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Students Awards Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1997

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Part IGeneral

Citation and commencement

1.  These Regulations may be cited as the Students Awards Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1997 and shall come into operation on 1st September 1997.

Revocations

2.  The Students Awards (No. 2) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1996(1) and the Students Awards (No. 2) (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1996(2) are hereby revoked.

Interpretation

3.—(1) In these Regulations—

“academic authority” in relation to an institution means the governing body or other body having the functions of a governing body and includes a person acting with the authority of that governing body or other body;

“area” means the area of a board;

“award” includes an award made under previous awards regulations, and either a fees only award or a full award made under these Regulations;

British Islands” means the United Kingdom, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man;

“Certificate in Education” includes a Teacher’s Certificate;

“the Council Regulation” means Council Regulation (EEC) No. 1612/68 on freedom of movement for workers within the Community as extended by the EEA Agreement(3);

“course comparable to a first degree course” means—

(a)

a course of at least 3 academic years' duration provided by a university or universities for a certificate, diploma or other academic award;

(b)

an educational facility designated by the Department under Article 50(1);

“course for the Diploma of Higher Education” means a course provided by—

(a)

a publicly funded institution for the Diploma of Higher Education;

(b)

a publicly funded institution for the Diploma of Higher Education or a first degree as the student may elect after the commencement of the course;

(c)

a publicly funded institution in conjunction with a private institution, or by a private institution, for the Diploma of Higher Education which is for the time being designated for the purposes of this provision by the Secretary of State for Education and Employment;

“course for the Higher Diploma” means—

(i)

a course provided by a publicly funded institution for the Higher National Diploma or the Higher National Diploma of the Business and Technology Education Council (“BTEC”);

(ii)

a course provided by a publicly funded institution in conjunction with a private institution, or by a private institution, for the Higher National Diploma or the Higher National Diploma of the Business and Technology Education Council, which is for the time being designated for the purposes of this provision by the Secretary of State for Education and Employment;

“course of higher education” means a course of a type listed in Schedule 7 to the Education Reform (Northern Ireland) Order 1989(4) and, for the purposes of paragraph 2(d) of Schedule 2, includes a full-time course outside Northern Ireland which is comparable to a full-time course of higher education in Northern Ireland;

“course of initial teacher training” means—

(a)

a full-time course for the initial training of teachers (other than a course for the degree of Bachelor of Education) provided by a publicly funded institution or where a private institution is an eligible institution as defined by section 4(2) of the Education Act 1994(5) by a public institution in conjunction with such a private institution, or by such a private institution;

(b)

a part-time course of teacher training, involving not less than 3 days' attendance for the purposes of study or teaching practice during each of at least 30 weeks during each year of the course, for the time being specified for the purposes of this provision by the Department;

(c)

any other course of teacher training, whether full-time, part-time or partly full-time and partly part-time, for the time being so specified; and

for the purposes of paragraphs (a) to (c) a full-time course is a course involving not less than 30 weeks' full-time attendance for the purposes of study or teaching practice during each year of the course, a part-time course is a course involving periods of attendance for those purposes all of which are part-time, and a partly full-time and partly part-time course is any other course, and in this definition in relation to a course provided at the University of Oxford or Cambridge a reference to a period of 30 weeks shall have effect as a reference to a period of 25 weeks;

“degree” means a degree awarded by a university, institution of higher education in the United Kingdom or the Republic of Ireland or the Council for National Academical Awards;

“dependent” means wholly or mainly financially dependent;

“discretionary award” shall be construed in accordance with regulation 8(2);

“employment” means full-time employment or part-time employment which, in a normal week, involves a significant number of hours of work and “employed” shall be construed accordingly, and for the purposes hereof the references to employment include references to the holding for gain of any office and to the following for gain of any occupation;

“establishment of further education” excludes a university but includes a college of education and an institution of further education which also provides higher education;

“European Community” means the area comprised by the member States of the European Community (including the United Kingdom) as constituted from time to time;

“EEA Agreement” means the Agreement on the European Economic Area signed at Oporto on 2nd May 1992(6) as adjusted by the Protocol signed at Brussels on 17th March 1993(7);

“EEA migrant worker” means a person who is a national of a member State of the European Economic Area who has taken up an activity as an employed person in the United Kingdom under the Council Regulation or in circumstances where as a national of the United Kingdom he has an enforceable Community right to be treated no less favourably than a national of another member State in relation to matters which are the subject of the Council Regulation;

