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Commission Implementing Directive (EU) 2020/177Show full title

Commission Implementing Directive (EU) 2020/177 of 11 February 2020 amending Council Directives 66/401/EEC, 66/402/EEC, 68/193/EEC, 2002/55/EC, 2002/56/EC and 2002/57/EC, Commission Directives 93/49/EEC and 93/61/EEC and Implementing Directives 2014/21/EU and 2014/98/EU as regards pests of plants on seeds and other plant reproductive material (Text with EEA relevance)

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11. Prunus armeniaca L., Prunus avium L., Prunus cerasifera Ehrh., Prunus cerasus L., Prunus domestica L., Prunus dulcis (Miller) Webb, Prunus persica (L.) Batsch and Prunus salicina Lindley

(a) Pre-basic category
Visual inspection

Visual inspections shall be carried out twice a year with regard to Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum Seemüller & Schneider, Plum pox virus, Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni (Smith) Vauterin et al. and Pseudomonas syringae pv. persicae (Prunier, Luisetti &. Gardan) Young, Dye & Wilkie (Prunus persica (L.) Batsch and Prunus salicina Lindley). Visual inspections shall be carried out once a year for all RNQPs, other than Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum Seemüller & Schneider, Plum pox virus, Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni (Smith) Vauterin et al. and Pseudomonas syringae pv. persicae (Prunier, Luisetti &. Gardan) Young, Dye & Wilkie , listed in Annexes I and II.

Sampling and testing

Propagating material and fruit plants of the pre-basic category of Prunus armeniaca L., Prunus avium L., Prunus cerasus L., Prunus domestica L., and Prunus dulcis (Miller) Webb, shall derive from mother plants, which have been tested within the previous growing season and found free from Plum pox virus.

Pre-basic rootstocks of Prunus cerasifera Ehrh. and Prunus domestica L. shall derive from mother plants, which have been tested within the previous growing season and found free from Plum pox virus. Pre-basic rootstocks of Prunus cerasifera Ehrh. and Prunus domestica L. shall derive from mother plants, which have been tested within the previous five growing seasons and found free from Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum Seemüller & Schneider.

Each flowering pre-basic mother plant shall be sampled and tested for Prune dwarf virus and Prunus necrotic ringspot virus one year after its acceptance as a pre-basic mother plant and with subsequent intervals of one year. In the case of Prunus persica, each flowering pre-basic mother plant shall be sampled one year after its acceptance as a pre-basic mother plant and tested for Peach latent mosaic viroid. Each tree planted intentionally for pollination and, where appropriate, the major pollinating trees in the environment shall be sampled and tested for Prune dwarf virus and Prunus necrotic ringspot virus.

Each pre-basic mother plant shall be sampled five years after its acceptance as a pre-basic mother plant, and with subsequent intervals of five years, and tested for Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum Seemüller & Schneider and Plum pox virus. Each pre-basic mother plant shall be sampled ten years after its acceptance as a pre-basic mother plant, and with subsequent intervals of ten years, and tested for RNQPs, other than Prune dwarf virus, Plum pox virus and Prunus necrotic ringspot virus, relevant for the species, as listed in Annex II, and tested in the case of doubts concerning the presence of RNQPs listed in Annex I. A representative portion of pre-basic mother plants shall be sampled and tested in the case of doubts concerning the presence of Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni (Smith) Vauterin et al.

Requirements with regard to the production site, place of production or area

In the case where a derogation is allowed to produce pre-basic material in the field under non-insect proof conditions, pursuant to Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2017/925, the following requirements shall apply concerning Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum Seemüller & Schneider, Plum pox virus, Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni (Smith) Vauterin et al. and Pseudomonas syringae pv. persicae (Prunier, Luisetti &. Gardan) Young, Dye & Wilkie :

(i)

Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum Seemüller & Schneider

  • propagating material and fruit plants of the pre-basic category shall be produced in areas known to be free from Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum Seemüller & Schneider; or

