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The Child Support (Northern Ireland) Order 1991

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[F1PART IN.I.THE CASES

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F11995 NI 13

GeneralN.I.

1.  (1)  The cases in which a departure direction may be given are those set out in this Part or in regulations made under this Part.N.I.

(2) In this Schedule “applicant” means the person whose application for a departure direction is being considered.

Special expensesN.I.

2.  (1)  A departure direction may be given with respect to special expenses of the applicant which were not, and could not have been, taken into account in determining the current assessment in accordance with the provisions of, or made under, Part I of Schedule 1.N.I.

(2) In this paragraph “special expenses” means the whole, or any prescribed part, of expenses which fall within a prescribed description of expenses.

(3) In prescribing descriptions of expenses for the purposes of this paragraph, the Department may, in particular, make provision with respect to—

(a)costs incurred in travelling to work;

(b)costs incurred by an absent parent in maintaining contact with the child, or with any of the children, with respect to whom he is liable to pay child support maintenance under the current assessment;

(c)costs attributable to a long-term illness or disability of the applicant or of a dependant of the applicant;

(d)debts incurred, before the absent parent became an absent parent in relation to a child with respect to whom the current assessment was made—

(i)for the joint benefit of both parents;

(ii)for the benefit of any child with respect to whom the current assessment was made; or

(iii)for the benefit of any other child falling within a prescribed category;

(e)pre-1993 financial commitments from which it is impossible for the parent concerned to withdraw or from which it would be unreasonable to expect that parent to have to withdraw;

(f)costs incurred by a parent in supporting a child who is not his child but who is part of his family.

(4) For the purposes of sub-paragraph (3)(c)—

(a)the question whether one person is a dependant of another shall be determined in accordance with regulations made by the Department;

(b)“disability” and “illness” have such meaning as may be prescribed; and

(c)the question whether an illness or disability is long-term shall be determined in accordance with regulations made by the Department.

(5) For the purposes of sub-paragraph (3)(e), “pre-1993 financial commitments” means financial commitments of a prescribed kind entered into before 5th April 1993 in any case where—

(a)a court order of a prescribed kind was in forced with respect to the absent parent and the person with care concerned at the time when they were entered into; or

(b)an agreement between them of a prescribed kind was in force at that time.

(6) For the purposes of sub-paragraph (3)(f), a child who is not the child of a particular person is a part of that person's family in such circumstances as may be prescribed.

Property or capital transfersN.I.

3.  (1)  A departure direction may be given if—N.I.

(a)before 5th April 1993—

(i)a court order of a prescribed kind was in force with respect to the absent parent and either the person with care with respect to whom the current assessment was made or the child, or any of the children, with respect to whom that assessment was made; or

(ii)an agreement of a prescribed kind between the absent parent and any of those persons was in force;

(b)in consequence of one or more transfers of property of a prescribed kind—

(i)the amount payable by the absent parent by way of maintenance was less then would have been the case had that transfer or those transfers not been made; or

(ii)no amount was payable by the absent parent by way of maintenance; and

(c)the effect of that transfer, or those transfers, is not properly reflected in the current assessment.

(2) For the purposes of sub-paragraph (1)(b), “maintenance” means periodical payments of maintenance made (otherwise than under this Order) with respect to the child, or any of the children, with respect to whom the current assessment was made.

(3) For the purposes of sub-paragraph (1)(c), the question whether the effect of one or more transfers of property is properly reflected in the current assessment shall be determined in accordance with regulations made by the Department.

4.  (1)  A departure direction may be given if—N.I.

(a)before 5th April 1993—

(i)a court order of a prescribed kind was in force with respect to the absent parent and either the person with care with respect to whom the current assessment was made or the child, or any of the children, with respect to whom that assessment was made, or

(ii)an agreement of a prescribed kind between the absent parent and any of those persons was in force;

(b)in pursuance of the court order or agreement, the absent parent has made one or more transfers of property of a prescribed kind;

(c)the amount payable by the absent parent by way of maintenance was not reduced as a result of that transfer or those transfers;

(d)the amount payable by the absent parent by way of child support maintenance under the current assessment has been reduced as a result of that transfer or those transfers, in accordance with provisions of or made under this Order; and

(e)it is nevertheless inappropriate, having regard to the purposes for which the transfer or transfers was or were made, for that reduction to have been made.

(2) For the purposes of sub-paragraph (1)(c), “maintenance” means periodical payments of maintenance made (otherwise than under this Order) with respect to the child, or any of the children, with respect to whom the current assessment was made.

Additional casesN.I.

5.  (1)  The Department may by regulations prescribe other cases in which a departure may be given.N.I.

(2) Regulations under this paragraph may, for example, make provision with respect to cases where—

(a)assets which do not produce income are capable of producing income;

(b)a person's life-style is inconsistent with the level of his income;

(c)housing costs are unreasonably high;

(d)housing costs are in part attributable to housing persons whose circumstances are such as to justify disregarding a part of those costs;

(e)travel costs are unreasonably high; or

(f)travel costs should be disregarded.]

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