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Land Acquisition and Compensation (Northern Ireland) Order 1973

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PART IVN.I.PROVISIONS FOR BENEFIT OF PERSONS DISPLACED FROM LAND

Home loss paymentsN.I.

Right to home loss payment where person displaced from dwellingN.I.

30.—(1) Where a person is displaced from a dwelling on any land in consequence of—

(a)the compulsory acquisition of an interest in the dwelling;

(b)the making or acceptance of a housing order or undertaking in respect of the dwelling;

(c)where the land has been previously acquired or appropriated by an authority possessing compulsory acquisition powers and is for the time being held for the purposes for which it was acquired or appropriated, the carrying out of [F1 any improvement of the dwelling or of] redevelopment on the land;

F1[(d)the carrying out of any improvement to the dwelling or of redevelopment on the land by a housing association which has previously acquired the land and which at the date of the displacement is registered,]

he shall, subject to the provisions of this Article and Article 32, be entitled to receive a payment (in this Order referred to as a “home loss payment”) from—

F2[(i)where sub-paragraph ( a) applies, the acquiring authority;

(ii)where sub-paragraph (b) applies, the authority who made the order or accepted the undertaking;

(iii)where sub-paragraph ( c) applies, the authority carrying out the improvement or redevelopment; and

(iv)where sub-paragraph ( d) applies, the housing association carrying out the improvement or redevelopment].

[F3(2) A person shall not be entitled to a home loss payment unless the following conditions have been satisfied throughout the period of one year ending with the date of displacement—

(a)he has been in lawful occupation of the dwelling, or a substantial part of it, as his only or main residence; and

(b)he has been in such occupation by virtue of an interest or right to which this Article applies,

but, if those conditions are satisfied on the date of displacement, a payment (referred to in this Article and Articles 32 and 33 as a “discretionary payment”) may be made to him of an amount not exceeding the amount to which he would have been entitled if he had satisfied those conditions throughout that period.]

(3) For the purposes of this Article a person shall be deemed to have been displaced from a dwelling in consequence of the compulsory acquisition of an interest therein …F4 if, after the notice of application for, or the notice of intention to make, a vesting order in respect of that interest has been published …F4 but before such an order becomes operative, he gives up occupation of the dwelling by arrangement with the Housing Executive or with the authority proposing to acquire the dwelling compulsorily.

[F5(3AA) For the purposes of this Article a person shall be deemed to have been displaced from a dwelling in consequence of the compulsory acquisition of an interest therein if the acquisition is in pursuance of the service by him of a blight notice, within the meaning of Article 2(2) of the Planning Blight (Compensation) (Northen Ireland) Order 1981, served on or after the date of the coming into operation of Article 36 of the Planning (Amendment) (Northern Ireland) Order 2003.]

F1[(3A) For the purposes of this Article a person shall not be treated as displaced from a dwelling in consequence of the acceptance of an undertaking or of the carrying out of any improvement to the dwelling unless he is permanently displaced from it in consequence of the carrying out of the works specified in the undertaking or, as the case may be, of the improvement in question.

(3B) For the purposes of this Article a person shall be deemed to have been displaced from a dwelling in consequence of the making of a housing order in relation thereto if—

(a)the Housing Executive is satisfied that the dwelling is unfit for human habitationF6. . . ; and

(b)the person vacating the dwelling gives up occupation by arrangement with the Housing Executive.]

(4) This Article applies to the following interests and rights—

(a)any interest in the dwelling including a right to occupy the dwelling as a statutory tenant to whom section 15 of the Increase of Rent and Mortgage Interest (Restrictions) Act 1920 [1920 c.17] F7 or section 18 of the Rent and Mortgage Interest (Restrictions) Act (Northern Ireland) 1940 [1940 c.7] F7 applies;

(b)a right to occupy the dwelling under a contract at a rent which includes payment for the use of furniture or for services;

(c)a right to occupy the dwelling under a contract of employment.

Para. (5) rep. by 1992 NI 8

(6) Where an authority possessing compulsory acquisition powers acquire the interest of any person in a dwelling by agreement, then, in relation to any other person who is displaced from the dwelling in consequence of the acquisition, paragraphs (1) to (4) shall have effect as if the acquisition were compulsory and a vesting order in respect of the dwelling had become operative when the agreement was made.

Para. (7) rep. by 1977 NI 8

(8) Where an interest in a dwelling is vested in trustees (other than a sole tenant for life within the meaning of the Settled Land Acts 1882 to 1890) and a person beneficially entitled (whether directly or derivatively) under the trusts is entitled or permitted by reason of his interest to occupy the dwelling, he shall be treated for the purposes of this Article as occupying it by virtue of an interest in the dwelling.

(9) In this Article—

  • [F2 “housing order” means a demolition, closing or clearance order under Chapter II of Part III of the Housing (Northern Ireland) Order 1981 [1981 NI 3] [F8 or a closing order under paragraph 6 of Schedule 7A to the Housing (Northern Ireland) Order 1981];]

  • [F1 “improvement” includes alteration and enlargement;]

  • [F6“undertaking” means an undertaking accepted under paragraph 5 of Schedule 4 to the Housing (Northern Ireland) Order 1992;]

  • “redevelopment” includes change of use.

