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Explanatory Memorandum to Criminal Justice (Evidence) (Northern Ireland) Order 2004

Additional requirement for admissibility of multiple hearsay

46.Article 25 sets out the approach which the courts should take to multiple hearsay.  This is where information passes through more than one person before it is recorded.  The Article provides that a hearsay statement is admissible to prove the fact that a statement was made in 3 circumstances:

  • Where either of the statements is admissible under Articles 21 (business documents), 23 (inconsistent statements) or 24 (other previos statements of witness);

  • Where all parties to the proceedings agree; or

  • Where the court uses its discretion to admit the statement.

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