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The Social Security (Recovery of Benefits) (Lump Sum Payments) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2008

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PART 1General

Citation, commencement and interpretation

1.—(1) These Regulations may be cited as the Social Security (Recovery of Benefits) (Lump Sum Payments) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2008 and shall come into operation on 1st October 2008.

(2) In these Regulations—

the Order” means the Social Security (Recovery of Benefits) (Northern Ireland) Order 1997;

“compensator” means a person making a compensation payment;

“lump sum payment” is a payment to which Article 3A(2) of the Order applies, except in relation to regulation 18(1)(b);

“recoverable benefit” has the same meaning as in Article 3(4)(c) of the Order;

“recoverable lump sum payment” means any lump sum payment which is recoverable by virtue of regulation 4.

(3) The Interpretation Act (Northern Ireland) 1954(1) applies to these Regulations as it applies to an Act of the Assembly.

Application of the Order

2.—(1) The provisions of the Order specified in paragraph (2) apply for the purposes of these Regulations with the modifications, where appropriate, prescribed in Schedule 1.

(2) The specified provisions are—

(a)Article 1(1) (title);

(b)Article 2 (interpretation);

(c)Article 3(3) (cases in which this Order applies);

(d)Articles 12 to 16 (reviews and appeals);

(e)Articles 17 and 19 (courts);

(f)Articles 20 and 21 (reduction of compensation: complex cases);

(g)Articles 22 to 25 (miscellaneous);

(h)Articles 27 to 29 (general);

(i)Article 31 (consequential amendments and repeals); and

(j)Schedule 1 (compensation payments).

Consequential amendments

3.  The consequential amendments set out in Schedule 2 apply for the purposes of these Regulations.

Recovery of lump sum payments

4.—(1) The Department may recover the amount of a payment to which Article 3A(2) of the Order applies (“a lump sum payment”) where—

(a)a compensation payment in consequence of a disease is made to or in respect of—

(i)a person (“P”); or

(ii)a dependant of P,

to whom, or in respect of whom, a lump sum payment has been, or is likely to be, made; and

(b)the compensation payment is made in consequence of the same disease as the lump sum payment.

(2) In paragraph (1), a reference to a payment made in consequence of a disease—

(a)is a reference to a payment made by or on behalf of a person who is, or is alleged to be, liable to any extent in respect of the disease; but

(b)does not include a reference to a payment mentioned in Part 1 of Schedule 1 to the Order.

Application of these Regulations to a dependant of P

5.—(1) Subject to paragraph (2), in these Regulations and any provision of the Order as modified any reference to P is to be construed as if it included a reference to a dependant of P where that dependant is the person to whom, or in respect of whom, a lump sum payment is made.

(2) Paragraph (1) does not apply in relation to regulations 4, 10(7) and 12(7) and Articles 17 and 25(2) of, and paragraphs 3(a) and 5(1)(2) of Schedule 1 to, the Order.

Compensation payments to which these Regulations apply

6.  These Regulations apply in relation to compensation payments made on or after the day on which section 8 of the Mesothelioma, etc., Act (Northern Ireland) 2008 comes into operation.

Exempted trusts and payments

7.—(1) The following trusts are prescribed for the purposes of paragraph 4 of Schedule 1 to the Order—

(a)the Macfarlane Trust established on 10th March 1988 partly out of funds provided by the Secretary of State to the Haemophilia Society for the relief of poverty or distress among those suffering from haemophilia;

(b)the Macfarlane (Special Payments) Trust established on 29th January 1990 partly out of funds provided by the Secretary of State for the benefit of certain persons suffering from haemophilia;

(c)the Macfarlane (Special Payments) (No. 2) Trust established on 3rd May 1991 partly out of funds provided by the Secretary of State for the benefit of certain persons suffering from haemophilia and other beneficiaries;

(d)the Eileen Trust established on 29th March 1993 out of funds provided by the Secretary of State for the benefit of persons eligible for payment in accordance with its provisions;

(e)a trust established out of funds provided by the Secretary of State in respect of persons who suffered, or who are suffering, from variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease for the benefit of persons eligible for interim payments in accordance with its provisions;

(f)a trust established out of funds provided by the Secretary of State in respect of persons who suffered, or who are suffering, from variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease for the benefit of persons eligible for payments, other than interim payments, in accordance with its provisions.