(10) This Article[F5 except paragraph (3AA)] applies if the date of displacement, or in the case within paragraph (3) the giving up of occupation, is on or after 17th October 1972.

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[F9Spouses[F10 and civil partners] having statutory rights of occupationN.I.

30A.(1) This Article applies where, by reason of the entitlement of[F10 one spouse or civil partner ( “A”)] to occupy a dwelling by virtue of an interest or right to which Article 30 applies,[F10 the other spouse or civil partner ( “B”) acquires home rights][F11 (within the meaning of the Family Homes and Domestic Violence (Northern Ireland) Order 1998]).

(2) So long as—

(a)those[F10 home rights] continue;

(b)B is in occupation of the dwelling and A is not; and

(c)B is not, apart from this Article, treated as occupying the dwelling by virtue of an interest or right to which that Article applies,

B shall be treated for the purposes of that Article as occupying the dwelling by virtue of such an interest (but not an owner's interest within the meaning of Article 31).

(3) References in this Article to a dwelling include a reference to a substantial part of it.]

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[F12Amount of home loss paymentN.I.

31.(1) In the case of a person who on the date of displacement is occupying, or is treated for the purposes of Article 30 as occupying, the dwelling by virtue of an interest in it which is an owner's interest, the amount of the home loss payment shall be 10 per cent. of the market value of his interest in the dwelling or, as the case may be, the interest in the dwelling vested in trustees, subject to a maximum of[F13 £45,000] and a minimum of[F13 £4,500].

(2) In any other case, the amount of the home loss payment shall be[F13 £4,500].

(3) For the purposes of this Article and Article 32 the market value of an interest in a dwelling—

(a)in a case where the interest is compulsorily acquired, is the amount assessed for the purposes of the acquisition as the value of the interest; and

(b)in any other case, is the amount which, if the interest were being compulsorily acquired under a vesting order becoming operative on the date of displacement, would be assessed for the purposes of the acquisition as the value of the interest,

and any dispute as to the amount referred to in sub‐paragraph ( b) shall be determined by the Lands Tribunal.

(4) In determining for the purposes of this Article and Article 32 the market value of an interest in a dwelling, the dwelling shall be taken to include any garden, yard, outhouses and appurtenances belonging to or usually enjoyed with that dwelling.

(5) The Department of the Environment may from time to time by regulations prescribe a different maximum or minimum for the purposes of paragraph (1) and a different amount for the purposes of paragraph (2).

(6) Regulations under paragraph (5) shall be subject to negative resolution.

(7) In this Article “owner's interest”, in relation to any land, means a freehold interest (whether legal or equitable) or a tenancy granted or extended for a term of years of which not less than three years remain unexpired.]

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F13SR 2004/312

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Art. 31(5): functions transferred (28.5.2006) by virtue of The Departments (Transfer of Functions) Order (Northern Ireland) 2006 (S.R. 2006/192), arts. 1(2), 4

Supplementary provisions about home loss paymentsN.I.

32.[F14(1) No home loss payment or discretionary payment shall be made except on a claim in writing—

(a)made by the claimant before the expiration of the period of 6 months beginning with the date of displacement; and

(b)giving such particulars as the authority responsible for making the payment may reasonably require for the purpose of determining whether the payment should be made and, if so, its amount.

(2) Where a person is entitled to a home loss payment, the payment shall be made on or before the latest of the following dates—

(a)the date of displacement;

(b)the last day of the period of three months beginning with the making of the claim; and

(c)where the amount of the payment is to be determined in accordance with Article 31(1), the day on which the market value of the interest in question is agreed or finally determined.

(2A) Where the amount of the payment is to be determined in accordance with Article 31(1)—

(a)the acquiring authority may at any time make a payment in advance; and

(b)if, on the later of the dates referred to in paragraph (2)( a) and ( b), the market value of the interest in question has not been agreed or finally determined, the acquiring authority shall make a payment in advance (where they have not already done so).

(2B) The amount of the payment in advance shall be the lesser of—

(a)the maximum amount for the purposes of Article 31(1);

(b)10 per cent. of the amount agreed to be the market value of the interest in question or, if there is no such agreement, 10 per cent. of the acquiring authority's estimate of that amount.

(2C) Where the amount of a payment in advance differs from the amount of the home loss payment, the shortfall or excess shall be paid by or, as the case may be, repaid to the acquiring authority when the market value of the interest in question is agreed or finally determined.

(3) Where the claimant has satisfied, throughout any period, the conditions mentioned in Article 30(2), that period shall be treated for the purposes of that paragraph as including any immediately preceding period throughout which—

(a)he has resided in the dwelling as his only or main residence but without satisfying those conditions; and

(b)another person or other persons have satisfied those conditions,

and references in this paragraph and paragraph (3A) to a dwelling include a reference to a substantial part of it.

(3A) Where the claimant has satisfied, throughout any period, the conditions mentioned in Article 30(2), that period (or that period as extended under paragraph (3)) shall be treated for the purposes of Article 30(2) as including any immediately preceding period, or successive periods, throughout which he satisfied the conditions mentioned in Article 30(2) in relation to another dwelling or, as the case may be, other dwellings (applying paragraph (3) to determine the length of any period or periods).]

