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The Food (Northern Ireland) Order 1989

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Cream substitutes

30.—(1) Subject to the provisions of this Article, a person who sells, or offers or exposes for sale, for human consumption—

(a)any substance which resembles cream in appearance, but is not cream; or

(b)any article of food containing such a substance;

under a description or designation which includes the word “cream” (whether or not as part of a composite word), shall be guilty of an offence.

(2) Paragraph (1) shall not apply to the sale, or offer or exposure for sale—

(a)of any substance being reconstituted or imitation cream as defined by this Article or of any article containing such a substance, under a description or designation which identifies the substance as such, or

(b)of any substance under a description or designation which indicates that the substance is not for use as, or as a substitute for, cream.

(3) For the purposes of this Article, the description or designation under which a substance or article is sold, or offered or exposed for sale, shall be deemed to include the word “cream” if it includes any other word (composite or otherwise) which is calculated to lead a purchaser to suppose that the substance is or, as the case may be, the article contains either cream or a substance for use as cream.

(4) In this Article—

“reconstituted cream” means a substance which, not being cream, resembles cream in appearance and contains no ingredient not derived from milk, except—


water; or


ingredients (not added fraudulently to increase bulk, weight or measure, or conceal inferior quality) which may lawfully be contained in a substance sold for human consumption as cream or butter;

“imitation cream” means a substance which, not being cream or reconstituted cream, resembles cream in appearance and is produced by emulsifying edible oils or fats with water, either by themselves, or with other substances not prohibited by regulations made for the purposes of this Article under Article 6, nor added in quantities so prohibited.

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