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Commission Directive 2007/73/ECShow full title

Commission Directive 2007/73/EC of 13 December 2007 amending certain Annexes to Council Directives 86/362/EEC and 90/642/EEC as regards maximum residue levels for acetamiprid, atrazine, deltamethrin, imazalil, indoxacarb, pendimethalin, pymetrozine, pyraclostrobin, thiacloprid and trifloxystrobin (Text with EEA relevance)

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U.K.+E.U.

Commission Directive 2007/73/EC

of 13 December 2007

amending certain Annexes to Council Directives 86/362/EEC and 90/642/EEC as regards maximum residue levels for acetamiprid, atrazine, deltamethrin, imazalil, indoxacarb, pendimethalin, pymetrozine, pyraclostrobin, thiacloprid and trifloxystrobin

(Text with EEA relevance)

THE COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES,

Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Community,

Having regard to Council Directive 86/362/EEC of 24 July 1986 on the fixing of maximum levels for pesticide residues in and on cereals(1), and in particular Article 10 thereof,

Having regard to Council Directive 90/642/EEC of 27 November 1990 on the fixing of maximum levels for pesticide residues in and on certain products of plant origin, including fruit and vegetables(2), and in particular Article 7 thereof,

Having regard to Council Directive 91/414/EEC of 15 July 1991 concerning the placing of plant protection products on the market(3), and in particular Article 4(1)(f) thereof,

Whereas:

(1) In accordance with Directive 91/414/EEC, authorisations of plant protection products for use on specific crops are the responsibility of the Member States. Such authorisations have to be based on the evaluation of effects on human and animal health and influence on the environment. Elements to be taken into account in such evaluations include operator and bystander exposure and impact on the terrestrial, aquatic and aerial environments, as well as impact on humans and animals through consumption of residues on treated crops.

(2) Maximum residue levels (MRLs) reflect the use of minimum quantities of pesticides to achieve effective protection of plants, applied in such a manner that the amount of residue is the smallest practicable and is toxicologically acceptable, in particular in terms of estimated dietary intake.

(3) For atrazine temporary MRLs have been set in Directive 86/362/EEC by Commission Directive 2007/7/EC(4), pending submission of data by the applicant. Upon further examination, it appeared that more time should be allowed for the generation of residue trials data. It is therefore appropriate to prolong the validity of temporary MRLs for atrazine.

(4) MRLs for pesticides covered by Directive 90/642/EEC are to be kept under review and may be modified to take account of new or changed uses. Information about new or changed uses has been communicated to the Commission which should lead to changes in the residue levels of acetamiprid, deltamethrin, indoxacarb, pendimethalin, pymetrozine, pyraclostrobin, thiacloprid and trifloxystrobin.

(5) For imazalil a Member State informed the Commission of its desire to revise national MRLs in accordance with Article 8 of Directive 90/642/EEC in the light of concerns about consumer intake. Proposals for the review of Community MRLs were submitted to the Commission.

(6) The lifetime exposure of consumers to the pesticides referred to in this Directive via food products that may contain residues of those pesticides has been assessed and evaluated in accordance with the procedures and practices used within the Community, taking account of guidelines published by the World Health Organisation(5). Based on those assessments and evaluations, the MRLs for those pesticides should be set so as to ensure that the acceptable daily intake is not exceeded.

(7) An acute reference dose (ARfD) has been set for acetamiprid, deltamethrin, imazalil, indoxacarb, pymetrozine, pyraclostrobin and thiacloprid. The acute exposure of consumers via each of the food products that may contain residues of these pesticides has been assessed and evaluated in accordance with the procedures and practices currently used within the Community, taking account of guidelines published by the World Health Organisation. The opinions of the Scientific Committee on Plants (SCP), in particular advice and recommendations concerning the protection of consumers of food products treated with pesticides(6), have been taken into account. Based on the dietary intake assessment, the MRLs for those pesticides should be fixed so as to ensure that the ARfD will not be exceeded. In the case of the other substances, an assessment of the available information has shown that no ARfD is required and that therefore a short term assessment is not needed.