(4) Where a person ( “the deceased”) dies before the expiration of the period for making a claim to a home loss payment and would have been entitled to such a payment if he had made a claim within that period, a claim to that payment may be made, before the expiration of that period, by any person, not being a minor, who—

(a)throughout a period of not less than[F14 one year] ending with the date of displacement of the deceased, has resided in the dwelling, or a substantial part of it, as his only or main residence; and

(b)is entitled to benefit by virtue of testamentary dispositions taking effect on, or the law of intestate succession or the right of survivorship between joint tenants as applied to, the death of the deceased.

(5) Where the claimant has successively been in occupation of or resided in different dwellings in the same building, being dwellings consisting of a room or rooms not constructed or structurally adapted for use as a separate dwelling, Article 30(2) and[F14 paragraphs (3) to (4)] shall have effect as if those dwellings were the same dwelling.

(6) Where there are two or more persons entitled to make a claim to a home loss payment in respect of the same dwelling (whether by virtue of joint occupation or paragraph (4)) the payment to be made on each claim shall be equal to the whole amount of the home loss payment divided by the number of such persons.

(7) Where an interest in a dwelling is acquired by agreement by an authority possessing compulsory acquisition powers, the authority may, in connection with the acquisition, make to the person from whom the interest is acquired a payment corresponding to any home loss payment[F14 or discretionary payment] which they would be required[F14 or authorised] to make to him if the acquisition were compulsory and a vesting order in respect of that interest had been made before he gave up occupation of the dwelling.

  • Para. (8) rep. by 1992 NI 8

  • Para. (9) rep. by 1977 NI 8

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Home loss payments for certain caravan dwellersN.I.

33.—(1) Articles 30 to 32 shall, so far as applicable, have effect in relation to a person residing in a caravan on a caravan site who is displaced from that site as they have effect in relation to a person displaced from a dwelling on any land but shall so have effect subject to the following modifications.

(2) No home loss payment[F15 or discretionary payment] shall be made to any person by virtue of this Article except where no suitable alternative site for stationing a caravan is available to him on reasonable terms.

(3) Paragraph (1) of Article 30 shall have effect as if for the words preceding sub-paragraph ( a) there were substituted the words “Where a person residing in a caravan on a caravan site is displaced from that site in consequence of” and paragraph (2) of that Article shall have effect as if for sub-paragraphs ( a) and ( b) there were substituted—

[F15(a)he has been in occupation of the caravan site by using a caravan stationed on it as his only or main residence; and

(b)he has been in such occupation of the site by virtue of an interest or right to which this Article applies..]

[F15(4) Article 31 shall have effect as if the references to a person occupying a dwelling by virtue of an interest in it and to his interest in the dwelling were to a person occupying a caravan site by virtue of an interest in it and to that interest.]

(5) Article 32 shall have effect as if for paragraph (5) there were substituted—

(5) Where any land comprises two or more caravan sites and the claimant has successively been in occupation of or resided in a caravan on different caravan sites on that land, Article 30(2) and[F15 paragraphs (3) to (4)] shall have effect—

[F15(a)as if in paragraphs (3) and (3A) the references to a dwelling were to a caravan site;]

(b)as if in paragraph (4) for the words “resided in the dwelling, or a substantial part of it” there were substituted the words “resided in a caravan on the caravan site”; and

(c)as if those sites were the same site. .

(6) Articles 30 to 32 shall have effect as if in any provision not modified as aforesaid for any reference to a dwelling or land there were substituted a reference to a caravan site.

(7) In this Article “caravan site” means land on which a caravan is stationed for the purpose of human habitation and land which is used in conjunction with land on which a caravan is so stationed.

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[F16Other loss paymentsN.I.

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F16Art. 33A and preceding cross-heading inserted (13.5.2016) by Land Acquisition and Compensation (Amendment) Act (NorthernIreland) 2016 (c. 28), ss. 1, 7(2) (with s. 7(3))

Basic loss paymentN.I.

33A(1) This Article applies to a person—

(a)if he has a qualifying interest in land,

(b)if the interest is acquired compulsorily, and

(c)to the extent that he is not entitled to a home loss payment in respect of any part of the interest.

(2) A person to whom this Article applies is entitled to payment of whichever is the lower of the following amounts—

(a)7.5% of the value of his interest;

(b)£75,000.

(3) A payment under this Article must be made by the acquiring authority.

(4) An interest in land is a qualifying interest if it is a freehold interest (legal or equitable) or an interest under a tenancy and (in either case) itsubsists for a period of not less than one year ending with whichever is the earlier of—

(a)the date on which the vesting order is operative;

(b)the date on which compensation is agreed between the person and the acquiring authority.

(5) Subject to paragraphs (6) and (7), the value of an interest is its value for the purpose of deciding the amount of compensation payable in respect of the acquisition.

(6) If an interest consists partly of a dwelling in respect of which the person is entitled to a home loss payment the value of the interest is the value of the whole interest less the value of so much of the interest as is represented by the dwelling.

(7) If rule (5) in Article 6(1) of the Land Compensation (Northern Ireland) Order 1982 (equivalent reinstatement) applies for the purpose of assessing the amount of compensation the value of the interest is nil.]

[F17Occupier's loss payment: agricultural landN.I.

