Search Legislation

The Law Reform (Miscellaneous Provisions) (Northern Ireland) Order 2005

What Version

 Help about what version

Advanced Features

 Help about advanced features

Changes to legislation:

There are currently no known outstanding effects for the The Law Reform (Miscellaneous Provisions) (Northern Ireland) Order 2005, PART II. Help about Changes to Legislation

Close

Changes to Legislation

Revised legislation carried on this site may not be fully up to date. At the current time any known changes or effects made by subsequent legislation have been applied to the text of the legislation you are viewing by the editorial team. Please see ‘Frequently Asked Questions’ for details regarding the timescales for which new effects are identified and recorded on this site.

PART IIN.I.DEEDS AND OTHER INSTRUMENTS

Formalities for deeds executed by individualsN.I.

3.—(1) An instrument executed by an individual after the coming into operation of this Article is a deed, notwithstanding that it has not been sealed, if, and only if, it satisfies the requirements of paragraph (2).

(2) The requirements referred to in paragraph (1) are that the instrument is—

(a)expressed to be a deed, or to be a conveyance, assurance, mortgage, settlement, covenant, bond, specialty or other instrument, according to the nature of the transaction intended to be effected, which is required by law to be a deed;

(b)signed—

(i)by the individual executing it in the presence of a witness who attests the signature; or

(ii)at the direction of the individual executing it and in his presence and the presence of two witnesses who each attest the signature; and

(c)delivered as a deed by the individual executing it or by a person authorised to do so on his behalf.

(3) Where an instrument under seal that constitutes a deed is required for the purposes of any statutory provision passed or made before the coming into operation of this Article, this Article shall have effect as to signing, sealing and delivery of an instrument by an individual in place of any provision of that statutory provision as to signing, sealing and delivery.

Para. 4— Amendments

(5) In this Article “individual” does not include a corporation sole.

Execution of instruments by liquidatorN.I.

4.—(1) In Schedule 2 to the Insolvency (Northern Ireland) Order 1989 (NI 19)—

(a)in paragraph 8 (execution of documents in the name and on behalf of company being wound up), the words from “and for that purpose” to the end of that paragraph shall cease to have effect;

(b)after that paragraph there shall be inserted—

8A.  Power to use the companyís seal. .

(2) F1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Annotations: Help about Annotation
Close

Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Execution of instrument by donee of power of attorneyN.I.

5.—(1) Section 7 of the Powers of Attorney Act (Northern Ireland) 1971 (c. 33) (execution of instruments, etc. by donee of power of attorney) shall be amended as follows.

(2) For subsection (1) there shall be substituted—

(1) If the donee of a power of attorney is an individual, he may, if he thinks fit—

(a)execute any instrument with his own signature, and

(b)do any other thing in his own name,

by the authority of the donor of the power; and any instrument executed or thing done in that manner shall, subject to subsection (1A), be as effective as if executed by the donee in any manner which would constitute due execution of that instrument by the donor or, as the case may be, as if done by the donee in the name of the donor. .

(3) After subsection (1) there shall be inserted—

(1A) Where an instrument is executed by the donee as a deed, it shall be as effective as if executed by the donee in a manner which would constitute due execution of it as a deed by the donor only if it satisfies the requirements of paragraph (2) of Article 3 of the Law Reform (Miscellaneous Provisions) (Northern Ireland) Order 2005. .

(4) In subsection (2), the words “and, in the case of a deed, by affixing his own seal” shall cease to have effect.

Delivery of deed by agentN.I.

6.—(1) Any rule of law which requires authority by one person to another to deliver an instrument as a deed on his behalf to be given by deed is abolished.

(2) Where a solicitor, or an agent or employee of a solicitor, in the course of, or in connection with, a transaction involving the sale or other disposition of—

(a)an estate in land; or

(b)an interest in the proceeds of sale of land,

purports to deliver an instrument as a deed on behalf of a party to the instrument, it is to be conclusively presumed in favour of a purchaser that he is authorised so to deliver the instrument.

(3) In paragraph (2)—

“disposition” includes a conveyance and also a devise, bequest or appointment of property by will;

“purchaser” means a purchaser in good faith for valuable consideration and includes a lessee, mortgagee or other person who, for valuable consideration, acquires an estate in land or an interest in the proceeds of sale of land; and, in relation to a legal estate, includes a chargee by way of legal mortgage.

(4) Nothing in this Article applies in relation to instruments delivered as deeds before the coming into operation of this Article.

EscrowsN.I.

7.—(1) An instrument operating as an escrow may be revoked by the person delivering it at any time before it has effect.

(2) An instrument executed by a corporation is, and always has been, capable of operating as an escrow in the same circumstances and with the same consequences as an instrument executed by an individual.

Abolition of rule in Pigot's CaseN.I.

8.—(1) The rule of law known as the rule in Pigotís Case (which deals with the consequences of alterations in certain documents) is abolished.

(2) A material alteration to any document to which this paragraph applies does not, by itself, invalidate the document or render it voidable, or otherwise affect any obligation under the document.

(3) Paragraph (2) applies to the following documents—

(a)a deed;

(b)a contract in writing;

(c)any other document evidencing a contractual intention.

(4) This Article applies to alterations made before or after the coming into operation of this Article, but does not apply to proceedings instituted before this Article comes into operation.

Abolition of rule in Bain v. FothergillN.I.

9.  The rule of law known as the rule in Bain v. Fothergill (which restricts the damages recoverable for breaches of contract occasioned by defects in title to land) is abolished in relation to contracts made after the coming into operation of this Article.

Back to top

Options/Help

Print Options

Close

Legislation is available in different versions:

Latest Available (revised):The latest available updated version of the legislation incorporating changes made by subsequent legislation and applied by our editorial team. Changes we have not yet applied to the text, can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area.

Original (As Enacted or Made):The original version of the legislation as it stood when it was enacted or made. No changes have been applied to the text.

Close

See additional information alongside the content

Geographical Extent: Indicates the geographical area that this provision applies to. For further information see ‘Frequently Asked Questions’.

Show Timeline of Changes: See how this legislation has or could change over time. Turning this feature on will show extra navigation options to go to these specific points in time. Return to the latest available version by using the controls above in the What Version box.

Close

Opening Options

Different options to open legislation in order to view more content on screen at once

Close

Explanatory Memorandum

Explanatory Memorandum sets out a brief statement of the purpose of a Northern Ireland Order in Council and provides information about its policy objective and policy implications. They aim to make the Order accessible to readers who are not legally qualified and accompany any Northern Ireland Order in Council made since 2002.

Close

More Resources

Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • correction slips
  • links to related legislation and further information resources
Close

More Resources

Use this menu to access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as made version that was used for the print copy
  • correction slips

Click 'View More' or select 'More Resources' tab for additional information including:

  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • links to related legislation and further information resources