Search Legislation

The Insolvency (Northern Ireland) Order 2002

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally made).

Introductory

Title and commencement

1.—(1) This Order may be cited as the Insolvency (Northern Ireland) Order 2002.

(2) This Article and Articles 2(1) and (2), 11 and 12 shall come into operation on the expiration of one month from the day on which this Order is made.

(3) The other provisions of this Order shall come into operation on such day or days as the Department may by order appoint.

Interpretation

2.—(1) The Interpretation Act (Northern Ireland) 1954 (c. 33) applies to this Order as it applies to an Act of the Assembly.

(2) In this Order—

“the Department” means the Department of Enterprise, Trade and Investment;

“the Insolvency Order” means the Insolvency (Northern Ireland) Order 1989 (NI 19); and

“statutory provision” has the meaning given in section 1(f) of the Interpretation Act (Northern Ireland) 1954 (c. 33).

(3) For the purposes of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (c. 8), the functions conferred on the Financial Services Authority by virtue of Schedules 1 and 2 are to be treated as conferred by that Act.

Voluntary arrangements

Moratorium where directors propose voluntary arrangement

3.  Schedule 1 (which—

(a)enables the directors of a company to obtain an initial moratorium for the company where they propose a voluntary arrangement under Part II of the Insolvency Order,

(b)makes provision about the approval and implementation of such a voluntary arrangement where a moratorium is obtained, and

(c)makes consequential amendments),

shall have effect.

Company voluntary arrangements

4.  Schedule 2 (which—

(a)amends the provisions about company voluntary arrangements under Part II of the Insolvency Order, and

(b)in consequence of Schedule 1 and those amendments, makes amendments to the Building Societies Act 1986 (c. 53)),

shall have effect.

Individual voluntary arrangements

5.  Schedule 3 (which enables the procedure for the approval of individual voluntary arrangements under Chapter II of Part VIII of the Insolvency Order to be started without an initial moratorium for the insolvent debtor and makes other amendments of the provisions about individual voluntary arrangements) shall have effect.

Qualification or authorisation of nominees and supervisors

6.—(1) In Article 3 of the Insolvency Order (meaning of “act as insolvency practitioner”)—

(a)for paragraph (1)(b) there shall be substituted—

(b)where a voluntary arrangement in relation to the company is proposed or approved under Part II, as nominee or supervisor.;

(b)for paragraph (2)(c) there shall be substituted—

(c)where a voluntary arrangement in relation to the individual is proposed or approved under Part VIII, as nominee or supervisor;; and

(c)after paragraph (3) there shall be inserted—

(3A) In relation to a voluntary arrangement proposed under Part II or VIII, a person acts as nominee if he performs any of the functions conferred on nominees under the Part in question..

(2) In Article 348 of the Insolvency Order (acting as insolvency practitioner without qualification), after paragraph (1) there shall be inserted—

(1A) This Article is subject to Article 348A..

(3) After that Article there shall be inserted—

Authorisation of nominees and supervisors

348A.(1) Article 348 does not apply to a person acting, in relation to a voluntary arrangement proposed or approved under Part II or Part VIII, as nominee or supervisor if he is authorised so to act.

(2) For the purposes of paragraph (1) and those Parts, an individual to whom paragraph (3) does not apply is authorised to act as nominee or supervisor in relation to such an arrangement if—

(a)he is a member of a body recognised for the purpose by the Department, and

(b)there is in force security for the proper performance of his functions and that security meets the prescribed requirements with respect to his so acting in relation to the arrangement.

(3) This paragraph applies to a person if—

(a)he has been adjudged bankrupt or sequestration of his estate has been awarded and (in either case) he has not been discharged,

(b)he is subject to—

(i)a disqualification order made under Part II of the Companies (Northern Ireland) Order 1989 (NI 18), or

(ii)a disqualification order made or a disqualification undertaking accepted under the Company Directors Disqualification (Northern Ireland) Order 2002 or the Company Directors Disqualification Act 1986 (c. 46), or

(c)he is a patient within the meaning of Part VIII of the Mental Health (Northern Ireland) Order 1986 (NI 4), Part VII of the Mental Health Act 1983 (c. 20) or section 125(1) of the Mental Health (Scotland) Act 1984 (c. 36).

(4) The Department may by order declare a body which appears to it to fall within paragraph (5) to be a recognised body for the purposes of paragraph (2)(a).

(5) A body may be recognised if it maintains and enforces rules for securing that its members—

(a)are fit and proper persons to act as nominees or supervisors, and

(b)meet acceptable requirements as to education and practical training and experience.

