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Council Directive 2006/112/ECShow full title

Council Directive 2006/112/EC of 28 November 2006 on the common system of value added tax

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After exit day there will be three versions of this legislation to consult for different purposes. The legislation.gov.uk version is the version that applies in the UK. The EU Version currently on EUR-lex is the version that currently applies in the EU i.e you may need this if you operate a business in the EU.

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[F1Section 3 U.K. Particular provisions

Subsection 1 U.K. Supply of services by intermediaries
Article 46 U.K.

The place of supply of services rendered to a non-taxable person by an intermediary acting in the name and on behalf of another person shall be the place where the underlying transaction is supplied in accordance with this Directive.

Subsection 2 U.K. Supply of services connected with immovable property
Article 47 U.K.

The place of supply of services connected with immovable property, including the services of experts and estate agents, the provision of accommodation in the hotel sector or in sectors with a similar function, such as holiday camps or sites developed for use as camping sites, the granting of rights to use immovable property and services for the preparation and coordination of construction work, such as the services of architects and of firms providing on-site supervision, shall be the place where the immovable property is located.

Subsection 3 U.K. Supply of transport
Article 48 U.K.

The place of supply of passenger transport shall be the place where the transport takes place, proportionate to the distances covered.

Article 49 U.K.

The place of supply of the transport of goods, other than the intra-Community transport of goods, to non-taxable persons shall be the place where the transport takes place, proportionate to the distances covered.

Article 50 U.K.

The place of supply of the intra-Community transport of goods to non-taxable persons shall be the place of departure.

Article 51 U.K.

Intra-Community transport of goods shall mean any transport of goods in respect of which the place of departure and the place of arrival are situated within the territories of two different Member States.

Place of departure shall mean the place where transport of the goods actually begins, irrespective of distances covered in order to reach the place where the goods are located and place of arrival shall mean the place where transport of the goods actually ends.

Article 52 U.K.

Member States need not apply VAT to that part of the intra-Community transport of goods to non-taxable persons taking place over waters which do not form part of the territory of the Community.

Subsection 4 U.K. Supply of cultural, artistic, sporting, scientific, educational, entertainment and similar services, ancillary transport services and valuations of and work on movable property
[F1Article 53 U.K.

The place of supply of services in respect of admission to cultural, artistic, sporting, scientific, educational, entertainment or similar events, such as fairs and exhibitions, and of ancillary services related to the admission, supplied to a taxable person, shall be the place where those events actually take place.

Article 54 U.K.

1. The place of supply of services and ancillary services, relating to cultural, artistic, sporting, scientific, educational, entertainment or similar activities, such as fairs and exhibitions, including the supply of services of the organisers of such activities, supplied to a non-taxable person shall be the place where those activities actually take place.

2. The place of supply of the following services to a non-taxable person shall be the place where the services are physically carried out:

(a)

ancillary transport activities such as loading, unloading, handling and similar activities;

(b)

valuations of and work on movable tangible property.]

Subsection 5 U.K. Supply of restaurant and catering services
Article 55 U.K.

The place of supply of restaurant and catering services other than those physically carried out on board ships, aircraft or trains during the section of a passenger transport operation effected within the Community, shall be the place where the services are physically carried out.

Subsection 6 U.K. Hiring of means of transport
Article 56 U.K.

1. The place of short-term hiring of a means of transport shall be the place where the means of transport is actually put at the disposal of the customer.

[F12. The place of hiring, other than short-term hiring, of a means of transport to a non-taxable person shall be the place where the customer is established, has his permanent address or usually resides.

However, the place of hiring a pleasure boat to a non-taxable person, other than short-term hiring, shall be the place where the pleasure boat is actually put at the disposal of the customer, where this service is actually provided by the supplier from his place of business or a fixed establishment situated in that place.

3. For the purposes of paragraphs 1 and 2, short-term shall mean the continuous possession or use of the means of transport throughout a period of not more than thirty days and, in the case of vessels, not more than 90 days.]

Subsection 7 U.K. Supply of restaurant and catering services for consumption on board ships, aircraft or trains
Article 57 U.K.

1. The place of supply of restaurant and catering services which are physically carried out on board ships, aircraft or trains during the section of a passenger transport operation effected within the Community, shall be at the point of departure of the passenger transport operation.

