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Directive 2014/31/EU of the European Parliament and of the CouncilShow full title

Directive 2014/31/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 February 2014 on the harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of non-automatic weighing instruments (recast) (Text with EEA relevance)

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ANNEX IU.K.ESSENTIAL REQUIREMENTS

The terminology used is that of the International Organisation of Legal Metrology.

Preliminary observation U.K.

Where an instrument includes, or is connected to, more than one indicating or printing device used for the applications listed in points (a) to (f) of Article 1(2), those devices which repeat the results of the weighing operation and which cannot influence the correct functioning of the instrument shall not be subject to the essential requirements if the weighing results are printed or recorded correctly and indelibly by a part of the instrument which meets the essential requirements and the results are accessible to both parties concerned by the measurement. However, in the case of instruments used for direct sales to the public, display and printing devices for the vendor and the customer must fulfil the essential requirements.

Metrological requirements U.K.

1. Units of mass U.K.

The units of mass used shall be the legal units within the meaning of Council Directive 80/181/EEC of 20 December 1979 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to units of measurement(1).

Subject to compliance with this condition, the following units are permitted:

(a)

SI units: kilogram, microgram, milligram, gram, tonne;

(b)

imperial unit: troy ounce, if weighing precious metals;

(c)

other non-SI unit: metric carat, if weighing precious stones.

For instruments that make use of the imperial unit of mass referred to above, the relevant essential requirements specified below shall be converted to that unit, using simple interpolation.

2. Accuracy classes U.K.

2.1.The following accuracy classes have been defined:U.K.
(a)

I special

(b)

II high

(c)

III medium

(d)

IIII ordinary

The specifications of these classes are given in Table 1.

Table 1
Accuracy classes
ClassVerification scale interval (e)Minimum capacity (Min)Number of verification scale intervals
minimum valueminimum valuemaximum value
I0,001 g ≤ e100 e50 000
II0,001 g ≤ e ≤ 0,05 g20 e100100 000
0,1 g ≤ e50 e5 000100 000
III0,1 g ≤ e ≤ 2 g20 e10010 000
5 g ≤ e20 e50010 000
IIII5 g ≤ e10 e1001 000

The minimum capacity is reduced to 5 e for instruments in classes II and III for determining a conveying tariff.

2.2. Scale intervals U.K.
2.2.1.The actual scale interval (d) and the verification scale interval (e) shall be in the form:U.K.

1 × 10k, 2 × 10k, or 5 × 10k mass units,

k being any integer or zero.

2.2.2.For all instruments other than those with auxiliary indicating devices:U.K.

d = e.

2.2.3.For instruments with auxiliary indicating devices the following conditions apply:U.K.
  • ;

  • d < e ≤ 10 d.

Those conditions do not apply for instruments of class I with d < 10–4 g, for which e = 10–3 g.

3. Classification U.K.

3.1. Instruments with one weighing range U.K.

Instruments equipped with an auxiliary indicating device shall belong to class I or class II. For these instruments the minimum capacity lower limits for these two classes are obtained from Table 1 by replacement in column 3 of the verification scale interval (e) by the actual scale interval (d).

If d < 10–4 g, the maximum capacity of class I may be less than 50 000 e.

3.2. Instruments with multiple weighing ranges U.K.

Multiple weighing ranges are permitted, provided they are clearly indicated on the instrument. Each individual weighing range is classified according to point 3.1. If the weighing ranges fall into different accuracy classes the instrument shall comply with the severest of the requirements that apply for the accuracy classes in which the weighing ranges fall.

3.3. Multi-interval instruments U.K.
3.3.1.Instruments with one weighing range may have several partial weighing ranges (multi-interval instruments).U.K.

Multi-interval instruments shall not be equipped with an auxiliary indicating device.