33B(1) This Article applies to a person if—

(a)he has a qualifying interest in land for the purposes of Article 33A,

(b)the land is agricultural land,

(c)the interest is acquired compulsorily, and

(d)he occupied the land for the period specified in Article 33A(4).

(2) A person to whom this Article applies is entitled to a payment of whichever is the greatest of the following amounts—

(a)2.5% of the value of his interest;

(b)the land amount;

(c)the buildings amount.

(3) But the maximum amount which may be paid to a person under this Article in respect of an interest in land is £25,000.

(4) A payment under this Article must be made by the acquiring authority.

(5) Subject to paragraphs (6) and (7), the value of an interest is its value for the purpose of deciding the amount of compensation payable in respect of the acquisition.

(6) If an interest consists partly of a dwelling in respect of which the person is entitled to a home loss payment the value of the interest is the value of the whole interest less the value of so much of the interest as is represented by the dwelling.

(7) If rule (5) in Article 6(1) of the Land Compensation (Northern Ireland) Order 1982 (equivalent reinstatement) applies for the purpose of assessing the amount of compensation the value of the interest is nil.

(8) The land amount is the greater of £300 and the amount found in accordance with the following Table—

Area of the landAmount per hectare
Not exceeding 100 hectares£100 per hectare or part of a hectare
Exceeding 100 hectares

(a)£100 per hectare for the first 100 hectares;

(b)£50 per hectare for the next 300 hectares or part of a hectare.

(9) The buildings amount is £25 per square metre (or part of a square metre) of the gross floor space of any buildings on the land.

(10) The gross floor space must be measured externally.

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Occupier's loss payment: other landN.I.

33C(1) This Article applies to a person if—

(a)he has a qualifying interest in land for the purposes of Article 33A,

(b)the land is not agricultural land,

(c)the interest is acquired compulsorily, and

(d)he occupied the land for the period specified in Article 33A(4).

(2) A person to whom this Article applies is entitled to a payment of whichever is the greatest of the following amounts—

(a)2.5% of the value of his interest;

(b)the land amount;

(c)the buildings amount.

(3) But the maximum amount which may be paid to a person under this Article in respect of an interest in land is £25,000.

(4) A payment under this Article must be made by the acquiring authority.

(5) Subject to paragraphs (6) and (7), the value of an interest is its value for the purpose of deciding the amount of compensation payable in respect of the acquisition.

(6) If an interest consists partly of a dwelling in respect of which the person is entitled to a home loss payment the value of the interest is the value of the whole interest less the value of so much of the interest as is represented by the dwelling.

(7) If rule (5) in Article 6(1) of the Land Compensation (Northern Ireland) Order 1982 (equivalent reinstatement) applies for the purpose of assessing the amount of compensation the value of the interest is nil.

(8) The land amount is the greater of—

(a)£2,500;

(b)£2.50 per square metre (or part of a square metre) of the area of the land.

(9) But if only part of land in which a person has an interest is acquired, for the figure specified in paragraph (8)(a) there is substituted £300.

(10) The buildings amount is £25 per square metre (or part of a square metre) of the gross floor space of any buildings on the land.

(11) The gross floor space must be measured externally.]

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[F18ClaimsN.I.

33D(1) This Article applies for the purposes of Articles 33A to 33C.

(2) A claim for payment must be made in writing to the acquiring authority.

(3) The claim must give such particulars as the authority may reasonably require for the purpose of deciding—

(a)whether a payment is to be made;

(b)the amount of any such payment.

(4) For the purposes of the Limitation (Northern Ireland) Order 1989 a person's right of action to recover a payment must be taken to have accrued—

(a)in the case of a claim under Article 33A on the last day of the period specified in paragraph (4) of that Article;

(b)in the case of a claim under Article 33B or 33C on the date the vesting order is operative.

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Insolvency of claimantN.I.

33E(1) This Article applies if a person is entitled to a payment under Article 33A, 33B or 33C but before a claim is made under Article 33D insolvency proceedings are started in relation to the person.

(2) Any of the following may make a claim instead of the person mentioned in paragraph (1)—

(a)a receiver, trustee in bankruptcy or the official receiver in the case of an individual;

(b)an administrator, administrative receiver, liquidator or provisional liquidator or the official receiver in the case of a company or a partnership.

(3) Insolvency proceedings are—

(a)proceedings in bankruptcy;

(b)proceedings under the Insolvency (Northern Ireland) Order 1989 for the winding up of a company or an unregistered company (including voluntary winding up of a company under Part 5 of that Order;

(c)proceedings for the winding up of a partnership.

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Death of claimantN.I.

33F(1) This Article applies if a person is entitled to a payment under Article 33A, 33B or 33C but before a claim is made under Article 33D the person dies (“the deceased”).

(2) A claim may be made by a person who—

(a)occupied the land for a period of not less than one year ending with the date on which the vesting order is operative, and

(b)is entitled to benefit on the death of the deceased by virtue of—

(i)a testamentary disposition;

(ii)the law of intestate succession; or

(iii)the right of survivorship between joint tenants.

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PaymentN.I.

33G(1) Any dispute as to the amount of a payment to be made under Article 33A, 33B or 33C must be determined by the Lands Tribunal.

