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The Control of Explosives Precursors etc. Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2014

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Defence of due diligenceF1F2F3N.I.

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20.—(1) Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3), in any proceedings for an offence under Article 31 of the 1978 Order for a contravention of regulations 13 or 15, or of Articles 5, 9(3) or 9(4) of the Precursors Regulation (by virtue of regulation 18), it is a defence for the person charged (“P”) to prove—

(a)that the commission of the offence was due to the act or default of another person, not being one of P's employees (the “other person”); and

(b)that P took all reasonable precautions and exercised all due diligence to avoid the commission of the offence.

(2) P is not, without the leave of the court, entitled to rely on the defence in paragraph (1) unless, not less than 7 days before the hearing, P has served on the prosecutor a notice in writing giving such information identifying or assisting in the identification of the other person as was then in P's possession.

(3) For the purpose of enabling the other person to be charged with and convicted of the offence by virtue of Article 34 of the 1978 Order, a person who establishes a defence under this regulation shall nevertheless be treated for the purposes of that Article as having committed the offence.

F1S.I. 1978/1039 (N.I. 9). “Executive” was substituted for “Agency” throughout the Order by S.I. 1998/2795 (N.I. 18). Article 3 defines the “general purposes of” Part II, which in turn defines the scope of the power to make health and safety regulations in article 17(1). The general purposes of Part II, as defined in Article 3, were extended by Articles 3(1) and 4(1) of S.I. 1992/1728 (N.I. 17) to cover certain activities relating to offshore installations and pipe-lines. Article 17(6)(e) was revoked by Schedule 4 to the Health and Safety (Offences) Act 2008 (c. 20). Article 55 was amended by S.I. 1998/2795 (N.I. 18).

F2S.I. 2010/976. Paragraph 4(1)(b) of Schedule 12 enables the Secretary of State to make regulations under the Health and Safety at Work (Northern Ireland) Order 1978 for purposes connected with any reserved matter falling within paragraph 12 or 20 of Schedule 3 to the Northern Ireland Act 1998 (c. 47). By paragraph 4(3) and (4) of Schedule 12 to S.I. 2010/976, the Secretary of State's powers under the 1978 Order to make orders or regulations is exercisable by statutory rule for the purposes of the Statutory Rules (Northern Ireland) Order 1979 (S.I. 1979/1573 (N.I. 12), and any orders and regulations are subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

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