3.3.2.Each partial weighing range i of multi-interval instruments is defined by:U.K.
its verification scale interval ei
with e(i + 1) > ei
its maximum capacity Maxi
with Maxr = Max
its minimum capacity Mini

with Mini = Max (i – 1)

and Min1 = Min

where:

i

=

1, 2, … r,

i

=

partial weighing range number,

r

=

the total number of partial weighing ranges.

All capacities are capacities of net load, irrespective of the value of any tare used.

3.3.3.The partial weighing ranges are classified according to Table 2. All partial weighing ranges shall fall into the same accuracy class, that class being the instrument’s accuracy class.U.K.
Table 2
a

For i = r, the corresponding column of Table 1 applies, with e replaced by er.

Multi-interval instruments
i1, 2, … ripartial weighing range numberrtotal number of partial weighing ranges
ClassVerification scale interval (e)Minimum capacity (Min)Number of verification scale intervals
Minimum valueMinimum valuea
Maximum value
I0,001 g ≤ ei100 e150 000
II0,001 g ≤ ei ≤ 0,05 g20 e15 000100 000
0,1 g ≤ ei50 e15 000100 000
III0,1 g ≤ ei20 e150010 000
IIII5g ≤ ei10 e1501 000

4. Accuracy U.K.

4.1.On implementation of the procedures laid down in Article 13, the error of indication shall not exceed the maximum permissible error of indication as shown in Table 3. In the case of digital indication the error of indication shall be corrected for the rounding error.U.K.

The maximum permissible errors apply to the net value and tare value for all possible loads, excluding preset tare values.

Table 3
Maximum permissible errors
LoadMaximum permissible error
Class IClass IIClass IIIClass IIII
0 ≤ m ≤ 50 000 e0 ≤ m ≤ 5 000 e0 ≤ m ≤ 500 e0 ≤ m ≤ 50 e± 0,5 e
50 000 e < m ≤ 200 000 e5 000 e < m ≤ 20 000 e500 e < m ≤ 2 000 e50 e < m ≤ 200 e± 1,0 e
200 000 e < m20 000 e < m ≤ 100 000 e2 000 e < m ≤ 10 000 e200 e < m ≤ 1 000 e± 1,5 e
4.2.The maximum permissible errors in service are twice the maximum permissible errors fixed in Section 4.1.U.K.

5.Weighing results of an instrument shall be repeatable, and shall be reproducible by the other indicating devices used and in accordance with other methods of balancing used.U.K.

The weighing results shall be sufficiently insensitive to changes in the position of the load on the load receptor.

6.The instrument shall react to small variations in the load.U.K.

7. Influence quantities and time U.K.

7.1.Instruments of classes II, III and IIII, liable to be used in a tilted position, shall be sufficiently insensitive to the degree of tilting that can occur in normal use.U.K.
7.2.The instruments shall meet the metrological requirements within the temperature range specified by the manufacturer. The value of this range shall be at least equal to:U.K.
(a)

5 °C for an instrument in class I;

(b)

15 °C for an instrument in class II;

(c)

30 °C for an instrument in class III or IIII.

In the absence of a manufacturer’s specification, the temperature range of – 10 °C to + 40 °C applies.

7.3.Instruments operated from a mains power supply shall meet the metrological requirements under conditions of power supply within the limits of normal fluctuation.U.K.

Instruments operated from battery power shall indicate whenever the voltage drops below the minimum required value and shall under those circumstances either continue to function correctly or be automatically put out of service.

7.4.Electronic instruments, except those in class I and in class II if e is less than 1 g, shall meet the metrological requirements under conditions of high relative humidity at the upper limit of their temperature range.U.K.
7.5.Loading an instrument in class II, III or IIII for a prolonged period of time shall have a negligible influence on the indication at load or on the zero indication immediately after removal of the load.U.K.
7.6.Under other conditions the instruments shall either continue to function correctly or be automatically put out of service.U.K.

Design and construction U.K.

