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The Police (Amendment) (Northern Ireland) Order 1995

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PART IIN.I.Police Powers

Application of 1989 Order to persons taken to police station from custodial establishments.N.I.

3.—(1) In Article 2(3) of the 1989 Order (circumstances in which a person is in police detention for the purpose of that Order) after sub-paragraph (b) there shall be added or

(c)he is arrested at a police station after being taken to the station in pursuance of a direction under section 16 of the Prison Act (Northern Ireland) 1953, .

(2) Article 31 of the 1989 Order shall be renumbered as paragraph (1) of that Article and at the end of that Article there shall be added the following paragraph—

(2) Where—

(a)a person is taken to a police station in pursuance of a direction under section 16 of the Prison Act (Northern Ireland) 1953; and

(b)while he is there it appears to a constable that he is liable to arrest for an offence,

he shall be arrested for that offence..

(3) In Article 35 of the 1989 Order in paragraph (2) for the words “paragraph (4)” there shall be substituted the words “paragraphs (4) and (4A)” and after paragraph (4) there shall be inserted the following paragraph—

(4A) Nothing in this Part requires the release of a person who was arrested after being taken to a police station from a custodial establishment in pursuance of a direction under section 16 of the Prison Act (Northern Ireland) 1953 and this Part shall have effect in relation to such a person as if references to a person being released (either on bail or without bail) were references to a person being returned to the custody of the governor of the custodial establishment from which he was taken to the police station..

(4) In Article 42(2)(b) of the 1989 Order after head (ii) there shall be inserted or

(iii)is taken to a police station in pursuance of a direction under section 16 of the Prison Act (Northern Ireland) 1953; .

Entry to arrest a person unlawfully at largeN.I.

4.  In Article 19(1) of the 1989 Order (entry for purpose of arrest) after sub-paragraph (c) there shall be inserted the following sub-paragraphs—

(ca)of recapturing a person who is, or is deemed for any purpose to be, unlawfully at large while liable to be detained in a prison, young offenders centre, training school, remand centre or remand home or in any other place in pursuance of section 73 of the Children and Young Persons Act (Northern Ireland) 1968;

(cb)of arresting a person in pursuance of section 49(1) of the Prison Act 1952 or section 40(1) of the Prisons (Scotland) Act 1989;.

Extension of powers to search persons' mouthsN.I.

5.—(1) In Article 34 of the 1989 Order (powers of search upon arrest) in paragraph (4), at the end,there shall be added the words “but they do authorise a search of a person's mouth”.

(2) In Article 53 of the 1989 Order (interpretation) after the definition of “intimate sample” there shall be inserted the following definition—

“intimate search” means a search which consists of the physical examination of a person's body orifices other than the mouth;.

Police detention after chargeN.I.

6.—(1) Article 39 of the 1989 Order (which requires an arrested person charged with an offence to be released except in specified circumstances) shall be amended as follows.

(2) In paragraph (1)(a) after head (i) there shall be inserted the following head—

(ia)in the case of a person arrested for an imprisonable offence, the custody officer has reasonable grounds for believing that the detention of the person arrested is necessary to prevent him from committing an offence;.

(3) After paragraph (1) there shall be inserted the following paragraph

(1A) In paragraph (1) “imprisonable offence” means an offence for which a person over the age of 21 years is liable, on first conviction, to a term of imprisonment..

Power for police to arrest for failure to answer police bailN.I.

7.—(1) After Article 47 of the 1989 Order there shall be inserted the following Article—

Power of arrest for failure to answer to police bail

47A.(1) A constable may arrest without a warrant any person who, having been released on bail under this Part subject to a duty to attend at a police station, fails to attend at that police station at the time appointed for him to do so.

(2) A person who is arrested under this Article shall be taken to the police station appointed as the place at which he is to surrender to custody as soon as practicable after the arrest.

(3) For the purposes of—

(a)Article 32 (subject to the obligation in paragraph (2), and

(b)Article 33,

an arrest under this Article shall be treated as an arrest for an offence..

F1(2) In Article 35 of the 1989 Order (limitations on police detention) after paragraph (7) there shall be added the following paragraph—

(8) For the purposes of this Part a person who returns to a police station to answer to bail or is arrested under Article 47A shall be treated as arrested for an offence and the offence in connection with which he was granted bail shall be deemed to be that offence..

(3) In consequence of the foregoing amendments the 1989 Order shall be amended as follows—

(a)in Article 38(1), sub-paragraph (b) shall be omitted;

(b)in Articles 42(7), 43(10) and 44(18), at the end, there shall be inserted the words “; but this paragraph does not prevent an arrest under Article 47A.”; and

(c)in Article 48(11), at the end, there shall be inserted the words “; but this paragraph does not apply to a person who is arrested under Article 47A or has attended a police station in accordance with the grant of bail (and who accordingly is deemed by Article 35(8) to have been arrested for an offence).”.