(6) For the purposes of this Article, a person is a member of a body only if he is subject to its rules when acting as nominee or supervisor (whether or not he is in fact a member of the body).

(7) An order made under paragraph (4) in relation to a body may be revoked by a further order if it appears to the Department that the body no longer falls within paragraph (5).

(8) An order of the Department under this Article has effect from such date as is specified in the order; and any such order revoking a previous order may make provision for members of the body in question to continue to be treated as members of a recognised body for a specified period after the revocation takes effect..

Miscellaneous

Administration orders

7.—(1) Part III of the Insolvency Order (administration orders) shall be amended as follows.

(2) In Article 23 (effect of application), after sub-paragraph (a) of paragraph (1) there shall be inserted—

(aa)no landlord or other person to whom rent is payable may exercise any right of forfeiture by peaceable re-entry in relation to premises let to the company in respect of a failure by the company to comply with any term or condition of its tenancy of such premises, except with the leave of the High Court and subject to such terms as the Court may impose.

(3) In Article 24 (effect of order), after sub-paragraph (b) of paragraph (3) there shall be inserted—

(ba)no landlord or other person to whom rent is payable may exercise any right of forfeiture by peaceable re-entry in relation to premises let to the company in respect of a failure by the company to comply with any term or condition of its tenancy of such premises, except with the consent of the administrator or the leave of the High Court and subject (where the Court gives leave) to such terms as the Court may impose;.

Investigation and prosecution of malpractice

8.—(1) Article 182 of the Insolvency Order (prosecution of delinquent officers and members of company) shall be amended as follows.

(2) In paragraph (1), for the words from “the Director” to the end there shall be substituted “the Department”.

(3) In paragraph (3), for sub-paragraphs (a) and (b) there shall be substituted—

(a)forthwith report the matter to the Department, and

(b)furnish to the Department such information and give to it such access to and facilities for inspecting and taking copies of documents (being information or documents in the possession or under the control of the liquidator and relating to the matter in question) as the Department requires..

(4) For paragraph (4) there shall be substituted—

(4) Where a report is made to the Department under paragraph (3), the Department may, for the purpose of investigating the matter reported to it and such other matters relating to the affairs of the company as appear to it to require investigation, exercise any of the powers which are exercisable by inspectors appointed under Article 424 or 425 of the Companies Order to investigate a company’s affairs..

(5) In paragraph (5)(b), “to the prosecuting authority” shall be omitted.

(6) In Article 183 of that Order (obligations arising under Article 182)—

(a)in paragraph (1), for “under Article 182(4)” there shall be substituted “in consequence of a report made to it under Article 182(3)” and for “that paragraph” there shall be substituted “Article 182(4)”;

(b)in paragraph (3), for “the prosecuting authority” and “that authority” there shall be substituted “the Director of Public Prosecutions for Northern Ireland”;

(c)in paragraph (5), for “prosecuting authority” there shall be substituted “Director of Public Prosecutions for Northern Ireland”.

Restriction on use of answers obtained under compulsion

9.  In Article 183 of the Insolvency Order, after paragraph (2) (answers given by a person pursuant to powers conferred by Article 182 may be used in evidence against him) there shall be inserted—

(2A) However, in criminal proceedings in which that person is charged with an offence to which this paragraph applies—

(a)no evidence relating to the answer may be adduced, and

(b)no question relating to it may be asked,by or on behalf of the prosecution, unless evidence relating to it is adduced, or a question relating to it isasked, in the proceedings by or on behalf of that person.

(2B) Paragraph (2A) applies to any offence other than an offence under Article 7 or 10 of the Perjury (Northern Ireland) Order 1979 (NI 19) (false statements made on oath otherwise than in judicial proceedings or made otherwise than on oath)..

Insolvent estates of deceased persons

10.—(1) After Article 365 of the Insolvency Order (insolvent estates of deceased persons) there shall be inserted—

Insolvent estates: joint tenancies

365A.(1) This Article applies where—

(a)an insolvency administration order has been made in respect of the insolvent estate of a deceased person,

(b)the petition for the order was presented after the commencement of this Article and within the period of 5 years beginning with the day on which he died, and

(c)immediately before his death he was beneficially entitled to an interest in any property as joint tenant.

(2) For the purpose of securing that debts and other liabilities to which the estate is subject are met, the High Court may, on an application by the trustee appointed pursuant to the insolvency administration order, make an order under this Article requiring the survivor to pay to the trustee an amount not exceeding the value lost to the estate.

