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Coffee Extracts and Chicory Extracts Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2001

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Statutory Rules of Northern Ireland

2001 No. 45

FOOD

Coffee Extracts and Chicory Extracts Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2001

Made

7th February 2001

Coming into operation

19th March 2001

The Department of Health, Social Services and Public Safety(1) in exercise of the powers conferred on it by Articles 15(1)(a) and (e), 16(1), 25(1) and (3), 26(3) and 47(2) of the Food Safety (Northern Ireland Order 1991(2) and of all other powers enabling it in that behalf, having had regard in accordance with Article 47(3A) of the said Order to relevant advice given by the Food Standards Agency and after consultation in accordance with Article 47(3) and (3B) of the said Order, hereby makes the following Regulations:—

Citation and commencement

1.  These Regulations may be cited as the Coffee Extracts and Chicory Extracts Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2001 and shall come into operation on 19th March 2001.

Interpretation

2.—(1) In these Regulations—

“the 1996 Regulations” means the Food Labelling Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1996(3);

“chicory” means the roots of Cichorium Intybus L. (other than the roots of plants used for the production of witloof chicory) which have been suitably cleaned, dried and roasted;

“chicory extracts” means the concentrated product obtained by extraction from roasted chicory using only water as the method of extraction (excluding any process of hydrolysis involving the addition of an acid or a base);

“coffee extracts” means the concentrated product obtained by extraction from roasted coffee beans using only water as the medium of extraction (excluding any process of hydrolysis involving the addition of an acid or a base) and which contains only the soluble and aromatic constituents of coffee, apart from those insoluble substances which it is impossible to remove and insoluble oils derived from coffee;

“designated product” means any food specified in column 2 of Part I or II of the Schedule (as read with any Note in those columns relating to that food) but does not include any product which contains such a food as an ingredient and which is sold, consigned or delivered as a compound product;

the Order” means the Food Safety (Northern Ireland) Order 1991;

“reserved description”, as respects any designated product, means any description specified in relation to that product in column 1 of Part I or II of the Schedule and the use of any such description in these Regulations shall be construed as meaning the designated product specified in relation to that description in column 2 of that Part;

“sell” includes offer or expose for sale or have in possession for sale.

(2) All proportions mentioned in these Regulations are proportions calculated by weight and are calculated on the total weight of the product.

Scope of the Regulations

3.—(1) Subject to paragraph (2), these Regulations apply to coffee extracts and chicory extracts which are ready for delivery to the ultimate consumer or to a catering establishment.

(2) These Regulations do not apply to the product known as café torrefacto soluble.

(3) In this regulation—

“catering establishment” means a restaurant, canteen, club, public house, school, hospital or similar establishment (including a vehicle or a fixed or mobile stall) where, in the course of a business, food is prepared for delivery to the ultimate consumer and is ready for consumption without further preparation;

“preparation” includes manufacture and any form of processing or treatment; and

“ultimate consumer” means any person who buys otherwise than—

(a)

for the purpose of resale,

(b)

for the purposes of a catering establishment, or

(c)

for the purposes of a manufacturing business.

Reserved descriptions

4.  No person shall give with any food sold by him, or display with any food offered or exposed by him for sale or in his possession for the purpose of sale, a label, whether or not attached or printed on the wrapper or container, which bears, comprises or includes any reserved description or any derivative thereof or any word or description substantially similar thereto unless—

(a)such food is the designated product to which the reserved description relates;

(b)such description, derivative or word is used in such a context as to indicate explicitly or by clear implication that the substance to which it relates is only an ingredient of that food; or

(c)such description, derivative or word is used in such a context as to indicate explicitly or by clear implication that such food is not and does not contain a designated product.

Labelling and description of designated products

5.—(1) Without prejudice to the 1996 Regulations, no person shall sell any designated product unless it is marked or labelled with the following particulars––

(a)subject to paragraph (2), a reserved description of the product which shall be the name prescribed by law for that product for the purposes of regulation 6(1) of the 1996 Regulations;

(b)the word “decaffeinated” in the case of a product specified in column 2 of Part I of the Schedule which has been subjected to a decaffeination process and in which the residual anhydrous caffeine content does not exceed 0.30% of its coffee-based dry matter content;