(2) The following payments are prescribed for the purposes of paragraph 8 of Schedule 1 to the Order—

(a)any payment made under the Vaccine Damage Payments Act 1979(3) to or in respect of P;

(b)any award of compensation made to or in respect of P under the Criminal Injuries Compensation (Northern Ireland) Order 2002(4), the Criminal Injuries Compensation Act 1995(5) or by the Criminal Injuries Compensation Board under the Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme 1990 or any earlier scheme;

(c)any payment made to P in respect of sensorineural hearing loss where the loss is less than 50 decibels in one or both ears;

(d)any contractual amount paid to P by an employer of P in respect of a period of incapacity for work;

(e)any payment made under the Health and Personal Social Services (Injury Benefits) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2001(6), the National Health Service (Injury Benefits) Regulations 1995(7) or the National Health Service (Scotland) (Injury Benefits) Regulations 1998(8);

(f)any payment made by or on behalf of the Secretary of State for the benefit of persons eligible for payment in accordance with the provisions of a scheme established by the Secretary of State on 24th April 1992 or, in Scotland, on 10th April 1992;

(g)any payment made from the Skipton Fund, the ex-gratia payment scheme administered by the Skipton Fund Limited, incorporated on 25th March 2004, for the benefit of certain persons suffering from hepatitis C and other persons eligible for payment in accordance with the scheme’s provisions;

(h)any payment made from the London Bombings Relief Charitable Fund, the company limited by guarantee (number 5505072) and registered charity of that name established on 11th July 2005 for the purpose of (amongst other things) relieving sickness, disability or financial need of victims (including families or dependants of victims) of the terrorist attacks carried out in London on 7th July 2005.

PART 2Certificates

Applications for certificates

8.—(1) Before making a compensation payment the compensator must apply to the Department for a certificate.

(2) Where the compensator applies for a certificate, the Department must—

(a)send to the compensator a written acknowledgment of receipt of the application; and

(b)issue the certificate before the end of the period of 4 weeks from the day on which the application is received.

(3) An application for a certificate is to be treated for the purposes of the Order as received on the day on which it is received by the Department, or if the application is received after normal business hours, or on a day which is not a normal business day, on the next such day.

Information contained in certificates

9.—(1) Subject to paragraph (2), a certificate must specify—

(a)the amounts;

(b)which of the type of payments referred to in Article 3A(2) of the Order applies; and

(c)the dates,

of any lump sum payments which have been, or are likely to have been, paid.

(2) Where the type of payment is an extra-statutory payment, the certificate may specify that type of payment as if it were a payment to which Article 3A(2)(a) of the Order applies.

(3) The Department may estimate, in such manner as it thinks fit the amount of the lump sum payments specified in the certificate.

(4) Where the Department issues a certificate, the information contained in that certificate must be provided to—

(a)the person who appears to it to be P; or

(b)any person who it thinks will receive a compensation payment in respect of P.

(5) A person to whom a certificate is issued or who is provided with information under paragraph (4) is entitled to particulars of the manner in which any amount, type of payment or date specified in the certificate has been determined, if that person applies to the Department for those particulars.

PART 3Liability of person paying compensation

Liability to pay Department amount of lump sum payments

10.—(1) A person who makes a compensation payment in any case is liable to pay the Department an amount equal to the total amount of—

(a)in a case to which paragraph (2) applies, the recoverable lump sum payments; or

(b)in a case to which paragraph (3) applies, the compensation payment.

(2) Paragraph (1)(a) applies to a case where—

(a)the compensation payment is equal to, or more than, any recoverable lump sum payments; or

(b)a dependant is a beneficiary of part of a compensation payment made in respect of P, that part of the compensation payment is equal to, or more than, any recoverable lump sum payments which have been made to that dependant.