(8) Where authorised uses of plant protection products do not result in detectable levels of pesticide residues in or on the food product, or where there are no authorised uses, or where uses which have been authorised by Member States have not been supported by the necessary data, or where uses in third countries resulting in residues in or on food products which may enter into circulation in the Community market have not been supported with such necessary data, MRLs should be fixed at the lower limit of analytical determination.

(9) The setting or modification at Community level of provisional MRLs does not prevent the Member States from establishing provisional MRLs for acetamiprid, indoxacarb, pyraclostrobin, thiacloprid and trifloxystrobin in accordance with Article 4(1)(f) of Directive 91/414/EEC and Annex VI to that Directive. It is considered that a period of four years is sufficient to permit further uses of these substances. The provisional Community MRLs should then become definitive.

(10) It is therefore necessary to modify the MRLs set in Directives 86/362/EEC and 90/642/EEC, to allow proper surveillance and control of the uses of the plant protection products concerned and to protect the consumer. Where MRLs have already been defined in the Annexes to those Directives, it is appropriate to amend them. Where MRLs have not yet been defined, it is appropriate to set them for the first time.

(11) Through the World Trade Organisation, the Community’s trading partners have been consulted about the new MRLs and their comments on these levels have been taken into account.

(12) Directives 86/362/EEC and 90/642/EEC should therefore be amended accordingly.

(13) The measures provided for in this Directive are in accordance with the opinion of the Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health,

HAS ADOPTED THIS DIRECTIVE:

Article 1U.K.+E.U.

Directive 86/362/EEC is amended in accordance with Annex I to this Directive.

Article 2U.K.+E.U.

Directive 90/642/EEC is amended in accordance with Annex II to this Directive.

Article 3U.K.+E.U.

Member States shall adopt and publish, by 14 June 2008 at the latest, the laws, regulations and administrative provisions necessary to comply with this Directive, except for deltamethrin and atrazine, for which they shall adopt and publish these by 18 December 2007 and for imazalil, for which they shall adopt and publish these by 14 September 2008. They shall forthwith communicate to the Commission the text of those provisions and a correlation table between those provisions and this Directive.

They shall apply those provisions from 15 June 2008, except for deltamethrin and atrazine for which they shall be applied from 19 December 2007 and for imazalil, for which they shall be applied from by 15 September 2008.

When Member States adopt those provisions they shall contain a reference to this Directive or be accompanied by such a reference on the occasion of their official publication. Member States shall determine how such reference is to be made.

Article 4U.K.+E.U.

This Directive shall enter into force on the 20th day following its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

Article 5U.K.+E.U.

This Directive is addressed to the Member States.

Done at Brussels, 13 December 2007.

For the Commission

Markos Kyprianou

Member of the Commission

ANNEX IU.K.+E.U.

In Part A of Annex II to Directive 86/362/EEC, the line for ‘Atrazine’ is replaced by the following:

a

Temporary MRLs valid until 1 June 2009, pending submission of residue data by the applicant.’

Pesticide residuesMaximum levels in mg/kg
‘Atrazine0,1a CEREALS

ANNEX IIU.K.+E.U.

In Part A of Annex II to Directive 90/642/EEC, the columns for acetamiprid, deltamethrin, imazalil, indoxacarb, pendimethalin, pymetrozine, pyraclostrobin, thiacloprid and trifloxystrobin are replaced by the following:

a

Indicates lower limit of analytical determination.

b

Temporary MRLs valid until 1 November 2008, pending review of the Annex III dossier under Directive 91/414/EEC and re-registration of deltamethrin formulations at Member State level.

c

Indicates that the maximum residue level has been established provisionally in accordance with Article 4(1)(f) of Directive 91/414/EEC.’

