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The Employment Rights (Northern Ireland) Order 1996

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The Employment Rights (Northern Ireland) Order 1996, CHAPTER IA is up to date with all changes known to be in force on or before 18 August 2019. There are changes that may be brought into force at a future date. Changes that have been made appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Help about Changes to Legislation

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[F1[F2CHAPTER IAF18N.I.ADOPTION LEAVE

F18functions transfered SR 1999/481

Non-textual amendments applied to the whole Legislation can be found in the Introduction

Ordinary adoption leaveN.I.

107A.(1) An employee who satisfies prescribed conditions may be absent from work at any time during an ordinary adoption leave period.

[F3(1A) The conditions that may be prescribed under paragraph (1) include the condition mentioned in Article 107AB.]

(2) An ordinary adoption leave period is a period calculated in accordance with regulations made by the Department.

[F4(2A) Regulations under paragraph (2)[F5

(a)may allow an employee to bring forward the date on which an ordinary adoption leave period ends, subject to prescribed restrictions and subject to satisfying prescribed conditions,

(b)may allow an employee in prescribed circumstances to revoke, or to be treated as revoking, the bringing forward of that date,]

[F6(c)]may specify circumstances in which an employee may work for his employer during an ordinary adoption leave period without bringing the period to an end.]

[F7(2B) Provision under paragraph (2A)(a) is to secure that an employee may bring forward the date on which an ordinary adoption leave period ends only if the employee or another person has taken, or is taking, prescribed steps as regards shared parental leave under Article 107G or statutory shared parental pay in respect of the child.]

(3) Subject to Article 107C, an employee who exercises his right under paragraph (1)—

(a)is entitled, for such purposes and to such extent as may be prescribed, to the benefit of the terms and conditions of employment which would have applied if he had not been absent,

(b)is bound, for such purposes and to such extent as may be prescribed, by any obligations arising under those terms and conditions (except in so far as they are inconsistent with paragraph (1)), and

(c)is entitled to return from leave to a job of a prescribed kind.

(4) In paragraph (3)(a) “terms and conditions of employment”

(a)includes matters connected with an employee's employment whether or not they arise under his contract of employment, but

(b)does not include terms and conditions about remuneration.

(5) In paragraph (3)(c), the reference to return from leave includes, where appropriate, a reference to a continuous period of absence attributable partly to ordinary adoption leave and partly to maternity leave.

(6) The Department may make regulations specifying matters which are, or, are not, to be treated as remuneration for the purposes of this Article.

(7) The Department may make regulations making provision, in relation to the right to return under paragraph (3)(c), about—

(a)seniority, pension rights and similar rights, and

(b)terms and conditions of employment on return.

[F8Ordinary adoption leave: prospective adopters with whom looked after children are placedN.I.

107AB(1) The condition referred to in Article 107A(1A) is a condition as to the employee—

(a)being an approved foster parent,

(b)being an approved prospective adopter,

(c)being notified by an authority that a child who is looked after by it is to be, or is expected to be, placed with the employee by the authority under Article 27(2)(a) of the Children (Northern Ireland) Order 1995, in the circumstances mentioned in paragraph (2), and

(d)satisfying such further conditions as may be prescribed.

(2) The circumstances referred to in paragraph (1)(c) are that the authority—

(a)is considering adoption for the child, or

(b)has decided by virtue of regulation 11 of the Adoption Agencies Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1989 that it is satisfied that adoption is in the best interests of the child.

(3) In this Article—

approved foster parent” means a person approved as a foster parent by the authority under regulation 3 of the Foster Placement (Children) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1996,

approved prospective adopter” means a person considered by the authority by virtue of the Adoption Agencies Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1989 to be a person suitable to adopt a child,

authority” has the same meaning as in the Children (Northern Ireland) Order 1995 (see Article 2(2) and (3) of the Order),

child who is looked after by an authority” has the same meaning as in that Order (see Articles 2(7)(b) and 25 of the Order).

(4) The Department may by order amend the definition of, or substitute another definition for the definition of, “approved foster parent” or “approved prospective adopter” for the time being contained in paragraph (3), in consequence of any modification or replacement of the regulations referred to in the definition.]

[F9Power to apply Article 107A to other casesN.I.

107AC  The Department may by regulations provide for Article 107A to have effect, with such modifications as may be prescribed, in relation to—

(a)cases which involve an employee who has applied, or intends to apply, with another person for a parental order under section 54 of the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 2008 and a child who is, or will be, the subject of the order,

(b)cases which involve an employee who has applied, or intends to apply, for a parental order under section 54A of that Act and a child who is, or will be, the subject of the order.]

