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Commission Directive 2014/88/EUShow full title

Commission Directive 2014/88/EU of 9 July 2014 amending Directive 2004/49/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards common safety indicators and common methods of calculating accident costs (Text with EEA relevance)

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6. Indicators relating to technical safety of infrastructure and its implementation U.K.

6.1.“Train Protection System (TPS)” means a system that helps to enforce obedience to signals and speed restrictions.U.K.
6.2.“On-board systems” mean systems assisting the driver to observe line-side signalling and in cab signalling and thus providing protection of danger points and enforcement of speed limits. On-board TPSs are described as follows:U.K.
(a)

Warning, providing automatic warning to driver.

(b)

Warning and automatic stop, providing automatic warning to driver and automatic stop when passing a signal at danger.

(c)

Warning and automatic stop and discrete supervision of speed, providing protection of danger points, where “discrete supervision of speed” means supervision of speed at certain locations (speed traps) at the approach of a signal.

(d)

Warning and automatic stop and continuous supervision of speed, providing protection of danger points and continuous supervision of the speed limits of the line, where “continuous supervision of speed” means continuous indication and enforcement of the maximal allowed target speed on all sections of the line.

Type (d) is regarded as Automatic Train Protection (ATP) system.

6.3.“level crossing” means any level intersection between a road or passage and a railway, as recognised by the infrastructure manager and open to public or private users. Passages between platforms within stations are excluded, as well as passages over tracks for the sole use of employees.U.K.
6.4.“road” means, for the purpose of railway accident statistics, any public or private road, street or highway, including adjacent footpaths and bicycle lanes.U.K.
6.5.“passage” means any route, other than a road, provided for the passage of people, animals, vehicles or machinery.U.K.
6.6.“passive level crossing” means a level crossing without any form of warning system or protection activated when it is unsafe for the user to traverse the crossing.U.K.
6.7.“active level crossing” means a level crossing where the crossing users are protected from or warned of the approaching train by devices activated when it is unsafe for the user to traverse the crossing.U.K.
  • Protection by the use of physical devices includes:

    • half or full barriers,

    • gates.

  • Warning by the use of fixed equipment at level crossings:

    • visible devices: lights,

    • audible devices: bells, horns, klaxons, etc.

Active level crossings are classified as:

(a)

Manual: a level crossing where user-side protection or warning is manually activated by a railway employee.

(b)

Automatic with user-side warning: a level crossing where user-side warning is activated by the approaching train.

(c)

Automatic with user-side protection: a level crossing where user-side protection is activated by the approaching train. This shall include a level crossing with both user-side protection and warning.

(d)

Rail-side protected: a level crossing where a signal or other train protection system permits a train to proceed once the level crossing is fully user-side protected and is free from incursion.

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