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Directive 2014/68/EU of the European Parliament and of the CouncilShow full title

Directive 2014/68/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 May 2014 on the harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of pressure equipment (recast) (Text with EEA relevance)

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5.FIRED OR OTHERWISE HEATED PRESSURE EQUIPMENT WITH A RISK OF OVERHEATING AS REFERRED TO IN ARTICLE 4(1)

This pressure equipment includes:

  • steam and hot-water generators as referred to in Article 4(1)(b), such as fired steam and hot-water boilers, superheaters and reheaters, waste-heat boilers, waste incineration boilers, electrode or immersion-type electrically heated boilers, pressure cookers, together with their accessories and where applicable their systems for treatment of feedwater and for fuel supply,

  • process-heating equipment for other than steam and hot water generation falling under Article 4(1)(a), such as heaters for chemical and other similar processes and pressurised food-processing equipment.

This pressure equipment shall be calculated, designed and constructed so as to avoid or minimise risks of a significant loss of containment from overheating. In particular it shall be ensured, where applicable, that:

(a)

appropriate means of protection are provided to restrict operating parameters such as heat input, heat take-off and, where applicable, fluid level so as to avoid any risk of local and general overheating;

(b)

sampling points are provided where required to allow evaluation of the properties of the fluid so as to avoid risks related to deposits and/or corrosion;

(c)

adequate provisions are made to eliminate risks of damage from deposits;

(d)

means of safe removal of residual heat after shutdown are provided;

(e)

steps are taken to avoid a dangerous accumulation of ignitable mixtures of combustible substances and air, or flame blowback.

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