Additional adoption leaveN.I.

107B.(1) An employee who satisfies prescribed conditions may be absent from work at any time during an additional adoption leave period.

(2) An additional adoption leave period is a period calculated in accordance with regulations made by the Department.

[F10(3) Regulations under paragraph (2)—

(a)may allow an employee [F11to bring forward the date on which an additional adoption leave period ends, subject to prescribed restrictions and subject to satisfying prescribed conditions,]

[F12(aa)may allow an employee in prescribed circumstances to revoke, or to be treated as revoking, the bringing forward of that date,]

(b)may specify circumstances in which an employee may work for his employer during an additional adoption leave period without bringing the period to an end.]

[F13(3A) Provision under paragraph (3)(a) is to secure that an employee may bring forward the date on which an additional adoption leave period ends only if the employee or another person has taken, or is taking, prescribed steps as regards shared parental leave under Article 107G or statutory shared parental pay in respect of the child.]

(4) Subject to Article 107C, an employee who exercises his right under paragraph (1)—

(a)is entitled, for such purposes and to such extent as may be prescribed, to the benefit of the terms and conditions of employment which would have applied if he had not been absent,

(b)is bound, for such purposes and to such extent as may be prescribed by obligations arising under those terms and conditions (except in so far as they are inconsistent with paragraph (1)), and

(c)is entitled to return from leave to a job of a prescribed kind.

(5) In paragraph (4)(a) “terms and conditions of employment”

(a)includes matters connected with an employee's employment whether or not they arise under his contract of employment, but

(b)does not include terms and conditions about remuneration.

(6) In paragraph (4)(c), the reference to return from leave includes, where appropriate, a reference to a continuous period of absence attributable partly to additional adoption leave and partly to—

(a)maternity leave, or

(b)ordinary adoption leave,

or to both.

(7) The Department may make regulations specifying matters which are, or are not, to be treated as remuneration for the purposes of this Article.

(8) The Department may make regulations making provision, in relation to the right to return under paragraph (4)(c), about—

(a)seniority, pension rights and similar rights;

(b)terms and conditions of employment on return.

[F14Power to apply Article 107B to other casesN.I.

107BA  The Department may by regulations provide for Article 107B to have effect, with such modifications as may be prescribed, in relation to—

(a)cases which involve an employee who has applied, or intends to apply, with another person for a parental order under section 54 of the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 2008 and a child who is, or will be, the subject of the order,

(b)cases which involve an employee who has applied, or intends to apply, for a parental order under section 54A of that Act and a child who is, or will be, the subject of the order.]

Redundancy and dismissalN.I.

107C.(1) Regulations under Article 107A or 107B may make provision about—

(a)redundancy, or

(b)dismissal (other than by reason of redundancy),

during an ordinary or additional adoption leave period.

(2) Regulations made by virtue of paragraph (1) may include—

(a)provision requiring an employer to offer alternative employment;

(b)provision for the consequences of failure to comply with the regulations, (which may include provision for a dismissal to be treated as unfair for the purposes of Part XI).

(3) Regulations under Article 107A or 107B may make provision—

(a)for Article 107A(3)(c) or 107B(4)(c) not to apply in specified cases, and

(b)about dismissal at the conclusion of an ordinary or additional adoption leave period.

Chapter IA: supplementalN.I.

107D.(1) Regulations under Article 107A or 107B may—

(a)make provision about notices to be given, evidence to be produced and other procedures to be followed by employees and employers;

(b)make provision requiring employers or employees to keep records;

(c)make provision for the consequences of failure to give notices, to produce evidence, to keep records or to comply with other procedural requirements;

(d)make provision for the consequences of failure to act in accordance with a notice given by virtue of sub-paragraph (a);

(e)make special provision for cases where an employee has a right which corresponds to a right under this Chapter and which arises under his contract of employment or otherwise;

(f)make provision modifying the effect of Chapter IV of Part I (calculation of a week's pay) in relation to an employee who is or has been absent from work on ordinary or additional adoption leave;

(g)make provision applying, modifying or excluding a statutory provision, in such circumstances as may be specified and subject to any conditions specified, in relation to a person entitled to ordinary or additional adoption leave.

[F15(1A) Where Article 107A or 107B has effect in relation to such cases as are described in Article 107AC or 107BA, regulations under Article 107A or 107B about evidence to be produced may require statutory declarations as to—

(a)eligibility to apply for a parental order [F16under section 54 or 54A of the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 2008] ,

(b)intention to apply for such an order.]

(2) In Articles 107A [F17, 107AB, 107BA, 107AC] and 107B “prescribed” means prescribed by regulations made by the Department.]]

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