(4) This Article applies whether the person released on bail was granted bail before or after the coming into operation of this Article.

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F1prosp. rep. by 2004 NI 9

Samples: intimate and non-intimate, etc.N.I.

8.—(1) Article 53 of the 1989 Order (which contains definitions of intimate and non-intimate samples and other relevant definitions) shall be amended as follows.

(2) For the definition of “intimate sample” there shall be substituted—

“intimate sample” means—

(a)a sample of blood, semen or any other tissue fluid, urine or pubic hair;

(b)a dental impression;

(c)a swab taken from a person's body orifice other than the mouth;.

(3) For the definition of “non-intimate sample” there shall be substituted—

“non-intimate sample” means—

(a)a sample of hair other than pubic hair;

(b)a sample taken from a nail or from under a nail;

(c)a swab taken from any part of a person's body including the mouth but not any other body orifice;

(d)saliva;

(e)a footprint or a similar impression of any part of a person's body other than a part of his hand;.

(4) After the definition of “non-intimate sample” there shall be inserted the following definitions—

“registered dentist” has the same meaning as in the Dentists Act 1984;

“speculative search”, in relation to a person's fingerprints or samples, means such a check against other fingerprints or samples or against information derived from other samples as is referred to in Article 63A(1);

“sufficient” and “insufficient”, in relation to a sample, means sufficient or insufficient (in point of quantity or quality) for the purpose of enabling information to be produced by the means of analysis used or to be used in relation to the sample..

FingerprintingN.I.

9.—(1) Article 61 of the 1989 Order (which regulates the taking of fingerprints) shall be amended as follows.

(2) After paragraph (7) there shall be inserted the following paragraph—

(7A) If a person's fingerprints are taken at a police station, whether with or without the appropriate consent—

(a)before the fingerprints are taken, an officer shall inform him that they may be the subject of a speculative search; and

(b)the fact that the person has been informed of this possibility shall be recorded as soon as is practicable after the fingerprints have been taken.

(3) In paragraph (8), after the word “them” there shall be inserted the words “and, in the case falling within paragraph (7A), the fact referred to in sub-paragraph (b) of that paragraph”.

Para. (4) rep. by 1996 c.22

Powers of police to take intimate body samplesN.I.

10.—(1) Article 62 of the 1989 Order (regulation of taking of intimate samples) shall be amended as follows.

(2) After paragraph (1) there shall be inserted the following paragraph—

(1A) An intimate sample may be taken from a person who is not in police detention but from whom, in the course of the investigation of an offence, two or more non-intimate samples suitable for the same means of analysis have been taken which have proved insufficient—

(a)if a police officer of at least the rank of superintendent authorises it to be taken; and

(b)if the appropriate consent is given..

(3) In paragraph (2)—

(a)after the word “authorisation” there shall be inserted the words “under paragraph (1) or (1A)”; and

(b)in sub-paragraph (a), for the words “serious arrestable offence” there shall be substituted the words “recordable offence”.

(4) In paragraph (3), after the words “paragraph (1)” there shall be inserted the words “or (1A)”.

(5) After paragraph (7) there shall be inserted the following paragraph—

(7A) If an intimate sample is taken from a person at a police station—

(a)before the sample is taken, an officer shall inform him that it may be the subject of a speculative search; and

(b)the fact that the person has been informed of this possibility shall be recorded as soon as practicable after the sample has been taken..

(6) In paragraph (8) after the words “paragraph (7)” there shall be inserted the words “or (7A)”.

(7) In paragraph (9)—

(a)after the word “urine” there shall be inserted the words “or a dental impression”; and

(b)at the end there shall be inserted the words “and a dental impression may only be taken by a registered dentist”.

Para. (8) rep. by 2000 c. 11

Powers of police to take non-intimate body samplesN.I.

11.—(1) Articles 63 of the 1989 Order (regulation of taking of non-intimate samples) shall be amended as follows.

(2) After paragraph (3), there shall be inserted the following paragraphs—

(3A) A non-intimate sample may be taken from a person (whether or not he falls within paragraph (3)(a)) without the appropriate consent if—

(a)he has been charged with a recordable offence or informed that he will be reported for such an offence; and

(b)either he has not had a non-intimate sample taken from him in the course of the investigation of the offence by the police or he has had a non-intimate sample taken from him but either it was not suitable for the same means of analysis or, though so suitable, the sample proved insufficient.

(3B) A non-intimate sample may be taken from a person without the appropriate consent if he has been convicted of a recordable offence..