  • no symptoms of Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum Seemüller & Schneider are observed on propagating material and fruit plants of the pre-basic category in the production site over the last complete growing season, and any symptomatic plants in the immediate vicinity have been rogued out and immediately destroyed; or

  • propagating material and fruit plants of the pre-basic category in the production site shall be isolated from other host plants. The isolation distance of the production site shall depend on regional circumstances, the type of propagating material, the presence of Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum Seemüller & Schneider in the area concerned and the relevant risks involved as set out by the competent authorities based on inspection;

(ii)

Plum pox virus

  • propagating material and fruit plants of the pre-basic category shall be produced in areas known to be free from Plum pox virus; or

  • no symptoms of Plum pox virus are observed on propagating material and fruit plants of the pre-basic category in the production site over the last complete growing season, and any symptomatic plants in the immediate vicinity have been rogued out and immediately destroyed; or

  • propagating material and fruit plants of the pre-basic category in the production site shall be isolated from other host plants. The isolation distance of the production site shall depend on regional circumstances, the type of propagating material, the presence of Plum pox virus in the area concerned and the relevant risks involved as set out by the competent authorities based on inspection;

(iii)

Pseudomonas syringae pv. persicae (Prunier, Luisetti &. Gardan) Young, Dye & Wilkie

  • propagating material and fruit plants of the pre-basic category shall be produced in areas known to be free from Pseudomonas syringae pv. persicae (Prunier, Luisetti &. Gardan) Young, Dye & Wilkie; or

  • no symptoms of Pseudomonas syringae pv. persicae (Prunier, Luisetti &. Gardan) Young, Dye & Wilkie are observed on propagating material and fruit plants of the pre-basic category in the production site over the last complete growing season, and any symptomatic plants in the immediate vicinity have been rogued out and immediately destroyed;

(iv)

Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni (Smith) Vauterin et al.

  • propagating material and fruit plants of the pre-basic category shall be produced in areas known to be free from Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni (Smith) Vauterin et al.; or

  • no symptoms of Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni (Smith) Vauterin et al. are observed on propagating material and fruit plants of the pre-basic category in the production site over the last complete growing season, and any symptomatic plants in the immediate vicinity have been rogued out and immediately destroyed.

(b) Basic, certified and CAC categories
Visual inspection

Visual inspections shall be carried out once a year.

(c) Basic category
Sampling and testing
(i)

Mother plants which have been maintained in insect proof facilities

A representative portion of basic mother plants shall be sampled every three years and tested concerning the presence of Prune dwarf virus, Prunus necrotic ringspot virus and Plum pox virus. A representative portion of basic mother plants shall be sampled every ten years and tested concerning the presence of Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum Seemüller & Schneider.

(ii)

Mother plants which have not been maintained in insect proof facilities

A representative portion of basic mother plants, other than those intended for the production of rootstocks, shall be sampled every year and tested for Plum pox virus in order to have all plants tested within an interval of ten years.

A representative portion of basic mother plants, intended for the production of rootstocks shall be sampled every year and tested concerning the presence of Plum pox virus and found free from that RNQP. A representative portion of basic mother plants of Prunus domestica L. intended for the production of rootstocks must be sampled and tested in the previous five growing seasons concerning the presence of Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum Seemüller & Schneider and found free from that RNQP.

A representative portion of basic mother plants shall be sampled and tested in the case of doubts concerning the presence of Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni (Smith) Vauterin et al. A representative portion of basic mother plants shall be sampled and tested every ten years on the basis of an assessment of the risk of infection of those plants concerning the presence of RNQPs, other than Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum Seemüller & Schneider, Prune dwarf virus, Prunus necrotic ringspot virus and Plum pox virus, listed in Annex II, and tested in the case of doubts concerning the presence of RNQPs listed in Annex I.

  • Flowering mother plants

    A representative portion of flowering basic mother plants shall be sampled every year and tested for Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum Seemüller & Schneider, Prune dwarf virus and Prunus necrotic ringspot virus on the basis of an assessment of the risk of infection of those plants.