Pesticide residue and maximum residue level (mg/kg)
Groups and examples of individual products to which the MRLs applyAcetamipridDeltamethrin(cis-deltamethrin)bImazalilIndoxacarb as sum of the isomers S and RPendimethalinPymetrozinePyraclostrobinThiaclopridTrifloxystrobin

1. Fruit, fresh, dried or uncooked, preserved by freezing, not containing added sugar; nuts

0,05a

(i)CITRUS FRUIT

1c0,05a50,02a c0,31c0,02a c0,3c
Grapefruit
Lemons
Limes
Mandarins (including clementines and other hybrids)
Oranges
Pomelos
Others

(ii)TREE NUTS (shelled or unshelled)

0,01a c0,05a0,05a0,05c0,02a0,02a c0,02a c
Almonds
Brazil nuts
Cashew nuts
Chestnuts
Coconuts
Hazelnuts
Macadamia
Pecans
Pine nuts
Pistachios1c
Walnuts
Others0,02a c

(iii)POME FRUIT

1c 20,02a0,3c0,3c0,5c
Apples0,20,5c
Pears
Quinces
Others0,10,3c

(iv)STONE FRUIT

0,05a
Apricots0,1c0,3c0,050,2c0,3c1c
Cherries0,2c0,20,3c 0,3 c1c
Peaches (including nectarines and similar hybrids)0,1c0,3c0,050,2c0,3c1c
Plums0,02c0,1c0,1c0,2c
Others0,01a c0,10,02a c0,02a0,02a c0,02a c0,02a c

(v)BERRIES AND SMALL FRUIT

0,01a c0,05a

(a)Table and wine grapes

0,22c0,02a0,02a c5c
Table grapes1c
Wine grapes2c

(b)Strawberries (other than wild)

0,20,02a c0,50,5c0,5c0,5c

(c)Cane fruit (other than wild)

0,02a c1c0,02a c
Blackberries0,53 1 c
Dewberries
Loganberries
Raspberries 0,53 1 c
Others0,05a0,02a0,02a c

(d)Other small fruit and berries (other than wild)

1c
Bilberries
Cranberries
Currants (red, black and white)0,51c 0,5 2 c1c
Gooseberries0,21c 0,51c
Others0,05a0,02a c0,02a 0,5 c0,02a c

(e)Wild berries and wild fruit

0,05a0,02a c0,02a0,02a c0,02a c0,02a c

(vi)MISCELLANEOUS

0,01a c0,02a
Avocados
Bananas2 0,2 c0,05c
Dates
Figs
Kiwi0,2
Kumquats
Litchis
Mangoes0,05c 0,5 c
Olives (table consumption)1
Olives (oil extraction)1
Papaya0,05c 0,5 c1c
Passion fruit
Pineapples
Pomegranate
Others0,05a0,05a0,02a c0,02a c0,02a c0,02a c
2. Vegetables, fresh or uncooked, frozen or dry

(i)ROOT AND TUBER VEGETABLES

0,01a c0,05a0,05a0,02a0,02a c
Beetroot
Carrots0,20,1c0,05c
Cassava
Celeriac 0,1
Horseradish0,20,3c
Jerusalem artichokes
Parsnips0,20,3c
Parsley root0,2 0,1 c
Radishes 0,2 c
Salsify 0,1 c
Sweet potatoes
Swedes
Turnips
Yam
Others0,02a c0,05a0,02a c0,02a c

(ii)BULB VEGETABLES

0,01a c0,05a0,02a c0,05a0,02a0,02a c0,02a c
Garlic0,10,2c
Onions0,10,2c
Shallots0,10,2c
Spring onions0,1
Others0,05a0,02a c

(iii)FRUITING VEGETABLES

0,05a

(a)Solanacea

Tomatoes0,1c0,30,50,5c0,50,2c0,5c0,5c
Peppers0,3c0,3c10,5c1c 0,3 c
Aubergines0,1c0,30,5c0,50,2c0,5c
Okra0,3
Others0,01a c0,20,05a0,02a c0,02a0,02a c0,02a c0,02a c

(b)Cucurbits — edible peel

0,3c0,20,20,2c0,50,02a c0,3c0,2c
Cucumbers
Gherkins
Courgettes
Others

(c)Cucurbits — inedible peel

0,01a c0,20,1c0,20,02a c
Melons20,2c0,3c
Squashes
Watermelons0,2c0,2
Others0,05a0,02a c0,02a c

(d)Sweet corn

0,01a c0,05a0,05a0,02a c0,02a0,02a c0,02a c0,02a c

(iv)BRASSICA VEGETABLES

0,01a c0,05a0,05a

(a)Flowering brassica

0,10,3c0,02a0,1c0,02a c
Broccoli (including Calabrese) 0,05 c
Cauliflower 0,05 c
Others0,02a c

