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The Family Homes and Domestic Violence (Northern Ireland) Order 1998

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally made).

Introductory

Title and commencement

1.—(1) This Order may be cited as the Family Homes and Domestic Violence (Northern Ireland) Order 1997.

(2) This Order shall come into operation on such day or days as the Secretary of State may by order appoint.

Interpretation

2.—(1) The [1954 c. 33 (N.I.).] Interpretation Act (Northern Ireland) 1954 shall apply to Article 1 and the following provisions of this Order as it applies to a Measure of the Northern Ireland Assembly.

(2) In this Order—

“adoption order” has the meaning given by Article 2(2) of the [1987 NI 22.] Adoption (Northern Ireland) Order 1987;

“associated”, in relation to a person, is to be read with Article 3(3) to (6);

“child” means a person under the age of 18;

“cohabitee” and “former cohabitee” have the meaning given by Article 3(1);

“the court” is to be read with Article 34;

“development” means physical, intellectual, emotional, social or behavioural development;

“dwelling-house” includes (subject to paragraph (5))—

(a)

any building or part of a building which is occupied as a dwelling;

(b)

any caravan, houseboat or structure which is occupied as a dwelling,

and any yard, garden, garage or outhouse belonging to it and occupied with it;

“family proceedings” means any proceedings—

(a)

under the inherent jurisdiction of the High Court in relation to children; or

(b)

under the provisions mentioned in paragraph (3);

“family proceedings court” has the meaning given in Article 38(4);

“harm”—

(a)

in relation to a person who has reached the age of 18 years, means ill-treatment or the impairment of health, and

(b)

in relation to a child, means ill-treatment or the impairment of health or development;

“health” includes physical or mental health;

“ill-treatment” includes sexual abuse and forms of ill-treatment which are not physical;

“legal estate” includes an equity of redemption arising on the conveyance or assignment of a legal estate by way of mortgage;

“matrimonial charge” means a charge created by Article 5;

“matrimonial home rights” has the meaning given by Article 4;

“molest” includes incite, procure or assist any person to molest;

“mortgage” includes a charge;

“mortgagor” and “mortgagee” include any person deriving title under the original mortgagor or mortgagee;

“mortgage payments” includes any payments which, under the terms of the mortgage, the mortgagor is required to make to any person;

“non-molestation order” has the meaning given by Article 20(1);

“occupation order” means an order under Article 11, 13, 14, 15 or 16;

“parental responsibility” has the same meaning as in the [1995 NI 2.] Children (Northern Ireland) Order 1995;

“purchaser” means any person (including a lessee or mortgagee) who, for valuable consideration, takes an estate in land;

“relative”, in relation to a person, means—

(a)

the father, mother, stepfather, stepmother, son, daughter, stepson, stepdaughter, grandmother, grandfather, grandson or granddaughter of that person or of that person’s spouse or former spouse, or

(b)

the brother, sister, uncle, aunt, niece or nephew (whether of the full blood or of the half blood or by affinity) of that person or of that person’s spouse or former spouse,

and includes, in relation to a person who is living or has lived with another person as husband and wife, any person who would fall within paragraph (a) or (b) if the parties were married to each other;

“relevant child”, in relation to any proceedings under this Order, has the meaning given by Article 3(2);

“the relevant judicial authority”, in relation to any order under this Order, means—

(a)

where the order was made by the High Court, a judge of that court;

(b)

where the order was made by a county court, a judge or district judge of that or any other county court; or

(c)

where the order was made by a court of summary jurisdiction, a resident magistrate;

“rules of court” includes family proceedings rules, county court rules and magistrates' courts rules (as well as rules of court as defined in section 21(4) of the [1954 c. 33 (N.I.).] Interpretation Act (Northern Ireland) 1954);

“statutory provision” has the meaning given by section 1(f) of the Interpretation Act (Northern Ireland) 1954.

(3) The provisions referred to in the definition of “family proceedings” are—

(a)this Order;

(b)the [1978 NI 15.] Matrimonial Causes (Northern Ireland) Order 1978;

(c)the [1980 NI 5.] Domestic Proceedings (Northern Ireland) Order 1980;

(d)the [1987 NI 22.] Adoption (Northern Ireland) Order 1987;

(e)Part IV of the [1989 NI 4.] Matrimonial and Family Proceedings (Northern Ireland) Order 1989;

(f)section 30 of the [1990 c. 37.] Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 1990;

(g)Parts II, III, V and XV of the [1995 NI 2.] Children (Northern Ireland) Order 1995.

(4) Where the question of whether harm suffered by a child is significant turns on the child’s health or development, his health or development shall be compared with that which could reasonably be expected of a similar child.

(5) For the purposes of Articles 5 to 10, 30 and 31 and such other provisions of this Order (if any) as may be specified by order made by the Department of Finance and Personnel, this Order shall have effect as if paragraph (b) of the definition of “dwelling-house” in paragraph (2) were omitted.

(6) This Order applies as between the parties to a marriage even though either of them is, or has at any time during the marriage been, married to more than one person.

(7) In this Order references to cancelling the registration of a matrimonial charge shall, where that charge is registered in the Registry of Deeds, be construed as references to vacating the registration of that charge.

Meaning of “cohabitees”, “relevant child” and “associated persons”

3.—(1) For the purposes of this Order—

(a)“cohabitees” are a man and a woman who, although not married to each other, are living together as husband and wife; and

(b)“former cohabitees” is to be read accordingly, but does not include cohabitees who have subsequently married each other.

(2) In this Order “relevant child”, in relation to any proceedings under this Order, means—

(a)any child who is living with or might reasonably be expected to live with either party to the proceedings;

(b)any child in relation to whom an order under the [1987 NI 22.] Adoption (Northern Ireland) Order 1987 or the Children (Northern Ireland) Order 1995 is in question in the proceedings; and

(c)any other child whose interests the court considers relevant.

(3) For the purposes of this Order a person is associated with another person if—

(a)they are or have been married to each other;

(b)they are cohabitees or former cohabitees;

(c)they live or have lived in the same household, otherwise than merely by reason of one of them being the other’s employee, tenant, lodger or boarder;

(d)they are relatives;

(e)they have agreed to marry one another (whether or not that agreement has been terminated);

(f)in relation to any child, they are both persons falling within paragraph (4); or

(g)they are parties to the same family proceedings (other than proceedings under this Order).

(4) A person falls within this paragraph in relation to a child if—

(a)he is a parent of the child; or

(b)he has or has had parental responsibility for the child.

(5) If a child has been adopted or has been freed for adoption by virtue of any of the provisions mentioned in Article 16(1) of the [1987 NI 22.] Adoption (Northern Ireland) Order 1987, two persons are also associated with each other for the purposes of this Order if—

(a)one is a natural parent of the child or a parent of such a natural parent; and

(b)the other is the child or any person—

(i)who has become a parent of the child by virtue of an adoption order or has applied for an adoption order, or

(ii)with whom the child has at any time been placed for adoption.

(6) A body corporate and another person are not, by virtue of paragraph (3)(f) or (g), to be regarded for the purposes of this Order as associated with each other.

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