Search Legislation

The Social Security (Contributions)(Northern Ireland) Order 1991

What Version

 Help about what version
  • Latest available (Revised)
  • Original (As made)

Opening Options

 Help about opening options

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally made). This item of legislation is currently only available in its original format.

Citation, finance and commencement

1.—(1) This Order may be cited as the Social Security (Contributions) (Northern Ireland) Order 1991, and this Order shall be included among the Acts which may be cited together as the Social Security (Northern Ireland) Acts 1975 to 1991.

(2) There shall be paid into the Consolidated Fund any increase by virtue of this Order in the sums so payable by virtue of any other enactment.

(3) Any provision of this Order which amends an enactment not in operation when this Order is made shall come into operation on the day on which that enactment comes into operation.

(4) This Order has effect in relation to the tax year beginning with 6th April 1991 and subsequent tax years; and in this paragraph “tax year” has the meaning assigned to it by Schedule 17 to the Social Security (Northern Ireland) Act 1975(1) (in this Order referred to as “the 1975 Act”).

Interpretation

2.  The Interpretation Act (Northern Ireland) 1954(2) shall apply to Article 1 and the following provisions of this Order as it applies to a Measure of the Northern Ireland Assembly.

Class 1A contributions

3.—(1) The 1975 Act is amended as follows.

(2) In subsection (2) of section 1 (outline of contributory system) for “four” there is substituted “five” and after the description of Class 1 contributions there is inserted—

  • Class 1A, payable under section 4A in respect of cars made available for private use and car fuel by persons liable to pay secondary Class 1 contributions and certain other persons;.

(3) In subsection (6)(a) and (c) of that section after “Class 1” there is inserted “, Class 1A”.

(4) In the heading before section 4 for “four” there is substituted “five”.

(5) The following section is inserted after section 4—

Class 1A contributions.

4A.(1) Where—

(a)for any tax year an amount in respect of a car is by virtue of section 157 of the Income and Corporation Taxes Act 1988 chargeable on an earner to income tax under Schedule E; and

(b)the employment by reason of which the car is made available is employed earner’s employment, a Class 1A contribution shall be payable for that tax year, in accordance with this section, in respect of the earner and car in question.

(2) The Class 1A contribution referred to in subsection (1) above is payable by—

(a)the person who is liable to pay the secondary Class 1 contribution relating to the last (or only) relevant payment of earnings in the tax year in relation to which there is a liability to pay such a contribution; or

(b)if no such contribution is payable in relation to a relevant payment of earnings in the tax year, the person who would be liable but for section 4(2)(b) above to pay a secondary Class 1 contribution relating to the last (or only) relevant payment of earnings in the tax year.

(3) A payment of earnings is a “relevant payment of earnings” for the purposes of subsection (2) above if it is made to or for the benefit of the earner in respect of the employment by reason of which the car is made available.

(4) The amount of the Class 1A contribution referred to in subsection (1) above shall be—

(a)the Class 1A percentage of the cash equivalent of the benefit of the car to the earner in the tax year; or

(b)where for the tax year an amount in respect of fuel for the car is by virtue of section 158 of the Income and Corporation Taxes Act 1988 also chargeable on the earner to income tax under Schedule E, the aggregate of—

(i)the Class 1A percentage of the cash equivalent of the benefit of the fuel to the earner in the tax year; and

(ii)the amount mentioned in paragraph (a) above, the cash equivalents of the benefit of a car or fuel being ascertained, subject to the provisions of this section, in accordance with section 157 or, as the case may be, 158 of the Income and Corporation Taxes Act 1988 and Schedule 6 to that Act.

(5) In subsection (4) above “the Class 1A percentage” means a percentage rate equal to the percentage rate for secondary Class 1 contributions specified in section 4(6E) above as appropriate for the highest secondary earnings bracket for the tax year in question.

(6) In calculating for the purposes of subsection (4) above the cash equivalent of the benefit of a car or fuel—

(a)the car shall not be treated as being unavailable on a day by virtue of paragraph 2(2)(b) of Schedule 6 to the Income and Corporation Taxes Act 1988 for the purposes of section 158(5) of that Act or paragraph 2(2), 3(2) or 5(2) of that Schedule, unless the person liable to pay the contribution has information to show that the condition specified in paragraph 2(2)(b) is satisfied as regards that day;

(b)the use of the car for the earner’s business travel shall be taken—

(i)for the purposes of section 158(5)of that Act and sub-paragraph (1) of paragraph 3 of that Schedule to have amounted to less than 18,000 miles (or such lower figure as is applicable by virtue of sub-paragraph (2) of that paragraph); and

(ii)for the purposes of sub-paragraph (1) of paragraph 5 of that Schedule to have amounted to not more than 2,500 miles (or such lower figure as is applicable by virtue of sub-paragraph (2) of that paragraph), unless in either case the person liable to pay the contribution has information to show the contrary; and

(c)for the purposes of paragraph 5(3) of that Schedule, the car shall be treated as not having been the car used to the greatest extent for the employee’s business travel, unless the person liable to pay the contribution has information to show the contrary.

