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Directive 2014/68/EU of the European Parliament and of the CouncilShow full title

Directive 2014/68/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 May 2014 on the harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of pressure equipment (recast) (Text with EEA relevance)

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12.MODULE H1: CONFORMITY BASED ON FULL QUALITY ASSURANCE PLUS DESIGN EXAMINATION

1.Conformity based on full quality assurance plus design examination and special surveillance of the final assessment is the conformity assessment procedure whereby the manufacturer fulfils the obligations laid down in points 2 and 6, and ensures and declares on his sole responsibility that the pressure equipment concerned satisfy the requirements of the Directive that apply to it.

2. Manufacturing

The manufacturer shall operate an approved quality system for design, manufacture and final product inspection and testing of the products concerned as specified in point 3 and shall be subject to surveillance as specified in point 5. The adequacy of the technical design of the pressure equipment shall have been examined in accordance with point 4.

3. Quality system

3.1.The manufacturer shall lodge an application for assessment of his quality system with the notified body of his choice, for the pressure equipment concerned.

The application shall include:

  • the name and address of the manufacturer and, if the application is lodged by the authorised representative, his name and address as well,

  • the technical documentation for one model of each type of pressure equipment intended to be manufactured. The technical documentation shall, wherever applicable, contain at least the following elements:

    • a general description of the pressure equipment,

    • conceptual design and manufacturing drawings and diagrams of components, sub-assemblies, circuits, etc.,

    • descriptions and explanations necessary for the understanding of those drawings and diagrams and the operation of the pressure equipment,

    • a list of the harmonised standards the references of which have been published in the Official Journal of the European Union, applied in full or in part, and descriptions of the solutions adopted to meet the essential safety requirements of this Directive where those harmonised standards have not been applied. In the event of partly applied harmonised standards, the technical documentation shall specify the parts which have been applied,

    • results of design calculations made, examinations carried out, etc.,

    • test reports,

  • the documentation concerning the quality system,

  • a written declaration that the same application has not been lodged with any other notified body.

3.2.The quality system shall ensure compliance of the pressure equipment with the requirements of this Directive that apply to it.

All the elements, requirements and provisions adopted by the manufacturer shall be documented in a systematic and orderly manner in the form of written policies, procedures and instructions. This quality system documentation shall permit a consistent interpretation of the quality programmes, plans, manuals and records.

It shall, in particular, contain an adequate description of:

  • the quality objectives and the organisational structure, responsibilities and powers of the management with regard to design and product quality,

  • the technical design specifications, including standards, that will be applied and, where relevant harmonised standards will not be applied in full, the means that will be used to ensure that the essential safety requirements of the Directive that apply to the pressure equipment will be met,

  • the design control and design verification techniques, processes and systematic actions that will be used when designing the pressure equipment pertaining to the pressure equipment type covered, particularly with regard to materials in accordance with point 4 of Annex I,

  • the corresponding manufacturing, quality control and quality assurance techniques, processes and systematic actions that will be used, particularly the procedures for the permanent joining of parts as approved in accordance with point 3.1.2 of Annex I,

  • the examinations and tests that will be carried out before, during and after manufacture, and the frequency with which they will be carried out,

  • the quality records, such as inspection reports and test data, calibration data, reports concerning the qualifications or approvals of the personnel concerned, particularly those of the personnel undertaking the permanent joining of parts and the non-destructive tests in accordance with points 3.1.2 and 3.1.3 of Annex I, etc.,

  • the means of monitoring the achievement of the required design and pressure equipment quality and the effective operation of the quality system.

3.3.The notified body shall assess the quality system to determine whether it satisfies the requirements referred to in point 3.2.

It shall presume conformity with those requirements in respect of the elements of the quality system that comply with the corresponding specifications of the relevant harmonised standard. In addition to experience in quality management systems, the auditing team shall have at least one member experienced as an assessor in the relevant pressure equipment field and pressure equipment technology concerned, and knowledge of the applicable requirements of this Directive. The audit shall include an assessment visit to the manufacturer’s premises.