(3) In determining whether to make an order under this Article, and the terms of such an order, the High Court must have regard to all the circumstances of the case, including the interests of the deceased’s creditors and of the survivor; but, unless the circumstances are exceptional, the Court must assume that the interests of the deceased’s creditors outweigh all other considerations.

(4) The order may be made on such terms and conditions as the High Court thinks fit.

(5) Any sums required to be paid to the trustee in accordance with an order under this Article shall be comprised in the estate.

(6) The modifications of this Order which may be made by an order under Article 365 include any modifications which are necessary or expedient in consequence of this Article.

(7) In this Article “survivor” means the person who, immediately before the death, was beneficially entitled as joint tenant with the deceased or, if the person who was so entitled dies after the making of the insolvency administration order, his personal representatives.

(8) If there is more than one survivor—

(a)an order under this Article may be made against all or any of them, but

(b)no survivor shall be required to pay more than so much of the value lost to the estate as is properly attributable to him.

(9) In this Article—

“insolvency administration order” has the same meaning as in any order under Article 365 having effect for the time being,

“value lost to the estate” means the amount which, if paid to the trustee, would in the High Court’s opinion restore the position to what it would have been if the deceased had been adjudged bankrupt immediately before his death..

(2) In paragraph (1) of Article 365 of the Insolvency Order, after “apply” there shall be inserted “in relation”.

Model law on cross-border insolvency

11.—(1) The Department may by regulations make any provision which it considers necessary or expedient for the purpose of giving effect, with or without modifications, to the model law on cross-border insolvency.

(2) In particular, the regulations may—

(a)apply any provision of insolvency law in relation to foreign proceedings (whether begun before or after the regulations come into force),

(b)modify the application of insolvency law (whether in relation to foreign proceedings or otherwise),

and may apply or, as the case may be, modify the application of insolvency law in relation to the Crown.

(3) The regulations may make different provision for different purposes and may make—

(a)any supplementary, incidental or consequential provision, or

(b)any transitory, transitional or saving provision,

which the Department considers necessary or expedient.

(4) In this Article—

“foreign proceedings” has the same meaning as in the model law on cross-border insolvency,

“insolvency law” means provision made by or under the Insolvency Order or Articles 9 to 14, 16, 19 and 23 (with Schedule 1) of the Company Directors Disqualification (Northern Ireland) Order 2002,

“the model law on cross-border insolvency” means the model law contained in Annex I of the report of the 30th session of UNCITRAL.

(5) Regulations under this Article may only be made if a draft has been laid before, and approved by a resolution of, the Assembly.

(6) Making regulations under this Article requires the agreement of the Lord Chancellor.

General

Orders

12.—(1) The Department may by order make—

(a)any supplementary, incidental or consequential provision, and

(b)any transitory, transitional or saving provision,

which it considers necessary or expedient for the purposes of this Order.

(2) An order under this Article may—

(a)modify, exclude or apply (with or without modifications) any statutory provision;

(b)make consequential amendments, repeals and revocations of any such provision.

(3) An order made under this Article shall be subject to negative resolution.

Repeals

13.  Subject to any transitory, transitional or saving provision made under Article 12, the statutory provisions mentioned in Schedule 4 are repealed to the extent specified.

A. K. Galloway

Clerk of the Privy Council

Back to top

Options/Help

Print Options

Close

Legislation is available in different versions:

Latest Available (revised):The latest available updated version of the legislation incorporating changes made by subsequent legislation and applied by our editorial team. Changes we have not yet applied to the text, can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area.

Original (As Enacted or Made):The original version of the legislation as it stood when it was enacted or made. No changes have been applied to the text.

Close

See additional information alongside the content

Show Explanatory Notes for Sections: Displays relevant parts of the explanatory notes interweaved within the legislation content.

Close

Opening Options

Different options to open legislation in order to view more content on screen at once

Close

Explanatory Memorandum

Explanatory Memorandum sets out a brief statement of the purpose of a Northern Ireland Order in Council and provides information about its policy objective and policy implications. They aim to make the Order accessible to readers who are not legally qualified and accompany any Northern Ireland Order in Council made since 2002.

Close

More Resources

Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • correction slips
  • links to related legislation and further information resources
Close

More Resources

Use this menu to access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as made version that was used for the print copy
  • correction slips

Click 'View More' or select 'More Resources' tab for additional information including:

  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • links to related legislation and further information resources