(2) The acquiring authority must make any payment required by Article 33A not later than whichever is the latest of the following dates—

(a)the last day of the period specified in Article 33A(4);

(b)the last day of the period of 3 months beginning with the day the claim is made;

(c)the day on which the amount of the payment is determined.

(3) The authority must make any payment required by Article 33B or 33C not later than whichever is the latest of the following dates—

(a)the date on which the vesting order is operative;

(b)the last day of the period of 3 months beginning with the day the claim is made;

(c)the day on which the amount of the payment is determined.

(4) If sub-paragraph (c) of paragraph (2) or (3) applies the authority may at any time make a payment in advance to the person entitled to a payment (“the claimant”).

(5) If when the value of the interest is agreed or determined the amount of a payment made under paragraph (4) differs from the payment required by Article 33A, 33B or 33C—

(a)the amount by which the advance payment exceeds the payment required must be repaid by the claimant to the authority;

(b)the amount by which the payment required exceeds the advance payment must be paid by the authority to the claimant.

(6) The acquiring authority must pay interest on the amount required to be paid at the rate for the time being determined by order under paragraph 18 of Schedule 6 to the Local Government Act (Northern Ireland) 1972.

(7) Interest accrues from the date specified in sub-paragraph (a) of paragraph (2) or (3) (as the case may be).

(8) The authority may, at the request of the person entitled to the payment, make a payment on account of the interest mentioned in paragraph (6).

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Acquisition by agreement or following service of purchase notice or blight noticeN.I.

33H(1) This Article applies if—

(a)an interest in land which is a qualifying interest for the purpose of Article 33A is acquired by agreement by an authority which has power to acquire the interest compulsorily, and

(b)the interest is acquired from a person who would be entitled to a payment under Article 33A, 33B or 33C if the interest is acquired compulsorily.

(2) This Article also applies if—

(a)an interest in land which is a qualifying interest for the purpose of Article 33A is acquired by an authority which has power to acquire the interest compulsorily,

(b)the interest is acquired from a person who would be entitled to a payment under Article 33A, 33B or 33C if the interest is acquired compulsorily; and

(c)the interest is acquired in consequence of the service of—

(i)a purchase notice under section 191 of the Planning Act (Northern Ireland) 2011 (right to require purchase of certain interests); or

(ii)a notice under Article 5 of the Planning Blight (Compensation)(Northern Ireland) Order 1981 (purchase of blighted land).

(3) The authority may make a payment to the person of an amount equal to the amount it would be required to pay if the interest is acquired compulsorily.

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RegulationsN.I.

33I(1) The Department for Regional Development may by regulations—

(a)provide that no payment is to be made under Article 33A, 33B or 33C to a person of such description, or in such circumstances, as may be prescribed in the regulations;

(b)substitute for any amount or percentage figure specified in Articles 33A to 33C such other amount or percentage figure (as the case may be) as it thinks fit.

(2) Regulations under this Article shall not be made unless a draft of the regulations has been laid before and approved by resolution of the Assembly.]

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Farm loss paymentsN.I.

Right to farm loss payment where person displaced from agricultural unitN.I.

F1934.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Amount of farm loss paymentN.I.

F1935.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Supplementary provisions about farm loss paymentsN.I.

F1936.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Disturbance paymentsN.I.

Disturbance payments for persons without compensatable interestsN.I.

37.—(1) Where a person is displaced from any land in consequence of—

(a)the acquisition of the land by an authority possessing compulsory acquisition powers;

(b)the making or acceptance of a housing order or undertaking in respect of a house on the land;

(c)where the land has been previously acquired or appropriated by an authority possessing compulsory acquisition powers and is for the time being held by the authority for the purposes for which it was acquired or appropriated, the carrying out of [F20 any improvement to a house or building on the land or of] redevelopment on the land;

F20[(d)the carrying out of any improvement to a house or building on the land or of redevelopment on the land by a housing association which has previously acquired the land and at the date of the displacement is registered,]

he shall, subject to the provisions of this Article, be entitled to receive a payment (in this Order referred to as a “disturbance payment”) from—

F21[(i)where sub-paragraph ( a) applies, the acquiring authority;

(ii)where sub-paragraph (b) applies, the authority who made the order or accepted the undertaking;

(iii)where sub-paragraph ( c) applies, the authority carrying out the improvement or redevelopment; and

(iv)where sub-paragraph ( d) applies, the housing association carrying out the improvement or redevelopment.]

(2) A person shall not be entitled to a disturbance payment—

(a)in any case, unless he is in lawful possession of the land from which he is displaced;

(b)in a case within paragraph (1)( a), unlessF22. . .

(i)he has no interest in the land for the acquisition or extinguishment of which he is (or if the acquisition or extinguishment were compulsory would be) entitled to compensation under any other statutory provision;F22. . .

Head (ii) rep. by 1992 NI 15

Sub-para. (c) rep. by 1992 NI 15

F21[(d)in a case within paragraph (1)( d), unless the displacement occurred on or after 10th November 1976;

F22. . .