    In the case of Prunus persica (L.) Batsch, a representative portion of flowering basic mother plants shall be sampled once a year and tested for Peach latent mosaic viroid on the basis of an assessment of the risk of infection of those plants. A representative portion of trees planted intentionally for pollination and, where appropriate, the major pollinating trees in the environment shall be sampled and tested Prune dwarf virus and Prunus necrotic ringspot virus on the basis of an assessment of the risk of infection of those plants.

  • Non-flowering mother plants

    A representative portion of non-flowering basic mother plants which have been not maintained in insect proof facilities shall be sampled and tested every three years concerning the presence of Prune dwarf virus, Prunus necrotic ringspot virus and Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum Seemüller & Schneider on the basis of an assessment of the risk of infection of those plants.

(d) Certified category
Sampling and testing
(i)

Mother plants which have been maintained in insect proof facilities

A representative portion of certified mother plants shall be sampled every five years and tested concerning the presence of Prune dwarf virus, Prunus necrotic ringspot virus and Plum pox virus in order to have all plants tested within an interval of fifteen years. A representative portion of certified mother plants shall be sampled every fifteen years and tested concerning the presence of Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum Seemüller & Schneider.

(ii)

Mother plants which have not been maintained in insect proof facilities

A representative portion of certified mother plants shall be sampled every three years and tested for Plum pox virus in order to have all plants tested within an interval of fifteen years.

A representative portion of certified mother plants intended for the production of rootstocks shall be sampled every year and tested concerning the presence of Plum pox virus and found free from that RNQP. A representative portion of certified mother plants of Prunus cerasifera Ehrh. and Prunus domestica L. intended for the production of rootstocks have been sampled in the previous five growing seasons and tested concerning the presence of Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum Seemüller & Schneider and found free from that RNQP.

A representative portion of certified mother plants shall be sampled and tested in the case of doubts concerning the presence of Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni (Smith) Vauterin et al. A representative portion of certified mother plants shall be sampled every fifteen years and tested on the basis of an assessment of the risk of infection of those plants concerning the presence of RNQPs, other than Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum Seemüller & Schneider, Prune dwarf virus, Prunus necrotic ringspot virus and Plum pox virus, listed in Annex II, and tested in the case of doubts concerning the presence of RNQPs listed in Annex I.

  • Flowering mother plants

    A representative portion of flowering certified mother plants shall be sampled every year and tested for Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum Seemüller & Schneider , Prune dwarf virus and Prunus necrotic ringspot virus on the basis of an assessment of the risk of infection of those plants. In the case of Prunus persica (L.) Batsch, a representative portion of flowering certified mother plants shall be sampled once a year and tested for Peach latent mosaic viroid on the basis of an assessment of the risk of infection of those plants. A representative portion of trees planted intentionally for pollination and, where appropriate, the major pollinating trees in the environment shall be sampled and tested for Prune dwarf virus and Prunus necrotic ringspot virus on the basis of an assessment of the risk of infection of those plants.

  • Non-flowering mother plants

    A representative portion of non-flowering certified mother plants, which have not been maintained in insect proof facilities, shall be sampled every three years and tested concerning the presence of Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum, Prune dwarf virus and Prunus necrotic ringspot virus on the basis of an assessment of the risk of infection of those plants.

(e) Basic and certified categories
Requirements with regard to the production site, place of production or area
(i)

Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum Seemüller & Schneider

  • propagating material and fruit plants of the basic and certified categories shall be produced in areas known to be free from Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum Seemüller & Schneider; or

  • no symptoms of Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum Seemüller & Schneider are observed on propagating material and fruit plants of the basic and certified categories in the production site over the last complete growing season, and any symptomatic plants in the immediate vicinity have been rogued out and immediately destroyed; or

