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Explanatory Memorandum to Environment (Northern Ireland) Order 2002

Current Position

8.The 1997 Order provides for a 3-tier system for the control of pollution from certain prescribed industrial processes, as follows: -

  • those processes with the greatest potential for pollution (Part A processes) are subject to a system of integrated pollution control. This means that a single authorisation covers releases to air and water as well as addressing waste minimisation and handling of wastes on site. The enforcing authority for Part A processes is a Chief Inspector appointed under the Order by the Department;

  • a range of processes with lesser pollution potential (Part B processes) are subject to a system of air pollution control only. The enforcing authority for this category is also the Chief Inspector;

  • a further range of processes (Part C processes) are also subject to a system of air pollution control only with the relevant district council as the enforcing authority.

9.Authorisations under the 1997 Order must contain conditions based, primarily, on the use of the “best available techniques not entailing excessive cost” for preventing or minimising polluting emissions. Part A processes must also have regard to the “best practical environmental option”.

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