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The Fair Employment and Treatment (Northern Ireland) Order 1998

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally made).

General interpretation

2.—(1) Subject to Articles 102 and 103, the [1954 c. 33 (N.I.).] Interpretation Act (Northern Ireland) 1954 shall apply to Article 1 and the following provisions of this Order as it applies to an Act of the Northern Ireland Assembly.

(2) In this Order—

  • “access” shall be construed in accordance with paragraphs (7) and (8);

  • “act” includes a deliberate omission;

  • “advertisement” includes every form of advertisement or notice, whether to the public or not;

  • “affirmative action” has the meaning given in Article 4;

  • “the Agency” means the Labour Relations Agency;

  • “benefits” includes all opportunities, services and facilities and, in particular, includes opportunities for training, transfer or promotion, for betterment of any kind (including more attractive terms or conditions of work) or for any financial advantage (including bonuses, advances of money and preferential terms for acquiring property of any kind);

  • “the Commission” means the Equality Commission for Northern Ireland established by section 73 of the [1998 c. 47.] Northern Ireland Act 1998;

  • “complainant” means a person making a complaint that unlawful discrimination has been committed against him;

  • “complaint” means a complaint of unlawful discrimination made to the Tribunal under Article 38;

  • “confer”, in relation to a qualification, includes renew and extend;

  • “contract” includes any contract, whether in writing or oral, express or implied;

  • “costs” includes expenses;

  • “the Department” means the Department of Economic Development;

  • “discrimination” and “discriminate” shall be construed in accordance with Article 3;

  • “employer” (except in Part VII) means—

    (a)

    in relation to apersonwho isseekingemployment, anybody who has employment available;

    (b)

    in relation to a person employed under a contract of service or of apprenticeship or a contract personally to execute any work or labour, the person entitled to the benefit of the contract;

    (c)

    in relation to a person who has ceased to be in employment, his former employer;

    and “employee”, correspondingly, means (except in that Part) such a person as is first mentioned in sub-paragraph (a), (b) or (c) of this definition;

  • “employment” (except in Part VII) means employment under—

    (a)

    a contract of service or apprenticeship; or

    (b)

    a contract personally to execute any work or labour;

  • “employment agency” means a person who, for profit or not, provides services for the purpose of finding employment for workers or supplying employers with workers;

  • “employment in Northern Ireland” shall be construed in accordance with Article 6;

  • “equality of opportunity” shall be construed in accordance with Article 5;

  • “government department” means a Northern Ireland department or a department of the Government of the United Kingdom;

  • “member”—

    (a)

    in relation to a vocational organisation, includes (except in Article 23) a person seeking to become a member and a person who has ceased to be a member; and

    (b)

    in relation to such an organisation (other than an organisation of workers or employers) also includes any person belonging to a class of person recognised by the organisation as having any particular status in connection with an employment or occupation for the purposes of which the organisation exists, including students and associates,

    and “membership” shall be construed accordingly;

  • “Northern Ireland” includes such of the territorial waters of the United Kingdom as are adjacent to Northern Ireland;

  • “Northern Ireland Minister” includes the First Minister and deputy First Minister acting jointly;

  • “notice” means notice in writing;

  • “occupation” means any trade, business, profession or vocation, but not any employment;

  • “occupation in Northern Ireland” shall be construed in accordance with Article 6;

  • “organisation” includes any society or association, whether corporate or unincorporate;

  • “practices” includes procedures and arrangements;

  • “premises” includes land of any description;

  • “the President” means the President of the Industrial Tribunals and the Fair Employment Tribunal;

  • “qualification” includes authorisation, recognition, registration, enrolment, approval and certification;

  • “the respondent”—

    (a)

    in relation to a complaint, has the meaning given by Article 38(1); and

    (b)

    in relation to a claim under Article 40, has the meaning given by Article 40(1);

  • “school” has the same meaning as in the [1986 NI 3.] Education and Libraries (Northern Ireland) Order 1986;

  • “statutory body” means a body established by a statutory provision;

  • “statutory office” means an office established by a statutory provision;

  • “statutory provision” has the meaning given by section 1(f) of the [1954 c. 33 (N.I.).] Interpretation Act (Northern Ireland) 1954;

  • “training” includes any form of education or instruction, except that in Articles 5(4)(b)(ii), 11(1)(e) and 24, it does not include education provided by—

    (a)

    a school;

    (b)

    an institution of further education within the meaning of the [1997 NI 15.] Further Education (Northern Ireland) Order 1997 or an institution providing further education in respect of which grants are paid under Article 5(1) of that Order;

    (c)

    a college of education within the meaning of the Education and Libraries (Northern Ireland) Order 1986; or

    (d)

    a university;

  • “the Tribunal” means the Fair Employment Tribunal for Northern Ireland;

  • “unlawful discrimination” shall be construed in accordance with Article 3(7);

  • “the Vice-President” means the Vice-President of the Industrial Tribunals and the Fair Employment Tribunal;

  • “vocational organisation” means—

    (a)

    an organisation of workers;

    (b)

    an organisation of employers;

    (c)

    any other organisation of persons engaged in a particular employment or occupation, or employments or occupations of any class, for the purposes of which the organisation exists.

(3) In this Order references to a person’s religious belief or political opinion include references to—

(a)his supposed religious belief or political opinion; and

(b)the absence or supposed absence of any, or any particular, religious belief or political opinion.

(4) In this Order any reference to a person’s political opinion does not include an opinion which consists of or includes approval or acceptance of the use of violence for political ends connected with the affairs of Northern Ireland, including the use of violence for the purpose of putting the public or any section of the public in fear.

(5) For the purposes of this Order a person is seeking employment if he is available for employment, whether or not he is aware of the existence of an opportunity for any particular employment.

(6) References in this Order to submitting a person for consideration for employment include references to making available to an employer in any way relevant particulars relating to him.

(7) References in this Order to the affording by any person of access to benefits are not limited to benefits provided by that person himself, but include any means by which it is in that person’s power to facilitate access to benefits provided by any other person (the “actual provider”).

(8) Where by any provision of this Order the affording by any person of access to benefits in a discriminatory way is in certain circumstances prevented from being unlawful, the effect of the provision shall extend also to the liability under this Order of the actual provider.

(9) Subject to paragraph (10), in this Order references (however expressed) to acts done or to power to do any acts include references to acts done or power to do the acts outside Northern Ireland.

(10) Paragraph (9)—

(a)is without prejudice to Article 6 or any order under paragraph (3) of that Article;

(b)is subject to any other provision of this Order which is by its express terms limited to acts done in Northern Ireland; and

(c)does not apply to references to acts which may be the subject of criminal proceedings under this Order.

(11) References in this Order to a contract include references to a contract which is not governed by the law of Northern Ireland.

(12) References in this Order to the Crown are to the Crown in right of the Government of the United Kingdom and in right of the Government of Northern Ireland.

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