(3) For the purposes of paragraph (1) a person shall not be treated as displaced in consequence of any such acquisition [F21 redevelopment or improvement as is mentioned in sub-paragraph ( a), ( c) or ( d)] of that paragraph unless he was in lawful possession of the land—

(a)in the case of land acquired compulsorily, at the time when the notice of application for, or the notice of intention to make, the vesting order was first published;

(b)in the case of land acquired under an Act or Measure specifying the land as subject to compulsory acquisition, at the time when the provisions of the Bill for that Act or of the proposed Measure specifying the land were first published;

(c)in the case of land acquired by agreement, at the time when the agreement was made;

F23.

F21[(3A) For the purposes of paragraph (1) a person shall not be treated as displaced in consequence of the acceptance of an undertaking or of the carrying out of any improvement to a house or building unless he is permanently displaced in consequence of the carrying out of the works specified in the undertaking or, as the case may be, of the improvement in question.]

(4) Where a person is displaced from land in circumstances such that, apart from this paragraph, he would be entitled to a disturbance payment from any authority and also to compensation from that authority under[F24 Article 23 of the Business Tenancies (Northern Ireland) Order 1996] (compensation from landlord where order for new tenancy of business premises precluded on certain grounds) he shall be entitled, at his option, to one or the other but not to both.

(5) Where a person is displaced from land in circumstances such that, apart from this paragraph, he received or would be entitled to receive a disturbance payment from any authority and also a payment from that authority under [F21 Chapter II of Part V of the Housing (Northern Ireland) Order 1981], section 37 or 38 of the New Towns Act (Northern Ireland) 1965 [1965 c.13] or Article 60 or 61 of the Planning (Northern Ireland) Order 1972 [1972 NI 17]

(a)in a case where he receives on or before the date of the coming into operation of this Part payment under any of those sections or Articles, he shall not be entitled to a disturbance payment;

(b)in a case where he has not received on or before that date payment under any of those sections or Articles, he shall be entitled to a disturbance payment but not to any payment under those sections or Articles.

(6) Where—

(a)a person is displaced from any land as mentioned in paragraph (1); or

(b)being a person to whom paragraph (3) applies, gives up occupation of a dwelling by arrangement with the Housing Executive or, as the case may be, the acquiring authority;

but in either case is not entitled, as against the authority there mentioned, to a disturbance payment or to compensation for disturbance under any other statutory provision, the authority may, if they think fit, make a payment to him determined in accordance with Article 38(1) to (3).

F20[(6A) For the purposes of this Article a person shall be deemed to have been displaced from a dwelling in consequence of the making of a housing order in relation thereto if—

(a)the Housing Executive is satisfied that the dwelling is unfit for human habitationF22. . . ; and

(b)the person vacating the dwelling gives up occupation by arrangement with the Housing Executive.]

(7) A disturbance payment shall carry interest, at such rate as may for the time being be determined by the Ministry of Finance by order under paragraph 18 of Schedule 6 to the Local Government Act (Northern Ireland) 1972 [1972 c.9] from the date of displacement or, as the case may be, the giving up of occupation until payment.

Para. (8) rep. by 1977 NI 8

(9) In this Article “housing order”, “undertaking”, [F20 “improvement”] and “redevelopment” have the meanings assigned to them by Article 30(9).

(10) This Article applies if the displacement or giving up of occupation is on or after 17th Ocober 1972.

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Amount of disturbance paymentN.I.

38.—(1) The amount of a disturbance payment shall be an amount equal to—

(a)the reasonable expenses of the person entitled to the payment in removing from the land from which he is displaced; and

(b)if he was carrying on a trade or business on that land, the loss he will sustain by reason of the disturbance of that trade or business consequent upon his having to quit the land;

subject, where that person is not entitled to or does not receive a home loss payment or any payment corresponding to a home loss payment, to a minimum of 85.

(2) Subject to Article 47(7), in estimating the loss of any person for the purposes of paragraph (1)( b), regard shall be had to the period for which land occupied by him may reasonably have been expected to be available for the purposes of his trade or business and to the availability of other land suitable for that purpose.

(3) Where the displacement is from a dwelling in respect of which structural modifications have been made for meeting the special needs of a person in need (whether or not the person entitled to the disturbance payment) then, if—

(a)the Ministry of Health and Social Services has under Article 15 of the Health and Personal Social Services (Northern Ireland) Order 1972 [1972 NI 14] provided assistance, or

(b)that Ministry would, if an application had been made, have provided assistance,

for making those modifications, the amount of the disturbance payment shall include an amount equal to any reasonable expenses incurred by the person entitled to the payment in making, in respect of a dwelling to which the person in need removes, comparable modifications which are reasonably required for meeting the special needs of the person in need.

(4) Any dispute as to the amount of a disturbance payment shall be referred to and determined by the Lands Tribunal.

Other paymentsN.I.

Payments for certain Housing Executive tenantsN.I.

F25[39.—(1) Where the tenant of a dwelling provided by the Housing Executive moves to[F26 another dwelling, whether or not that dwelling also belongs to the Housing Executive], the Housing Executive—

(a)may pay—

(i)the reasonable expenses of the tenant in removing, or

(ii)where the Executive considers it appropriate, such sum as the Executive may, with the approval of the Department of the Environment, determine;

(b)where the tenant is purchasing the dwelling to which he is removing, may[F26 subject to such conditions as the Department of the Environment may specify] pay any other reasonable expenses incurred by the tenant in connection with the purchase, other than the purchase price.