(3) Paragraph 1(b) applies to a case where—

(a)the compensation payment; or

(b)a dependant is a beneficiary of part of a compensation payment made in respect of P, and recoverable lump sum payments have been made to that dependant, the share of the compensation payment,

is less than the lump sum payments.

(4) The liability referred to in paragraph (1) arises—

(a)immediately before the compensation payment or, if there is more than one, the first of them is made;

(b)prior to any liability to pay the Department an amount equal to the total amount of the recoverable benefits payable under Article 8 of the Order.

(5) No amount becomes payable under this regulation before the end of the period of 14 days following the day on which the liability arises.

(6) Subject to paragraph (4), an amount becomes payable under this regulation at the end of the period of 14 days beginning with the day on which a certificate is first issued showing that the amount of recoverable lump sum payment to which it relates has been or is likely to have been paid.

(7) In the case of a lump sum payment which has been made to a dependant of P, this regulation applies only to the extent to which the compensator is making any payment—

(a)(i)under the Fatal Accidents (Northern Ireland) Order 1977(9),

(ii)under the Fatal Accidents Act 1976(10), or

(iii)to the extent that it is made in respect of a liability arising by virtue of section 1 of the Damages (Scotland) Act 1976(11),

to that dependant; or

(b)in respect of P, and that dependant is an intended beneficiary of part or all of that payment.

Recovery of payment due under regulation 10

11.—(1) This regulation applies where a compensator has made a compensation payment but—

(a)has not applied for a certificate; or

(b)has not made a payment to the Department under regulation 10 before the end of the period allowed under that regulation.

(2) The Department may—

(a)issue the compensator who made the compensation payment with a certificate, if none has been issued; or

(b)issue that compensator with a copy of the certificate or (if more than one has been issued) the most recent one,

and (in either case) issue that compensator with a demand that payment of any amount due under regulation 10 be made immediately.

(3) The Department may, in accordance with paragraph (4), recover the amount for which a demand for payment is made under paragraph (2) from the compensator who made the compensation payment.

(4) Any amount recoverable under paragraph (3) is, if the county court so orders, enforceable as if it were payable under an order of that court.

(5) A document bearing a certificate which—

(a)is signed by a person authorised to do so by the Department; and

(b)states that the document, apart from the certificate, is a record of the amount recoverable under paragraph (3),

is conclusive evidence that that amount is so recoverable.

(6) A certificate under paragraph (5) purporting to be signed by a person authorised to do so by the Department is to be treated as so signed unless the contrary is proved.

PART 4Reduction of compensation

Reduction of compensation

12.—(1) This regulation applies in a case where, in relation to any compensation payment in consequence of a disease made to or in respect of P, a lump sum payment has been, or is likely to be made to, or in respect of P.

(2) In such a case, any claim of a person to receive the compensation payment is to be treated for all purposes as discharged if—

(a)that person is paid the amount (if any) of the compensation payment calculated in accordance with this regulation; and

(b)if the amount of the compensation payment so calculated is nil, that person is given a statement saying so by the compensator who (apart from this regulation) would have paid the gross amount of the compensation payment.

(3) For an award of compensation for which paragraph (1) is satisfied, so much of the gross amount of the compensation payment as is equal to the amount of the lump sum payment is to be reduced (to nil, if necessary) by deducting the amount of the recoverable lump sum payment.

(4) Paragraph (3) is to have effect as if a requirement to reduce a payment by deducting an amount which exceeds that payment were a requirement to reduce that payment to nil.

(5) The amount of the compensation payment calculated in accordance with this regulation is—

(a)the gross amount of the compensation payment; less

(b)the reduction made under paragraph (3),

and, accordingly, the amount may be nil.

(6) The reduction specified in paragraph (3) is to be attributed to the heads of compensation in the following order—

(a)damages for non-pecuniary loss;

(b)damages for pecuniary loss,

and, the reduction is to be made before any reduction made in respect of recoverable benefits under Article 10 of the Order.