The auditing team shall review the technical documentation referred to in point 3.1, second indent, to verify the manufacturer’s ability to identify the applicable requirements of this Directive and to carry out the necessary examinations with a view to ensuring compliance of the pressure equipment with those requirements.

The manufacturer or his authorised representative shall be notified of the decision.

The notification shall contain the conclusions of the audit and the reasoned assessment decision.

3.4.The manufacturer shall undertake to fulfil the obligations arising out of the quality system as approved and to maintain it so that it remains adequate and efficient.
3.5.The manufacturer shall keep the notified body that has approved the quality system informed of any intended change to the quality system.

The notified body shall evaluate any proposed changes and decide whether the modified quality system will continue to satisfy the requirements referred to in point 3.2 or whether a re-assessment is necessary.

It shall notify the manufacturer of its decision. The notification shall contain the conclusions of the examination and the reasoned assessment decision.

3.6.Each notified body shall inform its notifying authorities of quality system approvals issued or withdrawn, and shall, periodically or upon request, make available to its notifying authorities the list of quality system approvals refused, suspended or otherwise restricted.

Each notified body shall inform the other notified bodies of quality system approvals which it has refused, suspended or withdrawn, and, upon request, of quality system approvals which it has issued.

4. Design examination

4.1.The manufacturer shall lodge an application for examination of the design of each item of pressure equipment not covered by a previous design examination with the notified body referred to in point 3.1.
4.2.The application shall make it possible to understand the design, manufacture and operation of the pressure equipment, and to assess the conformity with the requirements of this Directive that apply to it. It shall include:
  • the name and address of the manufacturer,

  • a written declaration that the same application has not been lodged with any other notified body,

  • the technical documentation. The documentation shall make it possible to assess the conformity of the pressure equipment with the relevant requirements, and shall include an adequate analysis and assessment of the risk(s). The technical documentation shall specify the applicable requirements and cover, as far as relevant for the assessment, the design and operation of the pressure equipment. The technical documentation shall, wherever applicable, contain at least the following elements:

    • a general description of the pressure equipment,

    • conceptual design and manufacturing drawings and diagrams of components, sub-assemblies, circuits, etc.,

    • descriptions and explanations necessary for the understanding of those drawings and diagrams and the operation of the pressure equipment,

    • a list of the harmonised standards the references of which have been published in the Official Journal of the European Union, applied in full or in part, and descriptions of the solutions adopted to meet the essential safety requirements of this Directive, where those harmonised standards have not been applied. In the event of partly applied harmonised standards, the technical documentation shall specify the parts which have been applied,

    • results of design calculations made, examinations carried out, etc., and

    • test reports,

  • the supporting evidence for the adequacy of the technical design. This supporting evidence shall mention any documents that have been used, in particular where the relevant harmonised standards have not been applied in full, and shall include, where necessary, the results of tests carried out by the appropriate laboratory of the manufacturer or by another testing laboratory on his behalf and under his responsibility.

4.3.The notified body shall examine the application, and where the design meets the requirements of this Directive that apply to the pressure equipment it shall issue an EU design examination certificate to the manufacturer. The certificate shall give the name and address of the manufacturer, the conclusions of the examination, the conditions (if any) for its validity and the data necessary for identification of the approved design. The certificate may have one or more annexes attached.

The certificate and its annexes shall contain all relevant information to allow the conformity of manufactured products with the examined design to be evaluated, and to allow for in-service control, where applicable.

Where the design does not satisfy the applicable requirements of this Directive, the notified body shall refuse to issue a design examination certificate and shall inform the applicant accordingly, giving detailed reasons for its refusal.

4.4.The notified body shall keep itself apprised of any changes in the generally acknowledged state of the art which indicate that the approved design may no longer comply with the applicable requirements of this Directive, and shall determine whether such changes require further investigation. If so, the notified body shall inform the manufacturer accordingly.

The manufacturer shall keep the notified body that has issued the EU design examination certificate informed of any modification to the approved design that may affect the conformity with the essential safety requirements of this Directive or the conditions for validity of the certificate. Such modifications shall require additional approval — from the notified body that issued the EU design examination certificate — in the form of an addition to the original EU design examination certificate.