(2) Where the tenant of a dwelling provided by the Executive is seriously affected by the carrying out of works to the dwelling by the Executive, the Executive may make a payment to the tenant in accordance with paragraph (3).

(3) Payments made under paragraph (2) shall be of such amount and subject to such conditions as the Deprtment of the Environment may specify.

(4) For the purposes of paragraph (2), a tenant shall not be regarded as seriously affected by the carrying out of works to a dwelling unless—

(a)the works are of such extent and duration that the Executive considers that it would be reasonable to offer the tenant suitable temporary residential accommodation, but such accommodation is not available on reasonable terms; and

(b)the tenant continues to occupy the dwelling as his residence during the carrying out of the works.]

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Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C2Art. 39: transfer of functions (8.5.2016) from Department of the Environment to Department for Communities by The Departments (Transfer of Functions) Order (Northern Ireland) 2016 (S.R. 2016/76), art. 1(2), Sch. 5 Pt. 1 (with art. 9(2))

RehousingN.I.

Duty to rehouse residential occupiersN.I.

40.—(1) Where a person is displaced from residential accommodation on any land in consequence of—

(a)the acquisition of the land by an authority possessing compulsory acquisition powers;

(b)the making or acceptance of a housing order or undertaking in respect of a house on the land;

(c)where the land has been previously acquired or appropriated by an authority possessing compulsory acquisition powers and is for the time being held by the authority for the purposes for which it was acquired or appropriated, the carrying out of [F27 any improvement to a house or building on the land or of] redevelopment on the land,

and suitable alternative residential accommodation on reasonable terms is not otherwise available to that person, then, subject to the provisions of this Article, it shall be the duty of the Housing Executive to secure that he will be provided with such other accommodation.

(2) Paragraph (1) shall not by virtue of sub-paragraph ( a) thereof apply to a person if the acquisition is in pursuance of the service by him of a blight notice under[F28 Article 5 of the Planning Blight (Compensation) (Northern Ireland) Order 1981]

(3) Paragraph (1) shall not apply to any person to whom money has been advanced—

(a)under Article 42;

(b)under the Small Dwellings Acquisition Acts (Northern Ireland) 1899 to 1948, section 14 of the Housing (Miscellaneous Provisions) and Rent Restriction Law (Amendment) Act (Northern Ireland) 1956 [1956 c.10] , or section 14 of the Housing Executive Act (Northern Ireland) 1971 [1971 c.5] ;

F27[(c)under Article 9 of the Housing (Northern Ireland) Order 1981 [1981 NI 3] ;]

for the purpose of enabling him to obtain accommodation in substitution for that from which he may be displaced as mentioned in that paragraph.

(4) For the purposes of paragraph (1) a person shall not be treated as displaced in consequence of any such acquisition [F27, improvement] or redevelopment as is mentioned in sub-paragraph ( a) or ( c) of that paragraph unless he was lawfully residing in the accommodation in question—

(a)in the case of land acquired compulsorily, at the time when the notice of application for, or the notice of intention to make, the vesting order was first published;

(b)in the case of land acquired under an Act or Measure specifying the land as subject to compulsory acquisition, at the time when the provisions of the Bill for that Act or of the proposed Measure specifying the land were first published;

(c)in the case of land acquired by agreement, at the time when the agreement was made;

and a person shall not be treated as displaced in consequence of any housing order or undertaking as mentioned in sub-paragraph ( b) of that paragraph unless he was lawfully residing in the accommodation in question at the time when the order was made or the undertaking was accepted.

F29[(4A) For the purposes of paragraph (1) a person shall not be treated as displaced in consequence of the acceptance of an undertaking or of the carrying out of any improvement to a house or building unless he is permanently displaced from the residential accommodation in question in consequence of the carrying out of the works specified in the undertaking or, as the case may be, the carrying out of the improvement.]

(5) In this Article “housing order”, “undertaking”, [F30 “improvement” and “redevelopment”] have the meanings assigned to them by Article 30(9).

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Duty to rehouse certain caravan dwellersN.I.

41.—(1) Article 40 shall, so far as applicable, have effect in relation to a person residing in a caravan on a caravan site who is displaced from that site as it has effect in relation to a person displaced from residential accommodation on any land but shall so have effect subject to the following modifications.

(2) Article 40(1) shall have effect—

(a)as if for the words preceding sub-paragraph ( a) there were substituted the words “Where a person residing in a caravan on a caravan site is displaced from that site in consequence of”; and

(b)as if for the words following sub-paragraph ( c) there were substituted the words “and neither suitable residential accommodation nor a suitable alternative site for stationing a caravan is available to that person on reasonable terms, then, subject to the provisions of this Article, it shall be the duty of the Housing Executive to secure that he will be provided with suitable residential accommodation”.

(3) Article 40(4) shall have effect as if in the words preceding sub-paragraph ( a) for the words “unless he was residing in the accommodation in question” there were substituted the words “unless he was residing in a caravan on the caravan site in question”.

(4) Article 40 shall have effect as if in any provision not modified as aforesaid for any reference to land there were substituted a reference to a caravan site.

(5) In this Article “caravan site” has the meaning assigned to it by Article 33(7).