  • symptoms of Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum Seemüller & Schneider have been observed on no more than 1 % of propagating material and fruit plants of the certified category in the production site over the last complete growing season, and that propagating material and those fruit plants, and any symptomatic plants in the immediate vicinity have been rogued out and immediately destroyed, and a representative sample of the remaining asymptomatic propagating material and fruit plants in the lots in which symptomatic plants were found has been tested and found free from Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum Seemüller & Schneider;

(ii)

Plum pox virus

  • propagating material and fruit plants of the basic and certified categories shall be produced in areas known to be free from Plum pox virus; or

  • no symptoms of Plum pox virus are observed on propagating material and fruit plants of the basic and certified categories in the production site over the last complete growing season, and any symptomatic plants in the immediate vicinity have been rogued out and immediately destroyed; or

  • symptoms of Plum pox virus have been observed on no more than 1 % of propagating material and fruit plants of the certified category in the production site over the last complete growing season, and that propagating material and those fruit plants, and any symptomatic plants in the immediate vicinity have been rogued out and immediately destroyed, and a representative sample of the remaining asymptomatic propagating material and fruit plants in the lots in which symptomatic plants were found has been tested and found free from Plum pox virus;

(iii)

Pseudomonas syringae pv. persicae (Prunier, Luisetti &. Gardan) Young, Dye & Wilkie

  • propagating material and fruit plants of the basic and certified categories shall be produced in areas known to be free from Pseudomonas syringae pv. persicae (Prunier, Luisetti &. Gardan) Young, Dye & Wilkie; or

  • no symptoms of Pseudomonas syringae pv. persicae (Prunier, Luisetti &. Gardan) Young, Dye & Wilkie are observed on propagating material and fruit plants of the basic and certified categories in the production site over the last complete growing season, and any symptomatic plants in the immediate vicinity have been rogued out and immediately destroyed; or

  • symptoms of Pseudomonas syringae pv. persicae (Prunier, Luisetti &. Gardan) Young, Dye & Wilkie have been observed on no more than 2 % of propagating material and fruit plants of the certified category in the production site over the last complete growing season, and that propagating material and those fruit plants, and any symptomatic plants in the immediate vicinity have been rogued out and immediately destroyed;

(iv)

Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni (Smith) Vauterin et al.

  • propagating material and fruit plants of the basic and certified categories shall be produced in areas known to be free from Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni (Smith) Vauterin et al.; or

  • no symptoms of Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni (Smith) Vauterin et al. are observed on propagating material and fruit plants of the basic and certified categories in the production site over the last complete growing season, and any symptomatic plants in the immediate vicinity have been rogued out and immediately destroyed; or

  • symptoms of Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni (Smith) Vauterin et al. have been observed on no more than 2 % of propagating material and fruit plants of the certified category in the production site over the last complete growing season, and that propagating material and those fruit plants, and any symptomatic plants in the immediate vicinity have been rogued out and immediately destroyed.

(f) CAC category
Sampling and testing

Propagating material and fruit plants of the CAC category shall derive from an identified source of material, of which a representative portion has been sampled and tested within the previous three growing seasons and found free from Plum pox virus.

CAC rootstocks of Prunus cerasifera Ehrh. and Prunus domestica L. shall derive from an identified source of material of which a representative portion has been sampled and tested within the previous 5 years and found free from Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum Seemüller & Schneider and Plum pox virus.

A representative portion of propagating material and fruit plants of the CAC category shall be sampled and tested in the case of doubts concerning the presence of Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni (Smith) Vauterin et al.

A representative portion of CAC fruit plants not showing any symptoms of Plum pox virus upon visual inspection shall be sampled and tested on the basis of an assessment of the risk of infection of those fruit plants concerning the presence of that RNQP and in the case of symptomatic plants in the immediate vicinity.

Upon the detection of propagating material and fruit plants of the CAC category showing symptoms of Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum Seemüller & Schneider in the production site by visual inspection, a representative portion of the remaining asymptomatic CAC propagating material and fruit plants of the CAC category in the lots where symptomatic propagating material and fruit plants have been found shall be sampled and tested concerning the presence of Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum Seemüller & Schneider.

