placed in accordance with section 22C of the Children Act 1989(6) with a local authority foster parent who is also a prospective adopter;

“serving member of the forces” means a person, other than one mentioned in Part 2 of Schedule 1, who, being over the age of 16, is a member of any establishment or organisation specified in Part 1 of that Schedule (being a member who gives full pay service) but does not include any such person while absent on desertion;

“statutory shared parental pay (adoption)” means statutory shared parental pay payable where entitlement to that pay arises under regulation 17 or 18 of the General Regulations;

“statutory shared parental pay (birth)” means statutory shared parental pay payable where entitlement to that pay arises under regulation 4 or 5 of the General Regulations.

(2) For the purposes of these regulations, the expressions “ship” and “ship or vessel” include hovercraft, except in regulation 9(2).

(3) For the purposes of these Regulations—

(a)a person is matched with a child for adoption when an adoption agency decides that that person would be a suitable adoptive parent for the child;

(b)in a case where sub-paragraph (a) applies, a person is notified as having been matched with a child on the date that person receives notification of the agency’s decision, under regulation 11(2)(d) of the Adoption Agencies Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1989, regulation 33(3)(a) of the Adoption Agencies Regulations 2005(7), regulation 28(3) of the Adoption Agencies (Wales) Regulations 2005(8) or regulation 8(5) of the Adoption Agencies (Scotland) Regulations 2009(9);

(c)a person is also matched with a child where each of the following conditions is met—

(i)that person is an approved foster parent and an approved prospective adopter, and the child is, or is expected to be, placed by the authority with that person under Article 27(2)(a) of the Children (Northern Ireland) Order 1995(10);

(ii)the authority—

(aa)is considering adoption for the child, or

(bb)is satisfied that adoption is in the best interests of the child;

(iii)the authority is considering whether that person would be a suitable adoptive parent for that child;

(d)in a case where sub-paragraph (c) applies, a person is notified as having been matched with a child on the date on which that person receives notification from the authority that the conditions in that sub-paragraph have been met;

(e)a person is also matched with a child for adoption when a decision has been made in accordance with regulation 22A of the Care Planning, Placement and Case Review (England) Regulations 2010(11) and an adoption agency has identified that person with whom the child is to be placed in accordance with regulation 12B of the Adoption Agencies Regulations 2005(12);

(f)in a case where sub-paragraph (e) applies, a person is notified as having been matched with a child on the date on which that person receives notification in accordance with regulation 12B(2)(a) of the Adoption Agencies Regulations 2005.

(4) In paragraph (d) of the definition of “placed for adoption” in paragraph (1)

“local authority foster parent” means a person approved as a local authority foster parent in accordance with regulations made by virtue of paragraph 12F of Schedule 2 to the Children Act 1989(13);

“prospective adopter” means a person who has been approved as suitable to adopt a child and has been notified of that decision in accordance with regulation 30B(4) of the Adoption Agencies Regulations 2005.

(5) The reference to “adoption agency” in paragraph (3) has the meaning given—

(a)in relation to Northern Ireland, by Article 3(3) of the Adoption (Northern Ireland) Order 1987(14);

(b)in relation to England and Wales, by section 2(1) of the Adoption and Children Act 2002(15); and

(c)in relation to Scotland, by section 119(1) of the Adoption and Children (Scotland) Act 2007(16).

Application

3.  These Regulations apply in relation to—

(a)statutory shared parental pay (birth) in respect of children whose expected week of birth begins on or after 5th April 2015;

(b)statutory shared parental pay (adoption) in respect of children placed for adoption on or after 5th April 2015.

Restriction on scope

4.  A person who would not be treated under regulation 33 (treatment of persons as employees) of the General Regulations as an employee for the purposes of Part 12ZC (statutory shared parental pay) of the Act(17) if that person’s employment were in Northern Ireland shall not be treated as an employee under these Regulations.

Treatment of persons in other EEA states as employees

5.  A person who is—

(a)gainfully employed in an EEA state other than the United Kingdom in such circumstances that, if the employment were in Northern Ireland, the person would be an employee for the purposes of Part 12ZC of the Act, or a person treated as such an employee under regulation 33 of the General Regulations; and

(b)subject to the legislation of the United Kingdom under Council Regulation (EEC) No.1408/71(18),

notwithstanding that person not being employed in Northern Ireland, shall be treated as an employee for the purposes of Part 12ZC of the Act.

Treatment of certain persons absent from Northern Ireland as employees

6.  Subject to regulation 9(2), where a person, while absent from Northern Ireland for any purpose, is gainfully employed by an employer who is liable to pay secondary Class 1 contributions (within the meaning of section 1(2) of the Act) in respect of that person’s employment under section 6 of the Act(19) or regulation 146 of the Social Security Contributions Regulations 2001(20), that person shall be treated as an employee for the purposes of Part 12ZC of the Act.