Power of Housing Executive to make advances repayable on maturity to displaced residential owner-occupiersN.I.

42.—(1) Where a person displaced from a dwelling in consequence of any of the matters mentioned in paragraph (1)( a), ( b) or ( c) of Article 40—

(a)is an owner-occupier of the dwelling; and

(b)wishes to acquire or construct another dwelling in substitution for that from which he is displaced,

the Housing Executive for the purposes of that Article may advance money to him for the purpose of enabling him to acquire or construct the other dwelling.

(2) The power conferred by this Article shall be exercisable subject to such conditions as may be approved by the Ministry of DevelopmentF31 and the following provisions shall apply with respect to any advance made in the exercise of that power.

(3) The advance shall be made—

(a)on terms providing for the repayment of the principal—

(i)at the end of a fixed period, with or without a provision allowing the Housing Executive to extend that period; or

(ii)upon notice given by the Housing Executive;

subject, in either case, to a provision for earlier repayment on the happening of a specified event;

(b)on such other terms as the Housing Executive may think fit having regard to all the circumstances.

(4) An advance for the construction of a dwelling may be made by instalments from time to time as the works of construction progress.

(5) The principal of the advance, together with interest thereon, shall be secured by a mortgage of the borrower's interest in the dwelling, and the amount of the principal shall not exceed the value which, in accordance with a valuation duly made on behalf of the Housing Executive, it is estimated that the borrower's interest will bear or, as the case may be, will bear when the dwelling has been constructed.

(6) Before advancing money under this Article the Housing Executive shall satisfy itself that the dwellling to be acquired is or will be made, or that the dwelling to be constructed will on completion be, in all respects fit for human habitation.

(7) The power conferred by this Article on the Housing Executive is without prejudice to any power to advance money exercisable by the Housing Executive under any other enactment.

(8) In this Article “owner-occupier”, in relation to any accommodation, means a person who occupies it on the date of displacement and either—

(a)occupies it on that date in right of a freehold interest (whether legal or equitable) or a tenancy granted or extended for a term of years of which not less than three years remain unexpired; or

(b)if the displacement is in consequence of the matters mentioned in sub-paragraph ( c) of Article 40(1), occupied it in right of such an interest or tenancy on the date on which the land was acquired or appropriated as mentoned in that sub-paragraph.

(9) In this Article references to the construction of a dwelling include references to the acquisition of a building and its conversion into a dwelling and to the conversion into a dwelling of a building previously acquired.

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F31Now D/Env., SRO (NI) 1973/504; 1976 NI 6

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C3Art. 42(2): transfer of functions (8.5.2016) from Department of the Environment to Department for Communities by The Departments (Transfer of Functions) Order (Northern Ireland) 2016 (S.R. 2016/76), art. 1(2), Sch. 5 Pt. 1 (with art. 9(2))

Duty of displacing authority to indemnify Housing Executive for net lossesN.I.

43.—(1) Where the Housing Executive provides or secures the provision of accommodation for any person in pursuance of paragraph (1)( a) or ( c) of Article 40, then, the displacing authority shall make to the Housing Executive periodical payments or, if the Housing Executive so requires, a lump sum payment, by way of indemnity against any net loss incurred by the Housing Executive in respect of the provision of that accommodation.

(2) The Ministry of DevelopmentF32 may—

(a)for the purposes of paragraph (1) determine a method to be used generally in calculating net losses incurred by the Housing Executive;

(b)for the purposes of that paragraph, determine the net loss incurred by the Housing Executive in any particular case;

(c)give directions as to the manner in which any payment under this Article is to be made.

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F32Now D/Env., SRO (NI) 1973/504; 1976 NI 6

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C4Art. 43(2): transfer of functions (8.5.2016) from Department of the Environment to Department for Communities by The Departments (Transfer of Functions) Order (Northern Ireland) 2016 (S.R. 2016/76), art. 1(2), Sch. 5 Pt. 1 (with art. 9(2))

Power of relevant authority to defray expenses in connection with acquisition of new dwellingsN.I.

44.—(1) Where a person displaced from a dwelling in consequence of [F33 any of the events specified in sub-paragraphs ( a) to ( c) of Article 40(1)]—

(a)has no interest in the dwelling or no greater interest therein than as a tenant for a year or from year to year; and

(b)wishes to acquire another dwelling in substitution for that from which he is displaced,

[F33 then, according to the nature of the event in consequence of which he was displaced, the acquiring authority, the authority who made the order, or accepted the undertaking or the authority carrying out the improvement or redevelopment] may, if he is not entitled to compensation for disturbance under any statutory provision or rule of law, pay any reasonable expenses incurred by him in connection with the acquisition, other than the purchase price.

(2) No payment shall be made under this Article in respect of expenses incurred by any person in connection with the acquisition of a dwelling unless the dwelling is acquired not later than one year after the displacement and is reasonably comparable with that from which he is displaced.

(3) For the purposes of paragraph (2) a dwelling acquired pursuant to a contract shall be treated as acquired when the contract is made.

(4) [F33 Paragraphs (4) and (4A)] of Article 40 shall have effect in relation to paragraph (1) of this Article and to [F33 any provision of paragraph (1)] of Article 40 as applied thereby.

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