(3) In paragraph (4), in sub-paragraph (a), for the words “serious arrestable offence” there shall be substituted the words “recordable offence”.

(4) After paragraph (8), there shall be inserted the following paragraphs—

(8A) In a case where by virtue of paragraph (3A) or (3B) a sample is taken from a person without the appropriate consent—

(a)he shall be told the reason before the sample is taken; and

(b)the reason shall be recorded as soon as practicable after the sample is taken.

(8B) If a non-intimate sample is taken from a person at a police station, whether with or without the appropriate consent—

(a)before the sample is taken, an officer shall inform him that it may be the subject of a speculative search; and

(b)the fact that the person has been informed of this possibility shall be recorded as soon as practicable after the sample has been taken.

(5) In paragraph (9), after the words “paragraph (8)” there shall be inserted the words. “(8A) or (8B)”.

(6) For paragraph (10) there shall be substituted the following paragraph—

(10) Paragraph (3B) shall not apply to persons convicted before the date on which that paragraph comes into operation..

Para. (7) rep. by 2000 c. 11

Fingerprints and samples: supplementary provisionsN.I.

12.  The following Article shall be inserted after Article 63 of the 1989 Order—

Fingerprints and samples: supplementary provisions

63A.(1) Fingerprints or samples or the information derived from samples taken under any power conferred by this Part from a person who has been arrested on suspicion of being involved in a recordable offence may be checked against other fingerprints or samples or the information derived from other samples contained in records held by or on behalf of the police or held in connection with or as a result of an investigation of an offence.

(2) Where a sample of hair other than pubic hair is to be taken the sample may be taken either by cutting hairs or by plucking hairs with their roots so long as no more are plucked than the person taking the sample reasonably considers to be necessary for a sufficient sample.

(3) Where any power to take a sample is exercisable in relation to a person the sample may be taken in a custodial establishment.

(4) Any constable may, within the allowed period, require a person who is neither in police detention nor held in custody by the police on the authority of a court to attend a police station in order to have a sample taken where—

(a)the person has been charged with a recordable offence or informed that he will be reported for such an offence and either he has not had a sample taken from him in the course of the investigation of the offence by the police or he has had a sample so taken from him but either it was not suitable for the same means of analysis or, though so suitable, the sample proved insufficient, or

(b)the person has been convicted of a recordable offence and either he has not has a sample taken from him since the conviction or he has had a sample taken from him (before or after his conviction) but either it was not suitable for the same means of analysis or, though so suitable, the sample proved insufficient.

(5) The period allowed for requiring a person to attend a police station for the purpose specified in paragraph (4) is—

(a)in the case of a person falling within sub-paragraph (a), one month beginning with the date of the charge or one month beginning with the date on which the appropriate officer is informed of the fact that the sample is not suitable for the same means of analysis or has proved insufficient, as the case may be;

(b)in the case of a person falling within sub-paragraph (b), one month beginning with the date of the conviction or one month beginning with the date on which the appropriate officer is informed of the fact that the sample is not suitable for the same means of analysis or has proved insufficient, as the case may be.

(6) A requirement under paragraph (4)—

(a)shall give the person at least 7 days within which he must so attend; and

(b)may direct him to attend at a specified time of day or between specified times of day.

(7) Any constable may arrest without a warrant a person who has failed to comply with a requirement under paragraph (4).

(8) In this Article “the appropriate officer” is—

(a)in the case of a person falling within paragraph (4)(a), the officer investigating the offence with which that person has been charged or as to which he was informed that he would be reported;

(b)in the case of a person falling within paragraph (4)(b), the officer in charge of the police station from which the investigation of the offence of which he was convicted was conducted..

Retention of samples in certain casesN.I.

13.—(1) Article 64 of the 1989 Order (which prescribes the situations in which fingerprints and samples must be destroyed) shall be amended as follows.

(2) In paragraphs (1), (2) and (3), after the words “they must” there shall be inserted the words “, except as provided in paragraph (3A),”.

(3) After paragraph (3), there shall be inserted the following paragraphs—

(3A) Samples which are required to be destroyed under paragraph (1), (2) or (3) need not be destroyed if they were taken for the purpose of the same investigation of an offence of which a person from whom one was taken has been convicted, but the information derived from the sample of any person entitled (apart from this paragraph) to is destruction under paragraph (1), (2) or (3) shall not be used—

(a)in evidence against the person so entitled; or

(b)for the purposes of any investigation of an offence.

(3B) Where samples are required to be destroyed under paragraph (1), (2) or (3), and paragraph (3A) does not apply, information derived from the sample of any person entitled to its destruction under paragraph (1), (2) or (3) shall not be used—

(a)in evidence against the person so entitled; or

(b)for the purposes of any investigation of an offence.

Part III rep. by 1998 NI 32

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