Sampling and testing shall be carried out in the case of doubts concerning the presence of RNQPs, other than Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum Seemüller & Schneider and Plum pox virus, listed in Annexes I and II.

Requirements with regard to the production site, place of production or area
(i)

Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum Seemüller & Schneider

  • propagating material and fruit plants of the CAC category shall be produced in areas known to be free from Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum Seemüller & Schneider; or

  • no symptoms of Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum Seemüller & Schneider are observed on propagating material and fruit plants of the CAC category in the production site over the last complete growing season, and any symptomatic plants in the immediate vicinity have been rogued out and immediately destroyed; or

  • symptoms of Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum Seemüller & Schneider have been observed on no more than 1 % of propagating material and fruit plants of the CAC category in the production site over the last complete growing season, and that propagating material and those fruit plants, and any symptomatic plants in the immediate vicinity have been rogued out and immediately destroyed, and a representative sample of the remaining asymptomatic propagating material and fruit plants in the lots in which symptomatic propagating material and fruit plants were found has been tested and found free from Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum Seemüller & Schneider; or

  • symptoms of Pseudomonas syringae pv. persicae (Prunier, Luisetti &. Gardan) Young, Dye & Wilkie and Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni (Smith) Vauterin et al. have been observed on no more than 2 % of propagating material and fruit plants of the CAC category in the production site over the last complete growing season, and that propagating material and those fruit plants, and any symptomatic plants in the immediate vicinity have been rogued out and immediately destroyed;

(ii)

Plum pox virus

  • propagating material and fruit plants of the CAC category shall be produced in areas known to be free from Plum pox virus; or

  • no symptoms of Plum pox virus are observed on propagating material and fruit plants of the CAC category in the production site over the last complete growing season, and any symptomatic plants in the immediate vicinity have been rogued out and immediately destroyed; or

  • symptoms of Plum pox virus have been observed on no more than 1 % of propagating material and fruit plants of the CAC category in the production site over the last complete growing season, and that propagating material and those fruit plants, and any symptomatic plants in the immediate vicinity have been rogued out and immediately destroyed, and a representative sample of the remaining asymptomatic propagating material and fruit plants in the lots in which symptomatic propagating material and fruit plants were found has been tested and found free from Plum pox virus;

(iii)

Pseudomonas syringae pv. persicae (Prunier, Luisetti &. Gardan) Young, Dye & Wilkie

  • propagating material and fruit plants of the CAC category shall be produced in areas known to be free from Pseudomonas syringae pv. persicae (Prunier, Luisetti &. Gardan) Young, Dye & Wilkie; or

  • no symptoms of Pseudomonas syringae pv. persicae (Prunier, Luisetti &. Gardan) Young, Dye & Wilkie are observed on propagating material and fruit plants of the CAC category in the production site over the last complete growing season, and any symptomatic plants in the immediate vicinity have been rogued out and immediately destroyed; or

  • symptoms of Pseudomonas syringae pv. persicae (Prunier, Luisetti &. Gardan) Young, Dye & Wilkie have been observed on no more than 2 % of propagating material and fruit plants of the CAC category in the production site over the last complete growing season, and that propagating material and those fruit plants, and any symptomatic plants in the immediate vicinity have been rogued out and immediately destroyed;

(iv)

Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni (Smith) Vauterin et al.

  • propagating material and fruit plants of the CAC category shall be produced in areas known to be free from Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni (Smith) Vauterin et al.; or

  • no symptoms of Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni (Smith) Vauterin et al. are observed on propagating material and fruit plants of the CAC category in the production site over the last complete growing season, and any symptomatic plants in the immediate vicinity have been rogued out and immediately destroyed; or

  • symptoms of Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni (Smith) Vauterin et al. have been observed on no more than 2 % of propagating material and fruit plants of the CAC category in the production site over the last complete growing season, and that propagating material and those fruit plants, and any symptomatic plants in the immediate vicinity have been rogued out and immediately destroyed.

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