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The Fair Employment and Treatment (Northern Ireland) Order 1998

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally made).

“Discrimination” and “unlawful discrimination”

3.—(1) In this Order “discrimination” means—

(a)discrimination on the ground of religious belief or political opinion; or

(b)discrimination by way of victimisation;

and “discriminate” shall be construed accordingly.

(2) A person discriminates against another person on the ground of religious belief or political opinion in any circumstances relevant for the purposes of this Order if—

(a)on either of those grounds he treats that other less favourably than he treats or would treat other persons; or

(b)he applies to that other a requirement or condition which he applies or would apply equally to persons not of the same religious belief or political opinion as that other but—

(i)which is such that the proportion of persons of the same religious belief or of the same political opinion as that other who can comply with it is considerably smaller than the proportion of persons not of that religious belief or, as the case requires, not of that political opinion who can comply with it; and

(ii)which he cannot show to be justifiable irrespective of the religious belief or political opinion of the person to whom it is applied; and

(iii)which is to the detriment of that other because he cannot comply with it.

(3) A comparison of the cases of persons of different religious belief or political opinion under paragraph (2) must be such that the relevant circumstances in the one case are the same, or not materially different, in the other.

(4) A person (“A”) discriminates by way of victimisation against another person (“B”) in any circumstances relevant for the purposes of this Order if—

(a)he treats B less favourably than he treats or would treat other persons in those circumstances; and

(b)he does so for a reason mentioned in paragraph (5).

(5) The reasons are that—

(a)B has—

(i)brought proceedings against A or any other person under this Order; or

(ii)given evidence or information in connection with such proceedings brought by any person or any investigation under this Order; or

(iii)alleged that A or any other person has (whether or not the allegation so states) contravened this Order; or

(iv)otherwise done anything under or by reference to this Order in relation to A or any other person; or

(b)A knows that B intends to do any of those things or suspects that B has done, or intends to do, any of those things.

(6) Paragraph (4) does not apply to treatment of a person by reason of any allegation made by him if the allegation was false and not made in good faith.

(7) For the purposes of this Order a person commits unlawful discrimination against another if—

(a)he does an act in relation to that other which is unlawful by virtue of any provision of Part III or IV; or

(b)he is treated by virtue of any provision of Part V as doing such an act.

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