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The Insolvency (Northern Ireland) Order 1989

Status:

This is the original version (as it was originally made).

General interpretation

2.—(1) The Interpretation Act (Northern Ireland) 1954(1) shall apply to Article 1 and the following provisions of this Order as it applies to a Measure of the Northern Ireland Assembly.

(2) In this Order—

“business” includes a trade or profession;

“the Companies Order” means the Companies (Northern Ireland) Order 1986(2);

“conditional sale agreement” and “hire-purchase agreement” have the same meanings as in the Consumer Credit Act 1974(3);

“the Department” means the Department of Economic Development;

“liability” means (subject to paragraph (4)) a liability to pay money or money’s worth, including any liability under a statutory provision, any liability for breach of trust, any liability in contract, tort or bailment and any liability arising out of an obligation to make restitution;

“modifications” includes additions, alterations and omissions;

“office copy”, in relation to a document of the High Court, means a copy purporting to be sealed with the seal of the Court;

“the official receiver” means, in relation to any bankruptcy or winding up, any officer of the Department who by virtue of Article 355 or 357 is authorised to act as the official receiver in relation to that bankruptcy or winding up;

“prescribed”—

(a)

in Articles 48(3), 95(1), 212(h) and 222 and in Part XII, means prescribed by regulations; and

(b)

except as provided in sub-paragraph (a) and in paragraph 3 of Schedule 4, means prescribed by rules;

“property” includes money, goods, things in action, land and every description of property wherever situated and also obligations and every description of interest, whether present or future or vested or contingent, arising out of, or incidental to, property;

“records” includes computer records and other non-documentary records;

“regulations” means regulations made by the Department subject (except in Article 359(5)) to negative resolution;

“rules”, except in Article 350, means rules made under Article 359;

“statutory provision” has the meaning assigned to it by section 1(f) of the Interpretation Act (Northern Ireland) 1954(4);

“transaction” includes a gift, agreement or arrangement, and references to entering into a transaction shall be construed accordingly.

(3) In determining for the purposes of any provision in this Order whether any liability in tort is a debt provable in the winding up of a company or a bankruptcy debt, the company or, as the case may be, the bankrupt is deemed to become subject to that liability by reason of an obligation incurred at the time when the cause of action accrued.

(4) For the purposes of references in any provision of this Order to a debt or liability, it is immaterial whether the debt or liability is present or future, whether it is certain or contingent or whether its amount is fixed or liquidated, or is capable of being ascertained by fixed criteria or as a matter of opinion; and references in any such provision to owing a debt are to be read accordingly.

(5) In this Order (except Article 355(1)) references to the official receiver include an officer of the Department appointed under Article 357(1) as deputy official receiver.

(6) For the purposes of any provision in this Order whereby an officer of a company who is in default shall be guilty of an offence, “officer who is in default” means an officer of the company who knowingly and wilfully authorises or permits the default, refusal or contravention mentioned in the provision.

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