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Commission Implementing Directive (EU) 2020/177Show full title

Commission Implementing Directive (EU) 2020/177 of 11 February 2020 amending Council Directives 66/401/EEC, 66/402/EEC, 68/193/EEC, 2002/55/EC, 2002/56/EC and 2002/57/EC, Commission Directives 93/49/EEC and 93/61/EEC and Implementing Directives 2014/21/EU and 2014/98/EU as regards pests of plants on seeds and other plant reproductive material (Text with EEA relevance)

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2. Citrus L., Fortunella Swingle and Poncirus Raf.

(a) Pre-basic category
Visual inspection

Visual inspections shall be carried out twice a year.

Sampling and testing

Each pre-basic mother plant shall be sampled and tested every year concerning the presence of Spiroplasma citri Saglio et al. Each pre-basic mother plant shall be sampled and tested three years after its acceptance as a pre-basic mother plant and with subsequent intervals of three years concerning the presence of Citrus tristeza virus (EU isolates).

Each pre-basic mother plant shall be sampled and tested six years after its acceptance as a pre-basic mother plant and with subsequent intervals of six years concerning the presence of RNQPs, other than Citrus tristeza virus (EU isolates) and Spiroplasma citri Saglio et al., listed in Annex II, and in the case of doubts concerning the presence of RNQPs listed in Annex I.

(b) Basic category
Visual inspection

Visual inspections shall be carried out twice a year with regard to Citrus tristeza virus (EU isolates), Spiroplasma citri Saglio et al. and Plenodomus tracheiphilus (Petri) Gruyter, Aveskamp & Verkley. Visual inspections shall be carried out once a year for all RNQPs, other than Citrus tristeza virus (EU isolates), Spiroplasma citri Saglio et al. and Plenodomus tracheiphilus (Petri) Gruyter, Aveskamp & Verkley, listed in Annexes I and II.

Sampling and testing

In the case of basic mother plants which have been maintained in insect proof facilities, each basic mother plant shall be sampled and tested every three years concerning the presence of Citrus tristeza virus (EU isolates). A representative portion of basic mother plants shall be sampled and tested every three years concerning the presence of Spiroplasma citri Saglio et al.

In the case of basic mother plants which have not been maintained in insect proof facilities, a representative portion of basic mother plants shall be sampled and tested every year concerning the presence of Citrus tristeza virus (EU isolates) and Spiroplasma citri Saglio et al. in order to have all mother plants tested within an interval of 2 years. In the case of a positive test result for Citrus tristeza virus (EU isolates) all basic mother plants in the production site shall be sampled and tested. A representative portion of basic mother plants which have not been maintained in insect proof facilities shall be sampled and tested every six years on the basis of an assessment of the risk of infection of those plants concerning the presence of RNQPs, other than Citrus tristeza virus (EU isolates) and Spiroplasma citri Saglio et al., listed in Annexes I and II.

(c) Certified category
Visual inspection

Visual inspections shall be carried out twice a year with regard to Citrus tristeza virus (EU isolates), Spiroplasma citri Saglio et al. and Plenodomus tracheiphilus (Petri) Gruyter, Aveskamp & Verkley. Visual inspections shall be carried out once a year for all RNQPs, other than Citrus tristeza virus (EU isolates), Spiroplasma citri Saglio et al. and Plenodomus tracheiphilus (Petri) Gruyter, Aveskamp & Verkley , listed in Annexes I and II.

Sampling and testing

In the case of certified mother plants which have been maintained in insect proof facilities, a representative portion of certified mother plants shall be sampled and tested every four years concerning the presence of Citrus tristeza virus (EU isolates) in order to have all mother plants tested within an interval of 8 years.

In the case of certified mother plants which have not been maintained in insect proof facilities, a representative portion of certified mother plants shall be sampled and tested every year concerning the presence of Citrus tristeza virus (EU isolates) in order to have all mother plants tested within an interval of 3 years. A representative portion of certified mother plants which have not been maintained in insect proof facilities shall be sampled and tested in the case of doubts concerning the presence of pests, other than Citrus tristeza virus (EU isolates), listed in Annexes I and II.

In the case of a positive test result for Citrus tristeza virus (EU isolates) all certified mother plants in the production site shall be sampled and tested.