(c)in the case of a product specified in item 3 of column 2 of Part I or II of the Schedule in which sugar has been used, the words “with X”, “preserved with X”, “with added X” or “roasted with X” as appropriate, “X” being the name of the sugar product used, which name shall be the reserved description of that product specified in relation thereto in the Specified Sugar Products Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1976(4) or, if the sugar product has no such reserved description, the name of the product which if the sugar product were itself being sold as a food would be used, pursuant to the 1996 Regulations, as the name of the food;

(d)in the case of a product specified in item 2 or 3 of column 2 of Part I of the Schedule, a declaration of the minimum coffee-based dry matter content expressed as a percentage; and

(e)in the case of a product specified in item 2 or 3 of column 2 of Part II of the Schedule, a declaration of the minimum chicory-based dry matter content as expressed as a percentage.

(2) In the case of a product specified in item 3 of column 2 of Part I of the Schedule containing more than 25% coffee-based dry matter and of a product specified in item 3 of column 2 of Part II of the Schedule containing more than 45% chicory-based dry matter, the word “concentrated” may be added to the reserved description.

(3) The information required by paragraph (1)(b) and (c) shall be in the same field of vision as the reserved description required by paragraph (1)(a).

Manner of marking or labelling

6.  Regulations 35, 36(1) and (5) and 38 of the 1996 Regulations (which relate to the manner of marking or labelling of food) shall apply to the particulars with which a designated product is required to be marked or labelled by regulation 5 of these Regulations as if they were particulars with which food is required to be marked or labelled by the 1996 Regulations.

Penalties and enforcement

7.—(1) If any person contravenes any of the provisions of these Regulations he shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

(2) Each district council shall enforce and execute these Regulations within its district.

(3) The methods used to determine the free and soluble carbohydrate content of coffee extracts shall be in conformity with paragraphs 1 and 2 of the Annex to Council Directive 85/591/EEC(5) concerning the introduction of Community methods of sampling and analysis for the monitoring of foodstuffs for human consumption and shall be validated or standardised.

Transitional provision

8.  In any proceedings for an offence under these Regulations it shall be a defence for the person charged to prove that—

(a)the food concerned was marked or labelled before 13th September 2001, and

(b)the matters constituting the alleged offence would not have constituted an offence under the Coffee and Coffee Products Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1979(6) if those Regulations had been in operation when the food was marked or labelled.

Defence in relation to exports

9.  In any proceeding for an offence under these Regulations it shall be a defence for the person charged to prove that the food in respect of which the offence is alleged to have been committed was intended for export to a country (other than a member State) which has legislation analogous to these Regulations and that the food complies with that legislation.

Application of various provisions of the Order

10.  The following provisions of the Order shall apply for the purposes of these Regulations and any reference in those provisions to the Order shall be construed as a reference to these Regulations—

(a)Articles 2(4) and (3) (extended meaning of “sale” etc.);

(b)Article 4 (presumptions that food intended for human consumption);

(c)Article 19 (offences due to fault of another person);

(d)Article 20 (defence of due diligence) as it applies for the purposes of Article 7, 13 or 14;

(e)Article 21 (defence of publication in the course of business);

(f)Article 30(8) (which relates to documentary evidence);

(g)Article 34 (obstruction, etc., of officers);

(h)Article 36 (punishment of offences) in so far as it relates to offences under Article 34(1) and (2) as applied by paragraph (g).

Amendments and revocations

11.—(1) In the 1996 Regulations, in regulation 4(2) (scope of Part II) sub-paragraph (e) shall be omitted.

(2) The following entries relating to the Coffee and Coffee Products Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1979 shall be omitted—

(a)in the Food (Revision of Penalties and Mode of Trial) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1987(7), in Schedule 1;

(b)in the Food Safety (Northern Ireland) Order 1991 (Consequential Modifications) Order (Northern Ireland) 1991(8), in Schedule 1, Part I and Schedules 2, 3 and 5;

(c)in the Food Safety (Exports) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1991(9), in the Schedule;

(d)in the Food (Forces Exemptions) (Revocations) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1992(10), in the Schedule;

(e)in the Miscellaneous Food Additives Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1996(11), in Schedule 9;

(f)in the 1996 Regulations, regulation 49(6).

(3) The Coffee and Coffee Products Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1979, the Coffee and Coffee Products (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1982(12) and the Coffee and Coffee Products (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1988(13) are hereby revoked.

