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Directive 2012/34/EU of the European Parliament and of the CouncilShow full title

Directive 2012/34/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 November 2012 establishing a single European railway area (recast) (Text with EEA relevance)

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Article 3U.K.Definitions

For the purpose of this Directive, the following definitions apply:

(1)

'railway undertaking' means any public or private undertaking licensed according to this Directive, the principal business of which is to provide services for the transport of goods and/or passengers by rail with a requirement that the undertaking ensure traction; this also includes undertakings which provide traction only;

(2)

[F1 infrastructure manager means any body or firm responsible for the operation, maintenance and renewal of railway infrastructure on a network, as well as responsible for participating in its development as determined by the Member State within the framework of its general policy on development and financing of infrastructure;]

(2a)

[F2 development of the railway infrastructure means network planning, financial and investment planning as well as the building and upgrading of the infrastructure;

(2b)

operation of the railway infrastructure means train path allocation, traffic management and infrastructure charging;

(2c)

maintenance of the railway infrastructure means works intended to maintain the condition and capability of existing infrastructure;

(2d)

renewal of the railway infrastructure means major substitution works on the existing infrastructure which do not change its overall performance;

(2e)

upgrade of the railway infrastructure means major modification works to the infrastructure which improve its overall performance;

(2f)

essential functions of infrastructure management means decision-making concerning train path allocation, including both the definition and the assessment of availability and the allocation of individual train paths, and decision-making concerning infrastructure charging, including determination and collection of charges, in accordance with the charging framework and the capacity allocation framework established by the Member States pursuant to Articles 29 and 39;]

(3)

'railway infrastructure' means the items listed in Annex I;

(4)

'international freight service' means a transport service where the train crosses at least one border of a Member State; the train may be joined and/or split and the different sections may have different origins and destinations, provided that all wagons cross at least one border;

(5)

'international passenger service' means a passenger service where the train crosses at least one border of a Member State and where the principal purpose of the service is to carry passengers between stations located in different Member States; the train may be joined and/or split, and the different sections may have different origins and destinations, provided that all carriages cross at least one border;

(6)

'urban and suburban services' means transport services whose principal purpose is to meet the transport needs of an urban centre or conurbation, including a cross-border conurbation, together with transport needs between such a centre or conurbation and surrounding areas;

(7)

'regional services' means transport services whose principal purpose is to meet the transport needs of a region, including a cross-border region;

(8)

'transit' means crossing territory of the Union without loading or unloading goods, and/or without picking up passengers or setting them down in territory of the Union;

(9)

'alternative route' means another route between the same origin and destination where there is substitutability between the two routes for the operation of the freight or passenger service concerned by the railway undertaking;

(10)

'viable alternative' means access to another service facility which is economically acceptable to the railway undertaking, and allows it to operate the freight or passenger service concerned;

(11)

'service facility' means the installation, including ground area, building and equipment, which has been specially arranged, as a whole or in part, to allow the supply of one or more services referred to in points 2 to 4 of Annex II;

(12)

'operator of service facility' means any public or private entity responsible for managing one or more service facilities or supplying one or more services to railway undertakings referred to in points 2 to 4 of Annex II;

(13)

'cross-border agreement' means any agreement between two or more Member States or between Member States and third countries intended to facilitate the provision of cross-border rail services;

(14)

'licence' means an authorisation issued by a licensing authority to an undertaking, by which its capacity to provide rail transport services as a railway undertaking is recognised; that capacity may be limited to the provision of specific types of services;

(15)

'licensing authority' means the body responsible for granting licences within a Member State;

(16)

'contractual agreement' means an agreement or, mutatis mutandis, an arrangement within the framework of administrative measures;

(17)

'reasonable profit' means a rate of return on own capital that takes account of the risk, including that to revenue, or the absence of such risk, incurred by the operator of the service facility and is in line with the average rate for the sector concerned in recent years;

(18)

'allocation' means the allocation of railway infrastructure capacity by an infrastructure manager;

(19)

'applicant' means a railway undertaking or an international grouping of railway undertakings or other persons or legal entities, such as competent authorities under Regulation (EC) No 1370/2007 and shippers, freight forwarders and combined transport operators, with a public-service or commercial interest in procuring infrastructure capacity;

(20)

'congested infrastructure' means an element of infrastructure for which demand for infrastructure capacity cannot be fully satisfied during certain periods even after coordination of the different requests for capacity;

(21)

'capacity-enhancement plan' means a measure or series of measures with a calendar for their implementation which aim to alleviate the capacity constraints which led to the declaration of an element of infrastructure as 'congested infrastructure';

(22)

'coordination' means the process through which the infrastructure manager and applicants will attempt to resolve situations in which there are conflicting applications for infrastructure capacity;

(23)

'framework agreement' means a legally binding general agreement under public or private law, setting out the rights and obligations of an applicant and the infrastructure manager in relation to the infrastructure capacity to be allocated and the charges to be levied over a period longer than one working timetable period;

(24)

'infrastructure capacity' means the potential to schedule train paths requested for an element of infrastructure for a certain period;

(25)

'network' means the entire railway infrastructure managed by an infrastructure manager;

(26)

'network statement' means the statement which sets out in detail the general rules, deadlines, procedures and criteria for charging and capacity-allocation schemes, including such other information as is required to enable applications for infrastructure capacity;

(27)

'train path' means the infrastructure capacity needed to run a train between two places over a given period;

(28)

'working timetable' means the data defining all planned train and rolling-stock movements which will take place on the relevant infrastructure during the period for which it is in force;

(29)

'storage siding' means sidings specifically dedicated to temporary parking of railway vehicles between two assignments;

(30)

'heavy maintenance' means work that is not carried out routinely as part of day-to-day operations and requires the vehicle to be removed from service[F1;]

(31)

[F2vertically integrated undertaking means an undertaking where, within the meaning of Council Regulation (EC) No 139/2004 (1) :

(a)

an infrastructure manager is controlled by an undertaking which at the same time controls one or several railway undertakings that operate rail services on the infrastructure manager's network;

(b)

an infrastructure manager is controlled by one or several railway undertakings that operate rail services on the infrastructure manager's network; or

(c)

one or several railway undertakings that operate rail services on the infrastructure manager's network are controlled by an infrastructure manager.

It also means an undertaking consisting of distinct divisions, including an infrastructure manager and one or several divisions providing transport services that do not have a distinct legal personality.

Where an infrastructure manager and a railway undertaking are fully independent of each other, but both are controlled directly by a Member State without an intermediary entity, they are not considered to constitute a vertically integrated undertaking for the purposes of this Directive;

(32)

public private partnership means a binding arrangement between public bodies and one or more undertakings other than the main infrastructure manager of a Member State, under which the undertakings partially or totally construct and/or fund railway infrastructure, and/or acquire the right to exercise any of the functions listed in point (2) for a predefined period of time. The arrangement may take any appropriate legally binding form foreseen in national legislation;

(33)

management board means the senior body of an undertaking performing executive and administrative functions, which is responsible and accountable for day-to-day management of the undertaking;

(34)

supervisory board means the most senior body of an undertaking that fulfils supervisory tasks, including the exercise of control over the management board and general strategic decisions regarding the undertaking;

(35)

through ticket means a ticket or tickets representing a transport contract for successive railway services operated by one or more railway undertakings;

(36)

high speed passenger services means passenger rail services operated without intermediate stops between two places separated at least by a distance of more than 200 km on specially-built high-speed lines equipped for speeds generally equal or greater than 250 km/h and running on average at those speeds.]

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