(d) Basic and certified categories
Requirements with regard to the production site, place of production or area
(i)

propagating material and fruit plants of the basic and certified categories shall be produced in areas known to be free from Citrus tristeza virus (EU isolates), Spiroplasma citri Saglio et al. and Plenodomus tracheiphilus (Petri) Gruyter, Aveskamp & Verkley ; or

(ii)

in the case of propagating material and fruit plants of the basic and certified categories which have been grown in insect proof facilities, no symptoms of Spiroplasma citri Saglio et al. or Plenodomus tracheiphilus (Petri) Gruyter, Aveskamp & Verkley are observed on that propagating material and those fruit plants over the last complete growing season and the material has been subjected to random sampling and testing Citrus tristeza virus (EU isolates) before marketing; or

(iii)

in the case of propagating material and fruit plants of the certified category which have not been grown in insect proof facilities, no symptoms of Spiroplasma citri Saglio et al. or Plenodomus tracheiphilus (Petri) Gruyter, Aveskamp & Verkley are observed on that propagating material and those fruit plants over the last complete growing season, and a representative portion of the material has been sampled and tested for Citrus tristeza virus (EU isolates) before marketing; or

(iv)

in the case of propagating material and fruit plants of the certified category which have not been grown in insect proof facilities:

  • symptoms of Plenodomus tracheiphilus (Petri) Gruyter, Aveskamp & Verkley or Spiroplasma citri Saglio et al. are observed on no more than 2 % of propagating material and fruit plants of the certified category in the production site over the last complete growing season, and that propagating material and those fruit plants, and any symptomatic plants in the immediate vicinity have been rogued out and immediately destroyed; and

  • a representative portion of propagating material and fruit plants of the certified category has been sampled and tested for Citrus tristeza virus (EU isolates), before marketing and no more than 2 % of propagating material and fruit plants of the certified category in the production site have been found positive over the last complete growing season. That propagating material and those fruit plants have been rogued out and immediately destroyed. Propagating material and fruit plants in the immediate vicinity have been subjected to random sampling and testing, and any propagating material and fruit plants which have been found positive have been rogued out and immediately destroyed.

(e) CAC category
Visual inspection

Visual inspections shall be carried out once a year.

Sampling and testing

Propagating material and fruit plants of the CAC category shall derive from an identified source of material, which has been found free, on the basis of visual inspection, sampling and testing, from the RNQPs as listed in Annex II.

In the case the identified source of material has been maintained in insect proof facilities, a representative portion of that material shall be sampled and tested every eight years concerning the presence of Citrus tristeza virus (EU isolates).

In the case the identified source of material has not been maintained in insect-proof facilities, a representative portion of that material shall be sampled and tested every three years concerning the presence of Citrus tristeza virus (EU isolates).

Requirements with regard to the production site, place of production or area
(i)

propagating material and fruit plants of the CAC category shall be produced in areas known to be free from Citrus tristeza virus (EU isolates), Spiroplasma citri Saglio et al. and Plenodomus tracheiphilus (Petri) Gruyter, Aveskamp & Verkley; or

(ii)

in the case of propagating material and fruit plants of the CAC category which have been grown in insect proof facilities, no symptoms of Spiroplasma citri Saglio et al. or Plenodomus tracheiphilus (Petri) Gruyter, Aveskamp & Verkley are observed on that propagating material and those fruit plants over the last complete growing season and the material has been subjected to random sampling and testing for Citrus tristeza virus (EU isolates) before marketing; or

(iii)

in the case of propagating material and fruit plants of the CAC category which have not been grown in insect proof facilities, no symptoms of Spiroplasma citri Saglio et al. or Plenodomus tracheiphilus (Petri) Gruyter, Aveskamp & Verkley are observed on propagating material and fruit plants of the CAC category in the production site over the last complete growing season, and any symptomatic plants in the immediate vicinity have been rogued out and immediately destroyed, and a representative portion of the material has been sampled and tested for Citrus tristeza virus (EU isolates) before marketing; or

(iv)

in the case of propagating material and fruit plants of the CAC category which have not been grown in insect proof facilities:

  • symptoms of Spiroplasma citri Saglio et al. or Plenodomus tracheiphilus (Petri) Gruyter, Aveskamp & Verkley are observed on no more than 2 % of propagating material and fruit plants of the CAC category in the production site over the last complete growing season, and that propagating material and those fruit plants and any symptomatic plants in the immediate vicinity have been rogued out and immediately destroyed; and

  • a representative portion of propagating material and fruit plants of the CAC category has been sampled and tested for Citrus tristeza virus (EU isolates), before marketing and no more than 2 % of propagating material and fruit plants of the CAC category in the production site have been found positive over the last complete growing season. That propagating material and those fruit plants have been rogued out and immediately destroyed. Propagating material and fruit plants in the immediate vicinity have been subjected to random sampling and testing, and any propagating material and fruit plants which have been found positive have been rogued out and immediately destroyed.

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