Sealed with the Official Seal of the Department of Health, Social Services and Public Safety on 7th February 2001.

L.S.

John McGrath

Senior Officer of the

Department of Health, Social Services and Public Safety

Regulations 2 and 5

SCHEDULE

Part ICoffee Extracts and their Reserved Descriptions

Column 1Column 2
Reserved descriptionsDesignated Products

1.  Coffee extract or Soluble coffee extract or Instant coffee or Soluble coffee

Coffee extracts in powder, granular, flake, cube or other solid form, of which the coffee-based dry matter content is not less than 95%, containing no substances other than those derived from the extraction of coffee.

2.  Coffee extract or Soluble coffee extract or Instant coffee or Soluble coffee

supplemented in each case by the word “paste” or the words “in paste form”Coffee extracts in paste form, of which the coffee-based dry matter content is not more than 85%, and not less than 70%, containing no substances other than those derived from the extraction of coffee.

3.  Coffee extract or Soluble coffee extract or Instant coffee or Soluble coffee

supplemented in each case by the word “liquid” or the words “in liquid form”

Coffee extracts in liquid form, of which the coffee-based dry matter content is not more than 55%, and not less than 15%.

NOTE:

The product may contain added sugar products, whether or not roasted, in a proportion not exceeding 12%.

Part IIChicory Extracts and their Reserved Descriptions

Column 1Column 2
Reserved descriptionsDesignated Products

1.  Chicory extract or Instant chicory or Soluble chicory

Chicory extracts in powder, granular, flake, cube or other solid form, of which the chicory-based dry matter content is not less than 95%.

NOTE:

This product may contain not more than 1% of substances not derived from chicory.

2.  Chicory extract or Instant chicory or Soluble chicory

supplemented in each case by the word “paste” or the words “in paste form”

Chicory extracts in paste form, of which the chicory-based dry matter content is not more than 85%, and not less than 70%.

NOTE:

This product may contain not more than 1% of substances not derived from chicory.

3.  Chicory extract or Instant chicory or Soluble chicory

supplemented in each case by the word “liquid” or the words “in liquid form”

Chicory extracts in liquid form, of which the chicory-based dry matter content is not more than 55%, and not less than 25%.

NOTE:

This product may contain added sugar products, whether or not roasted, in a proportion not exceeding 35%.

Explanatory Note

(This note is not part of the Regulations.)

These Regulations implement Directive 1999/4/EC of the European Parliament and the Council relating to coffee extracts and chicory extracts (O.J. No. L66, 13.3.1999, p. 26). They revoke and replace the Coffee and Coffee Products Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1979, as amended.

These Regulations—

(a)prescribe definitions and reserved descriptions for coffee extracts and chicory extracts (regulation 2 and the Schedule);

(b)provide for the Regulations to apply to coffee extracts and chicory extracts ready for delivery to the ultimate consumer or to a catering establishment, except for the product known as café torrefacto soluble (regulation 3);

(c)restrict the sale of foods labelled with a reserved description (regulation 4);

(d)require reserved descriptions and specified declarations to be applied to designated products, and prescribe the manner of marking or labelling to be employed; certain provisions of the Food Labelling Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1996, which govern the labelling of coffee extracts and chicory extracts except so far as specifically provided for in these Regulations, are applied to these specific requirements (regulations 5 and 6);

(e)provide for penalties and enforcement, include a transitional provision, and a defence in relation to exports (in accordance with Articles 2 and 3 of Council Directive 89/397/EEC (O.J. No. L186, 30.6.89, p. 23) on the official control of foodstuffs), apply various provisions of the Food Safety (Northern Ireland) Order 1991 and make amendments and revocations (regulations 7 to 11).

(1)

Formerly the Department of Health and Social Services; see S.I. 1999/283 (N.I. 1), Article 3

(2)

S.I. 1991/762 (N.I. 7) as amended by S.I. 1996/1633 (N.I. 12) and paragraphs 26 to 42 of Schedule 5 and Schedule 6 to the Food Standards Act 1999 c. 28

(3)

S.R. 1996 No. 383; the relevant amending Regulations are S.R. 1998 No. 253, S.R. 1999 No. 143 and S.R. 2000 No. 189

(4)

S.R. 1976 No. 165; the relevant amending Regulations are S.R. 1982 No. 311

(5)

O.J. No. L372, 31.12.1985, p. 50

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