(7) Regulations may make such amendments of this section as appear to the Department to be necessary or expedient in consequence of any alteration to section 157 or 158 of the Income and Corporation Taxes Act 1988 or Schedule 6 to that Act.

(8) A person shall be liable to pay different Class 1A contributions in respect of different earners, different cars and different tax years.

(9) Regulations may provide—

(a)for persons to be excepted in prescribed circumstances for liability to pay Class 1A contributions;

(b)for reducing Class 1A contributions in prescribed circumstances..

Computation, collection and recovery

4.—(1) In the 1975 Act—

(a)in paragraph (a) of section 1(4) (which introduces Schedule 1, containing supplementary provisions relating to contributions); and

(b)in the heading for Schedule 1, after “Classes 1,” there is inserted “1A,”.

(2) The following paragraph is inserted after paragraph 4 of that Schedule—

Class 1A contributions where car made available by reason of more than one employment

4A.  Regulations may modify section 4A above in relation to cases where a car is made available by reason of two or more employed earner’s employments under different employers..

(3) In paragraph 5 of that Schedule (power to combine collection of contributions with tax)—

(a)in sub-paragraph (1)(a) after “Class 1” there is inserted “, Class 1A”; and

(b)in sub-paragraph (1A)—

(i)after “Class 1”, in each place where it occurs, there is inserted “or Class 1A”; and

(ii)in paragraph (a) after “(being” there is inserted “, in the case of Class 1 contributions,”.

(4) In sub-paragraph (11)(a) of paragraph 5A of that Schedule (special penalties in the case of certain returns) after “Class 1” there is inserted “and Class 1A”.

(5) In paragraph 6(1) of that Schedule (general regulation-making powers)—

(a)the following paragraph is inserted after paragraph (a)—

(aa)for requiring persons to maintain, in such form and manner as may be prescribed, records of such matters as may be prescribed for the purpose of enabling the incidence of liability for Class 1A contributions to be determined, and to retain the records for so long as may be prescribed;;

(b)in paragraph (g) for from “enabling” to the end there is substituted

enabling—

(i)the whole or part of any payment of secondary Class 1 contributions to be treated as a payment of Class 1A contributions;

(ii)the whole or part of any payment of Class 1A contributions to be treated as a payment of secondary Class 1 contributions or Class 2 contributions;

(iii)the whole or part of any payment of Class 2 contributions to be treated as a payment of secondary Class 1 contributions or Class 1A contributions;; and

(c)after paragraph (gg) there is inserted—

(ggg) for the repayment in prescribed cases, of a prescribed part of any Class 1A contribution as to which the Department is satisfied in the light of information of a kind mentioned in section 4A(6)(a), or (c) above that has become available to it, that too much has been paid;.

(6) In section 142 of the 1975 Act (proof of previous offences)—

(a)in subsection (3) after “contributions,” there is inserted “or any Class 1A contributions”;

(b)the following subsection is inserted after that subsection—

(3A) If the offence is one of failure to pay a Class 1A contribution, evidence may be given of failure on his part to pay (whether or not in respect of the same person or the same car) such contributions, or any Class 1 contributions or state scheme premiums, on the date of the offence, or during the 2 years preceding that date.; and (c)

Determination of questions

5.—(1) The following paragraph is inserted after subsection (1)(b) of section 93 of the 1975 Act (principal questions for Department)—

(bb)a question whether a Class 1A contribution is payable or otherwise relating to a Class 1A contribution;.

(2) The following subsection is inserted after subsection (4) of section 115 of that Act (procedure)—

(4A) In proceedings for the determination of a question mentioned in section 93(1)(bb) above (including proceedings on an inquiry), there shall be available to a witness (other than the person who is liable, or alleged to be liable, to pay the Class 1A contribution in question) any privilege against self-incrimination or incrimination of a spouse which is available to a witness in legal proceedings..

Health service allocation

6.  In section 128 of the 1975 Act (health service allocation from contributions)—

(a)the following paragraph is inserted after subsection (4)(b)—

(bb)in the case of Class 1A contributions, 0.9 per cent. of the amount estimated to be the aggregate of the cash equivalents of the benefits of the cars and car fuel used in calculating those contributions;; and

(b)the following paragraph is inserted after subsection (4B)(a)—

(aa)0.1 per cent. of the relevant aggregate, in the case of paragraph (bb);.

G. I. de Deney

Clerk of the Privy Council

Back to top

Options/Help

Print Options

Close

Legislation is available in different versions:

Latest Available (revised):The latest available updated version of the legislation incorporating changes made by subsequent legislation and applied by our editorial team. Changes we have not yet applied to the text, can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area.

Original (As Enacted or Made):The original version of the legislation as it stood when it was enacted or made. No changes have been applied to the text.

Close

Opening Options

Different options to open legislation in order to view more content on screen at once

Close

More Resources

Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • correction slips
  • links to related legislation and further information resources