8. General requirements U.K.

8.1.Design and construction of the instruments shall be such that the instruments will preserve their metrological qualities when properly used and installed and when used in an environment for which they are intended. The value of the mass must be indicated.U.K.
8.2.When exposed to disturbances, electronic instruments shall not display the effects of significant faults, or shall automatically detect and indicate them.U.K.

Upon automatic detection of a significant fault, electronic instruments shall provide a visual or audible alarm that shall continue until the user takes corrective action or the fault disappears.

8.3.The requirements of points 8.1 and 8.2 shall be met on a lasting basis during a period of time that is normal in view of the intended use of such instruments.U.K.

Digital electronic devices shall always exercise adequate control of the correct operation of the measuring process, of the indicating device, and of all data storage and data transfer.

Upon automatic detection of a significant durability error, electronic instruments shall provide a visual or audible alarm that shall continue until the user takes corrective action or the error disappears.

8.4.When external equipment is connected to an electronic instrument through an appropriate interface the metrological qualities of the instrument shall not be adversely influenced.U.K.
8.5.The instruments shall have no characteristics likely to facilitate fraudulent use, whereas possibilities for unintentional misuse shall be minimal. Components that may not be dismantled or adjusted by the user shall be secured against such actions.U.K.
8.6.Instruments shall be designed to permit ready execution of the statutory controls laid down by this Directive.U.K.

9. Indication of weighing results and other weight values U.K.

The indication of the weighing results and other weight values shall be accurate, unambiguous and non-misleading and the indicating device shall permit easy reading of the indication under normal conditions of use.

The names and symbols of the units referred to in point 1 of this Annex shall comply with the provisions of Directive 80/181/EEC with the addition of the symbol for the metric carat which shall be the symbol ‘ct’.

Indication shall be impossible above the maximum capacity (Max), increased by 9 e.

An auxiliary indicating device is permitted only to the right of the decimal mark. An extended indicating device may be used only temporarily, and printing shall be inhibited during its functioning.

Secondary indications may be shown, provided that they cannot be mistaken for primary indications.

10. Printing of weighing results and other weight values U.K.

Printed results shall be correct, suitably identified and unambiguous. The printing shall be clear, legible, non-erasable and durable.

11. Levelling U.K.

When appropriate, instruments shall be fitted with a levelling device and a level indicator, sufficiently sensitive to allow proper installation.

12. Zeroing U.K.

Instruments may be equipped with zeroing devices. The operation of these devices shall result in accurate zeroing and shall not cause incorrect measuring results.

13. Tare devices and preset tare devices U.K.

The instruments may have one or more tare devices and a preset tare device. The operation of the tare devices shall result in accurate zeroing and shall ensure correct net weighing. The operation of the preset tare device shall ensure correct determination of the calculated net value.

14. Instruments for direct sales to the public, with a maximum capacity not greater than 100 kg: additional requirements U.K.

Instruments for direct sale to the public shall show all essential information about the weighing operation and, in the case of price-indicating instruments, shall clearly show the customer the price calculation of the product to be purchased.

The price to pay, if indicated, shall be accurate.

Price-computing instruments shall display the essential indications long enough for the customer to read them properly.

Price-computing instruments may perform functions other than per-article weighing and price computation only if all indications related to all transactions are printed clearly and unambiguously and are conveniently arranged on a ticket or label for the customer.

Instruments shall bear no characteristics that can cause, directly or indirectly, indications the interpretation of which is not easy or straightforward.

Instruments shall safeguard customers against incorrect sales transactions due to their malfunctioning.

Auxiliary indicating devices and extended indicating devices are not permitted.

Supplementary devices are permitted only if they cannot lead to fraudulent use.

Instruments similar to those normally used for direct sales to the public which do not satisfy the requirements of this Section must carry near to the display the indelible marking ‘Not to be used for direct sale to the public’.

15. Price labelling instruments U.K.

Price labelling instruments shall meet the requirements of price indicating instruments for direct sale to the public, as far as applicable to the instrument in question. The printing of a price label shall be impossible below a minimum capacity.

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