“European Economic Area” means the European Community and subject to the conditions laid down in the EEA Agreement the area comprised by the Republic of Iceland, the Kingdom of Norway and the Principality of Liechtenstein; an area which was previously not part of the European Community or the European Economic Area, but at any time before or after these Regulations came into operation has become part of one or other or both of those areas shall be considered to have always been part of the area of the European Economic Area;

“European student” means a person who is a national of a member State of the European Community or the child of such a national to whom one or more of the exceptions relating to residence in the British Islands or settlement in the United Kingdom found in regulation 7(2) and paragraphs 1(b) and 2(a) of Schedule 2 apply;

“fees only award” means an award made only in respect of fees described in Schedule 6;

“first degree course” means—

(a)

a course provided by a publicly funded institution for a first degree or for the degree of Bachelor of Medicine or an equivalent degree;

(b)

a course provided by the University of Buckingham for a first degree of that university;

(c)

an international course, that is to say a course provided by a publicly funded institution in conjunction with an overseas institution for a first degree;

(d)

a course provided by a publicly funded institution in conjunction with a private institution, or by a private institution, for a first degree or for the degree of Bachelor of Medicine or an equivalent degree, which is for the time being designated for the purposes of this provision by the Secretary of State for Education and Employment;

“full award” means an award made in respect of both fees described in Schedule 6 and a maintenance grant;

“highest-cost country” means Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Japan, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland and Taiwan;

“higher-cost country” means Austria, Belgium, France (excluding Departements d'Outre Mer), the Federal Republic of Germany, Hong Kong, Israel, the Republic of Korea, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and countries of the former Soviet Union;

“high-cost country” means Australia, Canada, Greece, Indonesia, the Republic of Ireland, Italy, New Zealand, Spain and the United States of America;

“independent student” means a student who—

(a)

has attained the age of 25 years before the beginning of the year for which payments in pursuance of his award fall to be made; or

(b)

has supported himself out of his earnings for periods (including any period mentioned in paragraph (3)), before the first year of his course aggregating not less than 3 years; or

(c)

has been married for at least 2 years before the beginning of the year for which payments in pursuance of his award fall to be made whether or not the marriage is still subsisting; or

(d)

has no parent living; or

(e)

is irreconcilably estranged from his parents;

“institution” means an educational institution in the United Kingdom providing further or higher education or both, or providing a course which qualifies for funding under Part I of the Education Act 1994 or a university or relevant institution of higher education in the Republic of Ireland providing a full-time course comparable to one listed in paragraphs 1, 2, 3 or 4 of Schedule 3;

“maintenance grant” means a grant calculated in accordance with regulation 13;

“ordinary maintenance requirement” shall be construed in accordance with paragraph 1(1) of Schedule 7;

“overseas institution” means an educational institution in a country outside the United Kingdom providing further or higher education or both;

“periods of experience” “prescribed proportion” and “sandwich year” in relation to a sandwich course have the meanings respectively assigned to them by paragraph 1 of Schedule 10;

“previous awards regulations” means the Regulations revoked by regulation 2 and any regulations superseded by those Regulations;

“private institution” means an institution or institutions which are not maintained or assisted by recurrent grants out of public funds;

“publicly funded institution” means an institution or institutions which are maintained or assisted by recurrent grants out of public funds;

“refugee” means a person recognised by Her Majesty’s Government as a refugee within the meaning of the United Nations Convention relating to the Status of Refugees done at Geneva on 28th July 1951(8) as extended by the Protocol thereto which entered into force on 4th October 1967(9) and any reference to the child of a refugee includes a reference to a person adopted in pursuance of adoption proceedings and a step-child;

“relevant day” means the last day of the month of October, February, April or June (according as the academic year of the course begins in the winter, spring, summer or autumn respectively) preceding the beginning of the course;

“relevant institution of higher education in the Republic of Ireland” means an institution listed in Part II of Schedule 5;

“specified course” means a course of a type listed in Schedule 3; and in relation to any person any reference (otherwise unqualified) to a specified course shall, as the context requires, be construed as a reference to a specified course which the person attends or has applied to attend and any reference to a specified course shall be construed as a reference to either a course of full-time study or a sandwich course;

“statutory award” means any award made or grant paid by virtue of Article 50 (except a maintenance allowance payable under the Maintenance Allowances (Pupils over Compulsory School Age) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1996(10)) or Article 51 and includes any comparable award made or grant or other payment made in respect of attendance at a course which is paid out of monies provided by or under any statutory provision;