(7) Where the lump sum payment has been made to a dependant of P, the reduction specified in paragraph (3) may be attributed—

(a)to any damages awarded to that dependant—

(i)under the Fatal Accidents (Northern Ireland) Order 1977,

(ii)under the Fatal Accidents Act 1976, or

(iii)to the extent that they are made in respect of a liability arising by virtue of section 1 of the Damages (Scotland) Act 1976,

other than those paid for funeral expenses;

(b)to any part of a compensation payment paid in respect of P, where that dependant is an intended beneficiary of part or all of that compensation.

Regulation 12: supplementary

13.—(1) A compensator who makes a compensation payment calculated in accordance with regulation 12 must inform the person to whom the payment is made—

(a)that the payment has been so calculated; and

(b)of the date for payment by reference to which the calculation has been made.

(2) If the amount of a compensation payment calculated in accordance with regulation 12 is nil, a compensator giving a statement saying so is to be treated for the purposes of these Regulations as making a payment within regulation 4(1)(a) on the day on which the statement is given.

(3) Where a compensator—

(a)makes a compensation payment calculated in accordance with regulation 12; and

(b)if the amount of the compensation payment so calculated is nil, gives a statement saying so,

the compensator is to be treated, for the purpose of determining any rights and liabilities in respect of contribution or indemnity, as having paid the gross amount of the compensation payment.

(4) For the purposes of these Regulations—

(a)the gross amount of the compensation payment is the amount of the compensation payment apart from regulation 12; and

(b)the amount of any recoverable lump sum payment is the amount determined in accordance with the certificate.

Reduction of compensation: complex cases

14.—(1) This regulation applies where—

(a)a compensation payment in the form of a lump sum (“the earlier payment”) has been made to or in respect of P; and

(b)subsequently another such payment (“the later payment”) is made to or in respect of the same P in consequence of the same disease.

(2) In determining the liability under regulation 10(1) arising in connection with the making of the later payment, the amount referred to in that regulation is to be reduced by any amount paid in satisfaction of that liability as it arose in connection with the earlier payment.

(3) Where—

(a)a payment made in satisfaction of the liability under regulation 10(1) arising in connection with an earlier payment is not reflected in the certificate in force at the time of the later payment; and

(b)in consequence, the aggregate of payments made in satisfaction of the liability exceeds what it would have been had that payment been so reflected,

the Department is to pay the compensator who made the later payment an amount equal to the excess.

(4) Where—

(a)a compensator receives a payment under paragraph (3); and

(b)the amount of the compensation payment made by that compensator was calculated under regulation 12,

then the compensation payment is to be recalculated under that regulation, and the compensator must pay the amount of the increase (if any) to the person to whom the compensation payment was made.

(5) Where both the earlier payment and the later payment are made by the same compensator, that compensator may—

(a)aggregate the gross amounts of the payments made;

(b)calculate what would have been the reduction made under regulation 12(3) if that aggregate amount had been paid at the date of the last payment on the basis that—

(i)the aggregate amount is to be taken to be the gross amount, and

(ii)the amount of any recoverable lump sum payment is to be taken to be the amount determined in accordance with the most recent certificate;

(c)deduct from that reduction calculated under sub-paragraph (b) the amount of the reduction under regulation 12(3) from any earlier payment; and

(d)deduct from the latest gross payment the net reduction calculated under sub-paragraph (c),

and accordingly the latest payment may be nil.

(6) Where a refund is made under paragraph (3), the Department is to send the compensator (with the refund) and the person to whom the compensation payment was made a statement showing—

(a)the total amount that has already been paid by that compensator to the Department;

(b)the amount that ought to have been paid by that compensator; and

(c)the amount to be repaid to that compensator by the Department.

(7) Where the reduction of a compensation payment is recalculated by virtue of paragraph (4) or (5), the compensator must give notice of the calculation to P.

PART 5Miscellaneous

Information to be provided by the compensator

15.  The following information is prescribed for the purposes of Articles 23(3)(a) and 25(1) of the Order—

(a)the full name and address of P;

(b)where known, the date of birth or national insurance number of P, or both if both are known; and

(c)the nature of the disease.