Entitlement to statutory shared parental pay where person has worked in an EEA state

7.—(1) A person who—

(a)is an employee or treated as an employee under regulation 5;

(b)in the week immediately preceding the 14th week before the expected week of the child’s birth was in employed earner’s employment with an employer in Northern Ireland; and

(c)had in any week within the period of 26 weeks immediately preceding that week been employed by the same employer in another EEA state,

shall be treated for the purposes of sections 167ZU and 167ZV of the Act(21) (entitlement to shared parental pay: birth) as having been employed in employed earner’s employment with an employer in those weeks in which the person was so employed in the other EEA state.

(2) A person who—

(a)is an employee or treated as an employee under regulation 5;

(b)in the week in which the adopter is notified of having been matched with the child for the purposes of adoption was in employed earner’s employment with an employer in Northern Ireland; and

(c)had in any week within the period of 26 weeks immediately preceding that week been employed by the same employer in another EEA State,

shall be treated for the purposes of sections 167ZW and 167ZX of the Act(22) (entitlement to shared parental pay: adoption) as having been employed in employed earner’s employment in those weeks in which the person was so employed in the other EEA State.

Time for compliance with Part 12ZC of the Act or regulations made under it

8.  Where—

(a)a person is outside the United Kingdom;

(b)Part 12ZC of the Act or regulations made under it require any act to be done forthwith or on the happening of a certain event or within a specified time; and

(c)because the person is outside the United Kingdom that person or that person’s employer cannot comply with the requirement,

the person or the employer, as the case may be, shall be deemed to have complied with the requirement if the act is performed as soon as reasonably practicable.

Mariners

9.—(1) A mariner engaged in employment on board a home-trade ship with an employer who has a place of business within the United Kingdom shall be treated as an employee for the purposes of Part 12ZC of the Act, notwithstanding that he may not be employed in Northern Ireland.

(2) A mariner who is engaged in employment—

(a)on a foreign-going ship; or

(b)on a home-trade ship with an employer who does not have a place of business within the United Kingdom,

shall not be treated as an employee for the purposes of Part 12C of the Act, notwithstanding that the mariner may have been employed in Northern Ireland.

Continental shelf

10.—(1) In this regulation—

“designated area” means any area which may from time to time be designated by Order in Council under section 1(7) of the Continental Shelf Act 1964(23) as an area within which the rights of the United Kingdom with respect to the seabed and subsoil and their natural resources may be exercised;

“prescribed employment” means any employment (whether under a contract of service or not) in a designated area in connection with continental shelf operations, as defined in section 167ZZ6(3) of the Act(24).

(2) A person in prescribed employment shall be treated as an employee for the purposes of Part 12ZC of the Act notwithstanding that that person may not be employed in Northern Ireland.

Adoptions from overseas

11.  Schedule 2 applies to adoptions from overseas.

(3)

“Approved foster parent”, “approved prospective adopter” and “authority” are defined in section 167ZY(4) of 1992 c. 7, as inserted by 2015 c. 1 (N.I.), section 5(2).

(6)

1989 c. 41; section 22C was inserted by the Children and Young Persons Act 2008 (c. 23), section 8(1).

(11)

S.I. 2010/959; amended by S.I. 2014/1556; there is another amending instrument but it is not relevant.

(12)

S. I. 2005/389; amended by S.I. 2014/1556; there are other amending instruments but none is relevant.

(13)

1989 c. 41; paragraph 12F was inserted by the Children and Young Persons Act 2008, Schedule 1, paragraph 4.

(14)

S.I. 1987/2203 (N.I. 22); Article 3(3) was amended by S.I. 1994/429 (N.I. 2).

(17)

Part 12ZC was inserted by 2015 c. 1 (N.I.), s. 5.

(18)

O.J. No. L28, 30.1.1997, p.1.

(19)

Section 6 was substituted by the Welfare Reform and Pensions Act 1999 (c. 30), Schedule 10, paragraph 3, and by the Child Support, Pensions and Social Security Act 2000 (c. 19), section 81(3).

(20)

S.I. 2001/1004, amended by S.I. 2007/1838.

(21)

Section 167ZU was inserted by 2015 c. 1 (N.I.), section 5.

(22)

Section 167ZW was inserted by 2015 c. 1 (N.I.), section 5.

(23)

1964 c. 29; section 1(7) was amended by the Oil and Gas (Enterprise) Act 1982 (c.23), section 37, and Schedule 3, paragraph 1, and the Energy Act 2011 (c. 16), section 103.

(24)

Section 167ZZ6 was inserted by 2015 c. 1 (N.I.), section 5(2).

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