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Open-Ended Investment Companies (Investment Companies with Variable Capital) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1997

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Invalidity of certain transactions involving directors

38.—(1) This regulation applies where—

(a)an investment company with variable capital enters into a transaction to which the parties include any of the following, that is to say—

(i)a director of the company; or

(ii)any person who is an associate of such a director; and

(b)in connection with the transaction, the directors of the company (whether or not acting as a board) exceed any limitation on their powers under the company’s constitution.

(2) The transaction is voidable at the instance of the company.

(3) Whether or not the transaction is avoided, any such party to the transaction as is mentioned within head (i) or (ii) of paragraph (1)(a), and any director of the company who authorised the transaction, is liable—

(a)to account to the company for any gain which he has made directly or indirectly by the transaction; and

(b)to indemnify the company for any loss or damage resulting from the transaction.

(4) Nothing in paragraphs (1) to (3) shall be construed as excluding the operation of any other enactment or rule of law by virtue of which the transaction may be called into question or any liability to the company may arise.

(5) The transaction ceases to be voidable if—

(a)restitution of any money or other asset which was the subject-matter of the transaction is no longer possible; or

(b)the company is indemnified for any loss or damage resulting from the transaction; or

(c)rights which are acquired, bona fide for value and without actual notice of the directors concerned exceeding their powers, by a person who is not a party to the transaction would be affected by the avoidance; or

(d)the transaction is ratified by resolution of the company in general meeting.

(6) A person other than a director of the company is not liable under paragraph (3) if he shows that at the time the transaction was entered into he did not know that the directors concerned were exceeding their powers.

(7) This regulation does not affect the operation of regulation 33 in relation to any party to the transaction not within head (i) or (ii) of paragraph (1)(a); but where a transaction is voidable by virtue of this regulation and valid by virtue of that regulation in favour of such a person, the court may, on the application of that person or of the company, make such order affirming, severing or setting aside the transaction, on such terms as appear to the court to be just.

(8) For the purposes of this regulation—

(a)“associate”, in relation to any person who is a director of the company, means that person’s wife, husband or minor child or step-child, any body corporate of which that person is a director, any person who is an employee or partner of that person and, if that person is a body corporate, any subsidiary of that body corporate and any employee of such a subsidiary;

(b)“transaction” includes any act; and

(c)the reference in paragraph (1)(b) to any limitation on directors' powers under the company’s constitution shall include any limitation deriving from these Regulations, from SIB regulations or from a resolution of the company in general meeting or of a meeting of any class of shareholders.

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