2. For the purposes of paragraph 1, section of a passenger transport operation effected within the Community shall mean the section of the operation effected, without a stopover outside the Community, between the point of departure and the point of arrival of the passenger transport operation.

Point of departure of a passenger transport operation shall mean the first scheduled point of passenger embarkation within the Community, where applicable after a stopover outside the Community.

Point of arrival of a passenger transport operation shall mean the last scheduled point of disembarkation within the Community of passengers who embarked in the Community, where applicable before a stopover outside the Community.

In the case of a return trip, the return leg shall be regarded as a separate transport operation.

[F1Subsection 8 U.K. Supply of telecommunications, broadcasting and electronic services to non-taxable persons
[F2Article 58 U.K.

1. The place of supply of the following services to a non-taxable person shall be the place where that person is established, has his permanent address or usually resides:

(a)

telecommunications services;

(b)

radio and television broadcasting services;

(c)

electronically supplied services, in particular those referred to in Annex II.

Where the supplier of a service and the customer communicate via electronic mail, that shall not of itself mean that the service supplied is an electronically supplied service.

2. Paragraph 1 shall not apply where the following conditions are met:

(a)

the supplier is established or, in the absence of an establishment, has his permanent address or usually resides in only one Member State; and

(b)

services are supplied to non-taxable persons who are established, have their permanent address or usually reside in any Member State other than the Member State referred to in point (a); and

(c)

the total value, exclusive of VAT, of the supplies referred to in point (b) does not in the current calendar year exceed EUR 10 000 , or the equivalent in national currency, and did not do so in the course of the preceding calendar year.

3. Where, during a calendar year, the threshold referred to in point (c) of paragraph 2 is exceeded, paragraph 1 shall apply as of that time.

4. The Member State within the territory of which the suppliers referred to in paragraph 2 are established or, in the absence of an establishment, have their permanent address or usually reside, shall grant those suppliers the right to opt for the place of supply to be determined in accordance with paragraph 1, which shall in any event cover two calendar years.

5. Member States shall take appropriate measures to monitor the fulfilment by the taxable person of the conditions referred to in paragraphs 2, 3 and 4.

6. The corresponding value in national currency of the amount referred to in point (c) of paragraph 2 shall be calculated by applying the exchange rate published by the European Central Bank on the date of adoption of Council Directive (EU) 2017/2455 (1) .] ]

Subsection 9 U.K. Supply of services to non-taxable persons outside the Community
Article 59 U.K.

The place of supply of the following services to a non-taxable person who is established or has his permanent address or usually resides outside the Community, shall be the place where that person is established, has his permanent address or usually resides:

(a)

transfers and assignments of copyrights, patents, licences, trade marks and similar rights;

(b)

advertising services;

(c)

the services of consultants, engineers, consultancy firms, lawyers, accountants and other similar services, as well as data processing and the provision of information;

(d)

obligations to refrain from pursuing or exercising, in whole or in part, a business activity or a right referred to in this Article;

(e)

banking, financial and insurance transactions including reinsurance, with the exception of the hire of safes;

(f)

the supply of staff;

(g)

the hiring out of movable tangible property, with the exception of all means of transport;

(h)

[F3the provision of access to a natural gas system situated within the territory of the Community or to any network connected to such a system, to the electricity system or to heating or cooling networks, or the transmission or distribution through these systems or networks, and the provision of other services directly linked thereto [F1.] ]

(i)

[F4. . . . .

(j)

. . . . .

(k)

. . . . .

F4. . . . .]

Subsection 10 U.K. Prevention of double taxation or non-taxation
[F1Article 59a U.K.

In order to prevent double taxation, non-taxation or distortion of competition, Member States may, with regard to services the place of supply of which is governed by Articles 44, 45, 56, 58 and 59:

(a)

consider the place of supply of any or all of those services, if situated within their territory, as being situated outside the Community if the effective use and enjoyment of the services takes place outside the Community;

(b)

consider the place of supply of any or all of those services, if situated outside the Community, as being situated within their territory if the effective use and enjoyment of the services takes place within their territory.] ]

F4Article 59bU.K.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(1)

[F1 [F1 [F2Council Directive (EU) 2017/2455 of 5 December 2017 amending Directive 2006/112/EC and Directive 2009/132/EC as regards certain value added tax obligations for supplies of services and distance sales of goods ( OJ L 348, 29.12.2017, p. 7 ).] ] ]

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