(b)Head brassica

0,10,02a c 0,2 c
Brussels sprouts0,2c
Head cabbage3c0,050,2c
Others0,02a c0,02a0,02a c

(c)Leafy brassica

0,50,20,02a c0,02a0,02a c
Chinese cabbage0,2c
Kale0,2c
Others0,02a c

(d)Kohlrabi

0,05a0,02a c0,02a0,02a c0,02a c0,02a c

(v)LEAF VEGETABLES AND FRESH HERBS

0,05a0,05a0,02a c

(a)Lettuce and similar

0,522c
Cress
Lamb's lettuce5c 1 c 10 c
Lettuce5c2c
Scarole (broad-leaf endive) 5 c2c
Ruccola
Leaves and stems of brassica, including turnip greens
Others0,01a c0,02a c2c

(b)Spinach and similar

0,01a c0,50,02a0,02a c0,02a c
Spinach 2
Beet leaves (chard)
Others0,02a c

(c)Watercress

0,01a c0,05a0,02a c0,02a0,02a c0,02a c

(d)Witloof

0,01a c0,05a0,02a c0,02a0,02a c0,02a c

(e)Herbs

0,52c12c3c
Chervil
Chives
Parsley 5 c
Celery leaves
Others0,01a c

(vi)LEGUME VEGETABLES (fresh)

0,01a c0,20,05a0,02a c0,210,02a c
Beans (with pods)1c0,5c
Beans (without pods)
Peas (with pods)
Peas (without pods)
Others0,02a c0,02a c

(vii)STEM VEGETABLES (fresh)

0,01a c0,05a0,02a0,02a c
Asparagus
Cardoons
Celery 0,1
Fennel
Globe artichokes0,10,1c
Leek0,20,5c 0,2 c
Rhubarb
Others0,05a0,02a c0,05a0,02a c0,02a c

(viii)FUNGI

0,01a c0,050,05a0,02a c0,05a0,02a0,02a c0,02a c0,02a c

(a)Cultivated mushrooms

(b)Wild mushrooms

3. Pulses

0,01a c10,05a0,02a c 0,20,02a0,3c0,02a c0,02a c
Beans
Lentils
Peas
Lupines
Others

4. Oilseeds

0,05a0,1a0,02a c0,05a c
Linseed
Peanuts
Poppy seed
Sesame seed
Sunflower seed
Rape seed0,10,3c
Soya bean0,5c
Mustard seed0,1 0,2 c
Cotton seed0,02c0,05
Hemp seed
Pumpkin seed
Others0,01a c0,05a0,05a c0,02a0,05a c

5. Potatoes

0,01a c0,05a 30,02a c0,05a0,02a0,02a c0,02a c0,02a c
Early potatoes
Ware potatoes

6. Tea (dried leaves and stalks, fermented or otherwise, Camellia sinensis)

0,1a c50,1a0,05a c0,1a0,1a0,05a c0,05a c0,05a c

7. Hops (dried), including hop pellets and unconcentrated powder

0,1a c50,1a0,05a c0,1a1510c0,05a c30c
(1)

OJ L 221, 7.8.1986, p. 37. Directive as last amended by Commission Directive 2007/62/EC (OJ L 260, 5.10.2007, p. 4).

(2)

OJ L 350, 14.12.1990, p. 71. Directive as last amended by Commission Directive 2007/62/EC.

(3)

OJ L 230, 19.8.1991, p. 1. Directive as last amended by Commission Directive 2007/52/EC (OJ L 214, 17.8.2007, p. 3).

(5)

Guidelines for predicting dietary intake of pesticide residues (revised), prepared by the GEMS/Food Programme in collaboration with the Codex Committee on Pesticide Residues, published by the World Health Organisation 1997 (WHO/FSF/FOS/97.7).

(6)

Opinion regarding questions relating to amending the Annexes to Council Directives 86/362/EEC, 86/363/EEC and 90/642/EEC (Opinion expressed by the SCP on 14 July 1998); Opinion regarding variable pesticide residues in fruit and vegetables (Opinion expressed by the SCP on 14 July 1998) http://europa.eu.int/comm/food/fs/sc/scp/outcome_ppp_en.html).

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