“student” means a person to whom an award has been made under these Regulations or previous award regulations;

“supplementary requirement” shall be construed in accordance with paragraph 4 of Schedule 7;

“the excess period” shall be construed in accordance with paragraph 5(1) of Schedule 7;

the Order” means the Education and Libraries (Northern Ireland) Order 1986; and a reference by number to an Article is a reference to the Article bearing that number in the Order;

“the Tax Acts” has the same meaning as in Schedule 1 to the Interpretation Act 1978(11);

“university” means a university in the United Kingdom or the Republic of Ireland and includes a university college and a constituent college, school or hall of such a university;

“year”, in respect of a course, means the period of 12 months beginning on 1st January, 1st April, 1st July or 1st September according as the academic year of the course begins in the winter, spring, summer or autumn respectively; and any reference to the first or the final year of a course shall be construed accordingly.

(2) In paragraph (1) “parent” shall have the same meaning as in Part II of Schedule 8.

(3) A period during which a student has supported himself out of his earnings includes any period during which—

(a)the student was in receipt of training in pursuance of a programme of the type described in Schedule 1;

(b)the student was in receipt of unemployment benefit under section 25(1) of the Social Security Contributions and Benefits (Northern Ireland) Act 1992(12) or a jobseeker’s allowance under Part II of the Jobseekers (Northern Ireland) Order 1995(13);

(c)the student was available for employment and, if under the age of 18 years, registered for employment;

(d)the student held a postgraduate studentship or comparable award;

(e)the student received incapacity benefit under section 30A(14), maternity allowance under section 35(1)(15), severe disablement allowance under section 68(1), statutory sick pay under Part XI(16) or statutory maternity pay under Part XII(17) of the Social Security Contributions and Benefits (Northern Ireland) Act 1992;

(f)the student could not reasonably have been expected to support himself out of his earnings because he had the care of a person under the age of 18 years who was dependent upon him.

(4) In paragraph (3) a reference to a person registered or available for employment is a reference to his being so registered or available for the purposes of section 123(1) of the Social Security Contributions and Benefits (Northern Ireland) Act 1992.

(5) For the purposes of these Regulations, a student shall be treated as irreconcilably estranged from his parents if, but not only if, he has not communicated with either one of them for the period of one year before the beginning of the year for which payments in pursuance of his award fall to be made.

Calculation of income

4.  In calculating a person’s income for any year, any reduction for income tax is to be made by calculating the tax payable on the income received in that year as if the year were a year of assessment within the meaning of the Income Tax Acts (the necessary apportionment being made in any case where the relevant provisions of those Acts change during the year).

Termination of marriage

5.  A person’s marriage is to be treated as having been terminated, not only by the death of the other spouse or the annulment or dissolution of the marriage by an order of a court of competent jurisdiction, but also by virtue of the parties to the marriage ceasing ordinarily to live together, whether or not an order for their separation has been made by any court.

(3)

O.J. No. L257, 19.10.68, p. 2 (O.J./S.E. 1968 (II) p. 475)

(4)

S.I. 1989/2406 (N.I. 20) as amended by S.I. 1993/2810 (N.I. 12) Art. 50(1) and Schedule 4 Part II

(6)

Cmnd 2073

(7)

Cmnd 2183

(8)

Cmnd. 9171

(9)

Cmnd. 3906 (Out of print: photocopies are available, free of charge, from Student Support Branch, Department of Education, Rathgael House, Balloo Road, Bangor, Co Down BT19 7PR)

(11)

1978 c. 30; definition of “Tax Acts” substituted by 1987 c. 16, section 71, Schedule 15, paragraph 12

(14)

Section 30A was inserted by Article 3(1) of the Social Security (Incapacity for Work) (Northern Ireland) Order 1994 (S.I. 1994/1898 (N.I. 12))

(15)

Section 35(1) was amended by Regulation 2 of S.R. 1994 No. 176

(16)

Part XI was amended by Article 5(1) of the Statutory Sick Pay (Northern Ireland) Order 1994 (S.I. 1994/766 (N.I. 5)), Article 10 of, and paragraphs 34 and 35 of Schedule 1 to, the Social Security (Incapacity for Work) (Northern Ireland) Order 1994 and S.R. 1995 No. 69

(17)

Part XII was amended by Article 4(b) of the Still-Birth (Definition) (Northern Ireland) Order 1992 (S.I. 1992/1310 (N.I. 10)) and by S.R. 1994 No. 176

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