Information to be provided by P

16.  The following information is prescribed for the purposes of Article 25(2) of the Order—

(a)whether P has claimed or may claim a compensation payment, and if so, the full name and address of the person against whom the claim was or may be made;

(b)the amount of any compensation payment and the date on which it was made;

(c)the amount of the lump sum payment claimed, the type of that payment and the date on which it was paid.

Provision of information

17.  A person required to give information to the Department under regulation 15 or 16 is to do so by sending it to the Department not later than 14 days after—

(a)where the person is one to whom regulation 15 applies, the date on which the compensator receives a claim for compensation from P in respect of the disease;

(b)where the person is one to whom regulation 16 applies, the date on which the Department requests the information from P.

Periodical payments

18.—(1) This regulation applies where in final settlement of P’s claim, an agreement is entered into—

(a)for the making of periodical payments (whether of an income or capital nature); or

(b)for the making of such payments and lump sum payments,

and, those payments would fall to be treated for the purposes of the Order as compensation payments.

(2) Where this regulation applies—

(a)the compensator in question is to be taken to have made a single compensation payment on the day of settlement;

(b)the total of the payments due to be made under the agreement referred to in paragraph (1) are to be taken to be a compensation payment for the purposes of the Order; and

(c)that single compensation payment is a payment from which lump sum payments may be recovered under these Regulations.

(3) In any case where—

(a)the person making the periodical payments (“the secondary party”) does so in pursuance of arrangements entered into with another (“the primary party”) (as in a case where the primary party purchases an annuity for P from the secondary party); and

(b)apart from those arrangements, the primary party would have been regarded as the compensator,

then for the purposes of the Order, the primary party is to be regarded as the compensator and the secondary party is not to be so regarded.

(4) In this regulation—

“the day of settlement” means—

(a)

if the agreement referred to in paragraph (1) is approved by a court, the day on which that approval is given; and

(b)

in any other case, the day on which the agreement is entered into;

“a single compensation payment” means the total amount of the payments due to be made under the agreement referred to in paragraph (1).

Adjustments

19.—(1) Where the conditions specified in paragraph (1) and sub-paragraphs (a) and (b) of paragraph (2) of Article 16 of the Order are satisfied, the Department is to pay the difference between the amount that has been paid and the amount that ought to have been paid to the compensator.

(2) Where the conditions specified in paragraph (1) and sub-paragraphs (a) and (b) of paragraph (3) of Article 16 of the Order are satisfied, the compensator is to pay the difference between the amount that has been paid and the amount that ought to have been paid to the Department.

(3) Where the Department is making a refund under paragraph (1), or demanding a payment of a further amount under paragraph (2), it is to send to the compensator (with the refund or demand) and to the person to whom the compensation payment was made a statement showing—

(a)the total amount that has already been paid to the Department;

(b)the amount that ought to have been paid; and

(c)the difference, and whether a repayment by the Department or a further payment by the compensator to the Department is required.

(4) This paragraph applies where—

(a)the amount of the compensation payment by the compensator was calculated under regulation 12; and

(b)the Department has made a payment under paragraph (1).

(5) Where paragraph (4) applies, the amount of the compensation payment is to be recalculated under regulation 12 to take account of the fresh certificate and the compensator must pay the amount of the increase (if any) to the person to whom the compensation payment was made.

(6) This paragraph applies where—

(a)the amount of the compensation payment made by the compensator was calculated under regulation 12;

(b)the compensator has made a payment under paragraph (2); and

(c)the fresh certificate issued after the review or appeal was required as a result of P or such other person to whom the compensation payment was made supplying to the compensator information, knowing it to be incorrect or insufficient, with the intent of enhancing the compensation payment calculated under regulation 12, and the compensator supplying that information to the Department without knowing it to be incorrect or insufficient.

(7) Where paragraph (6) applies, the compensator may recalculate the compensation payment under regulation 12 to take account of the fresh certificate and may require the repayment of the difference (if any) between the payment made and the payment as so recalculated by the person to whom the compensator made the compensation payment.

Sealed with the Official Seal of the Department for Social Development on 27th August 2008

(L.S.)

B McGahan

A senior officer of the Department for Social Development

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