4.5.Each notified body shall inform its notifying authorities of the EU design examination certificates and/or any additions thereto which it has issued or withdrawn, and shall, periodically or upon request, make available to its notifying authorities the list of certificates and/or any additions thereto refused, suspended or otherwise restricted.

Each notified body shall inform the other notified bodies of the EU design examination certificates and/or any additions thereto which it has refused, withdrawn, suspended or otherwise restricted, and, upon request, of the certificates and/or additions thereto which it has issued.

The Commission, the Member States and the other notified bodies may, on request, obtain a copy of the EU design examination certificates and/or additions thereto. On request, the Commission and the Member States may obtain a copy of the technical documentation and of the results of the examinations carried out by the notified body.

The notified body shall keep a copy of the EU design examination certificate, its annexes and additions, as well as the technical file including the documentation submitted by the manufacturer until the expiry of the validity of the certificate.

4.6.The manufacturer shall keep a copy of the EU design examination certificate, its annexes and additions together with the technical documentation at the disposal of the national authorities for 10 years after the pressure equipment has been placed on the market.

5. Surveillance under the responsibility of the notified body

5.1.The purpose of surveillance is to make sure that the manufacturer duly fulfils the obligations arising out of the approved quality system.
5.2.The manufacturer shall, for assessment purposes, allow the notified body access to the design, manufacture, inspection, testing and storage sites, and shall provide it with all necessary information, in particular:
  • the quality system documentation,

  • the quality records as provided for by the design part of the quality system, such as results of analyses, calculations, tests, etc.,

  • the quality records as provided for by the manufacturing part of the quality system, such as inspection reports and test data, calibration data, qualification reports on the personnel concerned, etc.

5.3.The notified body shall carry out periodic audits to make sure that the manufacturer maintains and applies the quality system and shall provide the manufacturer with an audit report. The frequency of periodic audits shall be such that a full reassessment is carried out every three years.
5.4.In addition, the notified body may pay unexpected visits to the manufacturer.

The need for such additional visits, and the frequency thereof, will be determined on the basis of a visit control system operated by the notified body. In particular, the following factors must be considered in the visit control system:

  • the category of the equipment,

  • the results of previous surveillance visits,

  • the need to follow up corrective action(s),

  • special conditions linked to the approval of the system, where applicable,

  • significant changes in manufacturing organisation, policy or techniques.

During such visits, the notified body may, if necessary, carry out product tests, or have them carried out, in order to check the proper functioning of the quality system. It shall provide the manufacturer with a visit report and, if tests have been carried out, with a test report.

5.5.Special surveillance of the final assessment

Final assessment as referred to in section 3.2 of Annex I is subject to increased surveillance in the form of unexpected visits by the notified body. In the course of such visits, the notified body shall conduct examinations on the pressure equipment.

It shall provide the manufacturer with a visit report and, if tests have been carried out, with a test report.

6. CE marking and EU declaration of conformity

6.1.The manufacturer shall affix the CE marking and, under the responsibility of the notified body referred to in point 3.1, the latter’s identification number to each individual item of pressure equipment that satisfies the applicable requirements of this Directive.
6.2.The manufacturer shall draw up a written EU declaration of conformity for each pressure equipment model and keep it at the disposal of the national authorities for 10 years after the pressure equipment has been placed on the market. The EU declaration of conformity shall identify the pressure equipment model for which it has been drawn up and shall mention the number of the design examination certificate.

A copy of the EU declaration of conformity shall be made available to the relevant authorities upon request.

7.The manufacturer shall, for a period ending 10 years after the pressure equipment has been placed on the market, keep at the disposal of the national authorities:

  • the documentation concerning the quality system referred to in point 3.1,

  • the change referred to in point 3.5, as approved,

  • the decisions and reports of the notified body referred to in points 3.5, 5.3 and 5.4.

8. Authorised representative

The manufacturer’s authorised representative may lodge the application referred to in points 4.1 and 4.2 and fulfil the obligations set out in points 3.1, 3.5, 4.4, 4.6, 6 and 7, on his behalf and under his responsibility, provided that they are specified in the mandate.

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